Indian Art & Culture GK Quiz-5

Indian Art & Culture GK Quiz-5

Indian Art & Culture Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Indian Art & Culture for competitive examinations.

    Question: Who amongst the following is renowned in the field of painting?

    (1) Parveen Sultana
    (2) Prof. T.N. Krishnan
    (3) Ram Kinkar
    (4) Raja Ravi Varma
    Answer: (4) Raja Ravi Varma
    Raja Ravi Varma was an Indian painter from the princely state of Travancore who achieved recognition for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. His paintings are considered to be among the best examples of the fusion of Indian traditions with the techniques of European academic art. During his lifetime Varma is most remembered for his paintings of sari-clad women portrayed as shapely and graceful.

    Question: Le Corbusier, the architect of Chandigarh was a national of

    (1) The Netherlands
    (2) Portugal
    (3) U.K.
    (4) France
    Answer: (4) France
    Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, better known as Le Corbusier, was an architect, designer, urbanist, and writer, famous for being one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. His career spanned five decades, with his buildings constructed throughout Europe, India and America. He was awarded the Frank P. Brown Medal and AIA Gold Medal in 1961.

    Question: In which field of Art Jamini Roy make his name ?

    (1) Sculpture 
    (2) Music
    (3) Painting 
    (4) Drama
    Answer: (3) Painting 
    Jamini Roy was an Indian painter. His key works were “Bride and two Companions”, 1952; and Dual Cats with one Crayfish”, 1968. His new style was a reaction against the Bengal School and Western tradition. His underlying quest was threefold: to capture the essence of simplicity embodied in the life of the folk people; to make art accessible to a wider section of people; and to give Indian art its own identity. He was awarded the Padma Bhusan in 1954.

    Question: Where is the Swami Narayan temple, Akshar-dham located ?

    (1) Dwaraka, Gujarat
    (2) Puri, Orissa
    (3) Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
    (4) Gandhinagar, Gujarat
    Answer: (4) Gandhinagar, Gujarat
    Akshardham in Gandhinagar is one of the largest temples in the Indian state of Gujarat. The temple complex combines devotions, art, architecture, education, exhibitions and research at one place which is spread in an area of 23 acres. The temple came to international attention when two heavily armed terrorists attacked it in September 2002. It is a predecessor to the Akshardham at Delhi, built by the same religious organisation, Bochasanwasi AksharPurushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS) led by Pramukh Swami Maharaj. It was inaugurated on November 2, 1992.

    Question: What do the paintings of Ajanta depict?

    (1) Ramayana 
    (2) Mahabharata
    (3) Jatakas 
    (4) Panchatantra
    Answer: (3) Jatakas 
    The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra are 30 rock-cut cave monuments which
    date from the 2nd century BCE to about 500 or 600 CE. The caves include paintings and sculptures
    considered to be masterpieces of Buddhist religious art, with Buddha figures and depictions of the Jataka tales. The caves form the largest corpus of early Indian wall-painting. The site is a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India, and since 1983, the Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    Question: Where did the miniature paintings of Indian heritage develop?

    (1) Guler 
    (2) Mewar
    (3) Bundi 
    (4) Kishengarh
    Answer: (4) Kishengarh
    The art of Miniature painting was introduced to the land of India by the Mughals, who brought the muchrevealed art form from Persia. In the sixteenth century, the Mughal ruler Humayun brought artists from Persia, who specialized in miniature painting. The succeeding Mughal Emperor, Akbar built an atelier for them to promote the rich art form. These artists, on their part, trained Indian artists who produced paintings in a new distinctive style, inspired by the royal and romantic lives of the Mughals. The particular miniature produced by Indian artists in their own style is known as Rajput or Rajasthani miniature. During this time, several schools of painting evolved, such as Mewar (Udaipur), Bundi, Kotah, Marwar (Jodhpur), Bikaner, Jaipur, and Kishangarh.

    Question: In which State is the folk painting ‘Madhubani’ popular ?

    (1) West Bengal 
    (2) Orissa
    (3) Bihar 
    (4) Assam
    Answer: (3) Bihar 
    Madhubani painting or Mithila painting is a style of Indian painting, practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar state, India and the adjoining parts of Terai in Nepal. Painting is done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments, and is characterized by eye-catching geometrical patterns. There are paintings for each occasion and festival such as birth, marriage, holi, surya shasti, kali puja, Upanayanam (sacred thread ceremony), and durga puja.

    Question: Who was the painter of the famous painting called - ‘Bharatmata’ ?

    (1) Gaganendranath Tagore
    (2) Abanindranath Tagore
    (3) Nandalal Bose
    (4) Jamini Roy
    Answer: (2) Abanindranath Tagore
    Bharat Mata is an epic painting by celebrated Indian painter, Abanindranath Tagore. This painting depicts Bharat Mata as Lakshmi, the Goddess of Plenty, clad in the apparel of a Vaishnava nun.

    Question: The Gandhara Art flourished during the period of

    (1) Guptas 
    (2) Mauryas
    (3) Satavahanas 
    (4) Kushans
    Answer: (4) Kushans
    The Kingdom of Gandhara lasted from the early 1st millennium BC to the 11th century AD. It attained its height from the 1st century to the 5th century under the Buddhist Kushan Kings. Peshawar Valley and Taxila are littered with ruins of stupas and monasteries of this period. Many monuments were created to commemorate the Jataka tales. The Gandhara civilization peaked during the reign of the
    great Kushan king Kanishka (128–151). The cities of Taxila (Takshasila) at Sirsukh and Peshawar were built. Peshawar became the capital of a great empire stretching from Gandhara to Central Asia. Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. Buddhist art spread from Gandhara to other parts of Asia.

    Question: Match the Artistes and their Art form.

    A. Amrita Shergill
    B. T. Swaminathan Pillai
    C. Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair
    D. Padmasubramaniam
    Art Form
    1. Flute
    2. Kathakali
    3. Painting
    4. Bharathanatyam
    (A) (B) (C) (D)
    (1) 3 1 2 4
    (2) 2 3 1 4
    (3) 4 2 3 1
    (4) 1 4 2 3
    Answer: (1)
    Amrita Sher-Gil, was an eminent Indian painter born to a Punjabi Sikh father and a Hungarian mother, sometimes known as India’s Frida Kahlo, and today considered an important woman painter of 20th century. T.N. Swaminathan Pillai was a flautist who revolutionized the style of flute-playing. Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair was one of the most renowned Kathakali artists of any time, and arguably the greatest in the history of the four-century-old classical dance-drama from Kerala in southern India. Padma Subrahmanyam is an Indian classical Bharathanrithyam dancer. She is also a research scholar, choreographer, music composer, musician, teacher and author.

    Question: Who was the pioneer of the Bengal School of Art ?

    (1) Nandlal Bose
    (2) B.C. Sanyal
    (3) Jamini Roy
    (4) Abanindranath Tagore
    Answer: (4) Abanindranath Tagore
    Abanindranath Tagore was the principal artist and creator of ‘Indian Society of Oriental Art’ and the first major exponent of swadeshi values in Indian art, thereby founding the influential Bengal school of art, which led to the development of modern Indian painting. He was also a noted writer, particularly for children. Popularly known as ‘Aban Thakur’, his books Rajkahini, Budo Angla, Nalak, and Ksheerer Putul are landmarks in Bengali language children’s literature. Tagore sought to modernize Moghul and Rajput styles in order to counter the influence of Western models of art, as taught in Art Schools under the British Raj and developed the Indian style of painting, later known as Bengal school of art which was an influential art movement and a style of Indian painting that originated in Bengal, primarily Kolkata and Shantiniketan, and flourished throughout India during the British Raj in the early 20th century.

    Question: Rajasthani and Pahari schools of art froms are famous for

    (1) Music 
    (2) Dance
    (3) Sculpture 
    (4) Painting
    Answer: (4) Painting
    The style of painting which flourished in Basohli, Jammu, Garhwal, Chamba, Kangra, Guler and Mandi in the hilly areas in the northwest has been termed the Pahari school. The art of miniature painting in the Punjab hills known as Pahari painting was influenced to some extent by the Mughal painting of Aurangzeb’s period. Scholars have categorized Pahari paintings on the basis of geography and family style. These paintings developed and flourished during the period of 17th to 19th century under the patronage of Rajput kings. Indian Pahari paintings have been made mostly in miniature forms. Developed in the 18th century, this style is an eternal legacy of the Rajasthani style.

    Question: Who painted the master piece “Hamsa Damayanti” ?

    (1) Anjolie Ela Menon
    (2) Abanindranath Tagore
    (3) Amrita Shergill
    (4) Raja Ravi Varma
    Answer: (4) Raja Ravi Varma
    Hamsa Damayanthi is an oil painting on canvas of Raja Ravi Varma. In this painting, Princess
    Damayanthi is shown talking with Royal Swan about Nalan.

    Question: Jamini Roy distinguished himself in the field of

    (1) Badminton 
    (2) Painting
    (3) Theatre 
    (4) Sculpture
    Answer: (2) Painting
    Jamini Roy (1887-1972), one of the most celebrated artists of modern India, is especially admired for his painting that brought solace to the viewers in a tormented time of history. He gave a novel and daring direction to the art of colonial India by evolving his idiom of expression out of Bengal’s folk painting, discarding at once both of the dominating trends of his days, namely, Western academicism, then insipid and decadent, and Neo-Bengal school, which tended to become cold and fragile. And as the time marched, his concept of art’s agelessness has gained importance in the context of the present generation artists’ new search for the roots.

    Question: Which of the following places of Sikh religion heritage is not in India?

    (1) Nanded
    (2) Keshgarh Saheb
    (3) Paonta Saheb
    (4) Nankana Saheb
    Answer: (4) Nankana Saheb
    Nankana Sahib is a city and capital of Nankana Sahib District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is named after the first guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak Dev, the central figure in Sikhism who was born here, so it is a city of high historic and religious value and is a popular pilgrimage site for Sikhs from all over the world. It is located about 80 kilometers south west of Lahore.

    Question: Who amidst the following is renowned in the field of sculpture?

    (1) Manjit Bawa
    (2) Saroja Vaidyanathan
    (3) Ram Kinkar
    (4) Raja Ravi Varma
    Answer: (3) Ram Kinkar
    Ramkinkar Baij was an Indian sculptor and painter, one of the pioneers of modern Indian sculpture. Modern Western art and pre and post-classical Indian art were his main point of reference. He used local material advantageously, and worked combining the skills of a modeller and a carver.

    Question: Who, amidst the following is a distinguished painter?

    (1) Amrita Shergill
    (2) N. Rajam
    (3) Kamala Dasgupta
    (4) U. Srinivas
    Answer: (1) Amrita Shergill
    Amrita Sher-Gil, was an eminent Indian painter, some-times known as India's Frida Kahlo, and today considered an important woman painter of 20th century India, whose legacy stands at par with that of the Masters of Bengal Renaissance. She is also the 'most expensive' woman painter of India. The Government of India has declared her works as National Art Treasures, and most of them are housed in the National Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi

    Question: What is the field in which Pradosh Dasgupta distinguished himself ?

    (1) Sculpture
    (2) Painting
    (3) Instrumental music
    (4) Hindustanic music (vocal)
    Answer: (1) Sculpture
    Born in Dacca, Pradosh Das Gupta graduated from the Calcutta University in 1932. He took up sculpture in the same year and received his first training in the subject under two distinguished teachers, Mr. H. Roy Choudhary and Mr. D. P. Roy Choudhary at Lucknow and Madras. He had the distinction of being awarded Guru Prasanna Ghose Travelling Scholarship by the Calcutta University.

    Question: Raja Ravi Verma of Kerala was a distinguished

    (1) dancer 
    (2) painter
    (3) poet 
    (4) singer
    Answer: (2) painter
    Raja Ravi Varma is related to painting. He was an Indian painter from the princely state of Travancore. His paintings are considered to be among the best example of the fusion of Indian traditions with the techniques of European academic art.

    Question: A semi-circular structure with a dome shape roof erected over the sacred relics of Buddha is known as

    (1) Stupas 
    (2) Edicts
    (3) Pillars 
    (4) Monoliths
    Answer: (1) Stupas 
    A stupa is a mound-like or semi-hemispherical structure containing Buddhist relics, typically the ashes of Buddhist monks, used by Buddhists as a place of meditation. As most characteristically seen at Sanchi in the Great Stupa (2nd–1st century B.C.), the monument consists of a circular base supporting a massive solid dome from which projects an umbrella.

    Question: The birth place of an iconic personality, Amrita Sher–Gil, is

    (1) Hungary 
    (2) India
    (3) Austria 
    (4) Poland
    Answer: (1) Hungary 
    Amrita Sher-Gil, was an eminent Indian painter born to a Punjabi Sikh father and a Hungarian Jewish mother in Budapest, Hungary, in 1913. She is sometimes known as India’s Frida Kahlo, and today considered an important woman painter of 20th century India.

    Question: ‘Madhubani’, a style of folk paintings is popular in which of the following states in India ?

    (1) Bihar
    (2) Madhya Pradesh
    (3) Uttar Pradesh
    (4) West Bengal
    Answer: (1) Bihar
    Madhubani painting is one of the oldest art forms from Mithila region of Bihar. It is also known as Mithila Painting. This form of painting is done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments, and is characterized by eye-catching geometrical patterns.

    Question: The Lalita Kala Akademi is devoted to the promotion of :

    (1) Fine Arts
    (2) Literature
    (3) Music
    (4) Dance and Drama
    Answer: (1) Fine Arts
    The Lalit Kala Akademi or National Academy of Art is India's National Academy of Fine Arts such as such as painting, sculpture and graphics. It is an autonomous organisation, established at New Delhi in 1954 by Government of India to promote and propagate understanding of Indian art, both within and outside the country. It is headquartered in New Delhi.

    Question: Kalarippayatt is the martial art of State of

    (1) Madhya Pradesh
    (2) Mizoram 
    (3) Nagaland
    (4) Kerala
    Answer: (4) Kerala
    Kalarippayattu is a traditional form of martial art that started in Kerala. The word kalari first appears in Sangam literature to describe both a battlefield and combat arena. The word kalari tatt denoted a martial feat, while kalari kozhai meant a coward in war.

    Question: The famous Dilwara temples of Mount Abu are a sacred pilgrimage place for the

    (1) Buddhists 
    (2) Jains
    (3) Sikhs
    (4) Parsis
    Answer: (2) Jains
    Dilwara temples of Mount Abu, Rajasthan, are famous for their Jain temples. These Jain temples were built by Tejpal , a Jain layman between the 11th and 13th centuries AD. The five legendary marble temples of Dilwara are a sacred pilgrimage place of the Jains. The Dilwara Jain temples are world famous for their stunning use of marble.

    Question: Which monument is known as “The National Monument of India”?

    (1) India Gate
    (2) Gateway of India
    (3) Raj Ghat 
    (4) Red fort
    Answer: (1) India Gate
    The India Gate, originally called the All India War Memorial, is the national monument of India. Located in New Delhi, it is a memorial to 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died in the period 1914–21. 13,300 servicemen’s names, including some soldiers and officers from the United Kingdom, are inscribed on the gate.)

    Question: Sun temple is situated in which of the following states?

    (1) Odisha 
    (2) Gujarat
    (3) Karnataka
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (1) Odisha 
    Sun Temple is a 13th-century AD temple situated at Konark in Odisha. It was built by king Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty in 1255 AD. The temple complex is in the shape of a gigantic chariot, having elaborately carved stone wheels, pillars and walls. The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    Question: Which of the following is not correctly matched?

    (1) The Mahakaal temple Ujjain
    (2) Sringeri Matha Chikkmanglur district
    (3) The Sun Temple Konark
    (4) Jain temples Khajuraho
    Answer: (4) Jain temples Khajuraho
    The Jain temples are associated with Dilwara near Mount Abu, Rajasthan’s only hill station. These Jain temples were built by Vastupal-Tejpal, a Jain layman between the 11th and 13th centuries AD. These temples are world famous for their stunning use of marble. Khajuraho is famous for its erotic temples and sculpture.

    Question: Kalamkari painting refers to

    (1) A hand painted cotton textile in SouthIndia
    (2) A handmade drawing on bamboo handicrafts in NorthEast India
    (3) A block painted woollen cloth in Western Himalayan region of India
    (4) A hand painted decorative silk cloth in North Western India
    Answer: (1) A hand painted cotton textile in SouthIndia
    Kalamkari is a type of hand-painted or blockprinted cotton textile, produced in parts of South
    India and Iran. It is an ancient style of hand painting done on cotton or silk fabric with a tamarind pen,
    using natural vegetable dyes. This style of painting originated at Kalahasti near Chennai and at Masulipatnam near Hyderabad.

    Question: Raja Ravi Varma was a great painter of which of the following ?

    (1) Bengal 
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Punjab 
    (4) Kerala
    Answer: (4) Kerala
    Raja Ravi Varma was closely related to the royal family of Travancore of present day Kerala. Later in his life, two of his granddaughters were adopted into that royal family, and their descendants comprise the totality of the present royal family of Travancore. Varma was a celebrated Indian painter and artist, considered as the greatest painter in the history of Indian art.

    Question: Who among the following is a famous Indian painter ?

    (1) Balamuralikrishna
    (2) Yaminni Krishnamurthy
    (3) M.F. Hussain
    (4) Ravi Shankar
    Answer: (3) M.F. Hussain
    Maqbool Fida Husain was a modern Indian painter of international acclaim. Often referred to as the “Picasso of India”, M.F. Husain is the most celebrated and internationally recognized Indian artist of the 20th century. He was also known as a printmaker, photographer, and filmmaker.

    Question: The Ranganatha Temple is situated at

    (1) Kanchipuram 
    (2) Tirupati
    (3) Chenna 
    (4) Srirangam
    Answer: (4) Srirangam
    The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, also known as Ranganatha Temple, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Ranganatha, a reclining form of the Hindu deity Vishnu, located in Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu. It is the largest temple in India and one of the largest religious complexes in the world.

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