History GK Quiz-1

History GK Quiz-1

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    1. The theory of “natural rights” was propounded by

    (1) Hobbes 
    (2) Locke
    (3) Bentham 
    (4) Marx
    Answer:
    1. (2) The most central concept in Locke’s political philosophy is his theory of natural law and natural rights. John Locke emphasized “life (everyone is entitled to live once they are created), liberty (everyone is entitled to do anything they want to so long as it doesn’t conflict with the first right) and property (everyone is entitled to own all they create or gain through gift or trade so long as it doesn’t conflict with the first two rights)” as primary natural rights. In his theory, the social contract is an agreement between members of a country to live within a shared system of laws. Specific forms of government are the result of the decisions made by these persons acting in their collective capacity. Government is instituted to make laws that protect these three natural rights. If a government does not properly protect these rights, it can be overthrown.

    2. During 18th century who among the following philo-sophers said these famous words? “Man is born free but is every where in chains.”

    (1) Voltaire
    (2) Jack Dareda
    (3) Jean Jack Rousseau
    (4) Montesque
    Answer:
    2. (3) Rousseau’s most important work is The Social Contract, which outlines the basis for a legitimate
    political order within a framework of classical republicanism. Published in 1762, it became one of the most influential works of political philosophy in the Western tradition. It developed some of the ideas
    mentioned in an earlier work, the article Economie Politique (Discourse on Political Economy), featured in Diderot’s Encyclopedie. The treatise begins with the dramatic opening lines, “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains. Those who think themselves the masters of others are indeed greater slaves than they.”

    3. Arrange the following events in the chronological order :

    (a) Sir Winston Churchill dies
    (b) Alaska becomes the 49th State of the USA
    (c) China and Pakistan sign frontier treaty
    (d) First earth satellite (Sputnik 1) launched by the USSR
    (1) (a) (b) (c) (d)
    (2) (d) (b) (c) (a)
    (3) (b) (c) (a) (d)
    (4) (c) (d) (b) (a)
    Answer:
    3. (2) The Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I, the world’s first artificial satellite, on October 4, 1957. Alaska became the 49th state of the U.S. on January 3, 1959. The Sino-Pakistan Agreement (also known as the Sino-Pakistan Frontier Agreement and Sino-Pak Boundary Agreement) is a 1963 document between the governments of Pakistan and China establishing the border between those countries. On 15 January 1965, Churchill suffered a severe stroke that left him gravely ill. He died at his London home nine days later, at age 90, on the morning of Sunday 24 January 1965.

    4. Who were the three eminent statesmen who started the Nonaligned Movement ?

    (1) Jawaharlal Nehru, Anwar Sadat, Soekarno
    (2) Jawaharlal Nehru, Chou Enlai, Kwame Nkrumah
    (3) Jawaharlal Nehru, Fidel Castro, Marshal Tito
    (4) Jawaharlal Nehru, Gamal Abdul Nasser, Marshal Tito
    Answer:
    4. (4) The organization was founded in Belgrade in 1961, and was largely the brainchild of Yugoslavia’s
    president, Josip Broz Tito; Indonesia’s first president, Sukarno; Egypt’s second president, Gamal Abdel
    Nasser; Ghana’s first president Kwame Nkrumah; and India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. All five leaders were prominent advocates of a middle course for states in the Developing World between the Western and Eastern blocs in the Cold War. The phrase itself was first used to represent the doctrine by Indian diplomat and statesman V.K. Krishna Menon in 1953, at the United Nations.

    5. Arrange the following events in the chronological order :

    (A) Birth of Prophet Mohammed
    (B) Rise of Gupta dynasty in India
    (C) Completion of the Roman Colosseum
    (D) Peter the Great becomes the Czar of Russia
    (1) (C), (B), (A), (D)
    (2) (A), (C), (D), (B)
    (3) (B), (D), (C), (A)
    (4) (D), (A), (C), (B)
    Answer:
    5. (1) The Colosseum is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire, built of concrete and stone. Occupying a site just east of the Roman Forum, its construction started in 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under Titus, with further modifications being made during Domitian’s reign (81–96). The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire which existed from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of
    the Indian Subcontinent. Born in about 570 A.D, in the Arabian city of Mecca, Prophet Muhammad was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. Peter the Great ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May, 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother.

    6. Who is called the “Greatest investigator of antiquity” ?

    (1) Aristotle 
    (2) Darwin
    (3) Cuvier 
    (4) Socrates
    Answer:
    6. (2) The discovery of human antiquity was a major achievement of science in the middle of the 19th
    century, and the foundation of scientific paleoanthropology. Charles Darwin established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and proposed the scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding. Darwin’s work established evolutionary descent with modification as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature. In 1871 he examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals.

    7. Herodotus is considered as the father of

    (1) History
    (2) Geography
    (3) Political Science
    (4) Philosophy
    Answer:
    7. (1) Herodotus has been called the “Father of History”, and was the first historian known to collect his
    materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent and arrange them in a well-constructed and vivid narrative. The Histories—his masterpiece and the only work he is known to have produced—is a record of his “inquiry”, being an investigation of the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars and including a wealth of geographical and ethnographical information.

    8. Who has given the statement “Man is born free but he is always in chain ?”

    (1) Locke 
    (2) Rousseau
    (3) Bentham 
    (4) Robert Mill
    Answer:
    8. (2) Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century
    Romanticism of French expression. His most important work is The Social Contract, which outlines
    the basis for a legitimate political order within a framework of classical republicanism. Published in
    1762, it became one of the most influential works of political philosophy in the Western tradition. It
    developed some of the ideas mentioned in an earlier work, the article Economie Politique (Discourse on
    Political Economy), featured in Diderot’s Encyclopedie. The treatise begins with the dramatic opening lines, “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains. Those who think themselves the masters of others are indeed greater slaves than they.”

    9. What is the name of the world’s smallest republic which has an area of 21 sq. km only ?

    (1) Nauru 
    (2) Palermo
    (3) Vatican City 
    (4) Namur
    Answer:
    9. (1) Nauru, formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia in the South Pacific. It is the world’s smallest republic, covering just 21 square kilometres. With 9,378 residents, it is the second least-populated country after Vatican City.

    10. Match the following :

    I. 
    A. Cold War 
    B. Holy War 
    C. The Long March 
    D.The Russian Revolution
    II.
    1. Mao (China)
    2. 1917
    3. Crusades
    4. US vs. USSR
    A B C D
    (1) 4 1 3 2
    (2) 3 2 1 4
    (3) 4 3 1 2
    (4) 2 1 4 3
    Answer:
    10. (3) Cold War: undeclared and silent war between USA and the former Soviet Union which ended with the fall of Berlin Wall and disintegration of USSR; Holy War: The Crusades of 11th, 12th, and 13th-century were religious wars led with an exceptionally high grade of religious feeling; The Long March: a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China under Mao Tse Tung to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party) army.; and Russia: Revolution of 1917.

    11. Natural Rights theory was advocated by

    (1) Hobbes 
    (2) Locke
    (3) Hegel 
    (4) Rousseau
    Answer:
    11. (2) The existence of natural rights has been asserted by different individuals on different premises.
    Different philosophers and statesmen have designed different lists of what they believe to be natural rights; almost all include the right to life and liberty as the two highest priorities. John Locke emphasized "life, liberty and property" as primary. In his The Social Contract, Rousseau put forward the idea of an exchange of one type of freedom (natural freedom) for another type (civil freedom).

    12. Economic dimensions of justice have been emphasised by

    (1) Idealists 
    (2) Capitalists
    (3) Socialists 
    (4) Fascists
    Answer:
    12. (3) Socialism lays more emphasis on the economic dimension of justice. Without economic justice, one cannot achieve the objectives of social and political justice. For economic justice, there should be sufficient production of essential goods. Basic necessities of life must be available to all. The aim of social justice is to protect the interest of minorities and eradicate poverty, unemployment and illiteracy from the society.

    13. What was the original name of Santa Claus ?

    (1) St. Christopher
    (2) St. Peter
    (3) St. John
    (4) St. Nicolas
    Answer:
    13. (4) Santa Claus, also known as Saint Nicholas, is a figure with legendary, mythical, historical and folkloric origins who, in many western cultures, brings gifts to the homes of the good children during the late evening and overnight hours of Christmas Eve, December 24. The modern figure was derived from the Dutch figure of Sinterklaas, which, in turn, was part of its basis in hagiographical tales concerning the historical figure of Christian bishop and gift giver Saint Nicholas.

    14. Who said that ‘‘Man by nature is a political animal’’?

    (1) Plato 
    (2) Aristotle
    (3) Hobbes 
    (4) Rousseau
    Answer:
    14. (2) For Aristotle, the basic unit of association is the household, the next is the village, and the ultimate association is the city, toward which end humans, seeking to attain the highest quality of life, naturally move. Aristotle concludes, "Man is by nature a political animal." Only as part of a city can people fully realize their nature; separated from the city, they are worse than animals.

    15. The State is a necessary evil according to

    (1) Communists 
    (2) Liberalists
    (3) Individualists 
    (4)Anarchists
    Answer:
    15. (2) One of the principles of liberalism is that the state is a necessary evil. It states that if the state is to fulfill its function, it must have more power at any rate than any single private citizen or public
    corporation; and although one might design institutions to minimize the danger that these powers
    will be misused, one can never eliminate the danger completely.

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