History GK Quiz-24

History GK Quiz-24

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    41. The 19th Century reawakening in India was confined to the

    (1) Priestly class
    (2) Upper middle class
    (3) Rich peasantry
    (4) Urban landlords
    Answer:
    41. (2) The 19th century awakening in India was on the hand led by the very presence of the British rule in India and the education of the middle classes. The soil for the growth of Indian nationalism and political awakening was prepared by the socio-religious reform movements of the 19th century. Although the English educated class was a minority of the whole population of India but its influence and leadership could mould public opinion as the newspapers, educational institutions and the advocates of the legal courts were all greatly influenced by the opinion of this group.

    42. Who was the first Indian to be elected to the British Parliament?

    (1) Dadabhai Naoroji
    (2) Gopala Krishna Gokhale
    (3) Bipin Chandra Pal
    (4) Lala Lajpat Rai
    Answer:
    42. (1) Dadabhai Naoroji, known as the Grand Old Man of India, was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political and social leader. His book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India brought attention to the draining of India’s wealth into Britain. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895, and the first Asian to be a British Member of Parliament. He is also credited with the founding of the Indian National Congress, along with A.O. Hume and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha.

    43. Who introduced the permanent settlement in Bengal ?

    (1) Lord Cornwallis
    (2) Lord Dalhousie
    (3) William Bentinck
    (4) Lord Curzon
    Answer:
    43. (1) The Permanent Settlement was an agreement between the East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land, with far-reaching consequences for both agricultural methods and productivity in the entire Empire and the political realities of the Indian countryside. It was concluded in 1793, by the Company administration headed by Charles, Earl Cornwallis. It formed one part of a larger body of legislation enacted known as the Cornwallis Code.

    44. When was the first passenger train run in India ?

    (1) January 1848
    (2) April 1853
    (3) May 1857
    (4) April 1852
    Answer:
    44. (2) The first train in India had become operational on 22 December 1851 for localized hauling of canal construction material in Roorkee. A year and a half later, on 16 April 1853, the first passenger train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder in Bombay and Thane. Covering a distance of 34 kilometres, it was hauled by three locomotives, Sahib, Sindh, and Sultan. This was soon followed by opening of the first passenger railway line in North India between Allahabad and Kanpur on March 3, 1859.

    45. Who designed the national flag of Independent India ?

    (1) Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
    (2) Rabindranath Tagore
    (3) Mahatma Gandhi
    (4) Pingali Venkaiah
    Answer:
    45. (4) The National flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolor flag, of India saffron, white and India green; with the Ashok Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre. It was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947, when it became the official flag of the Dominion of India. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the Indian National Congress designed by Pingali Venkayya. During the National conference of Indian National Congress at Kakinada, Venkayya suggested that India should have a national flag of its own and Mahatma Gandhi liked this proposal. He suggested that Venkayya could come up with a design.

    46. Which of the following European Colonisers did not have a settlement on the Eastern Coast of India ?

    (1) French
    (2) Portuguese
    (3) Dutch 
    (4) Danish
    Answer:
    46. (4) The Eastern Coastal Plains refer to a wide stretch of landmass of India, lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. These plains are wider and level as compared to the western coastal plains. It stretches from Tamil Nadu in the south to West Bengal in the north. Of all the foreigners who established themselves on the Malabar Coast the Danes were the least successful. There were several factors which brought to pass this eventuality. The limited resources of Denmark, with its inadequate manpower, were no match for those of their fellow traders like the Portuguese, the Dutch and the English.

    47. In which session of Indian National Congress the tricolour flag was unfurled for the first time ?

    (1) Calcutta Session, 1920
    (2) Annual Session of Congress at Nagpur, 1920
    (3) Lahore Congress, 1929
    (4) Haripura Congress Conference, 1938
    Answer:
    47. (3) On December 31, 1929, the newly adopted tricolour flag was unfurled at the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress. At this session, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru as the newly elected president spoke the following inspiring words: ‘I have just unfurled the National Flag of Hindustan. What is the meaning of this flag? It is symbol of India’s unity. The flag under which you stand today and which you have just saluted does not belong to any particular section of society or community. It is the flag of the country. All those who stand today under this flag are Indians, not Hindus, not Muslims, but Indians. Re-member once again, now that this flag is unfurled, it must not be lowered so long as a single Indian, man, woman, or child lives in India.”

    48. Which among the following regulations made English as a medium of education compulsory in government aided schools and colleges ?

    (1) Pitts India Act, 1784
    (2) Educational Despatch, 1854
    (3) Macaulay Minute, 1835
    (4) Regulating Act, 1773
    Answer:
    48. (3) Macaulay was Secretary to the Board of Control under Lord Grey from 1832 until 1833. After the passing of the Government of India Act 1833, he was appointed as the first Law Member of the GovernorGeneral’s Council. He went to India in 1834. He served on the Supreme Council of India between 1834 and 1838. He introduced English education in India through his famous minute of February 1835.

    49. During colonial period, British capital was mainly invested in :

    (1) Infra structure 
    (2) Industry
    (3) Agriculture 
    (4) Services
    Answer:
    49. (3) Company rule in India brought a major change in the taxation and agricultural policies, which tended to promote commercialisation of agriculture with a focus on trade, resulting in decreased production of food crops, mass impoverishment and destitution of farmers, and in the short term, led to numerous famines. After the removal of international restrictions by the Charter of 1813, Indian trade expanded substantially and over the long term showed an upward trend. The result was a significant transfer of capital from India to England, which, due to the colonial policies of the British, led to a massive drain of revenue rather than any systematic effort at modernisation of the domestic economy.

    50. M. A. Jinnah, in his early political life–

    (1) supported two nation theory
    (2) initiated Hindu-Muslim unity
    (3) imagined Pakistan as an independent State
    (4) was a communalist
    Answer:
    50. (2) Jinnah rose to prominence in the Indian National Congress (Congress) in the first two decades of the 20th century, initially advocating Hindu-Muslim unity and helping to shape the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress. Jinnah also became a key leader in the All India Home Rule League, and proposed a fourteen-point constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims should a united British India become independent.

    51. Who among the following controlled maximum trade in the western coastal region during 17th century ?

    (1) Portuguese
    (2) Dutch
    (3) The house of Jagat Seth
    (4) Mulla Abdul Gaffar
    Answer:
    51. (1) The English, French and Dutch East Indies Companies (EIC’s) became active in Far East trading in a meaningful way about a hundred and fifty years after the Portuguese. They too set up their posts throughout the Indian Ocean. By the middle of the 17th century there were several thousand Portuguese and Indo Portuguese in India and a relatively small population of other Indo Europeans.

    52. Match the following :

    List : I
    A. Jayprakash Narayan
    B. C. F. Andrew
    C. Dadabhai Nauroji
    D. Lala Lajpat Rai
    List : II
    1. Dinbandhu
    2. Grand old man of India
    3. Lok Nayak
    4. Punjab Kesari
    5. Raja Jee
    (A) (B) (C) (D)
    (1) 5 4 3 2
    (2) 3 1 2 4
    (3) 1 2 5 3
    (4) 4 3 1 5
    Answer:
    52. (2) Jayaprakash Narayan, widely known as Loknayak, was an Indian independence activist and political leader, remembered especially for leading the opposition to Indira Gandhi in the 1970s and for giving a call for peaceful Total Revolution. Charles Freer Andrews was an English priest of the Church of England and a Christian missionary and social reformer in India. For Andrews’s contributions to the Indian Independence Movement Gandhi and his students at St. Stephen’s College, Delhi named him Deenabandhu, or “Friend of the Poor”. Dadabhai Naoroji, known as the Grand Old Man of India, was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political and social leader. Lala Lajpat Rai was popularly known as Punjab Kesari (Punjabi:The Lion of Punjab) or Sher-ePunjab (Urdu: The Lion of Punjab) meaning the same and was part of the Lal Bal Pal trio.

    53. Given below are the names of prominent leaders and their respective operational areas during the revolt period. Select the incorrect pair.

    (1) Rani Laxmibai—Indore
    (2) Khan Bahadur Khan—Ruhelkhand
    (3) Kunwar Singh—Sahabad
    (4) Nana Saheb—Kanpur
    Answer:
    53. (1) Rani Lakshmibai was the queen of the Maratharuled princely state of Jhansi, situated in the northcentral part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the rule of the British East India Company in the subcontinent.

    54. Who was the National leader who wrote History of India on the walls of the Andaman Cellular Jail ?

    (1) Nandanlal Bose
    (2) Ambedkar
    (3) Vir Savarkar
    (4) Jyotiba Phule
    Answer:
    54. (3) Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian revolutionary and politician. He wrote more than 10,000 pages in the Marathi language. When in the Cellular jail, Savarkar was denied pen and paper. He composed and wrote his poems on the prison walls with thorns and pebbles, memorized thousands lines of his poetry for years till other prisoners returning home brought them to India.

    55. The ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ was first applied to the Princely State of

    (1) Satara 
    (2) Jhansi
    (3) Oudh 
    (4) Jaunpur
    Answer:
    55. (1) The Doctrine of Lapse was an annexation policy purportedly devised by Lord Dalhousie, who was the Governor General for the East India Company in India between 1848 and 1856. The company took over the princely states of Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambalpur (1849), Nagpur and Jhansi (1854), Tanjore and Arcot (1855) and Awadh(Oudh)(1856) and Udaipur using this doctrine.

    56. The Indian Universities were first founded in the time of

    (1) Macaulay
    (2) Warren Hastings
    (3) Lord Canning
    (4) Lord William Bentinck
    Answer:
    56. (3) The University of Calcutta is a public state university located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India established on 24 January 1857. By foundation date, it is the first institution in South Asia to be established as a multidisciplinary and secular Western style university. The school was founded in 1857 while Lord Canning was the Governor General of India. The Calcutta University Act came into force on 24 January 1857.

    57. One of the following was not involved in the Chittagong Armoury Raid, 1934. Who was he?

    (1) Kalpana Dutt
    (2) Surya Sen
    (3) Pritialata Woddedar
    (4) Dinesh Gupta
    Answer:
    57. (4) The Chittagong armoury raid was an attempt on April 18, 1930 to raid the armoury of police and auxiliary forces from the Chittagong (in present-day Bangladesh) armoury in Bengal province of British India, by armed revolutionaries led by Surya Sen. The group was led by Masterda Surya Sen, and included Ganesh Ghosh, Lokenath Bal, Nirmal Sen, Ambika Chakrobarty, Naresh Roy, Sasanka Datta, Ardhendu Dastidar, Harigopal Bal (Tegra), Tarakeswar Dastidar, Ananta Singh, Jiban Ghoshal, Anand Gupta, Pritilata Waddedar and Kalpana Dutta.

    58. Which of the following events made the English East India Company the legitimate masters of the Bengal Suba ?

    (1) Battle of Buxar, 1764
    (2) Battle of Plassey, 1757
    (3) Farrukh Siyar’s Farman, 1717
    (4) Ibrahim Khan’s Farman, 1690
    Answer:
    58. (1) The Battle of Buxar was fought on 23 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Company led by Hector Munro, and the combined Muslim army of Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal; Shuja-ud-Daula the Nawab of Awadh and the Mughal King Shah Alam II. The prime victim Shah Alam II, signed the Treaty of Allahabad that secured Diwani Rights for the Company to collect and manage the revenues of almost 100,000,000 acres of real estate which form parts of the modern states of West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh, as well as areas in the neighbouring country of Bangladesh. The Treaty of Allahabad heralded the establishment of the rule of the East India Company in one-eighth of India proper with a single stroke. The battles of Plassey and Buxar secured a permanent foothold for the British East India Company in the rich province of Bengal, and secured its political ascendancy in the entire region later to be named India.

    59. Apart from the Quit India Movement which started on 9th August 1942, what other sensational activity of the freedom fighters was done on 9th August?

    (1) Salt Satyagraha
    (2) Boycott of Simon Commission
    (3) Champaran Satyagraha
    (4) Kakori Mail train “robbery”
    Answer:
    59. (4) Kakori conspiracy (also called the Kakori train robbery or Kakori Case) was a train robbery that took place between Kakori and Alamnagar, near Lucknow, on 9 August 1925 during the Indian Independence Movement against the British Indian Government. The idea of this robbery was conceived by Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan who belonged to the Hindustan Republican Association or HRA, which became later the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association or HSRA after 1928. The robbery plan was executed by Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri, Chandrashekhar Azad, Sachindra Bakshi, Keshab Chakravarthy, Manmathnath Gupta, Murari Sharma (fake name of Murari Lal Gupta), Mukundi Lal (Mukundi Lal Gupta) and Banwari Lal.

    60. Which of the following treaties brought an end to the independent existence of Peshwa Baji Rao II ?

    (1) The Treaty of Purandhar
    (2) Convention of Wadgaon
    (3) Treaty of Bassein
    (4) Treaty of Salbai
    Answer:
    60. (3) The Treaty of Bassein (Now called Vasai) was a pact signed on December 31, 1802 between the British East India Company and Baji Rao II, the Maratha Peshwa of Pune (Poona) in India after the Battle of Poona. The treaty was a decisive step in the dissolution of the Maratha Confederacy, which led to the East India Company’s usurpation of the Peshwa’s territories in western India in 1818.

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