The concept of political sovereignty was advocated by

Question: The concept of political sovereignty was advocated by
(1) Plato 
(2) John Locke
(3) Rousseau 
(4) Austin

Answer: (3) Rousseau 
In Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s (1712–1778) definition of popular sovereignty, he considers the people to be the legitimate sovereign. He condemned the distinction between the origin and the exercise of sovereignty, a distinction upon which constitutional monarchy or representative democracy is founded.
In his “Du Contrat Social, ou Principes du droit politique,” he deals with sovereignty and its rights.
Sovereignty, or the general will, is inalienable, for the will cannot be transmitted; it is indivisible, since it is essentially general; it is infallible and always right, determined and limited in its power by the common interest; it acts through laws. Law is the decision of the general will in regard to some object of common interest, but though the general will is always right and desires only good, its judgment is not always enlightened, and consequently does not always see wherein the common good lies; hence the necessity of the legislator.

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