Indian Art & Culture GK Quiz-2

Indian Art & Culture GK Quiz-2

Indian Art & Culture Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Indian Art & Culture for competitive examinations.

    Question: Which of the following folk/tribal dances is associated with Karnataka?

    (1) Yakshagana 
    (2) Veedhi
    (3) Jatra 
    (4) Jhora

    Answer: (1) Yakshagana 
    Yakshagana is a theater form that combines, dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up and stage techniques with a unique style and form. This theater style is mainly played in the coastal districts and Malenadu regions of Karnataka, and traditionally played for whole night, till sunrise next morning. It is believed to have evolved from pre-classical music and theatre during the Bhakti movement. Yakshagana is popular in the districts of Uttara Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Shimoga and Kasaragod district. Yakshagana literally means the song (gana) of a yaksha, which was a term for exotic tribes of ancient India.

    Question: Which of the following folk/tribal dances is associated with Uttar Pradesh?

    (1) Veedhi 
    (2) Thora
    (3) Tamasha 
    (4) Rauf

    Answer: (2) Thora
    Nautanki, Thora, Chappeli, Raslila, Kajri are some of the famous folk dances of Uttar Pradesh.

    Question: Which of the following folk dances is associated’with Jammu and Kashmir ?

    (1) Jhora 
    (2) Veedhi
    (3) Rauf 
    (4) Suisini

    Answer: (3) Rauf 
    Rouf is the most popular dance in the Kashmir Valley and is restricted only to the womenfolk. It is usually performed during the harvesting season, but the most essential occasion of its performance is the month of Ramzan when every street and corner in Kashmir resounds with Rouf songs and dance.

    Question: Kuchipudi is a dance-drama associated with the State of 

    (1) Assam 
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Orissa
    4) Manipur

    Answer: (2) Andhra Pradesh
    Kuchipudi is a Classical Indian dance from Andhra Pradesh. The performance usually begins with some stage rites, after which each of the character comes on to the stage and introduces him/herself with a dharavu (a small composition of both song and dance) to introduce the identity, set the mood, of the character in the drama. The drama then begins. The dance is accompanied by song which is typically Carnatic music. The singer is accompanied by mridangam (a classical South Indian percussion instrument), violin, flute and the tambura (a drone instrument with strings which are plucked). Ornaments worn by the artists are generally made of a light weight wood called Boorugu.
    It originated in the seventh century.

    Question: Of which of the following States is Nautanki, a folk dance?

    (1) Haryana 
    (2) Uttar Pradesh
    (3) Rajasthan 
    (4) Gujarat

    Answer: (2) Uttar Pradesh
    Nautanki is one of the most popular folk operatic theater performance traditions of South Asia,
    particularly in northern India. Before the advent of Bollywood (Hindi film industry), Nautanki was the
    single most popular form of entertainment in the villages and towns of northern India. Nautanki’s origins lie in the folk performance traditions of Bhagat and Raasleela of Mathura and Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh, and Khayal of Rajasthan. Nautanki’s history becomes clearer in the nineteenth century with the coming of the printing press in India and publication of Nautankioperas in the form of chap-books.

    Question: Guru Gopinath was an exponent of

    (1) Kathak 
    (2) Kathakali
    (3) Kuchipudi 
    (4) Bharatnatyam

    Answer: (2) Kathakali
    Guru Gopinath was an Indian classical dancer, Kathakali master and mentor of a relatively new
    creative modern dancing style called Kerala Natanam. He was instrumental in introducing and popularising Kathakali, the illustrious dance drama of Kerala, lying in obscurity, tothe outer world. He is considered one of the epic personalities of Indian dancing in the twentieth century like Uday Shankar. He showed how Indian dancing could handle themes other than those from Hindu mythology.

    Question: Of which of the following States of India is Kuchipudi a dancedrama?

    (1) Orissa 
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Kerala 
    (4) Tamil Nadu

    Answer: (2) Andhra Pradesh
    Kuchipudi is the classical dance form from the South-East Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It presents scenes from Hindu Epics and mythological tales through dance-dramas combining music, dance and acting. The lyrics used in Kuchipudi are usually in Telugu, though Sanskrit verses are also not uncommon. While Kuchipudi, like Bharata Natyam comprises pure dance, mime and histrionics, it is the use of speech as well that distinguishes its presentation as dance drama.

    Question: With which of the following was Satyajit Ray associated?

    (1) Classical dance
    (2) Journalism
    (3) Classical music
    (4) Direction of films

    Answer: (4) Direction of films
    Satyajit Ray was an Indian filmmaker who is regarded as one of the greatest auteurs of 20th century cinema. Ray’s first film, Pather Panchali (1955), won eleven international prizes, including Best Human Documentary at the Cannes film festival. This film, Aparajito (1956) and Apur Sansar (1959) form The Apu Trilogy. Ray did the scripting, casting, scoring, and editing, and designed his own credit titles and publicity material. Ray received many major awards in his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a number of awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies, and an Academy Honorary Award in 1992.

    Question: ‘Tabal Chongli’ is a form of fold dance associated with the State of :

    (1) West Bengal
    (2) Assam
    (3) Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Maharashtra

    Answer: (2) Assam
    Tabal Chongli’ is a form of folk dance associated with the State of Assam. Other popular dance forms of the state are Bihu, Khel Gopal, Rash Lila, Canoe, etc.79. (4) Nankana Sahib is a city and capital of Nankana Sahib District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is named after the first guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak Dev, the central figure in Sikhism who was born here, so it is a city of high historic and religious value and is a popular pilgrimage site for Sikhs from all over the world. It is located about 80 kilometers south west of Lahore.

    Question: Who, among the following, is a distinguished Odissi dancer?

    (1) Sonal Mansingh
    (2) Sanyukta Panigrahi
    (3) Shovana Narayan
    (4) Hema Malini

    Answer: (2) Sanyukta Panigrahi
    Sanjukta Panigrahi was a dancer of India, who was the foremost exponent of Indian classical dance Odissi. Sanjukta was the first Oriya girl to embrace this ancient classical dance at an early age and ensure its grand revival. In recognition of her contribution to dancing and associated activities, she was honoured with one of India's highest civilian awards the, Padma Shri (1975). She is also recipient of the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1976.

    Question: Which is the instrument of music in which Ustad Amajad Ali Khan has distinguished himself?

    (1) Sarod 
    (2) Violin
    (3) Sitar 
    (4) Shehnai

    Answer: (1) Sarod 
    Amjad Ali Khan is an Indian classical musician who plays the sarod. Khan was born into a musical family and has performed internationally since the 1960s. He was awarded India's second highest civilian honor, the Padma Vibhushan, in 2001.

    Question: Who amidst the following is a distinguished Tabla player?

    (1) Alla Rakha
    (2) Ustad Fatyaz Khan
    (3) V.G. Jog
    (4) Amjad Ali Khan

    Answer: (1) Alla Rakha
    Qureshi Alla Rakha Khan popularly known as Alla Rakha was an Indian tabla player. He was a frequent accompanist of Ravi Shankar. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1977 and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1982.

    Question: Which is the field in which Ustad Bismillah Khan has distinguished himself?

    (1) Sitar 
    (2) Guitar
    (3) Shenai
    (4) Hindustani (Classical-Vocal)

    Answer: (3) Shenai
    Ustad Bismillah Khan was an Indian shehnai maestro. He was the third classical musician to be
    awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in India and gained worldwide acclaim for playing the shehnai for more than eight decades.

    Question: Padma Subramaniam is an exponent of classical dance

    (1) Kuchipudi
    (2) Odissi
    (3) Bharata Natyam
    (4) Mainpuri

    Answer: (3) Bharata Natyam
    Padma Subrahmanyam, is an Indian classical Bharata Natyam dancer. She is famous in India as
    well as abroad: several films and documentaries have been made in her honor by countries like Japan,
    Australia and Russia. Dr. Padma has received many awards and honors to her credit including 'Padmashri' in 1981, 'Padma Bhushan' in 2003, which are among the highest civilian awards of India.

    Question: Which one among the following is least like the others?

    (1) Kathakali 
    (2) Bhangra
    (3) Kuchipudi
    (4) Bharat Natyam

    Answer: (2) Bhangra
    Bharatnatyam is considered to be a fire-dance the mystic manifestation of the metaphysical element of fire in the human body. It is one of the five major styles (one for each element) that include Odissi (element of water), Kuchipudi (element of earth), Mohiniattam (element of air) and Kathakali (element of sky or aether). The movements of an authentic Bharatanatyam dancer resemble the movements of a dancing flame. Bharatnatyam: Tamil Nadu; Kuchipudi: Andhra Pradesh; and Kathakali: Kerala. Bhangra is a north Indian dance.

    Question: Pt. Shivkumar Sharma is an exponent of

    (1) Tabla 
    (2) Sarod
    (3) Violin 
    (4) Santoor

    Answer: (4) Santoor
    Shivkumar Sharma is an Indian Santoor player. The Santoor is a folk instrument from Kashmir and Jammu. He is credited with making the Santoor a popular Classical Instrument.

    Question: Where do the striptease artists work ?

    (1) Cabarets 
    (2) Films
    (3) Circus 
    (4) Plays

    Answer: (1) Cabarets 
    Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring music, comedy, song, dance, recitation or drama. It is mainly disting-uished by the performance venue (also called a cabaret), such as in a restaurant, pub or nightclub with a stage for performances. It involves striptease which is an erotic or exotic dance in which the performer gradually undresses, either partly or completely, in a seductive and sexually suggestive manner.

    Question: Which from the following is a “Classical dance form ?”

    (1) Bhangra 
    (2) Bharatanatyam
    (3) Chhau 
    (4) Wangla

    Answer: (2) Bharatanatyam
    Bharatanatyam is a classical Indian dance form originating in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It has its inspirations from the sculptures of the ancient temple of Chidambaram. The Sangeet Natak Akademi currently confers classical status on eight Indian dance styles: Bharatanatyam: Tamil Nadu; Kathak: Uttar Pradesh; Kathakali: Kerala; Kuchipudi: Andhra Pradesh’ Manipuri: Manipur; Mohiniyattam: Kerala; Odissi: Odisha; and Sattriya: Assam.

    Question: What is the creative art in which Sonal Mansingh distinguished ?

    (1) Dance
    (2) Vocal music (Hindustani)
    (3) Painting
    (4) Instrumental music

    Answer: (1) Dance
    Sonal Mansingh is an eminent Indian classical dancer and choreographer of Odissi dancing style; who is also proficient in other Indian classical dancing styles including Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, and Chhau.

    Question: Which from the following is a ‘classical dance’ form ?

    (1) Kalaripayattu 
    (2) Chhobia
    (3) Bhawai 
    (4) Kathakali

    Answer: (4) Kathakali
    Indian classical dance is a relatively new umbrella term for various codified art forms rooted in Natya, the sacred Hindu musical theatre styles, whose theory can be traced back to the Natya Shastra of Bharata Muni (400 BC). The Sangeet Natak Akademi currently confers classical status on eight Indian dance styles: Bharatanatyam: Tamil Nadu; Kathak: Uttar Pradesh; Kathakali: Kerala; Kuchipudi: Andhra Pradesh’ Manipuri: Manipur; Mohiniyattam: Kerala; Odissi: Odisha; and Sattriya: Assam.

    Question: Which one of the following is not a form of Carnatic music ?

    (1) Kriti 
    (2) Thillana
    (3) Slokam 
    (4) Tappa

    Answer: (4) Tappa
    Tappa is a form of Indian semi-classical vocal music. Its specialty is its rolling pace based on fast, subtle and knotty construction. Its tunes are melodious, sweet and depict the emotional outbursts of a lover. Tappa originated from the folk songs of the camel riders of Punjab. The Tappa style of music was refined and introduced to the imperial court of the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.

    Question: The first talkie film in India was

    (1) Raja Harishchandra
    (2) Alam Ara
    (3) Chandidas
    (4) Jhansi Ki Rani

    Answer: (2) Alam Ara
    Alam Ara is a 1931 film directed by Ardeshir Irani. It was the first Indian sound film. It debuted at the Majestic Cinema in Mumbai (then Bombay) on 14 March 1931. The first Indian talkie was so popular that "police aid had to be summoned to control the crowds.

    Question: Odissi classical dance originated in :

    (1) Orissa 
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Rajasthan 
    (4) Gujarat

    Answer: (1) Orissa 
    Odissi, one of the eight classical dance forms of India, originates from the state of Odisha, in eastern India. It is the oldest surviving dance form of India on the basis of archaeological evidences.

    Question: The dance Kathakali is associated with the State of

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Kerala
    (3) Tamil Nadu
    (4) Orissa

    Answer: (2) Kerala
    Kathakali is the traditional dance drama of Kerala. It is noted for the attractive make-up of characters, elaborate costumes, detailed gestures and well-defined body movements presented in tune with the anchor playback music and complementary percussion.

    Question: Who of the following is a famous Tabla player ?

    (1) Zakir Hussain
    (2) Vikku Vinayakram
    (3) Pt. V.G. Jog
    (4) Palghat Mani Iyer

    Answer: (1) Zakir Hussain
    Zakir Hussain, is an Indian tabla player, musical producer, film actor and composer. He was born to the legendary tabla player Alla Rakha.

    Question: ‘Giddha’ is a form of dance associated with the state of :

    (1) Punjab
    (2) Himachal Pradesh
    (3) Haryana
    (4) Rajasthan

    Answer: (1) Punjab
    Giddha is a popular folk dance of women in Punjab region of India and Pakistan. The dance is often considered derived from the ancient dance known as the ring dance.

    Question: Bihu is a festival that is observed in :

    (1) West Bengal 
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Assam 
    (4) Tamil Nadu

    Answer: (3) Assam 
    Bihu denotes a set of three different cultural festivals of Assam and celebrated by the Assamese diaspora around the world. The Bihus are the national festivals of Assam. The most important festivals of Assam are the Bihus, celebrated with fun and abundance by all Assamese people irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith and belief.

    Question: Match the following:

    a. Bharata natyam
    b. Kuchipudi 
    c. Kathakali 
    d. Odissi 

    1. Orissa
    2. Kerala
    3. Andhra Pradesh
    4. Tamil Nadu

    (a) (b) (c) (d)
    (1) 4 3 2 1
    (2) 3 4 1 2
    (3) 2 3 4 1
    (4) 1 2 3 4

    (1) Bharatanatyam: Tamil Nadu; Kathakali: Kerala; Kuchipudi: Andhra Pradesh; and Odissi: Odisha.

    Question: What is the name of the famous folk drama of Bhils?

    (1) Gavari 
    (2) Swang
    (3) Tamasha 
    (4) Rammat

    Answer: (1) Gavari 
    The Gavari dance-drama of Bhils has its origin in the story of Shiva and Bhasmasur.

    Question: Shiv Kumar Sharma is famous for playing :

    (1) Santoor 
    (2) Sitar
    (3) Sarod 
    (4) Flute

    Answer: (1) Santoor 
    Shiv Kumar Sharma is famous for playing Santoor. Tarun Bhattacharya is also a famous santoor player.

    Question: Sanjukta Panigrahi was famous for the dance

    (1) Bharatnatyam
    (2) Kathak
    (3) Manipuri 
    (4) Odissi

    Answer: (1) Bharatnatyam
    Samyukta Panigrahi is a famous exponent of Bharatnatyam.

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