History GK Quiz-29

History GK Quiz-29

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    141. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was given the epithet of Lokamanya during

    (1) his imprisonment in 1908
    (2) Home Rule Movement
    (3) Revoelutionary Movement
    (4) Swadeshi Movement
    Answer:
    141. (2) Bal Gangadhar Tilak was conferred with the honorary title of “Lokamanya”, which literally means “Accepted by the people (as their leader)”. He was honored with the title ‘Lokamanya’ in 1893 which became synonymous with him in the 1900. Tilak rejoined the Indian National Congress in 1916. He also helped found the All India Home Rule League in 1916– 18, with G. S. Khaparde and Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Annie Besant. After years of trying to reunite the moderate and radical factions, he gave up and focused on the Home Rule League, which sought selfrule. Tilak traveled from village to village trying to conjure up support from farmers and locals to join the movement towards self-rule.

    142. ‘Do or Die’ (Karenge ya Marenge) — Gandhiji gave this Mantra to the nation on the eve of which mass movement ?

    (1) Rowlatt Satyagraha
    (2) Salt Satyagraha
    (3) Quit India Movement
    (4) Non-Cooperation Movement
    Answer:
    142. (3) The Quit India Movement or the August Movement (August Kranti) was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi’s call for immediate independence. The All-India Congress Committee proclaimed a mass protest demanding what Gandhi called “an orderly British withdrawal” from India. The call for determined, but passive resistance appears in his call to Do or Die, issued on 8 August at the Gowalia Tank Maidan in Bombay.

    143. Which of the following was established by B.R. Ambedkar ?

    (1) Swaraj Party
    (2) Samaj Samata Party
    (3) All India Scheduled Castes Federation
    (4) The Independent Labour Party
    Answer:
    143. (3) Scheduled Castes Federation, was a political party in India, founded by Dr. Ambedkar in 1942 to fight for the rights of the Dalit community. SCF was the successor organization of the Independent Labour Party led by Ambedkar. SCF later evolved into the Republican Party of India.

    144. Who was in favour of a partyless democracy ?

    (1) Jai Prakash Narain
    (2) Bhupendra Nath Dutta
    (3) M.N. Roy
    (4) Jawaharlal Nehru
    Answer:
    144. (1) In India, two great leaders, M.N. Roy and Jayaprakash Narayan, have at different times advocated partyless democracy. Jayprakash Narayan never held a formal position in the government, but remained a leading political personality operating outside party politics. Late in his life, he regained prominence as an active critic of the increasingly authoritarian policies of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, Mohandas Gandhi’s daughter. His reform movement called for “partyless democracy,” decentralization of power, village autonomy and a more representative legislature. Narayan was popular for his Four Theories-Marxism, Democratic Socialism, Partyless Democracy based on Sarvodaya and Total Revolution.

    145. Provincial autonomy was introduced in India by the

    (1) Indian Councils Act, 1909
    (2) Government of India Act, 1919
    (3) Government of India Act, 1935
    (4) Indian Independence Act, 1947
    Answer:
    145. (3) The most significant aspects of the Government of India Act 1935 were: the grant of a large measure of autonomy to the provinces of British India (ending the system of dyarchy introduced by the Government of India Act 1919) and provision for the establishment of a “Federation of India”, to be made up of both British India and some or all of the “princely states”. However, the degree of autonomy introduced at the provincial level was subject to important limitations: the provincial Governors retained important reserve powers, and the British authorities also retained a right to suspend responsible government.

    146. Who was the first Indian Governor-General of India?

    (1) B.R. Ambedkar
    (2) C. Rajagopalachari
    (3) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
    (4) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan
    Answer:
    146. (2) Chakravarti Rajagopalachari informally called Rajaji or C.R., was an Indian lawyer, independence activist, politician, writer and statesman. Rajagopalachari was the last Governor-General of India and the first Indian Governor-General of India. He also served as leader of the Indian National Congress, Premier of the Madras Presidency, Governor of West Bengal, Minister for Home Affairs of the Indian Union and Chief Minister of Madras state. Rajaji founded the Swatantra Party and was one of the first recipients of India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna. He vehemently opposed the use of nuclear weapons and was a proponent of world peace and disarmament. During his lifetime, he also acquired the nickname ‘Mango of Salem’.

    147. In which state was the first Non Congress Government set up in independent India?

    (1) Punjab 
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Maharashtra 
    (4) Kerala
    Answer:
    147. (4) India had non-Congress governments in some states even in 1951, with the first communist government under E.M.S. Namboodiripad in Kerala and a coalition in the Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union (later merged with Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh). As the first non-Indian National Congress Chief Minister in Republic of India, Namboodiripad became the leader of the first democratically elected Communist government in India (San Marino being first in the world).

    148. November 26, 1949 is a significant day in our constitutional history because

    (1) India took a pledge of complete independence on this day
    (2) The Constitution was adopted on this day
    (3) India became a Republic on this day
    (4) The first amendment of the Constitution was passed on this day
    Answer:
    148. (2) The Republic of india is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950. The date 26 January was chosen to commemorate the Purna Swaraj declaration of independence of 1930. With its adoption, the Union of India officially became the modern and contemporary Republic of India and it replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as the country’s fundamental governing document.

    149. The first General Secretary of the Indian National Congress was

    (1) Dadabhai Naoroji
    (2) A.O. Hume
    (3) Ferozeshah Mehta
    (4) Badruddin Tyabji
    Answer:
    149. (2) The Indian National Congress was established in 1885 due to the efforts of A.O. Hume. He not only became its first General Secretary but continued to serve and guide it till his death in 1912.

    150. Raja Rammohan Roy organised a historic agitation against the

    (1) Caste system
    (2) Evil custom of sati
    (3) Degrading position of women in society
    (4) Practice of superfluous religious rituals
    Answer:
    150. (2) The best example of his life-long crusade against social evils was the historic agitation he organized against the inhuman custom of women becoming Sati. When the orthodox Hindus petitioned to Parliament to withhold its approval of Bentinck‘s action of banning the rite of Sati, he organized a counter-petition of enlightened Hindus in favour of Bentinck‘s action.

    151. “Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge.....” This was stated on the night of August 14, 1947 by

    (1) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
    (2) C. Rajagopalachari
    (3) Jawaharlal Nehru
    (4) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
    Answer:
    151. (3) India won independence from Britain by the Indian Independence Act 1947, ending the British Raj. This act, passed in June and receiving royal assent in July, took effect on 15 August 1947. On 15 August 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of free India, addressed the Constituent Assembly. In his famous speech, Tryst with Destiny, he declared the end of the colonial era and called on citizens to recognize the promise and opportunity of the moment: “Long years ago, we made a tryst with destiny. Now the time has come when we shall redeem our pledge - not wholly or in full measure - but very substantially.”

    152. The Indian National Congress had passed the famous resolution on “Non-Cooperation” in 1920 at its session held at

    (1) Lucknow 
    (2) Delhi
    (3) Bombay 
    (4) Calcutta
    Answer:
    152. (4) Gandhi urged the Congress to launch a Non-Cooperation Movement on three issues, which were; redressal of the wrongs committed in Punjab that entailed the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the atrocities related to the marital laws, the Khilafat wrong and accomplishment of swaraj. In September, 1920, a special session of the Congress, presided by Lala Lajpat Rai was convened at Calcutta that sought to approve the scheme. In December 1920, at the Nagpur Congress, the resolution on Non-Cooperation was repeated again. The programme and policies of the Non-Cooperation Movement that was adopted at the special session of the Congress in Calcutta and restated at the Nagpur session included; promotion of swadeshi and boycott of foreign made articles, surrender of honorary posts and titles, rejection of official Durbars, progressive rejection by lawyers of British courts, boycott of elections appointing new Councils, refusal by clerks and soldiers to serve in Mesopotamia and boycott of Government run and state assisted schools.

    153. Who is known as the ‘Grand Old Man of India’?

    (1) Dadabhai Naoroji
    (2) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
    (3) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
    (4) Surendranath Banerjee
    Answer:
    153. (1) Dadabhai Naoroji, known as the Grand Old Man of India, was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political and social leader. His book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India brought attention to the draining of India’s wealth into Britain. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895, and the first Asian to be a British MP. He is also credited with the founding of the Indian National Congress, along with A.O. Hume and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha.

    154. Which of the following can be considered as the most useful and outstanding reforms made by Lord Curzon, especially in respect of the people living in the undivided province of Punjab?

    (1) Educational Reforms
    (2) Police Reforms
    (3) Industrial Reforms
    (4) Agricultural Reforms
    Answer:
    154. (4) Curzon introduced some reforms in agriculture. He passed the Punjab Land alienation Act of 1902. Under this act Curzon declared the land of agriculture will not be transferred to non-agriculturist. In this way he protected the farmers from money lander class.

    155. ‘Dyarchy’ was introduced in the Government of India Act of

    (1) 1909 
    (2)1919
    (3) 1935 
    (4)None of these
    Answer:
    155. (2) Dyarchy was the system of double government introduced by the Government of India Act (1919) for the provinces of British India. It marked the first introduction of the democratic principle into the executive branch of the British administration of India. Though much-criticized, it signified a breakthrough in British Indian government and was the forerunner of India’s full provincial autonomy (1935) and independence (1947). Dyarchy was introduced as a constitutional reform by Edwin Samuel Montagu (secretary of state for India, 1917–22) and Lord Chelmsford (viceroy of India, 1916–21).

    156. The transfer of Government from the ‘Company’ to the ‘Crown’ was pronounced by Lord Canning (November 1, 1858) at

    (1) Calcutta 
    (2) Delhi
    (3) Patna 
    (4) Allahabad
    Answer:
    156. (4) The first Viceroy of India Lord Canning organized a Durbar at Allahabad on in November 1, 1858, in which he legally declared the assumption of power by Queen Victoria. It was in this durbar that authority was transferred from the East India Company to the Crown. On that occasion Lord Canning also had read out the Queen‘s proclamation to the princes and people of India. The British Government ordered its servants in India not to interfere in the religious affairs of the Indians. In framing and administering law in India, due regard was to be shown to the customs, ancient rites and usages of the Indians.

    157. The Indian National Congress and the Muslim League came closer to each other in 1916 at

    (1) Lahore 
    (2) Amritsar
    (3) Lucknow 
    (4) Haripura
    Answer:
    157. (3) Lucknow Pact, (December 1916) refers to an agreement made by the Indian National Congress headed by Maratha leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the AllIndia Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah; it was adopted by the Congress at its Lucknow session on December 29 and by the league on December 31, 1916. The meeting at Lucknow marked the reunion of the moderate and radical wings of the Congress. The pact dealt both with the structure of the government of India and with the relation of the Hindu and Muslim communities.

    158. Permanent Revenue Settlement of Bengal was introduced by

    (1) Clive 
    (2) Hastings
    (3) Wellesley 
    (4) Cornwallis
    Answer:
    158. (4) Cornwallis’s greatest achievement in India was the reorganization of the land taxation, known as the Permanent Settlement of 1793. Agricultural land in Bengal was cultivated by a large number of small farmers, who paid rent to a group of Zamindars (landowners). Under the Mughals, the government had collected taxes from the Zamindars. The East India Company, however, had tried to set aside the Zamindars, and collect land taxes either directly through company officials, or through revenue-farmers, who collected the rent from peasants and paid a lump sum to the government. The new system led to widespread corruption, and the peasants suffered severely. Cornwallis decided to go back to the old Mughal system. He granted legal ownership of their land to the Zamindars. In return, they had to pay the government 90 per cent of the rent which they collected from the farmers. These arrangements were to last for ever, hence the title “permanent settlement.”

    159. Who propounded the theory of ‘Economic Drain of India’ during British imperialism?

    (1) W.C. Bannerji
    (2) Dadabhai Naoroji
    (3) Gopalkrishna Gokhale
    (4) Gandhiji
    Answer:
    159. (2) The acknowledged high priest of the drain theory was Dadabhai Naoroji. It was in may 1867 that Dadabhai Naoroji put forward the idea that Britain was draining India. From then on for nearly half a century he launched a raging campaign against the drain, hammering at the theme through every possible form of public communication. The drain he declared, was the basic cause of India’s poverty and the fundamental evil of British rule in India.

    160. Which is the oldest trade union organisation in India?

    (1) Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)
    (2) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU)
    (3) All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC)
    (4) Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS)
    Answer:
    160. (3) The All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) is the oldest trade union federations in India and one of the five largest. It was founded on 31 October, 1920 in Bombay by Lala Lajpat Rai and a few others and, until 1945 when unions became organised on party lines; it was the primary trade union organisation in India. Since then it has been associated with the Communist Party of India.

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