The great silk-route to the Indians was opened by

The great silk-route to the Indians was opened by :

(1) Kanishka 

(2) Ashoka

(3) Harsha 

(4) Fa-Hien

Answer: (1) Kanishka 
The Silk Road or Silk Route is a modern term referring to a historical network of interlinking trade routes across the Afro-Eurasian landmass that connected East, South, and Western Asia with the Med-
iterranean and European world, as well as parts of North and East Africa. Extending 6,500 km, the Silk
Road gets its name from the lucrative Chinese silk trade along it, which began during the Han Dynasty
(206 BC – 220 AD). The Kushan empire incorporated Samarkand, Bokhara and Fergana, bordering on the Silk Road towns of Kashgar, Yarkand and Khotan. The main route from Central Asia into India, connect-
ing India with the Silk Roads and the Mediterranean, ran through Gandhara. Kanishka sought to promote
the thriving trade with the Silk Road centres like Kashgar and beyond, sending an envoy to Ttajan in Rome.

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