History GK Quiz-23

History GK Quiz-23

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    21. What did Jyotiba Phule’s Satyashodhak Samaj attempt in the last century?

    (1) Saving the lower castes from hypocritical Brahmans and their opportunistic scriptures
    (2) Attacking the caste system
    (3) Led an anti-landlord and antimahajan upsurge in Satara
    (4) Separate representation for untouchables
    Answer:
    21. (1) Satya Shodhak Samaj was a religion established by Mahatma Jotirao Phule on September 24, 1873. This was started as a group whose main aim was to liberate the social Shudra and Untouchable castes from exploitation and oppression. While condemning the prevalent religion, Phule established Satya Shodhak Samaj with the ideals of human well being in broader aspects, human happiness, unity, equality, and easy religious principles and rituals.

    22. In which of the following movements did Mahatma Gandhi make the first use of Hunger Strike as a weapon?

    (1) Non-Cooperation Movement, 1920-22
    (2) Rowlatt Satyagraha, 1919
    (3) Ahmedabad Strike, 1918
    (4) Bardoli Satyagraha
    Answer:
    22. (3) In 1918, Mahatma Gandhi intervened in a dispute between the workers and mill-owners of Ahmedabad. He advised the workers to go on strike and to demand a 35 per cent increase in wages. But he insisted that the workers should not use violence against the employers during the strike. He undertook a fast unto death (first among the 17 such fasts) to strengthen the workers’ resolve to continue the strike. But his fast also put pressure on the mill-owners who relented on the fourth day and agreed to give the workers a 35 per cent increase in wages.

    23. Who led the Salt Satyagraha Movement with Gandhi?

    (1) Annie Besant
    (2) Mridula Sarabhai
    (3) Muthu Lakshmi
    (4) Sarojini Naidu
    Answer:
    23. (4) The Dandi march was undertaken by Gandhiji and about 78 of his followers, starting from Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad. The Satyagrahis set out on foot, for the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat, about 240 miles away. The walk lasted for 23 days and passed through 48 villages. The marchers were received with great enthusiasm and the support from the masses was very evident. During the course of the journey, thousands of Satyagrahis joined the walk, including leaders like Sarojini Naidu.

    24. Sati was prohibited by

    (1) Warren Hastings
    (2) Lord Wellesley
    (3) Lord William Bentinck
    (4) Lord Dalhousie
    Answer:
    24. (3) Historically, efforts to prevent Sati by formal means were extent even before the Mughal rulers came to power. Under the Delhi Sultanates (circa 1325) permission had to be sought prior to any Sati. In their own sphere of influence the Portuguese, Dutch and French banned Sati but efforts to stamp out Sati were formalised only under Lord William Bentinck after 1829. William Cavendish Bentinck succeeded Lord Amherst as the Governor General of India. He took over the charge of Indian administration in the year 1828. Bentinck took effective steps to root out social evils like Sati and infanticide.

    25. The Simon Commission was formed to review

    (1) legislatures in India
    (2) fitness of India for further reforms
    (3) the position of the viceroy
    (4) a Constitution for India
    Answer:
    25. (2) The Indian Statutory Commission was a group of seven British Members of Parliament that had been dispatched to India in 1927 to study constitutional reform in Britain’s most important colonial dependency. It was commonly referred to as the Simon Commission after its chairman, Sir John Simon. The Indian national leaders had been continuously demanding constitutional reforms since 1919 when the Montague-Chelmsford Reform (1919) was introduced by the British government. Under the circumstances, in 1927 the British government in England formally constituted an enquiry commission to recommend further constitutional reform that may be introduced in India. It was meant to review constitutional progress so far and decide upon the future course.

    26. Where did Aurangzeb die?

    (1) Ahmednagar
    (2) Aurangabad
    (3) Allahabad
    (4) Lahore
    Answer:
    26. (2) Aurangzeb, the last great Mughal emperor, who spent the latter years of his reign, 1681–1707, in the Deccan, died at Khuldabad near Aurangabad in 1707, and a small monument marks the site.

    27. When was the first train steamed off in India ?

    (1) 1848 
    (2) 1853
    (3) 1875 
    (4) 1880
    Answer:
    27. (2) Two new railway companies, Great Indian Peninsular Railway (GIPR) and East Indian Railway (EIR), were created in 1853-54 to construct and operate two ‘experimental’ lines near Bombay and Calcutta respectively. The first train in India had become operational on 22 December, 1851 for localized hauling of canal construction material in Roorkee. A year and a half later, on 16 April, 1853, the first passenger train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder in Bombay and Thane. Covering a distance of 34 kilometres, it was hauled by three locomotives, Sahib, Sindh, and Sultan.

    28. Which one of the following libraries has the largest collection of manuscripts of historical value?

    (1) Khuda Baksh Oriental Public Library
    (2) Tanjavur Maharaja Serfoji Saraswati Mahal Library
    (3) Asiatic Society Library
    (4) Rampur Raza Library
    Answer:
    28. (1) Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Library was opened to public in October, 1891 by Khan Bahadur Khuda
    Bakhsh with 4,000 manuscripts, of which he inherited 1,400 from his father Maulvi Mohammed Bakhsh. It is an autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture, Government of India, and is governed by a Board with the Governor of Bihar as its ex-officio Chairman. It is known for its rare collection of Persian and Arabic manuscripts. It also hosts paintings made during the Rajput and Mughal eras of India.

    29. In which of the following systems of land settlement adopted by the English did provide more protection to the interests of farmers ?

    (1) Permanent Settlement of Bengal
    (2) Ryotwari Settlement of Madras
    (3) Zamindari Settlement of Central States
    (4) Malgujari (land revenue) Setternent of United State
    Answer:
    29. (2) The Ryotwari system, instituted in some parts of British India, was one of the two main systems used to collect revenues from the cultivators of agricultural land. These revenues included undifferentiated land taxes and rents, which were collected simultaneously. Under the Ryotwari system, settlement of land revenue settlement was directly made between the government and the ryot, i.e., the cultivators or tenants. Moreover, in the ryotwari settlement the revenue was fixed for a period of thirty years, and not on a permanent basis as was in the case of the Permanent Settlement.

    30. Which of the following pairs contributed significantly to integrate the princely states into Indian Union ?

    (1) Sardar Patel and Jawaharlal Nehru
    (2) Sardar Patel and V.P. Menon
    (3) Sardar Patel and Mahatma Gandhi
    (4) Sardar Patel and K.M. Munsi
    Answer:
    30. (2) At the time of Indian independence, India was divided into two sets of territories, the first being the territories of “British India,” which were under the direct control of the India Office in London and the Governor-General of India, and the second being the “Princely states,” the territories over which the Crown had suzerainty, but which were under the control of their hereditary rulers. In addition, there were several colonial enclaves controlled by France and Portugal. The integration of these territories into Dominion of India, created by the Indian Independence Act 1947 by the British parliament, was a declared objective of the Indian National Congress, which the Government of India pursued over the years 1947 to 1949. Through a combination of tactics, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and V. P. Menon in the months immediately preceding and following the independence convinced the rulers of almost all of the hundreds of princely states to accede to India.

    31. When was first telegraph line started in India ?

    (1) 1851 
    (2) 1875
    (3) 1884 
    (4) 1900
    Answer:
    31. (1) In 1850, the first experimental electric telegraph line was started between Kolkata and Diamond Harbour. In 1851, it was opened for the use of the British East India Company. Subsequently, the construction of 6,400 km of telegraph lines connecting Kolkata (then Calcutta) and Peshawar in the north along with Agra, Mumbai (then Bombay) through Sindwa Ghats, and Chennai (then Madras) in the south, as well as Ootacamund and Bangalore was started in November 1853. William O’Shaughnessy, who pioneered the telegraph and telephone in India, belonged to the Public Works Department, and worked towards the development of telecom throughout this period.

    32. The Home Rule Leagu was started by

    (1) Mahatma Gandhi
    (2) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
    (3) Jawahar Lal Nehru
    (4) Rajendra Prasad
    Answer:
    32. (2) The All India Home Rule League was a national political organization founded in 1916 to lead the national demand for self-government, termed Home Rule, and to obtain the status of a Dominion within the British Empire as enjoyed by Australia, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand and Newfoundland at the time. Between 1916 and 1918, when the war was closing, prominent Indians like Joseph Baptista, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, G. S. Khaparde, Sir S. Subramania Iyer and the leader of the Theosophical Society, Annie Besant decided to organize a national alliance of leagues across India, specifically to demand Home Rule, or self-government within the British Empire for all of India. Tilak founded the first League in the city of Pune, Maharashtra.

    33. When did the British Govt. start ruling India directly ?

    (1) After the Battle of Plassey
    (2) After the Battle of Panipat
    (3) After the War of Mysore
    (4) After Sepoy Mutiny
    Answer:
    33. (1) The British-administered territories in India were expanded in three successive waves. The first wave (A.D. 1757-66) brought under [direct] British rule Bengal, Bihar, and the Northern Circars along the north-west shore of the Bay of Bengal; the second (A.D. 1790-1818) brought the Carnatic, the Upper Ganges Basin, and the Western Deccan; the third (A.D. 1843-9) brought the Indus Basin. In the Battle of Plassey, a British army of 2800 British soldiers and sepoys routed a Bengali army of 100,000 men. Clive’s victories over the Bengalis and French made the British East Indies Company a major power in India, able to install its own candidate on the Mughal throne and claim the wealthy province of Bengal for itself. British power, plus the fact that their “honorable masters” in England were 7000 miles and nine months travel away, left India wide open to exploitation by the company and its employees.

    34. What did the Hunter Commission appointed by the Viceroy probe ?

    (1) Bardoli Satayagraha
    (2) Khilafat Agitation
    (3) Jallianwala Bagh tragedy
    (4) Chauri Chaura incident
    Answer:
    34. (3) On 14 October, 1919, after orders issued by the Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu, the Government of India announced the formation of a committee of inquiry into the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Referred to as the Disorders Inquiry Committee, it was later more widely known as the Hunter Commission. It was named after the name of chairman, Lord William Hunter, former Solicitor-General for Scotland and Senator of the College of Justice in Scotland. The stated purpose of the commission was to “investigate the recent disturbances in Bombay, Delhi and Punjab, about their causes, and the measures taken to cope with them”

    35. Who was the Chairman of the Union Powers Committee of the Constituent Assembly of India?

    (1) Sardar Vallabhbahi Patel
    (2) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
    (3) Sir Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar
    (4) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
    Answer:
    35. (4) On the 14 August, 1947 meeting of the Assembly, a proposal for forming various committees was presented. Such committees included a Committee on Fundamental Rights, the Union Powers Committee and Union Constitution Committee. The Union Powers Committee and the Union Constitution Committee was headed by Jawaharlal Nehru.

    36. From where did Acharya Vinoba Bhave start the Individual Satyagraha in 1940?

    (1) Nadiad in Gujarat
    (2) Pavnar in Maharashtra
    (3) Adyar in Tamil Nadu
    (4) Guntur in Andhra Pradesh
    Answer:
    36. (2) In October, 1940, Gandhi selected Vinoba Bhave as the first Satyagrahi-civil resister-for the individual Satyagraha against the British, and Jawaharlal Nehru was the second. Gandhi personally went to Pavnar Ashram to seek his consent. After obtaining Vinoba’s consent, Gandhi issued a comprehensive statement on 5 October, 1940.

    37. Which British Governor General introduced Postage Stamp in India ?

    (1) Lord Dalhousie
    (2) Lord Auckland
    (3) Lord Canning
    (4) Lord William Bentinck
    Answer:
    37. (1) Although the Indian Post Office was established in 1837, Asia’s first adhesive stamp, the Scinde Dawk, was introduced in 1852 by Sir Bartle Frere, the British East India Company’s administrator of the province of Sind. The first stamps valid for postage throughout India were placed on sale in October, 1854 with four values: 1/2 anna, 1 anna, 2 annas, and 4 annas. These stamps were issued following a Commission of Inquiry which had carefully studied the postal systems of Europe and America. The new system was recommended by the Governor-General, Lord Dalhousie and adopted by the East India Company’s Court of Directors. It introduced “low and uniform” rates for sending mail efficiently throughout the country within the jurisdiction of the East India Company.

    38. The first telegraph line between Calcutta and Agra was opened in

    (1) 1852 
    (2) 1853
    (3) 1854 
    (4) 1855
    Answer:
    38. (2) The history of Indian telecom can be started with the introduction of telegraph. The Indian postal and telecom sectors are one of the world’s oldest. In 1850, the first experimental electric telegraph line was started between Kolkata and Diamond Harbour. In 1851, it was opened for the use of the British East India Company. Subsequently, the construction of 4,000 miles (6,400 km) of telegraph lines connecting Kolkata (then Calcutta) and Peshawar in the north along with Agra, Mumbai (then Bombay) through Sindwa Ghats, and Chennai (then Madras) in the south, as well as Ootacamund and Bangalore was started in November 1853. William O’Shaughnessy, who pioneered the telegraph and telephone in India, belonged to the Public Works Department, and worked towards the development of telecom throughout this period. A separate department was opened in 1854 when telegraph facilities were opened to the public.

    39. The original name of Swami Dayananda Saraswati was

    (1) Abhi Shankar
    (2) Gowri Shankar
    (3) Daya Shankar
    (4) Mula Shankar
    Answer:
    39. (4) Dayananda Saraswati was an important Hindu religious scholar, reformer, and founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement. He was the first to give the call for Swarajya– “India for Indians” – in 1876, later taken up by Lokmanya Tilak. Since he was born under Mul Nakshatra, he was named “Moolshankar”, and led a comfortable early life, studying Sanskrit, the Vedas and other religious texts to prepare himself for a future as a Hindu priest.

    40. The Swadeshi Movement was launched

    (1) as a protest against division of Bengal
    (2) with a view to improve the economic condition of the people by encouraging consumption of Indian goods
    (3) as a protest against the massacre of Indian people at Jallianwala Bagh
    (4) due to the failure of the British Government to introduce responsible Government in India
    Answer:
    40. (1) The Swadeshi movement, part of the Indian independence movement and the developing Indian nationalism, was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire from power and improving economic conditions in India by following the principles of swadeshi (self-sufficiency), which had some success. Strategies of the Swadeshi movement involved boycotting British products and the revival of domestic products and production processes. The Swadeshi Movement started with the partition of Bengal by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon, 1905 and continued up to 1908.

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