History GK Quiz-22

History GK Quiz-22

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    1. When Mahatma Gandhi was arrested who among the following took over the leadership of Salt Satyagraha ?

    (1) Vinoba Bhave
    (2) Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
    (3) Abbas Tyabji
    (4) Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad
    Answer:
    1. (3) Abbas Tyabji was an Indian freedom fighter from Gujarat, who once served as the Chief Justice of the (Baroda) Gujarat High Court. Mahatma Gandhi appointed Tyabji, at age seventy-six, to replace him as leader of the Salt Satyagraha in May 1930 after Gandhi’s arrest. Tyabji was arrested soon afterward and imprisoned by the British Indian Government. Gandhi and others respectfully called Tyabji the “Grand Old Man of Gujarat”

    2. In which session of Congress the demand of “Poorna Swaraj” was accepted as the aim of the Congress ?

    (1) Calcutta 
    (2) Madras
    (3) Nagpur 
    (4) Lahore
    Answer:
    2. (4) The Purna Swaraj declaration, or Declaration of the Independence of India was promulgated by the Indian National Congress on January 26, 1930, resolving the Congress and Indian nationalists to fight for Purna Swaraj, or complete self-rule independent of the British Empire. A very large number of Congress volunteers and delegates, members of other political parties and an especially large public gathering attended the session convened in Lahore. At midnight on New Year’s Eve, President Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the tri-colour flag of India upon the banks of the Ravi river in Lahore, which later became part of Pakistan.

    3. Who was the leader of the Bardoli Satyagraha ?

    (1) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
    (2) Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
    (3) Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
    (4) Acharya J. B. Kripalani
    Answer:
    3. (3) The Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928, in the state of Gujarat, India during the period of the British Raj,
    was a major episode of civil disobedience and revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. Its success
    gave rise to Vallabhbhai Patel as one of the greatest leaders of the independence struggle. The background to this movement was provided in 1925 when the taluka of Bardoli in Gujarat suffered from floods and famine, causing crop production to suffer and leaving farmers facing great financial troubles. However, the Government of the Bombay Presidency had raised the tax rate by 30% that year, and despite petitions from civic groups, refused to cancel the rise in the face of the calamities.

    4. “Go back to Vedas.” This call given by

    (1) Ramakrishna Paramah-amsa
    (2) Vivekananda
    (3) Jyotiba Phule
    (4) Daynand Saraswati
    Answer:
    4. (4) One of the main messages of Swami Dayanand Saraswati was for Hindus to go back to the roots of their religion, which are the Vedas. By doing this, he felt that Hindus would be able to improve the depressive religious, social, political, and economic conditions prevailing in India in his times.

    5. Naokhali is situated in—

    (1) West Bengal 
    (2) Bangladesh
    (3) Tripura 
    (4) Bihar
    Answer:
    5. (2) Noakhali is a district in South-eastern Bangladesh. It is located in the Chittagong Division. This place is remembered for the genocide in form of a series of massacres, rapes, abductions and forced conversions of Hindus and looting and arson of Hindu properties, perpetrated by the Muslim community in the districts of Noakhali and Tipperah in the Chittagong Division of Bengal in October–November 1946, a year before India’s independence from British rule. Gandhi camped in Noakhali for four months and toured the district in a mission to restore peace and communal harmony.

    6. Mahatma Gandhi was first arrested during ‘Satyagrah’ in the year—

    (1) 1906 
    (2) 1908
    (3) 1913 
    (4) 1917
    Answer:
    6. (2) Gandhi went to South Africa in 1893 but he was shocked to see racism, prejudice and inequality
    against Indian citizens in South Africa and he established the Natal Indian Congress in 1894 and formed an Indian community in South Africa. In 1906, the Transvaal government of South Africa promulgated a new Act compelling registration of the colony’s Indian population. At a mass protest meeting held in Johannesburg on 11 September that year, Gandhi adopted his still evolving methodology of Satyagraha (devotion to the truth), or non-violent protest, for the first time. In June 1907, he organized Satyagraha against compulsory registration of Asiatics (The Black Act). In 1908, Gandhiji had to stand trial for instigating the Satyagraha. He was sentenced to two months in jail
    (the first time), however after a compromise with General Smuts he was released. 

    7. What was the basis of transfer of power to India on 15th August by ?

    (1) On this day the Indian National Congress had demanded “Poorna Swaraj”.
    (2) On this day Mahatma Gandhi started ‘Quit India Movement’.
    (3) Anniversary of formation of Interim Government
    (4) Anniversary of the surrender of Japanese army before Admiral Mountbatten
    Answer:
    7. (4) In Lord Mountbatten’s words, as told to Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre: “The date I chose came out of the blue. I chose it in reply to a question. I was determined to show I was master of the whole event. When they asked had we set a date, I knew it had to be soon. I hadn’t worked it out exactly then — I thought it had to be about August or September and I then went out to the 15th August. Why? Because it was the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender.”

    8. Permanent Revenue settlement of Bengal was introduced by :

    (1) Clive 
    (2) Hastings
    (3) Wellesley 
    (4) Cornwallis
    Answer:
    8. (4) The Permanent Settlement — also known as the Permanent Settlement of Bengal— was an agreement between the East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land, with farreaching consequences for both agricultural methods and productivity in the entire Empire and the political realities of the Indian countryside. It was concluded in 1793, by the Company administration headed by Charles, Earl Cornwallis. It formed one part of a larger body of legislation enacted known as the Cornwallis Code.

    9. The father of extremist movement in India is :

    (1) Motilal Nehru
    (2) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
    (3) Vallabhbhai Patel
    (4) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
    Answer:
    9. (4) Lokmanya Tilak, born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak (23 July 1856 – 1 August 1920), was an Indian nationalist, journalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and independence fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities derogatorily called him “Father of the Indian unrest”. Tilak professed a different ethics from that of Gandhi and followed a trend of extremism and violence, which earned him the appellation of the ‘father of Indian unrest’. He advocated ‘violence as the higher duty’ based on his interpretation of the Bhagavad-Gita (‘Song of the Lord’).


    10. Through which principle or device did Gandhiji strive to bridge economic inequalities?

    (1) Abolition of machinery
    (2) Establishment of village industries
    (3) Trusteeship theory
    (4) None of the above
    Answer:
    10. (3) Trusteeship is a socio-economic philosophy that was propounded by Mahatma Gandhi. It provides a means by which the wealthy people would be the trustees of trusts that looked after the welfare of the people in general. This concept was condemned by socialists as being in favor of the landlords, feudal princes and the capitalists. Gandhi believed that the rich people could be persuaded to part with their wealth to help the poor. The founder of the Tata group, JRD Tata was influenced by Gandhi’s idea of trusteeship. He developed his personal and professional life based on this idea.

    11. Mahatma Gandhi got his inspiration for Civil Disobedience from :

    (1) Tuoreau 
    (2) Ruskin
    (3) Confucius 
    (4) Tolstoy
    Answer:
    11. (1) Mahatma Gandhi got inspiration of Civil Disobedience by reading a book of David Thoreau who was an American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist. He is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance to civil government in moral opposition to an unjust state. Thoreau’s philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mohandas Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr.

    12. The first Indian selected for Indian Civil Service was :

    (1) Surendra Nath Banerji
    (2) Sarojini Naidu
    (3) Lala Lajpat Rai
    (4) C.R. Das
    Answer:
    12. (*) Satyendranath Tagore was the first Indian to join the Indian Civil Service. He was an author, song composer, linguist and made significant contribution towards the emancipation of women in Indian society during the British Raj. Satyendranath was selected for the Indian Civil Service in June, 1863. He served in the ICS for about thirty years and retired as Judge of Satara in Maharashtra in 1897. He was a brother of Ravindranath Tagore. Surendranath Banerjee appeared at the examination in 1869 and joined the service in 1871. Romesh Dutt and Behari Lal Gupta were the second and third Indian to qualify in the Indian Civil Services Examination in 1869.

    13. The system of communal electorate in India was first introduced by :

    (1) Indian Council Act of 1892.
    (2) Minto-Morley reforms of 1909
    (3) Montagu-Chelmsford reforms of 1919
    (4) Government of India of 1935
    Answer:
    13. (2) The Indian Councils Act 1909, commonly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms, introduced the system of communal electorate in India. It provided that Indian Muslims be allotted reserved seats in the Municipal and District Boards, in the Provincial Councils and in the Imperial Legislature; that the number of reserved seats be in excess of their relative population (25 percent of the Indian population); and, that only Muslims should vote for candidates for the Muslim seats (‘separate electorates’). These concessions were a constant source of strife during 1909-47.

    14. Who represented India in the Second Round Table Conference?

    (1) Aruna Asaf Ali
    (2) Sucheta Kripalani
    (3) Sarojini Naidu
    (4) Kalpana Joshi
    Answer:
    14. (3) The Gandhi-Irwin Pact opened the way for Congress participation in this conference. Mahatma Gandhi was invited from India and attended as the sole official Congress representative accompanied by Sarojini Naidu and also Madan Mohan Malaviya, Ghanshyam Das Birla, Muhammad Iqbal, Sir Mirza Ismail Diwan of Mysore, S.K. Dutta and Sir Syed Ali Imam. Gandhi claimed that the Congress alone represented political India; that the Untouchables were Hindus and should not be treated as a “minority”; and that there should be no separate electorates or special safeguards for Muslims or other minorities. These claims were rejected by the other Indian participants.

    15. What was the ultimate goal of Mahatma Gandhi’s Salt Satyagraha?

    (1) repeal of Salt Satyagraha
    (2) curtailment of the Government’s power
    (3) economic relief to the common people
    (4) ‘Purna Swaraj’ for India
    Answer:
    15. (4) The Salt Satyagraha started on March 12, 1930, with the undertaking of the Dandi Yatra (Dandi March). The triggering factor for this movement was the British monopoly of salt trade in India and the imposition of a salt tax. According to the contemporary British laws, the sale or production of salt by anyone but the British government was a criminal offense. The goals of the movement were to end the British monopoly on salt, decrease dependence on foreign cloth, reduce land revenue assessments, build unity among Hindus and Muslims of all economic and social classes, and ultimately end British colonial rule over India and declare Purna Swaraj (complete independence).

    16. Who persuaded the ratings of the RIN (Royal India Navy) to surrender on the 23rd February 1946?

    (1) Mahatma Gandhi
    (2) Jawaharlal Nehru and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
    (3) Vallabh Bhai Patel and M.A. Jinnah
    (4) Morarji Desai and J.B. Kripalani
    Answer:
    16. (3) In February 1946, the Royal Indian Navy (RIN) experienced a major mutiny, on a magnitude rare among modern navies. The Second Battalion of the Black watch was called from their barracks in Karachi to deal with this mutiny on Manora Island. Both Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Sardar Patel successfully persuaded the ratings to surrender. Patel wrote, “Discipline in the army cannot be tampered with. We will want [the] army even in free India”.

    17. On September 20, 1932 Mahatma Gandhi began a fast unto death in Yervada Jail against :

    (1) British repression of the Satyagrahis.
    (2) Violation of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact.
    (3) Communal award of Ramsay MacDonald.
    (4) Communal riots in Calcutta.
    Answer:
    17. (3) In 1932, a round table conference was organized and Ambedkar, an eminent lawyer and a Dalit leader was invited to attend the same. Through his campaigning, the government granted untouchables separate electorates under the new constitution. In protest Gandhi began a fast-unto-death while imprisoned in the Yerwada Central Jail of Pune in 1932 against the separate electorate for untouchables only. Ambedkar agreed under massive coercion from the supporters of Gandhi for an agreement, which saw Gandhi end his fast, while dropping the demand for separate electorates that was promised through the British Communal Award prior to Ambedkar’s meeting with Gandhi.

    18. In 1939, for the first time, Gandhiji tried out his specific techniques of controlled mass struggle in a native state. He allowed a close associate of his to lead a satyagraha. Who was he?

    (1) K. T. Bhashyam in Mysore
    (2) Jamnalal Bajaj in Jaipur
    (3) Vallabh Bhai Patel in Rajkot
    (4) Nebakrushna Chaudhri in Dhenkanal
    Answer:
    18. (3) Gandhi was against Congress intervention in the affairs of Princely states. He at first showed “exceptional rigidity” (some very limited attempts at “controlled mass struggle”) in Rajkot, where there was little danger of agrarian radicalism.

    19. One time associate of Mahatma Gandhi, broke off from him and launched a radical movement called ‘self-respect movement’. Who was he ?

    (1) P. Thyagaraja Shetti
    (2) Chhatrapati Maharaj
    (3) E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker
    (4) Jyotirao Govindrao Phule
    Answer:
    19. (3) The Self-Respect Movement is a movement with the aim of achieving a society where backward castes have equal human rights, and encouraging backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste based society that considered them to be a lower end of the hierarchy. It was founded in 1925 by Periyar E. V. Ramasamy (also known as Periyar) in Tamil Nadu, India. Periyar was convinced that if man developed self respect, he would automatically develop individuality and would refuse to be led by the nose by schemers. One of his most known quotes on Self-Respect was, “we are fit to think of ‘self-respect’ only when the notion of ‘superior’ and ‘inferior’ caste is banished from our land”

    20. The first attempt to introduce a representative and popular element in the governance of India was made through :

    (1) Indian Council Act, 1861
    (2) Indian Council Act, 1892
    (3) Indian Council Act, 1909
    (4) Government of India Act, 1919
    Answer:
    20. (3) The Indian Council act of 1909 also known as the Morley-Minto reforms named after the then Secretary of State for India, Lord Morley and the Viceroy Lord Minto. Its provisions were incorporated into the Indian Councils act of 1909 and were perhaps the first attempt at introducing a popular representative element in the government. In the provincial legislative councils, the number of non official members was increased, thereby reducing the official members to a minority. At the central legislative council however the official members still maintained their majority. The councils were given a little more power in the administration and could influence decisions on certain matters of the state.

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