History GK Quiz-25

History GK Quiz-25

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    61. Which Indian statesman used these magic words, “Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge ....” ?

    (1) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
    (2) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
    (3) Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
    (4) Jawaharlal Nehru
    Answer:
    61. (4) Tryst with Destiny was a speech made by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. The speech was made to the Indian Constituent Assembly, on the eve of India’s Independence, towards midnight on 14 August 1947. It focuses on the aspects that transcend India’s history. It is considered to be one of the greatest speeches of all time and to be a landmark oration that captures the essence of the triumphant culmination of the hundredyear non-violent Indian freedom struggle against the British Empire in India. The phrase “rendezvous with destiny” was used by Franklin D. Roosevelt in his 1936 Democratic National Convention speech, inspiring the similar phrase “tryst with destiny” by Jawaharlal Nehru.

    62. Satyagraha finds expression in

    (1) Sudden outbursts of violence
    (2) Armed conflicts
    (3) Non-cooperation
    (4) Communal riots
    Answer:
    62. (3) Satyagraha and sarvodaya were Mahatma Gandhi’s most significant and revolutionary contributions to contemporary political thought. He felt that the exercise of satyagraha could be carried out through noncooperation. Civil disobedience and non-cooperation as practised under Satyagraha are based on the “law of suffering”, a doctrine that the endurance of suffering is a means to an end. This end usually implies a moral upliftment or progress of an individual or society. Therefore, non-cooperation in Satyagraha is in fact a means to secure the cooperation of the opponent consistently with truth and justice.

    63. The Muslim League advocated a separate Muslim State

    (1) At its birth in 1906
    (2) During the Khilafat Movement
    (3) In 1930, when it opposed the Civil Disobedience Movement
    (4) At the Lahore Session of 1940
    Answer:
    63. (4) In 1940 at the Lahore session of the Muslim League, the demand for a separate state of Pakistan was made. The resolution was presented by A. K. Fazlul Huq. It was based on the two-nation theory. The Muslim League demanded that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in a majority as in the North-Western and Eastern Zones of India should be grouped to constitute Independent States in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign.

    64. Who scripted Gandhiji’s favorite song ‘Vaishnav Jan To ......” ?

    (1) Narsinh Mehta
    (2) Premanand
    (3) Chunilal
    (4) Dharmiklal
    Answer:
    64. (1) Narsingh Mehta was a poet-saint of Gujarat, India, and a member of the Nagar Brahmins community, notable as a bhakta, an exponent of Vaishnava poetry. He is especially revered in Gujarati literature, where he is acclaimed as its Adi Kavi (Sanskrit for “first among poets”). His bhajan, Vaishnav Jan To was Mahatma Gandhi’s favorite and had become synonymous to him. The bhajan tells us about the life, ideals and mentality of a Vaishnav Jana (A follower of Vishnu or Krishna).

    65. Who was the first Indian to be made a fellow of the Royal Society of London ?

    (1) Srinivas Ramanujam
    (2) A.C. Wadia 
    (3) C.V. Raman
    (4) P.C. Mahalanobis
    Answer:
    65. (2) Ardaseer Cursetjee Wadia was the first Indian to be elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society on May 27, 1841 which credited him with both the introduction of gas lighting to Bombay, as well as having “built a [seagoing] vessel of 60 tons to which he adapted a Steam Engine. He was an Indian shipbuilder and engineer.

    66. Which of these battles proved decisive in the Anglo-French rivalry in India ?

    (1) Battle of Wandiwash
    (2) Battle of Assaye
    (3) Battle of Chillianwala
    (4) Battle of Seringapatam
    Answer:
    66. (1) Battle of Wandiawash, (January 22, 1760), in the history of India, was a confrontation between the French, under the comte de Lally, and the British, under Sir Eyre Coote. It was the decisive battle in the Anglo-French struggle in southern India during the Seven Years’ War (1756–63). This was the Third Carnatic War fought between the French and the British.

    67. ‘Do or Die’ is the famous slogan given by

    (1) Mahatma Gandhi
    (2) Vallabhbhai Patel
    (3) Jawaharlal Nehru
    (4) Rajiv Gandhi
    Answer:
    67. (1) In 1942, although still committed in his efforts to “launch a non-violent movement”, Gandhi clarified that the Quit India Movement would not be stopped by individual acts of violence, saying that the “ordered anarchy” of “the present system of administration” was “worse than real anarchy.” He called on all Congressmen and Indians to maintain discipline via ahimsa, and Karo ya maro (“Do or die”) in the cause of ultimate freedom.

    68. The English established their first factory in India at

    (1) Bombay 
    (2) Surat
    (3) Sutanati 
    (4) Madras
    Answer:
    68. (2) The British presence in India dates back to the early part of the seventeenth century. On 31 December, 1600, Elizabeth, then the monarch of the United Kingdom, acceded to the demand of a large body of merchants that a royal charter be given to a new trading company, “The Governor and Company of Merchants of London, Trading into the East-Indies.” Between 1601 and 1613, merchants of the East India Company took twelve voyages to India, and in 1609 William Hawkins arrived at the court of Jahangir to seek permission to establish a British presence in India. Hawkins was rebuffed by Jahangir, but Sir Thomas Roe, who presented himself before the Mughal Emperor in 1617, was rather more successful. Two years later, Roe gained Jahangir’s permission to build a British factory in Surat, and in 1639, this was followed by the founding of Fort St. George (Madras).

    69. In which of the following years, 26th January was celebrated as an independence day ?

    (1) 1930 
    (2) 1929
    (3) 1942 
    (4) 1946
    Answer:
    69. (1) The Purna Swaraj declaration, or Declaration of the Independence of India was promulgated by the Indian National Congress on January 26, 1930, resolving the Congress and Indian nationalists to fight for Purna Swaraj, or complete self-rule independent of the British Empire. The flag of India had been hoisted by Congress President Jawaharlal Nehru on December 31, 1929, on the banks of the Ravi River in Lahore, modern-day Pakistan. The Congress asked the people of India to observe January 26 as Independence Day.

    70. Permanent Revenue Settlement of Bengal was introduced by

    (1) Clive 
    (2) Hastings
    (3) Wellesley 
    (4) Cornwallis
    Answer:
    70. (4) In 1784 British Prime Minister Pitt the Younger tried to alter the Calcutta Administration with Pitt‘s India Act and in the year 1786 Charles Cornwallis was sent out to India to supervise the alteration. In 1786 the Court of Directors of East India Company first proposed The Permanent Settlement Act for Bengal. Between 1786 and 1790 the Governor General Lord Cornwallis and Sir John Shore (the later Governor General himself) debated over whether or not to introduce Permanent settlement Act in Bengal. Shore‘s point of argument was that the native Zamindars could not trust the permanent Settlement and it would take a long time for them to realize the genuineness of this act. But Cornwallis believed that they would immediately accept Permanent Settlement Act and start investing in improving their land. In 1790 the Court of Directors passed a ten-year (Decennial) Settlement
    Act to the Zamindars, which was later changed to Permanent Settlement Act on 1793.

    71. Who spoke : “At the stroke of midnight, when the world sleeps, India awakes to life and freedom” ?

    (1) Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
    (2) Mahatma Gandhi
    (3) Jawaharlal Nehru
    (4) C. Rajagopalachari
    Answer:
    71. (3) Jawaharlal Nehru, gave this following speech as India’s first Prime Minister to the Constituent Assembly in New Delhi at midnight on August 14, 1947: “At the stroke of midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, then an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.”

    72. Who started the first English newspaper in India ?

    (1) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
    (2) Raja Rammohan Roy
    (3) J.A. Hickey
    (4) Lord William Bentinck
    Answer:
    72. (3) The first major newspaper in India—The Bengal Gazette—was started in 1780 under the British Raj by James Augustus Hickey. Other newspapers such as The India Gazette, The Calcutta Gazette, The Madras Courier (1785), The Bombay Herald (1789) etc. soon followed. These newspapers carried news of the areas under the British rule. James Augustus Hicky was a highly eccentric Irishman. The paper ceased publication on March 23, 1782.

    73. The Ahmedabad Satyagraha of Gandhi was directed against

    (1) British mill owners and government officials
    (2) Indian mill owners and non government officials
    (3) British non-government officials
    (4) Indian government officials
    Answer:
    73. (2) A dispute between the textile mill-owners and the labourers at Ahmedabad arose in 1918, about the grant of bonus and dearness allowance. The labourers wanted 50% increase allowance due to steep rise in prices. The mill-owners were ready to give only 20% increase. Gandhi was approached to find a solution. He persuaded both the parties to agree to arbitration. But after a few days, some misunderstanding led to a strike. The mill-owners seized the opportunity and declared lock-out. Gandhi studied the case. He thought that 35% increase would be reasonable. He advised the labourers to demand the same. Regular strike began on the 26th February 1918. This campaign attracted less publicity because it was directed against Indian employers, not government officials. During this episode, the mill-owners was led by Shri Ambalal Sarabhai. His sister Ansuyaben led the labourers.

    74. The former princely state Nahan is part of which State now ?

    (1) Punjab
    (2) Haryana
    (3) Uttarakhand
    (4) Himachal Pradesh
    Answer:
    74. (4) Nahan is a town in Himachal Pradesh in India and is the headquarters of the Sirmaur District. A welllaid out picturesque town, Nahan is situated on a hill top in the Shiwalik Hills, overlooking green hills. Traditionally, saints and princes are linked with the origin of Nahan. The city was founded as a capital by Raja Karan Prakash in 1621. He was very fond of flying kites and he started a tradition of flying kites on rakshabandhan day - a tradition followed till today.

    75. Which town/city in India has got a tower (minaar) named after Muhammad Ali Jinnah ?

    (1) Mumbai 
    (2) Aligarh
    (3) Calicut 
    (4) Guntur
    Answer:
    75. (4) A tower in memory of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Father of Pakistan, stands at Mahatma Gandhi Road in Guntur in Andhra Pradesh.

    76. Who wrote “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna Ab Hamaare Dil Mein Hai” ?

    (1) Mohammed Iqbal
    (2) Ramprasad Bismil
    (3) Kazi Nazrul Islam
    (4) Firaq Gorakhpuri
    Answer:
    76. (2) Sarfaroshi ki Tamanna is a patriotic poem in Urdu, written by Pandit Ram Prasad, ( pen name: Bismil ) he was an Indian Independence Movement leader, known popularly with Kakori Train Robbery, during British Raj in India. The poem was written as an ode to young freedom fighters of the Indian independence movement. It has also been associated with the younger generation of inter-war freedom fighters such as Ashfaqullah Khan, Shaheed Bhagat Singh and Chandrashekhar Azad.

    77. Which of the following Acts gave representation to the Indians for the first time in legislation ?

    (1) Indian Councils Act, 1909
    (2) Indian Councils Act, 1919
    (3) Government of India Act, 1919
    (4) Government of India Act, 1935
    Answer:
    77. (1) The Indian Councils Act 1909, commonly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that brought about a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in the governance of British India. It effectively allowed the election of Indians to the various legislative councils in India for the first time. Previously some Indians had been appointed to legislative councils. The majorities of the councils remained British government appointments. Moreover the electorate was limited to specific classes of Indian nationals. The introduction of the electoral principle laid the groundwork for a parliamentary system even though this was contrary to the intent of Morley.

    78. Punjab was annexed to the British empire during the reign of Governor-General

    (1) Lord Bentick
    (2) Lord Dalhousie
    (3) Lord Cornwallis
    (4) Lord Canning
    Answer:
    78. (2) The Marquis of Dalhousie, the new governor-general, who arrived in India in January 1848 scarcely approved of Hardinge’s “annexation without encumbrances. “ In April 1848 Diwan Mul Raj’s revolt at Multan opened the prospect of a fresh war in the Punjab. On the very day (4 May) Dalhousie received Resident Frederick Currie’s report of the incident at Multan, he wrote to the Home government: “I shall feel it my duty as the servant of the Company and Crown to exact national reparation from the State of Lahore. The Second Anglo-Sikh War took place in 1848 and 1849, between the Sikh Empire and the British East India Company. It resulted in the subjugation of the Sikh Empire, and the annexation of the Punjab and what subsequently became the North-West Frontier Province by the East India Company. 

    79. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer :

    List-I
    A. Lord Clive
    B. Lord Wellesley
    C. Lord Dalhousie
    D. Lord Curzon
    List-II
    1. Subsidiary Alliance
    2. Indian Universities Act
    3. Doctrine of Lapse
    4. Dual Government in Bengal
    (1) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1
    (2) A-4, B-1, C-3, D-2
    (3) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1
    (4) A-1, B-4, C-2, D-3
    Answer:
    79. (2) The doctrine of subsidiary alliance was introduced by Marquess Wellesley, British Governor-General of India from 1798 to 1805. Lord Curzon after becoming the governor general of India sought to introduce the reforms in all fields of administration and also in education. In September 1901, Curzon summoned the highest educational officers of the Government throughout India and representatives of universities at a round table Conference at Shimla. The Conference adopted 150 resolutions which touched almost every conceivable branch of education. This was followed by the appointment of a Commission under the presidency of Sir Thomas Raleigh on 27 January, 1902 to enquire into the condition and prospects of universities in India and to recommend proposals for improving their constitution and working. As a result of the report of the recommendations of the Commission the Indian Universities Act was passed in 1904. The Doctrine of Lapse was an annexation policy purportedly devised by Lord Dalhousie, who was the Governor General for the East India Company in India between 1848 and 1856. The Dual Government of Bengal was a double system of administration, which was introduced by Robert Clive. The British East India Company obtained the actual power; where as the responsibility and charge of administration was entrusted to the Nawab of Bengal.

    80. Who from the following leaders was not assassinated ?

    (1) Mahatma Gandhi
    (2) Liaqat Ali Khan
    (3) Muhammed Ali Jinnah
    (4) Lord Louis Mountbatten
    Answer:
    80. (3) Muhammad Ali Jinnah died at age 71 in September 1948, just over a year after Pakistan gained independence from the British Raj. He died from tuberculosis.

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