World Geography GK Quiz-3

World Geography GK Quiz-3

World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on World Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Select the correct direction of Sirocco storm.

    (1) Sahara to Mediterranean Sea
    (2) North from U.S.A.
    (3) West from Sahara
    (4) Adriatic Sea to Italy
    Answer: (1) Sahara to Mediterranean Sea
    Sirocco originates in the Sahara and blows across the Mediterranean Sea into southern Europe. It arises from a warm, dry, tropical airmass in the Arabian or Sahara deserts that is pulled northward by lowpressure cells moving eastward across the Mediterranean Sea.

    Question: Which among the following is an abiotic factor ?

    (1) Mites 
    (2) Moisture
    (3) Insects 
    (4) Rodents
    Answer: (2) Moisture
    Abiotic factors are those non-living chemical and physical parts of the environment that affect living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems. Abiotic factors may be classified via “SWATS” (Soil, Water, Air, Temperature, Sunlight).

    Question: Lake formed by Aswan Dam in Africa is

    (1) Chad 
    (2) Victoria
    (3) Nassar 
    (4) Tanganyika
    Answer: (3) Nassar 
    Lake Nasser was created by the construction of the Aswan High Dam in Southern Egypt across the waters of the Nile between 1958 and 1971. The largest man-made lake in the world, Lake Nasser has a major role in Egypt’s fishing industry.

    Question: The temperate grasslands of North America are known as

    (1) Pampas 
    (2) Downs
    (3) Steppes 
    (4) Prairies
    Answer: (4) Prairies
    Temperate grasslands are known as Prairies in North America, Pampas in South America, Veldt in Southern Africa and Steppe in Asia. Temperate grasslands are located north of the Tropic of Cancer (23.50 North) and south of the Tropic of Capricorn (23.50 South).

    Question: The Panama Canal is different from the Suez Canal as it has

    (1) Lock system
    (2) Shorter route
    (3) Busy route
    (4) Less busy route
    Answer: (1) Lock system
    The major difference between the Panama and Suez canals are that the later has no lock system. Ships can sail right through. The Panama Canal has locks which raise the ship to cross the isthmus and then lower it on the other side.

    Question: Llanos are the grasslands of

    (1) Guyana Highlands
    (2) Brazillian Highlands
    (3) Argentina
    (4) Chile
    Answer: (4) Chile
    Los Llanos is a vast tropical grassland plain situated to the east of the Andes in Colombia and Venezuela, in northwestern South America. It also refers to the flatland area encompassing the Chilean Central Valley between Valdivia and Osorno.

    Question: About how much of the world’s land area is tropical rainforest ?

    (1) 2 percent 
    (2) 7 percent
    (3) 10 percent 
    (4) 15 percent
    Answer: (2) 7 percent
    Tropical rainforests cover only about 7% of the Earth’s surface. They are located in a band around the equator, mostly in the area between the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° N latitude) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° S latitude). They are home to approximately 50% of all living things on earth.

    Question: Which one of the following is the world’s largest desert ?

    (1) Arabian 
    (2) Kalahari
    (3) Sahara 
    (4) Thar
    Answer: (3) Sahara 
    The Sahara is the largest subtropical hot desert and third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic. At over 9,400,000 square kilometres, it covers most of North Africa, making it almost as large as China or the United States. In terms of area, the Arabian and the Kalahari Deserts come at second and third places among subtropical deserts.

    Question: Which one of the following continents lies in Northern-Southern and Eastern-Western hemispheres of the earth?

    (1) Australia 
    (2) Africa
    (3) Europe 
    (4) South America
    Answer: (2) Africa
    Africa is located in the Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Hemispheres. The equator (divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres) and the Prime Meridian (divides the earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres) pass through Africa.

    Question: Sahara is located in which part of Africa ?

    (1) Eastern 
    (2) Western
    (3) Northern 
    (4) Southern
    Answer: (3) Northern 
    The Sahara covers most of North Africa and extends over Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia. It covers about 1D 4 of the African continent.

    Question: Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

    (1) Hevea Tree - Barazil
    (2) Sumatra - Malaysia
    (3) Kajan River - Borneo
    (4) Dekke Toba fish - Brazil
    Answer: (4) Dekke Toba fish - Brazil
    Dekke Toba is an Indonesian fish found in the Lake Toba which is a volcanic lake in the middle of the northern part of the Sumatra island. It is the largest lake in Indonesia and the largest volcanic lake in the world.

    Question: The longest river in the world is

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Nile
    (3) Brahmaputra 
    (4) Amazon
    Answer: (2) Nile
    The Nile, a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, is generally regarded as the longest river in the world. It is 6,853 km long. The Amazon (South America) and Yangtze of China are at second and third positions with a length of 6400 km and 6300 km respectively.

    Question: Which of the following cities is the capital of the desert country Mali ?

    (1) Damascus 
    (2) Bamako
    (3) Adra 
    (4) Ankara
    Answer: (2) Bamako
    Bamako is the capital and largest city of Mali. In 2006, it was estimated to be the fastest growing city in Africa and sixth-fastest in the world. It is the seventh-largest West African urban center after Lagos, Abidjan, Kano, Ibadan, Dakar, and Accra. It is located on the Niger River.

    Question: Which of the following country has the longest overland tunnel?

    (1) Germany 
    (2) Switzerland
    (3) Spain 
    (4) France
    Answer: (2) Switzerland
    The Lötschberg Base Tunnel in Switzerland is currently the world’s longest land tunnel (except for some metro tunnels) and accommodates passenger and freight trains. It runs between Frutigen, Berne and Raron, Valais. It is the third longest tunnel overall.

    Question: More than 50% of the world’s coal deposits are held by

    (1) USA, Russia and China
    (2) China, India and Russia
    (3) India, Russia and USA
    (4) China, India and USA
    Answer: (1) USA, Russia and China
    The United States of America (22.6%), Russia (14.4%) and China (12.6%) together account for about 50 percent of the global coal deposits. Australia (8.9%) and India (7.0%) come next. In terms of coal production, China, USA and India are the world’s top most countries.

    Question: Which of the following is the only volcanic peak in Antarctica?

    (1) Mt. Blanc 
    (2) Mt. Erebus
    (3) Mt. Elbrus 
    (4) Mt. Cook
    Answer: (2) Mt. Erebus
    Mount Erebus is the second highest volcano in Antarctica (after Mount Sidley) and the southernmost active volcano on earth. It is located on Ross Island, which is also home to three inactive volcanoes, Mount Terror, Mount Bird, and Mount Terra Nova. Mount Erebus has been active since c. 1.3 million years ago.

    Question: Which of the following is called the ‘land of one thousand lakes’?

    (1) Sweden 
    (2) Greenland
    (3) U.S.A. 
    (4) Finland
    Answer: (4) Finland
    Finland is often referred to as “the land of the thousand lakes”. This is because the lakes and rivers account for around 10 percent of the country's land.There are nearly 200,000 lakes in Finland. It
    has more lakes in relation to a country's size than any other. Finland has one lake for every 26 people.

    Question: Which of the following deserts have been named after the phrase ‘The Great Thirst’ ?

    (1) Namib Desert
    (2) Mojave Desert
    (3) Kalahari Desert
    (4) Sahara Desert
    Answer: (3) Kalahari Desert
    Kalahari Desert of southern Africa is named after the Tswana word Kgala, meaning "the great thirst", or Kgalagadi, meaning "a waterless place". It has vast areas covered by red sand without any permanent surface water. It extends 900,000 km2 covering much of Botswana, parts of Namibia and regions of South Africa.

    Question: Among the world oceans, which ocean is having the widest continental shelf ?

    (1) Antarctic Ocean
    (2) Arctic Ocean
    (3) Indian Ocean
    (4) Atlantic Ocean
    Answer: (2) Arctic Ocean
    The Arctic Ocean has the widest continental shelf of all the oceans; it extends 1,210 km seaward from Siberia. From the shelf rise numerous islands, including the Arctic Archipelago, Novaya Zemlya, the New Siberian Islands, and Wrangle Island. Continental shelves are an extension of coastal plains and are characterized by broadly-sloping submerged plains.

    Question: Match List I and List II and mark the correct answer.

    List I                       List II
    (Climate type)    (Station)
    a. Taiga             1. Jacobabad
    b. monsoon       2. India
    c. Alpine           3. Veckhoyansk
    d. Desert           4. La Paz
    (1) a = 3, b = 2, c = 4, d = 1
    (2) a = 4, b = 2, c = 1, d = 3
    (3) a = 2, b = 4, c = 3, d = 1
    (4) a = 3, b = 4, c = 1, d = 2
    Answer: (1)
    Taiga: Verkhoyansk (Siberia); Monsoon: India; Alpine: La Paz (Bolivia); Desert: Jacobabad (Sindh, Pakistan).

    Question: Which of these straits separates Asia from Africa?

    (1) Malacca
    (2) Hormuz
    (3) Bab-al-Mandeb
    (4) Bosphorus
    Answer: (3) Bab-al-Mandeb
    Bab-el-Mandeb separates Asia from Africa at Aden. It is located between Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula, and Djibouti and Eritrea in the Horn of Africa. Precisely speaking it separates Yemen from Djibouti and Eritrea and connects Red sea with Gulf of Aden (part of Arabian sea).

    Question: The smallest island country in the Indian Ocean is

    (1) Maldives 
    (2) Sri Lanka
    (3) Mauritius 
    (4) Madagascar
    Answer: (1) Maldives 
    Maldives is the smallest country not only in the Indian Ocean but also in Asia in terms of area and population. There are over 1,192 coral islands in the Maldives, which are spread over 90,000 sq.km, making it one of the world’s most dispersed countries. They lie south-southwest of India and are considered part of Southern Asia.

    Question: Which of the following deserts has the highest gold deposits?

    (1) Kyzyl-Kum Desert
    (2) Gobi Desert
    (3) Mojave desert
    (4) Tanami desert
    Answer: (3) Mojave desert
    The Mojave Desert of USA is known for its gold deposits. Spanning across California, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah and northwestern Arizona, the desert was the centre of intense gold mining in the 19th century. It has vast gold reserves even today.

    Question: Geothermal energy is maximum utilised in

    (1) Iceland 
    (2) New Zealand
    (3) Russia 
    (4) Japan
    Answer: (1) Iceland 
    Iceland is a pioneer in the use of geothermal energy for space heating. Five major geothermal power plants exist in Iceland, which produce approximately 26.2% (2010) of the nation’s electricity. Geothermal water is used to heat around 90% of Iceland’s homes, and keeps pavements and car parks snow-free in the winter.

    Question: The World’s largest island is

    (1) Greenland
    (2) Iceland
    (3) New Guinea
    (4) Madagascar
    Answer: (1) Greenland
    Greenland is the world’s largest island covering 2,130,800 square kilometers. It is located between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada and northwest of Iceland. . An island, Greenland has no land boundaries and 44,087 km of coastline; it possesses the world’s second largest ice sheet.

    Question: Summer rains in Australia broadly decreases from

    (1) east to west
    (2) west to east
    (3) north to south
    (4) south to north
    Answer: (3) north to south
    Precipitation patterns across Australia are seasonal in nature. In northern Australia, most of the year’s rain falls in the summer months, while the winter months are dry. In the southern part of Australia, rain tends to fall more in the winter than in the summer. Precipitation gradually decreases from north to south and becomes more seasonal due to the reduced influence of the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and greater exposure to monsoon rainfall variability.

    Question: The driest location on Earth is in which country?

    (1) Kenya 
    (2) Chile
    (3) Congo 
    (4) Libya
    Answer: (2) Chile
    According to latest research the driest location on Earth lies in the Atacama Desert, Chile. The location is called Maria Elena South (MES). The site has a mean atmospheric relative humidity (RH) of 17.3 per cent and a soil RH of a constant 14 percent at a depth of one meter

    Question: Which of the following is called ‘Queen of the Adriatic’?

    (1) Venice 
    (2) Rome
    (3) Flanders 
    (4) Lisbon
    Answer: (1) Venice 
    Venice in Italy is known as “Queen of the Adriatic,” because of its location on the Adriatic coast. Because of its location, it dominated the Eastern Mediterranean beginning in the twelfth century. Her extensive trade network linked Europe to Byzantium, the Moslem world, and even the distant Asian civilizations explored by Marco Polo. It is also known as “City of Water,” “City of Masks,” “City of Bridges,” “The Floating City,” and “City of Canals.”

    Question: Japan is called the ‘Land of the rising sun’ because

    (1) Sun rises there as soon as it sets
    (2) Sun always remains in the eastern part of the sky throughout the day in Japan
    (3) Japan being the Eastern most country in the world, it has the earliest sunrise
    (4) The rays of the sun get reflected from the waters of the sea and make the sunrise beautiful in Japan
    Answer: (3) Japan being the Eastern most country in the world, it has the earliest sunrise
    Japan is an archipelago, or a group of islands, about 100 miles east of theAsian main land in the Far East. Being the easternmost country in the world. When earth rotates, Japan first receives the first rays of the sun. Then the others get the rays if the sun. That’s why Japan is called the land of the rising sun.

    Question: Which one of the following cities of Iraq is located on Tigris river?

    (1) Baghdad 
    (2) Mousul
    (3) Kirkuk 
    (4) Basra
    Answer: (1) Baghdad 
    Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, is located on a vast plain bisected by the River Tigris. The Tigris splits Baghdad in half, with the eastern half being called ‘Risafa’ and the Western half known as ‘Karkh’. The land on which the city is built is almost entirely flat and low-lying, being of alluvial origin due to the periodic large floods which have occurred on the river.

    Question: Suez Canal connects

    (1) Red Sea and Arabian Sea
    (2) Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea
    (3) Arabian Sea and Mediterranean Sea
    (4) North Sea and Baltic Sea
    Answer: (2) Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea
    The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez. It was constructed by the Suez Canal Company between 1859 and 1869. The canal offers watercraft a shorter journey between the North Atlantic and northern Indian oceans via the Mediterranean and Red seas by avoiding the South Atlantic and southern Indian oceans.

    Question: Which country is known as ‘Land of Midnight Sun’?

    (1) Sweden 
    (2) Norway
    (3) Germany 
    (4) Finland
    Answer: (2) Norway
    Norway is called the Land of the Midnight Sun because the sun never dips entirely below the horizon between late May and late July. During the summer months, areas located north of the Arctic Circle experience nearly perpetual daylight; these areas may see up to 20 hours of sunlight during the time of the midnight sun, but experience long periods of darkness during the winter.

    Question: Strait of Gibraltar connects which of the following?

    (1) Red Sea-Mediterranean Sea
    (2) Red Sea-Arabian Sea
    (3) Atlantic Ocean-Mediterranean Sea
    (4) Mediterranean Sea-Black Sea
    Answer: (3) Atlantic Ocean-Mediterranean Sea
    The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Peninsular Spain in Europe from Morocco and Ceuta (Spain) in Africa. Europe and Africa are separated by 14.3 km of ocean at the strait’s narrowest point.

    Question: Which among the following is called as ‘Land of the midnight Sun’?

    (1) Norway 
    (2) Sweden
    (3) Denmark 
    (4) France
    Answer: (1) Norway 
    Norway is called “land of midnight sun”. From late May to late July, the sun never completely descends beneath the horizon in areas north of the Arctic Circle and the rest of the country experiences up to 20 hours of daylight per day. Conversely, from late November to late January, the sun never rises above the horizon in the north, and daylight hours are very short in the rest of the country.

    Question: The country whose 40 per cent of area is below sea level at high tide is:

    (1) Denmark
    (2) Norway
    (3) Finland
    (4) The Netherlands
    Answer: (4) The Netherlands
    In the Netherlands, 50 percent of the country is below sea level with the lowest point being 22 feet (6.7 meters) below sea level. Through a complex system of dikes, pumps and sand dunes along the coast, the Netherlands stays above water. In fact, it has one of the most sophisticated anti-flood systems in place anywhere in the world.

    Question: Suez Canal is located in which of the following countries ?

    (1) Sudan 
    (2) Saudi Arabia
    (3) Egypt 
    (4) Jordan
    Answer: (3) Egypt 
    The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.The canal offers watercraft a shorter journey between the North Atlantic and northern Indian Oceans via the Mediterranean and Red seas by avoiding the South Atlantic and southern Indian oceans, in turn reducing the journey by approximately 7,000 kilometres.

    Question: India is developing Chabahar Port in which of the following countries?

    (1) Iraq 
    (2) Oman
    (3) Iran 
    (4) Afghanistan
    Answer: (3) Iran 
    Chabahar Portis a seaport in Chabahar located in southeastern Iran, on the Gulf of Oman. It serves as Iran’s only oceanic port, and consists of two separate ports named Shahid Kalantari and Shahid Beheshti. India will develop and operate the Chabahar port.

    Question: What is the name of the deadly volcano in Indonesia that erupted again in May 2016?

    (1) Mount Singabung
    (2) Mount Merapi
    (3) Mount Rinjani
    (4) Mount Agung
    Answer: (1) Mount Singabung
    Mount Sinabung, a stratovolcano, located in North Sumatra, Indonesia, erupted in May 2016. Seven persons were killed in the wake of its eruption. The 2,460- metre (8,070 foot) tall volcano is one of 129 active volcanoes in Indonesia, which sits on the Pacific Ring of Fire, a belt of seismic activity running around the basin of the Pacific Ocean.

    Question: Name the largest desert of Asia

    (1) Thar 
    (2) Gobi
    (3) Takla Makan
    (4) Karakum
    Answer: (2) Gobi
    The Gobi Desert is the largest desert in Asia, covering 500,000 square miles.It covers parts of northern and northwestern China, and of southern Mongolia. is a rain shadow desert, formed by the Himalayan mountain range blocking rain-carrying clouds from the Indian Ocean reaching the Gobi territory.

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