Coastal Andhra Pradesh and Orissa often face natural disasters due to

Question: Coastal Andhra Pradesh and Orissa often face natural disasters due to
(1) Cyclones 
(2) Earthquakes
(3) Landslides 
(4) Tornadoes

Answer: (1) Cyclones 
During summer, the Bay of Bengal is subject to intense heating, giving rise to humid and unstable air masses that produce cyclones. Widespread death and property destruction are reported every year in
exposed coastal states such as Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. Although cyclones affect the entire coast of
India, the East Coast is more prone compared to the West Coast. Out of the cyclones that develop in the
Bay of Bengal, over 58 percent approach and cross the east coast in October and November. Only 25
percent of the cyclones that develop over the Arabian Sea approach the west coast. In the pre-monsoon
season, corresponding figures are 25 percent over the Arabian Sea and 30 percent over the Bay of Bengal.

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