History GK Quiz-10

History GK Quiz-10

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    141. Beetapala and Dhiman, the two great artists that India had produced, belonged to the

    (1) Pala Age 
    (2) Gupta Age
    (3) Maurya Age
    (4) Pathan Age
    Answer:
    141. (1) Both Beetapala and Dhiman were the artists during the Pala rule in Bengal who flourished in the 9th century A.D. The artistic centre of gravity was displaced after the decline of the Buddhist kings of Bengal when decadence in the style of Dhiman became apparent.

    142. Buddha gave his first religious message at

    (1) Rajagriha 
    (2) Pataliputra
    (3) Gaya 
    (4) Sarnath
    Answer:
    142. (4) Sarnath is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. It is located to the north-east of Varanasi, in Uttar Pradesh.

    143. The origins of Indian music could be traced to

    (1) Rigvedic Samhita
    (2) Yajurvedic Samhita
    (3) Samavedic Samhita
    (4) Atharvavedic Samhita
    Answer:
    143. (3) The Sama Veda is the third of the four Vedas, the ancient core Hindu scriptures, along with the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda which consists of a collection (samhita) of hymns, portions of hymns, and detached verses, all but 75 taken from the Sakala Sakha of the Rigveda, to be sung, using specifically indicated melodies called Samagana, by Udgatar priests at sacrifices. The origins of Indian music is traced from this veda. Samaveda's Upaveda (technical manual) is Gandharva-veda that deals not only with the topics of music but also of dance and theatre.

    144. Who amongst the following is associated with the study of the Harappan Civilisation?

    (1) Charles Mason
    (2) Cunningham
    (3) M. Wheeler
    (4) M.S. Vats
    Answer:
    144. (4) M.S. Vats’ ‘Excavations at Harappa,’ gives an account of archaeological excavations at Harappa carried out between the years 1920-1921 and 1933-34. M.S. Vats first excavated the "Granary," and published the results of his and Sahni's excavations in 1940.

    145. The Gupta era was started by whom?

    (1) Ghatotkacha
    (2) Srigupta
    (3) Chandragupta - 1
    (4) Samudragupta
    Answer:
    145. (2) The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire which existed from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent. It was founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta. The first evidence of Sri Gupta comes from the writings of I-tsing around 690 CE who describes that the Poona copper inscription of Prabhavati Gupta, a daughter of Chandra Gupta, describes "Maharaja Sri-Gupta" as the founder of the Gupta dynasty.

    146. Which Chola king founded the city of Puhar?

    (1) Rajendra Chola
    (2) Ellara
    (3) Senguttavan
    (4) Karikala
    Answer:
    146. (4) Karikala was a very popular Chola ruler who founded the city of 'Puhar' (Kaveripatnam) in 1st century B.C. Today is a town in the Nagapattinam district in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu which for a while served as the capital of the early Chola kings in Tamilakkam.

    147. Which Rashtrakuta ruler built the famous Kailash temple of Siva at Ellora?

    (1) Dantidurga
    (2) Amoghvarsha - I
    (3) Krishan-I
    (4) Vatsraja
    Answer:
    147. (3) Kailashnath Temple is a famous temple, one of the 34 monasteries and temples, known collectively as the Ellora Caves located at Ellora, Maharashtra. It is designed to recall Mount Kailash, the abode of Lord Shiva. It is a megalith carved out of one single rock. It was built in the 8th century by the Rashtrakuta king Krishna-I.

    148. Which museum houses the largest collection of Kushan sculptures?

    (1) Mathura Museum
    (2) Bombay Museum
    (3) Madras Museum
    (4) Delhi Museum
    Answer:
    148. (1) The Mathura Museum is famous for ancient sculptures of the Mathura school dating from 3rd century BC to 12th century AD which attained the pinnacle of glory during the reign of Great Kushan and Gupta Emperors. Mathura school represents cultural syncretism between the Classical Greek culture and Buddhism, which developed over a period of close to 1000 years in Central Asia, between the conquests of Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE, and the Islamic conquests of the 7th century CE.

    149. Mahavira was born in a Kshatriya clan by the name of

    (1) Shakya 
    (2) Janatrika
    (3) Mallas 
    (4) Lichhavis
    Answer:
    149. (2) Born into the kshatriya (warrior) caste Mahavira's father was chief of the Jnatrika clan, an indigenous oligarchical tribe. Mahavira's tribal affiliation is reflected in one of his later epithets, Nigantha Nataputta, which means literally "the naked ascetic of the Jnatrika clan."

    150. The Virupaksha Temple was built by the

    (1) Chalukyas 
    (2) Pallavas
    (3) Vakatakas 
    (4) Satavahanas
    Answer:
    150. (1) The Virupaksha Temple is located in Hampi near Bangalore, in the state of Karnataka in southern India. Virupaksha is a form of Shiva and has other temples dedicated to him. The temple's history is uninterrupted from about the 7th century when it was built by the Chalukyas. Evidence indicates there were additions made to the temple in the late Chalukyan and Hoysala periods, though most of the temple buildings are attributed to the Vijayanagar period.

    151. Taxila was a famous site of

    (1) Early Vedic art
    (2) Mauryan art
    (3) Gandhara art
    (4) Gupta art
    Answer:
    151. (3) Taxila dates back to the Gandhara period when it was an important Hindu and Buddhist centre, and is still considered a place of religious and historical sanctity in those traditions. Gandhara art was a style of Buddhist visual art that developed in what is now northwestern Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan between the 1st century B.C and the 7th century A.D. The style, of Greco-Roman origin, seems to have flourished largely during the Kushana dynasty.

    152. The gold coins were introduced first in India by

    (1) The Kushanas
    (2) The Greeks
    (3) The Sakas
    (4) The Parthians
    Answer:
    152. (2) The Indo-Greek kings were the first to issue gold coins in India and their coins were special in the sense that each king had his own distinctive coins by which he could be definitely identified. The names of at least thirty Bactrian kings are known with the help of numerous coins, and they help in the reconstruction of the history of the kings. The coins carry legends in Greek and also in Kharosthi and Brahmi.

    153. Which of the following dynasties conquered Sri Lanka and SouthEast Asian countries?

    (1) The Pandyas
    (2) The Chalukyas
    (3) The Cholas
    (4) The Rashtrakutas
    Answer:
    153. (3) The Chola navy played a vital role in the expansion of the Chola Empire, including the conquest of the Ceylon islands and Sri Vijaya (present day Indonesia), the spread of Hinduism, Dravidian architecture and Dravidian culture to South east Asia and in curbing the piracy in Southeast Asia in the 900 CE. Inscriptions and historical sources assert that the Medieval Chola king Rajendra Chola I sent a naval expedition to Indo-China, the Malay peninsula and the Indonesian archipelago in 1025 in order to subdue the Srivijaya Empire.

    154. The art style which combines Indian and Greek features is called

    (1) Sikhara
    (2) Verna
    (3) Nagara 
    (4) Gandhara
    Answer:
    154. (4) Gandhara art is the style of Buddhist visual art that developed in what is now northwestern Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan between the 1st century B.C and the 7th century A.D. The style, of Greco-Roman origin, seems to have flourished largely during the Kushan dynasty and was contemporaneous with an important but dissimilar school of Kushan art at Mathura.

    155. The Harappans were the earliest people to produce

    (1) Seals
    (2) Bronze implements
    (3) Cotton
    (4) Barely
    Answer:
    155. (3) The Harappans were the earliest known people to grow cotton. They produced cotton cloth hundreds of years before anyone else. In fact, the Greek word for cotton is sindon, a word derived from Sind which is a part of the Indus Valley Civilization region.

    156. The Megalithic culture (500 B.C. - A.D. 100) brings us to the historical period in South India. The Megaliths used

    (1) weapons made of stone
    (2) tools & implements made of stone.
    (3) graves encircled by big pieces of stones.
    (4) articles of daily use made of stone.
    Answer:
    156. (3) A megalith is a large stone that has been used to construct a structure or monument, either alone or together with other stones. Many of these, though by no means all, contain human remains, but it is debatable whether use as burial sites was their primary function. Though generally known as dolmens, the correct term accepted by archaeologists is portal tomb.

    157. Chinese pilgrim who visited India during Harsha Vardhan’s period was-

    (1) Fa-hien 
    (2) I’tsing
    (3) Nishka 
    (4) Hiuen Tsang
    Answer:
    157. (4) Hiuen Tsang was a Chinese pilgrim who came to India in the first half of the seventh century A.D. during the time of Harshavardhan in order to visit the places of pilgrimage associated with Buddha. His object was to secure authentic Buddhist scriptures and visit places of Buddhist interest. On returning to China, he put down all his impressions in a book called Si- yu-ki or 'The Records of the Western World' which proved to be an invaluable source of information to historians about Harsha and the political, social, economic and religious conditions in India during his reign.

    158. Chalukya king Pulakesin-Il was defeated by

    (1) Mahendra Varman-I
    (2) Narasimha Varman-I
    (3) Parameswara Varman-I
    (4) Jatila Parantaka
    Answer:
    158. (1) Narasimhavarman-I, son of Mahendravarman-I, was a Tamil king of the Pallava dynasty who ruled South India from 630–668 A.D. He avenged his father's defeat at the hands of the Chalukya king, Pulakesin II in the year 642 CE. Narasimhavarman was also known as Mamallan (great wrestler) and Mamallapuram (Mahabalipuram) was named after him. It was during his reign that the Chinese traveller Hieun Tsang visited Kanchipuram.

    159. Greek-Roman Art has found a place in

    (1) Ellora 
    (2) Gandhara
    (3) Kalinga 
    (4) Buddhist Art.
    Answer:
    159. (4) Greco-Buddhist art is the artistic manifestation of Greco-Buddhism, a cultural syncretism between the Classical Greek culture and Buddhism, which developed over a period of close to 1000 years in Central Asia, between the conquests of Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE, and the Islamic conquests of the 7th century CE. Under the Indo-Greeks and then the Kushans, the interaction of Greek and Buddhist culture flourished in the area of Gandhara, in today’s northern Pakistan, before spreading further into India, influencing the art of Mathura, and then the Hindu art of the Gupta empire, which was to extend to the rest of South-East Asia.

    160. The Ajanta pantings belong to the

    (1) Harappan period
    (2) Mauryan period
    (3) Buddhist period
    (4) Gupta period
    Answer:
    160. (4) The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra are about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 A.D. The caves include paintings and sculptures are masterpieces of Buddhist religious art, with figures of the Buddha and depictions of the Jataka tales. Most of the paintings belong to the VakatakaGupta period.

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