Indian Art & Culture GK Quiz-1

Indian Art & Culture GK Quiz-1

Indian Art & Culture Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Indian Art & Culture for competitive examinations.

    Question: Yamini Krishna Murthy is famous for which style of dancing ?

    (1) Manipuri 
    (2) Garba
    (3) Bharatanatyam 
    (4) Kathak

    Answer: (3) Bharatanatyam 
    Mungara Yamini Krishna-murthy is an eminent Indian dancer of Bharatnatyam and Kuchipudi styles of dancing. Yamini Krishnamurthy debuted in 1957 in Madras. She has the honor of being Asthana Nartaki (resident dancer) of the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam. Her dancing career brought her many awards, including the Padma Shree (1968) and the Padma Bhushan (2001), which are among the highest civilian awards of the Republic of India. 

    Question: Who amongst the following is renowned in Hindustani Classical Music (vocal) ?

    (1) Shovana Narayan
    (2) M.S. Subbalakshmi
    (3) Pt. Jasraj
    (4) M.S. Gopalakrishnan

    Answer: (3) Pt. Jasraj
    Pandit Jasraj is an Indian classical vocalist. He belongs to the Mewati gharana of Hindustani classical music. Jasraj created a novel form of jugalbandi, styled on the ancient system of Moorchana, between a male and a female vocalist, who each sing different ragas at the same time. In his honor, this legendary jugalbandi is known as The Jasrangi.

    Question: Which of the following places is well-known for the embroidery form of“ Chikankari” ?

    (1) Hyderabad 
    (2) Jaipur
    (3) Bhopal 
    (4) Lucknow

    Answer: (4) Lucknow
    Chikan is a traditional embroidery style from Lucknow, India. Literally translated, the word means embroidery. Believed to have been introduced by Nur Jehan, Mughal Emperor Jahangir’s wife, it is one of Lucknow’s most famous textile decoration styles. Lucknow in India grew into an international market for its renowned Chikankari work. There are references to Indian Chikan work as early as 3rd century BC. by Megasthenes who mentioned the use of flowered muslins by Indians. 

    Question: Match the following :

    Folk form
    A. Heer song
    B. Bhatiali song
    C. Garba dance
    D. Raas dance
    States where popular
    1. Bengal 2. Punjab
    3. U.P. 4. Gujarat
    A B C D
    (1) 1 2 3 4
    (2) 1 3 2 4
    (3) 2 1 4 3
    (4) 2 3 4 1

    (3) Heer Ranjha is one of the four popular tragic romances of the Punjab. The other three are Mirza
    Sahiba, Sassi Punnun and Sohni Mahiwal. There are several poetic narrations of the story, the most famous being ‘Heer’ by Waris Shah written in 1766. Bhatiali song is related to West Bengal and modern day Bangladesh. Garba is an Indian form of dance that originated in the Gujarat region. The name is derived from the Sanskrit term Garbha (“womb”). Raas or Dandiya Raas is the traditional folk dance form of Vrindavan, India, where it is performed depicting scenes of Holi, and lila of Krishna and Radha.

    Question: Who amongst the following is renowned in the field of painting ?

    (1) Parveen Sultana
    (2) Prof. T.N. Krishnan
    (3) Ram Kinkar
    (4) Raja Ravi Varma

    Answer: (4) Raja Ravi Varma
    Raja Ravi Varma was an Indian painter from the princely state of Travancore who achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. His paintings are considered to be among the best examples of the fusion of Indian traditions with the techniques of European academic art.

    Question: Which is the most ancient musical instrument of India ?

    (1) Flute 
    (2) Tabla
    (3) Veena 
    (4) Sitar

    Answer: (3) Veena 
    Veena may refer to one of several Indian plucked instruments. The veena has a recorded history that dates back to the Vedic period (approximately 1500 BCE). In ancient times, the tone vibrating from the hunter’s bow string when he shot an arrow was known as the Vil Yazh. The Jya ghosha (musical sound of the bow string) is referred to in the ancient Atharvaveda. Eventually, the archer’s bow paved the way for the musical bow. Twisted bark, strands of grass and grass root, vegetable fibre and animal gut were used to create the first strings. Over the veena’s evolution and modifications, more particular names were used to help distinguish the instruments that followed. The word veena in India was a term originally used to generally denote “stringed instrument”, and included many variations that would be either plucked, bowed or struck for sound.

    Question: Who out of the following was not a great master of Carnatic music?

    (1) Swathi Thirunaal
    (2) Vishnu Digambar Paluskar
    (3) Muthuswami Dikshitar
    (4) Shyama Shastri

    Answer: (2) Vishnu Digambar Paluskar
    Vishnu Digambar Paluskar was a Hindustani musician. He sung the original version of the bhajan Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram, and founded the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya in 1901. He is seen as the musician who brought respect to the profession of classical musicians and took Hindustani classical music out from the traditional Gharana system to the masses. He has written a book on music called Sangeet Bal Prakash in three volumes, and 18 volumes on ragas as well.

    Question: Who among the following famous danseuses is not an exponent of the Odissi style of dance ?

    (1) Sanjukta Panigrahi
    (2) Padma Subrahmanyam
    (3) Sonal Mansingh
    (4) Madhavi Mudgal

    Answer: (2) Padma Subrahmanyam
    Padma Subrahmanyam, is an Indian classical Bharathanrithyam dancer. She is also a research
    scholar, choreographer, music composer, musician, teacher and author. 

    Question: Which of the following is a wind musical instrument ?

    (1) Sarod 
    (2) Nadaswaram
    (3) Tabla 
    (4) Santoor

    Answer: (2) Nadaswaram
    The Nadaswaram is one of the most popular classical musical instruments in the South Indian culture and the world’s loudest non-brass acoustic instrument. It is a wind instrument similar to the North Indian shehnai but larger, with a hardwood body and a large flaring bell made of wood or metal. In South Indian Hindu culture, the nadaswaram is considered to be very auspicious, and it is a key musical instrument played in almost all Hindu weddings and temples of the South Indian tradition.

    Question: In which of the following dance forms Birju Maharaj attained prominence ?

    (1) Bharatnatyam 
    (2) Kuchipudi
    (3) Kathak 
    (4) Odissi

    Answer: (3) Kathak 
    Birju Maharaj is currently the leading exponent of the Lucknow Kalka-Bindadin gharana of Kathak dance in India. He is a descendant of the legendary Maharaj family of Kathak dancers, including his two uncles, Shambhu Maharaj and Lachhu Maharaj, and his father and guru, Acchan Maharaj. He took Kathak to new heights by choreographing new Kathak dance dramas. He is also the founder of kalashram.

    Question: Mallika Sarabhai is associated with which of the followings ?

    (1) Classical music
    (2) Classical dance
    (3) Social service
    (4) Protection of environment

    Answer: (2) Classical dance
    Mallika Sarabhai is an activist and Indian Classical Dancer from Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Daughter of Classical Dancer Mrinalini Sarabhai and renowned Space Scientist Vikram Sarabhai, Mallika is an accomplished Kuchipudi and Bharatanatyam dancer. 

    Question: Who is believed to have created the ragga ‘Miyan Ki Malhar’ ?

    (1) Tansen
    (2) Baiju Bawra
    (3) Amir Khusro
    (4) Swami Haridas

    Answer: (1) Tansen
    The legendary musical prowess of Tansen surpasses all other legends in Indian music. In terms of influence, he can be compared only to the prolific sufi composer Amir Khusro (1253–1325), or to bhakti tradition composers such as Swami Haridas. Several of his raga compositions have become mainstays of the Hindustani tradition, and these are often prefaced with Miyan ki (“of the Miyan”), e.g. Miyan ki Todi, Miyan ki Malhar, Miyan ki Mand, Miyan ka Sarang; in addition he is the creator of major ragas like Darbari Kanada, Darbari Todi, and Rageshwari. Tansen also authored Sangeeta Sara and Rajmala which constitute important documents on music.

    Question: With which musical instrument is Hari Prasad Chaurasia associated ?

    (1) Flute 
    (2) Sarod
    (3) Sitar 
    (4) Veena

    Answer: (1) Flute 
    Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia is an Indian classical instrumentalist. He is a player of the bansuri, the Indian bamboo flute. He is considered a rare combination of innovator and traditionalist. He has
    expanded the expressive possibilities of the bansuri through his masterful blowing technique.

    Question: Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the code given below the Lists :

    List-I (Musician)
    a. Asad Ali Khan
    b. Mallikarjun
    c. Vismillah Khan
    d. T. N. Krishnan

    List-II (Excellence in)
    1. Shahnai 
    2. Violin
    3. Classical music 
    4. Vina
    Code :
    a b c d
    (1) 2 4 3 1
    (2) 4 3 1 2
    (3) 3 4 2 1
    (2) 1 2 3 4

    Asad Ali Khan was an Indian musician who played the plucked string instrument rudra veena. Khan performed in the style dhrupad and was described as the best living rudra veena player in India. Mallikarjun Mansur was an Indian classical singer of the khayal style in the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana. Ustad Bismillah Khan was an Indian shehnai maestro. He was the third classical musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in India and gained worldwide acclaim for playing the shehnai for more than eight decades. Trippunithura Narayan Krishnan is a Carnatic music violinist.

    Question: How many strings are on a Sarod?

    (1) 7 
    (2) 19
    (3) 5 
    (4) 4

    Answer: (4) 4
    The sarod is a stringed musical instrument, used mainly in Indian classical music. The conventional sarod is an 20-25-stringed lute-like instrument — four to five main strings used for playing the melody, one or two drone strings, two chikari strings and nine to eleven sympathetic strings. Sarod strings are made either of steel or phosphor bronze. The Sarod has four melody strings tuned to Sa, Pa, Sa, Ma and it is played with a triangular plectrum. 

    Question: Which of the following pairs is incorrect ?

    (1) Amirkhusro – Sarod
    (2) Bhim Sen Joshi – Vocal music
    (3) Utpal Dutt – Films
    (4) Shambhu Maharaj – Kathak

    Answer: (1) Amirkhusro – Sarod
    Amir Khusro is regarded as the “father of qawwali” (the devotional music of the Sufis in the Indian subcontinent). He is also credited with enriching Hindustani classical music by introducing Persian and Arabic elements in it, and was the originator of the khayal and tarana styles of music. The invention of the tabla is also traditionally attributed to Amir Khusro. 

    Question: Amjad Ali Khan is a maestro with which instrument ?

    (1) Violin 
    (2) Sitar
    (3) Sarod 
    (4) Sarangi

    Answer: (3) Sarod 
    Amjad Ali Khan is an Indian classical musician who plays the sarod. Khan was born into a musical family and has performed internationally since the 1960s. He was awarded India’s second highest civilian honor, the Padma Vibhushan, in 2001.

    Question: The ‘National School of Drama’ is situated in which of the following cities ?

    (1) Mumbai 
    (2) New Delhi
    (3) Bhopal 
    (4) Kolkata

    Answer: (2) New Delhi
    National School of Drama (NSD) is a theatre training institute situated at New Delhi, India. It is an autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture, Government of India. It was set up in 1959 by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, and became an independent school in 1975. In 2005 it was granted deemed university status, but in 2011 it was revoked on the institute’s request.

    Question: With which state is the folk dance ‘Garba’ associated ?

    (1) Rajasthan
    (2) Gujarat
    (3) Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Himachal Pradesh

    Answer: (2) Gujarat
    Garba is an Indian form of dance that originated in the Gujarat region. The name is derived from the Sanskrit term Garbha (“womb”) and Deep (“a small earthenware lamp”).

    Question: Which of the following pairs is incorrect ?

    (1) Pannalal Ghosh – Flute
    (2) Guru Gopi Krishna – Kathak
    (3) Nikhil Banerjee – Santoor
    (4) Nandlal Bose – Painting

    Answer: (3) Nikhil Banerjee – Santoor
    Nikhil Banerjee was an Indian classical sitarist of the Maihar Gharana. In 1947 Banerjee met Ustad Allauddin Khan, who was to become his main guru along with his son, Ali Akbar Khan. Both were sarod players. In an interview Nikhil said he had been influenced by Allauddin Khan, Ali Akbar Khan, Amir Khan, and to a lesser extent by Omkarnath Thakur, Faiyaz Khan, Kesarbai Kerkar, and Roshanara Begum. 

    Question: Which of the following folk dances is associated with Rajasthan?

    (1) Rauf 
    (2) Jhora
    (3) Veedhi 
    (4) Suisini

    Answer: (4) Suisini
    Ginad, Chakri, Gangore, Terahtaal, Khayal, Jhulan Leela, Jhuma, Suisini, etc are some of the folk dances of Rajasthan.

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