Discovery & Inventions GK Quiz-1

Discovery & Inventions GK Quiz-1

Discovery & Inventions Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Discovery & Inventions for competitive examinations.

    1. Who invented optical fibre?

    (1) Samuel Cohen
    (2) Narinder Kapany
    (3) Percy L.Spencer
    (4) T.H. Maimah
    Answer:
    1. (2) An optical fiber (or optical fibre) is a flexible, transparent fiber made of glass (silica) or plastic,
    slightly thicker than a human hair. It functions as a waveguide, or “light pipe”, to transmit light between
    the two ends of the fiber. The field of applied science and engineering concerned with the design and
    application of optical fibers is known as fiber optics. Optical fibers are widely used in fiber-optic
    communications, which permits transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths (data rates) than other forms of communication. Narinder Singh Kapany is an Indian born American physicist who invented optical fibre.

    2. Who invented Radar?

    (1) J. H. Van Tassel
    (2) Wilhelm K. Roentgen
    (3) P. T. Farnsworth
    (4) A. H. Taylor and Leo C. Young
    Answer:
    2. (4) Radar is an object detection system which uses radio waves to determine the range, altitude, direction, or speed of objects. It can be used to detect aircraft, ships, spacecraft, guided missiles, motor vehicles, weather formations, and terrain. The radar dish or antenna transmits pulses of radio waves or
    microwaves which bounce off any object in their path. In 1922 A. Hoyt Taylor and Leo C. Young, researchers working with the U.S. Navy invented Radar.

    3. Who produced the first automobile ?

    (1) Gottleib Daimler
    (2) Henry Ford
    (3) Rudolf Diesel
    (4) Karl Benz
    Answer:
    3. (4) An automobile, motor car or car is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transporting passengers, which also carries its own engine or motor. The term motorcar has also been used in the context of electrified rail systems to denote a car which functions as a small locomotive but also provides space for passengers and baggage. Although several other German engineers (including Gottlieb Daimler, Wilhelm Maybach, and Siegfried Marcus) were working on the problem at about the same time, Karl Benz generally is acknowledged as the inventor of the modern automobile. In 1879, Benz was granted a patent for his first engine, which had been designed in 1878. Many of his other inventions made the use of the internal combustion engine feasible for powering a vehicle.


    4. Who was associated with the creation of Pentium Chip ?

    (1) Arun Netravalli
    (2) Sabeer Bhatia
    (3) C. Kumar Patel
    (4) Vinod Dham
    Answer:
    4. (4) Vinod Dham is an inventor, entrepreneur and venture capitalist. He is popularly known as the
    Father of the Pentium chip, for his contribution to the development of highly successful Pentium
    Processors from Intel. He is a mentor, advisor and investor; and sits on the boards of many companies
    including promising startups funded through his India based fund – Indo US Venture Partners, where he is the founding Managing Director.


    5. Who invented the video-tape?

    (1) Richard James
    (2) Charles Ginsberg
    (3) P.T. Farnsworth
    (4) Georges de Mestral
    Answer:
    5. (2) A videotape is a recording of images and sounds on to magnetic tape as opposed to film stock used in filmmaking or random access digital media. Videotapes are also used for storing scientific or
    medical data, such as the data produced by an electrocardiogram. Charles P. Ginsburg invented the
    videotape. He worked for Ampex, and was inspired by the reel-to-reel machines used for recording sound.


    6. Who invented the laser?

    (1) Sir Frank Whittle
    (2) Fred Morrisson
    (3) T.H. Maiman
    (4) Dr. Charles H. Jones
    Answer:
    6. (3) A laser is a device that emits light (electromagnetic radiation) through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of photons. On May 16, 1960, Theodore H. Maiman operated the first functioning laser, at Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California, ahead of several research teams, including those of Townes, at Columbia University, Arthur Schawlow, at Bell Labs, and Gould, at the TRG (Technical Research Group) company.

    7. Which company invented the transistor ratio ?

    (1) Sony 
    (2) Grundig
    (3) Panasonic 
    (4) Telstra
    Answer:
    7. (1) There are many claimants to the title of the first company to produce practical transistor radios, often it is attributed to Sony (originally Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corporation). A
    transistor radio is a small portable radio receiver that uses transistor-based circuitry. Following their
    development in 1954 they became the most popular electronic communication device in history, with
    billions manufactured during the 1960s and 1970s. Their pocket size sparked a change in popular music
    listening habits, allowing people to listen to music anywhere they went.


    8. Who invented the polio vaccine (oral) ?

    (1) Jonas Salk
    (2) Albert Sabin
    (3) Burkholder
    (4) Robert Koch
    Answer:
    8. (2) The oral polio vaccine (OPV) was developed in 1961 by Albert Sabin. Also called “trivalent oral polio vaccine” or “Sabin vaccine”, OPV consists of a mixture of live, attenuated (weakened) poliovirus strains of all three poliovirus types. OPV produces antibodies in the blood to all three types of poliovirus. In the event of infection, these antibodies protect against paralysis by preventing the spread of wild poliovirus to the nervous system.

    9. Who invented the “Voice Mail”?

    (1) Gordon Matthews
    (2) Alexander Graham Bell
    (3) J.A. Fleming
    (4) V. Poulsen
    Answer:
    9. (1) Voice-mail (also known as voicemail, voice message or voice bank) is a computer based system that allows users and subscribers to exchange personal voice messages; to select and deliver voice information; and to process transactions relating to individuals, organizations, products and services, using an ordinary telephone. Voicemail systems were developed in the late 70’s by Voice Message Exchange (VMX). They became popular in the early 80’s when they were made available on PC-based boards. Voice mail was the brainchild of Gordon Mathews, a successful entrepreneur who held 35 US and foreign patents at the time of his death on February 23, 2002.

    10. Who is the father of cellular phone ?

    (1) Linus Torvalds
    (2) Percy Lebaron Spencer
    (3) Fred Morrison
    (4) Martin Cooper
    Answer:
    10. (4) Martin Cooper (born December 26, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois, USA) is an American former Motorola vice president and division manager who in the 1970s led the team that developed the handheld mobile phone (as distinct from the car phone). Cooper was also the CEO and founder of ArrayComm, a company that works on smart antenna technology and wireless networks, and was the corporate director of Research and Development for Motorola. In 1973, when Motorola installed a base station to handle the first public demonstration of a phone call over the cellular network, the company was trying to persuade the Federal Communications Commission to allocate frequency space to private companies for use in the emerging technology of cellular communications. After some initial testing in Washington for the F.C.C., John F. Mitchell and his team, which included Martin Cooper, took the cellular phone technology to New York to demonstrate it to reporters and the public.

    11. Which among the following events occurred first ?

    (1) John Logy Baird demonstrated first television
    (2) Alexander Flemming discovered pencillin
    (3) Telecast of talking pictures on television by BBC
    (4) Jonas E. Salk developed first polio vaccine
    Answer:
    11. (1) John Logy Baird demonstrated first television on 26 January, 1926, Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928, Telecast of talking pictures on television by BBC took place on 2 July, 1967, Jonas E. Salk developed first polio vaccine in 1952. John Logie Baird was born on 14 August, 1888 in Helensburgh on the west coast of Scotland, the son of a clergyman. In 1929, the German post office gave him the facilities to develop an experimental television service based on his mechanical system, the only one operable at the time. Sound and vision were initially sent alternately, and only began to be transmitted simultaneously from 1930.

    12. Who is known as ‘the Father of Geometry’ ?

    (1) Pythagoras 
    (2) Euclid
    (3) Aristotle 
    (4) Kepler
    Answer:
    12. (2) Euclid, also known as Euclid of Alexandria, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the “Father of Geometry”. He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I (323–283 BC). Euclid deduced the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms. Euclid also wrote works on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory and rigor. Although many of the results in Elements originated with earlier mathematicians, one of Euclid’s accomplishments was to present them in a single, logically coherent framework, making it easy to use and easy to reference, including a system of rigorous mathematical proofs that remains the basis of mathematics 23 centuries later.

    13. What is the name given to the outermost “planetoid” discovered recently in the Solar System ?

    (1) Quark 
    (2) Xenon
    (3) Sedna 
    (4) Asterix
    Answer:
    13. (3) Astronomers have discovered a new planetoid at the far edge of our Solar System. The new object, named Sedna, is probably almost as big as the smallest planet, Pluto. Sedna is very, very far away. It is more than twice as far from the Sun as Pluto, and about 90 times as far from the Sun as Earth. Sedna is probably a huge ball of ice. The ice is reddish in color. There are probably chemicals in the ice that make it red. Sedna orbits the Sun once every 10,500 years. Its orbit takes it out to about 900 times as far from the Sun as the Earth.

    14. Who introduced the use of artifcial heart for surgery ?

    (1) Christian Barnard
    (2) Michael de Bakey
    (3) Walton Lillehel
    (4) Denton Cooly
    Answer:
    14. (1) Christian Neethling Barnard was a South African cardiac surgeon who performed the world’s first successful human-to-human heart transplant. Following the first successful kidney transplant in
    1953, in the United States, Barnard performed the first kidney transplant in South Africa in October
    1967. Barnard experimented for several years with animal heart transplants. More than 50 dogs received transplanted hearts. He performed the world’s first human heart transplant operation on 3 December 1967, in an operation assisted by his brother, Marius Barnard; the operation lasted nine hours and used a team of thirty people.

    15. Who invented Radar ?

    (1) J.H. Van Tassel
    (2) Wilhelm K. Roentgen
    (3) P.T. Farnsworth
    (4) A.H. Taylor & Leo C. Young
    Answer:
    15. (4) Radar is an object detection system which uses radio waves to determine the range, altitude, direction, or speed of objects. It can be used to detect aircraft, ships, spacecraft, guided missiles, motor vehicles, weather formations, and terrain. The radar dish or antenna transmits pulses of radio waves or
    microwaves which bounce off any object in their path. In 1922 A. Hoyt Taylor and Leo C. Young, researchers working with the U.S. Navy invented Radar.

    16. Who built the first modern motorcar ?

    (1) Henry Ford 
    (2) Karl Benz
    (3) Daimler 
    (4) Henry Austin
    Answer:
    16. (2) An automobile is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transporting passengers, which also carries its own engine or motor. The term motorcar has also been used in the context of electrified rail systems to denote a car which functions as a small locomotive but also provides space for passengers and baggage. Although several other German engineers (including Gottlieb Daimler, Wilhelm Maybach, and Siegfried Marcus) were working on the problem at about the same time, Karl Benz generally is acknowledged as the inventor of the modern automobile.

    17. Who developed the first automatic automobile ?

    (1) Goatleab Daimler
    (2) Henry Ford
    (3) Rudolf Diesel
    (4) Karl Benz
    Answer:
    17. (2) The invention of the first automatic car is more evolutionary than the result of a single invention. Frenchmen Louis-Rene Panhard and Emile Levassor are recognized for inventing the modern transmission in 1894, but it was Thomas J. Sturtevant of Boston, Mass., who designed the first automatic transmission in 1904. In 1938, General Motors developed the first line of cars to sport automatic transmission — Oldsmobiles that offered “Hydra-Matic drive.” The cars were introduced to the public in 1940. In 1941, Chrysler followed suit and introduced three different cars that offered their version of automatic drive, “Vacamatic” (later called “Fluid Drive”). Automatic transmission was a fairly common option on most American cars by 1948. Ford-O-Matic was the first automatic transmission widely used by Ford Motor Company.

    18. Who is recognised as the Father of Geometry ?

    (1) Pythagoras
    (2) Euclid
    (3) Johann Kepler
    (4) Rene Descartes
    Answer:
    18. (2) Euclid, also known as Euclid of Alexandria, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the “Father of Geometry”. He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I (323–283 BC). Euclid deduced the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms. Euclid also wrote works on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory and rigor. Although many of the results in Elements originated with earlier mathematicians, one of Euclid’s accomplishments was to present them in a single, logically coherent framework, making it easy to use and easy to reference, including a system of rigorous mathematical proofs that remains the basis of mathematics 23 centuries later.

    19. Who invented optical fibre ?

    (1) Samuel Cohen
    (2) Narinder Kapany
    (3) Percy L. Spencer
    (4) T.H. Maimah
    Answer:
    19. (2) An optical fiber (or optical fibre) is a flexible, transparent fiber made of glass (silica) or plastic,
    slightly thicker than a human hair. It functions as a waveguide, or “light pipe”, to transmit light between
    the two ends of the fiber. The field of applied science and engineering concerned with the design and
    application of optical fibers is known as fiber optics. Optical fibers are widely used in fiber-optic
    communications, which permits transmission over longer distances and at higher bandwidths (data rates) than other forms of communication. Narinder Singh Kapany (born 31 October 1926 in Moga, Punjab, India) is an Indian born American physicist invented optical fibre.

    20. Who invented the video-tape ?

    (1) Richard James
    (2) Charles Ginsberg
    (3) P. T. Farnsworth
    (4) Georges de Mestral
    Answer:
    20. (2) A videotape is a recording of images and sounds on to magnetic tape as opposed to film stock used in filmmaking or random access digital media. Videotapes are also used for storing scientific or
    medical data, such as the data produced by an electrocardiogram. Charles P. Ginsburg invented the videotape. He worked for Ampex, and was inspired by the reel-to-reel machines used for recording sound. 

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