World Geography GK Quiz-2

World Geography GK Quiz-2

World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on World Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The pacific Ring of Fire is

    (1) an area of constant forest fires in the Pacific islands
    (2) a volcanic belt around the Pacific
    (3) an area of intense heat in the Pacific
    (4) islands rich in fuel minerals in the pacific
    Answer: (2) a volcanic belt around the Pacific
    The Pacific Ring of Fire is an area where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean. It has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes. About 90% of the world's earthquakes and 81% of the world's largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire.

    Question: In geography ‘Gulf Stream’ refers to

    (1) a warm ocean current
    (2) strong air current
    (3) streams joining a gulf
    (4) the name of a stream
    Answer: (1) a warm ocean current
    The Gulf Stream, together with its northern extension towards Europe, the North Atlantic Drift, is a powerful, warm, and swift Atlantic ocean current that originates at the tip of Florida, and follows the eastern coastlines of the United States and Newfoundland before crossing the Atlantic Ocean. It
    influences the climate of the east coast of North America from Florida to Newfoundland, and the west
    coast of Europe.

    Question: The Strait of Gibraltar provides entry into the

    (1) Indian Ocean
    (2) Red Sea
    (3) Mediterranean Sea
    (4) Atlantic Ocean
    Answer: (4) Atlantic Ocean
    The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Spain in Europe from Morocco in Africa.

    Question: The Chinese river known as yellow river is

    (1) Hwang-Ho 
    (2) Sikiang
    (3) Yangtse-Kiang 
    (4) Mekong
    Answer: (1) Hwang-Ho 
    The Yellow River or Huang He, formerly spelled Hwang Ho is the second-longest river in China after the Yangtze and the sixth-longest in the world. The Yellow River is called "the cradle of Chinese
    civilization.” Hwang Ho is called Yellow River because of the high volumes of sediment in it.

    Question: Fishing grounds of the world are found in areas where

    (1) there are high tides
    (2) warm and cold currents meet
    (3) there are low tides
    (4) high stormy waves occur
    Answer: (2) warm and cold currents meet
    The major fishing grounds of the world are found in those regions where the warm oceanic currents meet the cold currents. The mixing of these waters and the shape of the ocean bottom lifts nutrients to the surface. They are rich in planktons on which fish feed.

    Question: Mount Blanc is the highest peak of these mountain ranges

    (1) Atlas 
    (2) Rockys
    (3) Andes 
    (4) Alps
    Answer: (4) Alps
    Mont Blanc, meaning "White Mountain", is the highest mountain in the Alps, Western Europe, and the European Union. The Mont Blanc massif is being put forward as a potential World Heritage Site because of its uniqueness and its cultural importance, considered the birthplace and symbol of modern mountaineering.

    Question: Through which of the given regions does the equator run?

    (1) Africa 
    (2) India
    (3) Arabia 
    (4) China’
    Answer: (1) Africa 
    The Equator crosses/ passes through seven countries in Africa: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe (off the coast of mainland Africa); Gabon; Congo-Brazzaville; Democratic Republic of Congo; Uganda; Kenya and Somalia.

    Question: The world famous ‘Serangeti Wildlife Sanctuary is located in

    (1) Kenya 
    (2) Tanzania
    (3) Zambia 
    (4) Uganda
    Answer: (2) Tanzania
    The Serengeti National Park is a large national park in Serengeti area, Tanzania. It is most famous for its annual migration of over one and a half million white bearded (or brindled) wildebeest and 250,000 zebra and its many crocodile. Serengeti National Park is widely regarded as the best wildlife reserve in Africa due to its density of predators and prey.

    Question: Which is the largest existing mangrove forest in the world?

    (1) African forest
    (2) Alphine forest
    (3) Sunderbans
    (4) Australian forest
    Answer: (3) Sunderbans
    The Sundarbans Mangroves eco-region on the coast forms the seaward fringe of the delta and is the world's largest mangrove ecosystem, with 20,400 square kilometers of area covered. The dominant mangrove species Heritiera fomes is locally known as sundri or sundari.

    Question: The Victoria Falls are on the river

    (1) Niger 
    (2) Congo
    (3) Zambezi 
    (4) Orange
    Answer: (3) Zambezi 
    The Victoria Falls or Mosi-oa-Tunya is a waterfall located in southern Africa on the Zambezi River between the countries of Zambia and Zimbabwe. While it is neither the highest nor the widest waterfall in the world, it is claimed to be the largest. This claim is based on a width of 1,708 metres and height of 108 metres, forming the largest sheet of falling water in the world.

    Question: ‘Dead Sea’ is called so because

    (1) the water is brackish
    (2) it does not support any acquatic life
    (3) it is not favourable for navigation
    (4) it has no waves
    Answer: (2) it does not support any acquatic life
    The Dead Sea is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. With 33.7% salinity, it is also one of the world's saltiest bodies of water. It is 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which animals cannot flourish, hence its name.

    Question: The country located between 8° N and 37° N latitudes is

    (1) Bangladesh
    (2) India
    (3) China 
    (4) Pakistan
    Answer: (2) India
    India lies to the north of the equator between 6° 44' and 35° 30' north latitude and 68° 7' and 97° 25' east longitude.

    Question: Kangaroos, Platypus and Koala bears are wildlife of

    (1) Australia 
    (2) South America
    (3) Europe 
    (4) Africa
    Answer: (1) Australia 
    Australia has many of the most unique animals in the world, not to mention the birds and reptiles. Marsupials are the most common and prolific group in Australia such as the kangaroo and koala, wallaby, wombat, bandicoot, kultarr, marsupial mole, dunnart, cuscus, possum, Tasmanian wolf, Tasmanian devil, and many others. There are also unique egg-laying mammals like the platypus and the echidna.

    Question: The Panama Canal links

    (1) Pacific and Atlantic Ocean
    (2) Atlantic and Arctic Ocean
    (3) Pacific and Indian Ocean
    (4) Antarctic and Atlantic Ocean
    Answer: (1) Pacific and Atlantic Ocean
    The Panama Canal is a 48-mile ship canal in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade. The American Society of Civil Engineers has named the Panama Canal one of the seven wonders of the modern world.

    Question: Volcanic activity is more common in

    (1) Hawai 
    (2) Japan
    (3) Colombia 
    (4) New Zealand
    Answer: (1) Hawai 
    The Hawaiian Islands were (and continue to be) continuously formed from volcanic activity initiated at an undersea magma source called a hotspot. As the tectonic plate beneath much of the Pacific Ocean moves to the northwest, the hot spot remains stationary, slowly creating new volcanoes.

    Question: Match the following :

    Towns Rivers
    a. Jabalpur 1. Ravi
    b. Paris 2. Narmada
    c. London 3. Siene
    d. Lahore 4. Thames
    a b c d
    (1) 2 3 4 1
    (2) 3 2 1 4
    (3) 1 4 3 2
    (4) 4 1 2 3
    Answer: (1)
    Jabalpur: Narmada; Paris: Seine; London: Thames; and Lahore: Ravi River flows on the north-western side.

    Question: The river which has a greater flow of water than any other river in the world is.

    (1) River Hwang-ho
    (2) River Amazon
    (3) River Zaire
    (4) River Nile
    Answer: (2) River Amazon
    South America’s Amazon river is the world’s largest river. It flows into the South Altantic Ocean. Its length is 6,296 km.

    Question: The largest delta of the world is

    (1) Sunderbans 
    (2) Amazon Basin
    (3) Greenland 
    (4) Congo Basin
    Answer: (1) Sunderbans 
    Sundarbans is the world’s largest delta formed by the rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna.

    Question: The canal which links Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean is

    (1) Suez 
    (2) Malacca
    (3) Panama 
    (4) Gibralter
    Answer: (3) Panama 
    The Panama Canal is a ship canal in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean (via the Caribbean Sea) to the Pacific Ocean. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.

    Question: The Strait that connects Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea is

    (1) Panama Strait
    (2) Suez Strait
    (3) Palk Strait
    (4) Bering Strait
    Answer: (2) Suez Strait
    The Suez Strait connects Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea.

    Question: The world’s largest island is

    (1) New Guinea 
    (2) Madagascar
    (3) Greenland 
    (4) Iceland
    Answer: (3) Greenland 
    The world’s largest island is Greenland (North Atlantic), Denmark. Its area is 2,175,597 sq. km.

    Question: Peshawar is near to

    (1) Karakoram Pass
    (2) ZojilaPass
    (3) Namika-La Pass
    (4) Khyber Pass
    Answer: (4) Khyber Pass
    Peshawar in Pakistan is near to Khyber Pass.

    Question: The highest altitude (4411 meters above sea level) is of:

    (1) Daocheng Yading Airport
    (2) Heathrow Airport
    (3) Kathmandu Airport
    (4) Bangda Airport
    Answer: (1) Daocheng Yading Airport
    With the height of 4,411 meters above sea level, the Daocheng Yading Airport has become the highest civil airport in the world. It is located in Daocheng County of the Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Garze, Southwest China’s Sichuan Province.

    Question: "Yosemite" is a

    (1) River 
    (2) Peak
    (3) Waterfall 
    (4) Dam
    Answer: (3) Waterfall 
    Yosemite Falls is the highest measured waterfall in North America. Located in Yosemite National Park in the Sierra Nevada of California in the United States, it is a major attraction in the park, especially in late spring when the water flow is at its peak.

    Question: The temperate grasslands of South America are called

    (1) Prairies 
    (2) Pampas
    (3) Downs 
    (4) Steppes
    Answer: (2) Pampas
    Temperate grasslands, include the Prairie and Pacific Grasslands of North America, the Pampas of Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay, calcareous downland, and the steppes of Europe. The Pampas of South America are a grassland biome.

    Question: Which strait separates Australia and Tasmania?

    (1) Bass 
    (2) Bab-el-Mandeb
    (3) Palk 
    (4) Berring
    Answer: (1) Bass 
    Bass Strait is a sea strait separating Tasmania from the south of the Australian mainland, specifically the state of Victoria. Its maximum width is 240 km, its depth is 50–70 m.

    Question: The largest coral reef in’the world is found near the coast of

    (1) Brazil 
    (2) Australia
    (3) Sri Lanka 
    (4) Cuba
    Answer: (2) Australia
    The world’s largest coral reef is the Great Barrier Reef, located just off the northeastern coast of Australia. This coral reef system is composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands.

    Question: Match correctly the following deserts and their location by choosing the correct response:

    a. Kalahari 
    b. Atacama
    c. Thar 
    d. Great Victoria
    (i) South America
    (ii) Australia
    (iii) Africa
    (iv) Asia
    (1) a-(ii), b-(iii), c-(i), d-(iv)
    (2) a-(iv), b-(iii), c-(ii), d-(i)
    (3) a-(iii), b-(ii), c-(i), d-(iv)
    (4) a-(iii), b-(i), c-(iv), d-(ii)
    Answer: (4)
    Kalahari Desert: a large semi-arid sandy savannah in southern Africa; Atacama Desert: the driest hot desert in the world, located in South America,; Thar Desert: a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent, and Great Victoria: a sparsely populated desert area in Western Australia and South Australia.

    Question: The longest river of Europe is

    (1) Rhine 
    (2) Rhone
    (3) Danube 
    (4) Volga
    Answer: (4) Volga
    The Volga is the largest river in Europe in terms of length, discharge, and watershed. It flows through the western part of Russia, and is widely viewed as the national river of Russia.

    Question: The Coast of Norway is an example of

    (1) Dalmatian Coast
    (2) Fiord Coast
    (3) Ria Coast
    (4) Emerged Coast
    Answer: (2) Fiord Coast
    Norway’s extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea, is laced with fjords, a renowned part of its landscape. Many people consider fjords the very symbol of Norway.

    Question: Asia and North America are separated by

    (1) Bass Strait
    (2) Strait of Dover
    (3) Bering Strait
    (4) Cook Strait
    Answer: (3) Bering Strait
    The Bering Strait separates North America from Asia, or Russia. It is located to the south of the Arctic Circle. It is at the edge of the Bering Sea.

    Question: The “Grand Canyon” is on the river

    (1) Colorado 
    (2) Columbia
    (3) Ohio 
    (4) Mississippi
    Answer: (1) Colorado 
    The Grand Canyon is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in the United States in the state of Arizona. For thousands of years, the area has been continuously inhabited by Native Americans.

    Question: The equal length of day and night on September 23rd in all parts of the world is known as

    (1) Autumnal Equinox
    (2) Celestial Equinox
    (3) Winter Equinox
    (4) Vernal Equinox
    Answer: (1) Autumnal Equinox
    Equinox means two days during the year, March 21 and September 23, when day and night are almost equal throughout the world because the Sun shines vertically on the Equator. March 21 is called vernal equinox and September 23 is called autumnal equinox.

    Question: Grassland is called ‘Pampas’ in

    (1) Africa
    (2) South America
    (3) United Kingdom
    (4) The USA
    Answer: (2) South America
    The Pampas are fertile South American lowlands, covering more than 750,000 km2 that include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and Córdoba, Chubut, most of Uruguay, and the southernmost Brazilian State, Rio Grande do Sul. This area is also one of the distinct physiography provinces of the larger Paraná-Paraguay Plain division. These plains contain unique wildlife because of the different terrains around it.

    Question: Panama canal was constructed in–

    (1) 1869 A.D. 
    (2) 1980 A.D.
    (3) 1905 A.D. 
    (4) 1914 A.D.
    Answer: (4) 1914 A.D.
    France began work on the Panama Canal in 1881, but had to stop because of engineering problems and high mortality due to disease. The United States took over the project in 1904, and took a decade to complete the canal, which was officially opened on August 15, 1914. The Panama Canal connects the Atlantic Ocean (via the Caribbean Sea) to the Pacific Ocean.

    Question: The region famous for many kinds of wine and champagne is

    (1) Eastern Europe
    (2) Western Europe
    (3) Mediterranean
    (4) Glassland
    Answer: (3) Mediterranean
    The Mediterranean region is known for its finest selection of wine and champagne. This is because the Mediterranean region has the ideal yearly temperature distribution, humidity, and sun-exposure for grape growing.

    Question: Which is the hottest place on Earth ?

    (1) Death Valley - California
    (2) El Azizia - Libya
    (3) Jacobabad - Pakistan
    (4) Atacama - Peru
    Answer: (2) El Azizia - Libya
    El Azizia had the distinction of having recorded a high temperature of 57.8 °C in 1922 which was long considered the highest temperature ever measured on Earth. However, the World Meteorological Organization, in September 2012, announced that the world record for hottest temperature is now 56.7 °C recorded on 10 July 1913 at Greenland Ranch in Death Valley, California, USA.

    Question: The cyclone that brought devastation in Bangladesh was named as

    (1) Shary 
    (2) Sidr
    (3) Wendy 
    (4) Erin
    Answer: (2) Sidr
    Cyclone Sidr was a tropical cyclone that resulted in one of the worst natural disasters in Bangladesh on 15 November 2007. 3,447 deaths were blamed on this Category-5 cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson Scale.

    Question: Which is the longest mountain chain on Earth?

    (1) Andes mountains
    (2) Mid-Atlantic ridge
    (3) Western Cordillera
    (4) Himalayan range
    Answer: (1) Andes mountains
    The world’s longest mountain chain is the Andes, about 7,000 km long. The chain stretches from north to south through seven countries in South America, along the west coast of the continent: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.

    Question: Sunda Trench is in

    (1) Indian Ocean
    (2) Pacific Ocean
    (3) Atlantic Ocean
    (4) Gulf of Mexico
    Answer: (1) Indian Ocean
    The Sunda Trench, earlier known as the Java Trench, is located in the northeastern Indian Ocean, with a length of 2,600 kilometres. It is the deepest point in the Indian Ocean.

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