Books & Authors Quiz-3

Books & Authors Quiz-3

Books & Authors Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Books & Authors for competitive examinations.

    41. The famous book The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money is written by

    (1) J. B. Say 
    (2) J. M. Keynes
    (3) Amartya Sen
    (4) Cairncross
    Answer:
    41. (2) The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money was written by the English economist John Maynard Keynes. The book, generally considered to be his magnum opus, is largely credited with creating the terminology and shape of modern macroeconomics. Published in February 1936 it sought to bring about a revolution, commonly referred to as the “Keynesian Revolution”, in the way economists thought – especially in relation to the proposition that a market economy tends naturally to restore itself to full employment after temporary shocks. Regarded widely as the cornerstone of Keynesian thought, the book challenged the established classical economics and introduced important concepts such as the consumption function, the multiplier, the marginal efficiency of capital, the
    principle of effective demand and liquidity preference.

    42. Who amongst the following is the author of the classic book Life Divine ?

    (1) Ravi Shankar
    (2) Swami Vivekananda
    (3) Radha Krishnan
    (4) Aurobindo Ghosh
    Answer:
    42. (4) The Life Divine is Sri Aurobindo’s major philosophical opus. It combines a synthesis of western
    thought and eastern spirituality with Sri Aurobindo’s own original insights. The Life Divine covers topics such as the human aspiration, the emergence of life in the cosmos from out of a Divine Source, the evolution of matter to spirit in the universe, the division and dualities inherent in human
    consciousness, the way out of man’s ignorance through an evolution of consciousness, and the spiritual
    destiny of life on earth. The Life Divine was translated into poetic Bengali in “Divya Jeevan Prasanga” by the scholar saint Sri Anirvan.

    43. Who is the author of the book “Two Lives”?

    (1) Vikram Seth
    (2) James Patterson
    (3) Ved Mehta
    (4) Khushwant Singh
    Answer:
    43. (1) Vikram Seth is an Indian author and poet. Two Lives, is a non-fiction family memoir written at the suggestion of his mother, and published in October 2005. It focuses on the lives of his great-uncle (Shanti Behari Seth) and German-Jewish great aunt (Henny Caro) who met in Berlin in the early 1930s while Shanti was a student there and with whom Seth stayed extensively on going to England at age 17 for school. As with From Heaven Lake, Two Lives contains much autobiography.

    44. Who is the author of “A River Sutra” ?

    (1) V. S. Naipaul
    (2) Nirad C. Choudhuri
    (3) Gita Mehta
    (4) Vikram Seth
    Answer:
    44. (3) Gita Mehta (born in 1943) is an Indian writer and was born in Delhi in a renowned Oriya family of freedom fighters. She is the daughter of Biju Patnaik, an Indian independence activist and a Chief Minister in post-independence Orissa. Her younger brother Naveen Patnaik is presently the Chief Minister of Orissa. She completed her education in India and at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. A River Sutra wrote in (1993).

    45. What is the name of the writer of Indian origin whose novel, The Inheritance of Loss has bagged Man Booker Prize ?

    (1) Vikram Seth
    (2) Kiran Desai
    (3) Salman Rushdie
    (4) V.S. Naipaul
    Answer:
    45. (2) Kiran Desai (born 3 September, 1971) is an Indian author. She is a citizen of India and a permanent resident of the United States. Her novel The Inheritance of Loss won the 2006 Man Booker Prize and the National Book Critics Circle Fiction Award. Her first novel, Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard, was published in 1998 and received accolades from such notable figures as Salman Rushdie. It won the Betty Trask Award, a prize given by the Society of Authors for the best new novels by citizens of the Commonwealth of Nations under the age of 35.

    46. Who is the author of Ageless Body, Timeless Mind ?

    (1) V.S. Naipaul
    (2) Deepak Chopra
    (3) Dom Moraes
    (4) Tony Kusher
    Answer:
    46. (2) Deepak Chopra (born October 22, 1946) is an Indian-born American physician and writer. Chopra has taught at the medical schools of Tufts University, Boston University and Harvard University. He became Chief of Staff at the New England Memorial Hospital (NEMH) in Massachusetts, before establishing a private practice. In 1985, Chopra met Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, who invited him to study Ayurveda. Chopra left his position at the NEMH and became the founding president of the American Association of Ayurvedic Medicine, and was later named medical director of the Maharishi Ayurveda Health Center. Chopra was sued for copyright infringement by Robert Sapolsky for using a stress endocrine chart without roper attribution, after the publication of Chopra’s
    book Ageless Body, Timeless Mind(1993) .

    47. Who is the author of the book “What Went Wrong” ?

    (1) Sushma Swaraj
    (2) Sonia Gandhi
    (3) Shaila Nigar
    (4) Kiran Bedi
    Answer:
    47. (4) “What Went Wrong?” is a collection of the fortnightly column written by Kiran Bedi who is an Indian social activist and a retired Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. Bedi joined the police service in 1972 and became the first woman officer in the IPS. Bedi held the post of Director General at the Bureau of Police Research and Development before she voluntarily retired from the IPS in December 2007. Bedi was the host and judge of the popular TV series “Aap Ki Kachehri” (English, “Your Court”), which is based on real-life disputes and provides a platform for settling disputes between consenting parties.

    48. Who is the author of the novel ‘DEVDAS’ ?

    (1) Rabindranath Tagore
    (2) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
    (3) Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
    (4) Munshi Premchand
    Answer:
    48. (3) Devdas (also called Debdas) (1917) is a Bengali Romance novel by Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay. Essentially, it is a retelling of the Krishna, Radha, and Meera myths, the relationships between its three protagonists - Devdas, Parvati, and Chandramukhi - paralleling the Hindu deities’. Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay (15 September 1876 – 16 January 1938) is one of the most popular Bengali novelists and short story writers of early 20th century.

    49. Which is the Greek classic that Gandhi translated into Gujarati?

    (1) Plato’s Republic
    (2) Dialogues of Plato
    (3) Aristotle’s Politics
    (4) Aristotle’s Nicomachian Ethics
    Answer:
    49. (*) Gandhi’s ethical thinking was heavily influenced by a handful of books, which he repeatedly meditated upon. They included especially Plato’s Apology, (which he translated into his native Gujarati); William Salter’s Ethical Religion (1889); Henry David Thoreau’s On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (1847); Leo Tolstoy’s The Kingdom of God Is Within You (1893); and John Ruskin’s Unto this Last (1862), which he also translated into Gujarati . Ruskin inspired his decision to live an austere life on a commune, at first on the Phoenix Farm in Natal and then on the Tolstoy Farm just outside Johannesburg, South Africa.

    50. Who is the author of the autobiography, The Indian Struggle ?

    (1) Annie Beasant
    (2) Subhas Chandra Bose
    (3) Chittaranjan Das
    (4) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
    Answer:
    50. (2) The Indian Struggle, 1920–1942 : Subhash Chandra Bose. Subhas Chandra Bose, also known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent Indian nationalist leaders who attempted to gain India’s independence from British rule by force during the waning years of World War II with the help of the Axis powers. 

    51. Who wrote the recent best-selling book The Road Ahead?

    (1) Bill Clinton 
    (2) I.K. Gujral
    (3) Bill Gates 
    (4) T.N. Seshan
    Answer:
    51. (3) To date, Bill Gates has authored two books. The Road Ahead, written with Microsoft executive Nathan Myhrvold and journalist Peter Rinearson, was published in November 1995, and it summarized the implications of the personal computing revolution and described a future profoundly changed by the arrival of a global information superhighway. Business @ the Speed of Thought was published in 1999, and discusses how business and technology are integrated, and shows how digital infrastructures and information networks can help getting an edge on the competition.

    52. The book titled ‘The Indian War of Independence’ was written by

    (1) Krishna Verma
    (2) Madame Cama
    (3) B.G. Tilak
    (4) V.D. Savarkar
    Answer:
    52. (4) The Indian War of Independence is an Indian nationalist history of the 1857 revolt by Vinayak
    Damodar Savarkar that was first published in 1909. The book, initially written in Marathi, was penned by Savarkar in response to celebrations in Britain of the 50th anniversary of the 1857 Indian uprising with records from India Office archives and the whole project received support from Indian nationalists in Britain including the likes of Madame Cama, V.V.S. Iyer and M.P.T. Acharya, as well as Indian students who had dared not show their support or sympathy for India House openly. Published during Savarkar’s stay in London at the India House, the book was influenced by histories of the French Revolution and the American Revolution, as much as it sought to bring the Indian movement to public attention in Britain as well as to inspire nationalist revolution in India.

    53. Who among the following wrote Sanskrit grammar ?

    (1) Kalidasa 
    (2) Charaka
    (3) Panini 
    (4) Aryabhat
    Answer:
    53. (3) Panini a patronymic meaning “descendant of Panini”) was a Sanskrit grammarian from Pushkalavati, Gandhara, in modern day Charsadda District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan (6th century BCE) is known for his Sanskrit grammar, particularly for his formulation of the 3,959 rules of Sanskrit morphology, syntax and semantics in the grammar known as Ashtadhyayi, meaning “eight chapters”), the foundational text of the grammatical branch of the Vedanga, the auxiliary scholarly disciplines of Vedic religion.

    54. Who is the author of the internationally acclaimed book, “The Mystery of Capital” ?

    (1) Julian Rathbone
    (2) David Aaker
    (3) Hernando de Soto
    (4) Masaaki Sato
    Answer:
    54. (3) Hernando de Soto (born 1941) is a Peruvian economist known for his work on the informal economy and on the importance of business and property rights. He is the president of the Institute for Liberty and Democracy (ILD), located in Lima, Peru. In 2009, the ILD turned its attention back to Peru and the plight of the indigenous peoples of the Peruvian Amazon jungle. In response to Peruvian President García’s call to all Peruvians to present their proposals toward solving the problems leading to the bloody incidents in Bagua, the ILD has assessed the situation and presented indigenous peoples of the Amazon, summarizing its findings from indigenous communities in Alaska, Canada and the Peruvian jungle.

    55. The author of the book titled ‘The Future of India’ is

    (1) Bimal Jalan
    (2) Deepak Chopra
    (3) Anurag Mathur
    (4) Amitav Ghosh
    Answer:
    55. (1) The Future of India Politics, Economics and Governance (Penguin, 2005).Bimal Jalan (born August 17, 1941) is a former Governor of India’s Reserve Bank and a nominated member of the Upper House of India’s Parliament, the Rajya Sabha during 2003- 2009. Jalan graduated from Presidency College, Calcutta, and later was at Cambridge and Oxford. A leading economic bureaucrat, Jalan held several administrative and advisory positions in the Government of India. He was the Chief Economic
    Adviser in the 1980s, Banking Secretary between 1985 and 1989 and Finance Secretary, Ministry of
    Finance.

    56. Which of the following famous books is associated with Austin ?

    (1) Lectures on Jurisprudence
    (2) Leviathan
    (3) Social Contract
    (4) The Problem of Sovereignty
    Answer:
    56. (1) ‘Lectures on Jurisprudence’ is a book of Adam Smith’s lectures, comprising notes taken from his early lectures, plus an early draft of The Wealth of Nations. Published as part of the 1976 Glasgow Edition of the works and correspondence of Adam Smith, it consists of two sets of lecture notes that were apparently taken from Smith’s lectures of the 1760s, along with an ‘Early Draft’ of The Wealth of Nations. The same material had also appeared as An Early Draft of Part of The Wealth of Nations and as Lectures on Justice, Police, Revenue and Arms. The documents are generally accepted as authentic, though this cannot be proved absolutely.

    57. Match the following books with their authors :

    (a) The Satanic
    (b) A House for Mr. Biswas
    (c) Interpreter of Maladies
    (d) Sunny Days
    (1) Sunil Gavaskar
    (2) V.S. Naipaul
    (3) Salman Rushdie
    (4) Jhumpa Lahiri
    a b c d
    (1) 3 4 1 2
    (2) 3 2 1 4
    (3) 3 2 4 1
    (4) 3 4 2 1
    Answer:
    57. (3) Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie (born 19 June 1947) is a British Indian novelist and essayist. His second novel, Midnight’s Children (1981), won the Booker Prize in 1981. Much of his fiction is set on the Indian subcontinent. He is said to combine magical realism with historical fiction; his work is concerned with the many connections, disruptions and migrations between East and West. His fourth novel, The Satanic Verses (1988), was the centre of a major controversy, provoking protests from Muslims in several countries, some violent. A House for Mr. Biswas is a 1961 novel by V. S. Naipaul, significant as Naipaul’s first work to achieve acclaim worldwide. It is the story of Mohun Biswas, an Indo-Trinidadian who continually strives for success and mostly fails, who marries into the Tulsi family only to find himself dominated by it, Interpreter of Maladies is a book collection of nine short stories by Indian American author Jhumpa Lahiri published in 1999. It won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award in the year 2000 and has sold over 15 million copies worldwide. Gavaskar has also been awarded the Padma Bhushan. In December 1994 he was appointed the Sheriff of Mumbai, an honorary post, for a year. After retirement, he has been a popular, if sometimes
    controversial commentator, both on TV and in print. He has written four books on cricket – Sunny Days
    (autobiography).

    58. The book ‘Cricket My Style’ has been written by

    (1) Sunil Gavaskar
    (2) Mohinder Amarnath
    (3) Imran Khan
    (4) Kapil Dev
    Answer:
    58. (4) After retirement from cricket in 1994, Kapil Dev took up golf. Kapil was the only Asian founding member of Laureus Foundation in 2000. Ian Botham and Vivian Richards were the other two cricketers on the founding member council of 40. Steve Waugh was added to the Academy members in 2006 when it was expanded from 40 to 42. He has written three autobiographical works. By God’s Decree came out in 1985 and Cricket my style in 1987. He released his most recent autobiography, titled Straight from the Heart in 2004.

    59. Karl Marx’s book ‘Das Kapital’ was published in

    (1) 1857 
    (2) 1862
    (3) 1867 
    (4) 1872
    Answer:
    59. (3) Karl Heinrich Marx, (5 May, 1818 – 14 March, 1883) was a German philosopher, economist,
    sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the
    establishment of the social sciences and the development of the socialist movement. He is also considered one of the greatest economists in history. He published numerous books during his lifetime,
    the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Capital (1867–1894). He often worked
    closely with his friend and fellow revolutionary socialist, Friedrich Engels. Marx’s theories about
    society, economics and politics—collectively known as Marxism—hold that all societies progress through the dialectic of class struggle: a conflict between an ownership class which controls production and a lower class which produces the labour for goods.

    60. Which of the following books is authored by V.S. Naipaul?

    (1) The Rediscovery of India
    (2) A House for Mr. Biswas
    (3) Witness the Night
    (4) Tender Hooks
    Answer:
    60. (2) A House for Mr. Biswas has been authored by Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad “V. S.” Naipaul who is a Trinidadian-British writer of Indo-Trinidadian heritage of Kanyakubja Brahmin known for his novels focusing on the legacy of the British Empire’s colonialism. He has also written works of non-fiction, such as travel writing and essays. J. M. Coetzee, writing in The New York Review of Books in 2001, described Naipaul as “a master of modern English prose”. In 2008, The Times ranked Naipaul seventh on their list of “the 50 greatest British writers since 1945.

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