Books & Authors Quiz-1

Books & Authors Quiz-1

Books & Authors Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Books & Authors for competitive examinations.

    1. The author of the book ‘Cosmos’ is —

    (1) Carl Sagan
    (2) Issaq Asimov
    (3) Arthur C. Clarke
    (4) Michael Christian
    Answer:
    1. (1) Carl Edward Sagan was an American astronomer, astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, science popularizer and science communicator in astronomy and natural sciences. He spent most of his career as a professor of astronomy at Cornell University where he directed the Laboratory for Planetary Studies. He published more than 600 scientific papers and articles and was author, co-author or editor of more than 20 books. He advocated scientifically skeptical inquiry and the scientific method, pioneered exobiology and promoted the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI). Sagan is known for his popular science books and for the award-winning 1980 television series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage, which he narrated and co-wrote.

    2. The author of the famous Indian book of astrology ‘Panchsiddhantika’ is —

    (1) Varahmihir
    (2) Bhaskar
    (3) Aryabhatta
    (4) Brahma Gupta
    Answer:
    2. (1) Varahamihira was an Indian astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer who lived in Ujjain.
    He is considered to be one of the nine jewels (Navaratnas) of the court of legendary ruler Vikramaditya (thought to be the Gupta emperor Chandragupta II Vikramaditya).Varahamihira’s main work is the book Pañcasiddhantika (or PanchaSiddhantika, “[Treatise] on the Five [Astronomical] Canons) dated ca. 575 CE gives us information about older Indian texts which are now lost. The work is a treatise on mathematical astronomy and it summarises five earlier astronomical treatises, namely the Surya
    Siddhanta, Romaka Siddhanta, Paulisa Siddhanta, Vasishtha Siddhanta and Paitamaha Siddhantas.

    3. ‘Uttar Ramcharit’ has been written by—

    (1) Harsha 
    (2) Tulsidas
    (3) Bhavbhuti 
    (4) Shudrak
    Answer:
    3. (3) Bhavabhuti was an 8th century scholar of India noted for his plays and poetry, written in Sanskrit.
    His plays are considered equivalent to the works of Kalidasa. Bhavbhuti was born in a Deshastha Brahmin family of Padmapura, Vidarbha, central India, in Gondia district, on Maharashtra and MP border. His real name was Srikantha Nilakantha, and he was the son of Nilakantha and Jatukarni. He received his education at ‘Padmapawaya’, a place some 42 km South-West of Gwalior. Uttararamacharita (The story of Rama’s later life), depicts Rama’s coronation, the abandonment of Sita, and their reunion.

    4. Name the author of the book A Passage to England :

    (1) E.M. Forster
    (2) Nirad C. Choudhary
    (3) Vikram Seth
    (4) Eric Segal
    Answer:
    4. (2) Nirad C. Chaudhuri was a Bengali-English writer and cultural commentator. He was born in 1897 in Kishoreganj, which today is part of Bangladesh but at that time was part of Bengal, a region of British India. He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award, in 1975 for his biography on Max Müller called Scholar Extraordinary, by the Sahitya Akademi, India’s national academy of letters. In 1992, he was honoured by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom with the title of Commander of Order of the British Empire (CBE).His 1965 work The Continent of Circe earned him the Duff Cooper Memorial Award, becoming the first and only Indian to be selected for the prize.

    5. The book “The God of small things” is written by :

    (1) Pupul Jayakar
    (2) Sobha De
    (3) Shekhar Kapoor
    (4) Arundhati Roy
    Answer:
    5. (4) Arundhati Roy (born 24 November, 1961) is an Indian author and political activist who was best
    known for the 1998 Man Booker Prize for Fiction winning novel The God of Small Things (1997) and
    for her involvement in environmental and human rights causes. Roy’s novel became the biggest-selling book by a non-expatriate Indian author. Roy began writing her first novel, The God of Small Things, in 1992, completing it in 1996. The book is semiautobiographical and a major part captures her childhood experiences in Aymanam. The publication of The God of Small Things catapulted Roy to instant
    international fame. It received the 1997 Booker Prize for Fiction and was listed as one of the New York
    Times Notable Books of the Year for 1997.It reached fourth position on the New York Times Bestsellers list for Independent Fiction.

    6. ‘Na Khatam Honewali Kahani’ (The never ending story) is an autobiography of :

    (1) T.N. Seshan
    (2) Amitabh Bachchan
    (3) Sonia Gandhi
    (4) V.P. Singh
    Answer:
    6. (*) Na Khatam Hone Wali Kahani is a book by Indian film maker Mahesh Bhatt. The book is his autobiography.

    7. Who is the author of “The Company of Women”?

    (1) John Gray
    (2) David Baldacci
    (3) Dick Francis
    (4) Khushwant Singh
    Answer:
    7. (4) Khushwant Singh is an Indian novelist and journalist. Singh’s weekly column, “With Malice towards One and All”, carried by several Indian newspapers, is among the most widely-read columns in the country. An IndoAnglican novelist, Singh is best known for his trenchant secularism, his humor, and an abiding love of poetry. His comparisons of social and behavioral characteristics of Westerners and Indians are laced with acid wit. He served as editor of several literary and news magazines, as well as two broadsheet newspapers, through the 1970s and 1980s. He is a recipient of the Padma Vibhushan the second highest civilian award in India. Khushwant Singh, one of India’s most well-known and widely read authors, commenced writing The Company of Women when he was eightythree and finished at age eighty-five.

    8. A book that brought awareness of environment all over the world was Silent Spring. It was written by :

    (1) Julien Huxley
    (2) Jane Goodall
    (3) John Seymour
    (4) Frank Graham Jr.
    Answer:
    8. (*) Silent Spring is a book written by Rachel Carson and published by Houghton Mifflin on September 27, 1962. The book is widely credited with helping launch the contemporary American environmental movement. The New Yorker started serializing Silent Spring in June 1962, and it was published in book form (with illustrations by Lois and Louis Darling) by Houghton Mifflin. When the book Silent Spring was published, Rachel Carson was already a well-known writer on natural history, but had not previously been a social critic.

    9. Who is the author of Business peed of Thought?

    (1) Dick Francis
    (2) John Gray
    (3) Bill Gates
    (4) David Baldacci
    Answer:
    9. (3) Business @ the Speed of Thought is a book written by Bill Gates and Collins Hemingway in 1999. It discusses how business and technology are integrated, and shows how digital infrastructures and information networks can help getting an edge on the competition. Gates asserts cyberspace and industry can no longer be separate entities, and that businesses must change to succeed in the Information Age. Though the book is not a technology handbook it gives interesting insights as to how to integrate business process with technology.

    10. The writer who refused the Nobel Prize for literature was

    (1) Winston Churchil
    (2) Jean Pal Sartre
    (3) Boris Pasternak
    (4) Prem Chand
    Answer:
    10. (3) On 23 October, 1958, Boris Pasternak was announced as the winner of the Nobel Prize. The
    citation credited Pasternak’s contribution to Russian lyric poetry and for his role in, “continuing the great Russian epic tradition.” On 25 October, Pasternak sent a telegram to the Swedish Academy: “Infinitely grateful, touched, proud, surprised, overwhelmed.” That same day, the Literary Institute in Moscow demanded that all its students sign a petition denouncing Pasternak and his novel. They were
    further ordered to join a “spontaneous” demonstration demanding Pasternak’s exile from the Soviet Union. On 26 October, the Literary Gazette ran an article by David Zaslavski entitled, Reactionary Propaganda Uproar over a Literary Weed.

    11. Who created the unforgettable literary character Swami ?

    (1) Vikram Seth
    (2) R. K. Narayan
    (3) Mulk Raj Anand
    (4) Hari vansh Rai Bachchan
    Answer:
    11. (2) R. K. Narayan was an Indian author whose works of fiction include a series of books about people and their interactions in an imagined town in India called Malgudi. He is one of three leading figures of early Indian literature in English, along with Mulk Raj Anand and Raja Rao. Malgudi is a fictitious town in India created by R.K. Narayan in his novels and short stories. It forms the setting for most of Narayan’s works. Starting with his first novel, Swami and Friends, all but one of his fifteen novels and most of his short stories take place here. Narayan has successfully portrayed Malgudi as a
    microcosm of India.

    12. Who is the author of the book ‘Courts And Their Judgements’?

    (1) Justice Mr. V.R. Krishna Iyer
    (2) Arun Shourie
    (3) F.S. Nariman
    (4) Ram Jethmalani
    Answer:
    12. (2) Arun Shourie is an Indian journalist, author and politician. He served as an economist with the World Bank (1968–72 and 1975–77), a consultant to the Planning Commission, India, editor of the Indian Express and Times of India and a minister in the government of India (1998–2004).He was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1982.

    13. Who is the author of the book “Life of Pi” ?

    (1) Yann Martel
    (2) Rohinton Mistry
    (3) Ken Follet
    (4) M.J. Akbar
    Answer:
    13. (1) Life of Pi is a fantasy adventure novel by Yann Martel published in 2001. The protagonist, Piscine Molitor “Pi” Patel, an Indian boy from Pondicherry, explores issues of spirituality and practicality from an early age. He survives 227 days after a shipwreck while stranded on a boat in the Pacific Ocean with a Bengal tiger named Richard Parker. The novel was rejected by at least five London publishing houses before being accepted by Knopf Canada, which published it in September 2001. The UK edition won the Man Booker Prize for Fiction the following year. It was also chosen for CBC Radio’s Canada Reads 2003, where it was championed by author Nancy Lee. The French translation, L’histoire de Pi, was chosen in the French version of the contest, Le combat des livres, where it was championed by Louise Forestier.

    14. Which among the following is not a work of Rabindranath Tagore ?

    (1) Chitra
    (2) Kapala Kundala
    (3) The Court Dancer
    (4) Chithrangada
    Answer:
    14. (2) Kapalkundala, is a Bengali romance novel by Indian writer Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. Published in 1866,it is a story of a forest-dwelling girl named Kapalkundala,who fell in love and got married to Nabakumar, a young gentleman from Saptagram, but eventually found that she is unable to adjust herself with the city life. Following the success of Chattopadhyay’s first novel Durgeshnandini, he decided to write about a girl who is brought up in a remote forest by a Kapalik (Tantrik sage) and never saw anyone but his foster-father.

    15. Who is the author of the book “Courts and their Judgements”?

    (1) Mr. Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer
    (2) Arun Shourie
    (3) F.S. Nariman
    (4) Ram Jethmalani
    Answer:
    15. (2) Arun Shourie is an Indian journalist, author and politician. He served as an economist with the World Bank (1968–72 and 1975–77), a consultant to the Planning Commission, India, editor of the Indian Express and Times of India and a minister in the government of India (1998–2004). He was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1982. He is an agnostic. Arun Shourie was born in Jalandhar, India. He was the first child of father Hari Dev Shourie and mother Dayawanti Devasher.

    16. Which amongst the following is a book written by Dr. Harivansh Rai Bachchan?

    (1) Chidambara
    (2) Kapala Kundala
    (3) Kamayani
    (4) Prateeksha
    Answer:
    16. (4) Harivansh Rai Shrivastav alias Bachchan (27 November 1907 – 18 January 2003), was a noted Indian poet of Chhayavaad literary movement (romantic upsurge) of early 20th century Hindi literature. Prateeksha is one of his famous poems which reads like: “Madhur Prateeksha hi jab itnee, Priye tum aate tab kya hota? Maun raat is bhaanti ki jaise, koi geet veena par baj kar. Abhi abhi soi khoi si, sapno mein taaron par sir dhar. Aur dishaaon se prati-dhwaniyaan, Jagrat swaro si aati hain. Kaan tumhaari taan kahin se, yadi sun paate tab kya hota? Tumne kab di baat, raat ke soone mein tum aane waale. Par aise hi waqt praan mann mere ho uth-te matwaale. Saanse ghoom-ghoom phirphir se, asmanjas ke kshan ginti hain. Milne ki ghadiyaan tum nishchit yadi kar jaate tab kya hota?”

    17. Who is the author of the book “War and Diplomacy in Kashmir”?

    (1) G. Parthasarathy
    (2) Sir Owen Dixon
    (3) C. Dasgupta
    (4) Kuldeep Nayar
    Answer:
    17. (3) Based on declassified documents, the book throws new light on the roles played by Mountbatten and the British service chiefs in the Kashmir war of 1947-48 and explains why India took the Kashmir issue to the UN, why it did not carry the war into Pakistan and why it accepted a ceasefire. Examining archival material that has not been looked at previously and attempting an important reassessment of
    Mountbatten’s role, the book highlights the fact that India’s first Governor-General was not a mere
    constitutional figurehead. The book shows that he used and abused this authority to ensure that the
    conflict in Kashmir did not escalate into a full-scale inter-dominion war.

    18. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer from the codes given below the Lists.

    List : I (Author)
    A. Arundhati Roy
    B. Khushwant Singh
    C. R. K. Narayan
    D. Kiran Bedi

    List : II (Books)
    1. Malgudi Days
    2. God of Small Things
    3. What Went Wrong
    4. The Sikhs
    (A) (B) (C) (D)
    (1) 4 2 1 3
    (2) 3 1 4 2
    (3) 2 4 1 3
    (4) 2 1 4 3
    Answer:
    18. (3) Malgudi Days is a collection of short stories by R. K. Narayan published in 1943 by Indian Thought Publications. The book was republished outside India in 1982. The book includes 19 stories, all set in the fictional town of Malgudi, located in South India. Each of the stories portrays a facet of life in Malgudi. The God of Small Things (1997) is the debut novel of Indian author Arundhati Roy. It is a story about the childhood experiences of fraternal twins whose lives are destroyed by the “Love Laws” that lay down “who should be loved, and how. Khushwant Singh is an Indian novelist and journalist. Singh’s weekly column, “With Malice towards One and All”, carried by several Indian newspapers, is among the most widely-read columns in the country. What Went Wrong?”, collection
    of The fortnightly column written by Kiran Bedi. Kiran Bedi (born 9 June, 1949) is an Indian social activist and a retired Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. Bedi joined the police service in 1972 and became the first woman officer in the IPS.

    19. Who is the author of the book ‘Conquest of Happiness’ ?

    (1) Thomas Hardy
    (2) Aldous Huxley
    (3) Bertrand Russell
    (4) George Bernard Shaw
    Answer:
    19. (3) Bertrand Arthur William Russell, was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, and social critic. At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist,
    but he also admitted that he had never been any of these in any profound sense. He was born in Monmouthshire, into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in Britain.1930.

    20. Whose autobiography is “My Life”?

    (1) Nelson Mandela
    (2) Bill Clinton
    (3) Margaret Thatcher
    (4) J.M. Lyngdoh
    Answer:
    20. (2) My Life is a 2004 autobiography written by former President of the United States Bill Clinton, who left office on January 20, 2001. It was released on June 22, 2004. The book was published by the Knopf Publishing Group; the book sold in excess of 2,250,000 copies. Clinton had received what was at
    the time the world’s highest book advance fee, believed to have been worth US$12 million; at the
    announcement of media personality Oprah Winfrey’s future weight loss book, it was said that her
    undisclosed advance fee had broken this record. In April 2008, the Clintons’ tax records confirmed that
    the advance for My Life was actually $15 million.

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