History GK Quiz-32

History GK Quiz-32

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    201. In which session of the Indian National Congress did the historic union of Congress and Muslim League take place?

    (1) Surat 
    (2) Bombay
    (3) Calcutta 
    (4) Lucknow
    Answer:
    201. (4) Lucknow Pact, (December 1916) was a famous agreement made by the Indian National Congress headed by Maratha leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the All-India Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah which was adopted by the Congress at its Lucknow session on December 29 and by the league on December 31, 1916. The meeting at Lucknow marked the reunion of the moderate and radical wings of the Congress. The pact dealt both with the structure of the government of India and with the relation of the Hindu and Muslim communities.

    202. Who attended the Imperial Durbar of 1877 dressed in hand-spun Khadi ?

    (1) M.K. Gandhi
    (2) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
    (3) Bipin Chandra Pal
    (4) Ganesh Vasudev Joshi
    Answer:
    202. (4) Called the “Proclamation Durbar”, the Durbar of 1877 was held beginning on 1 January 1877 to designate the coronation and proclaim Queen Victoria as Empress of India. The 1877 Durbar was largely an official event and not a popular occasion with mass appeal like 1903 and 1911. It was attended by the 1st Earl of Lytton - Viceroy of India, maharajas, Nawabs and intellectuals. It was at this glittering durbar that a man in “homespun spotless white khadi” rose to read a citation on behalf of the Pune Sarvajanik Sabha. Ganesh Vasudeo Joshi put forth a demand couched in very polite language:
    “We beg of Her Majesty to grant to India the same political and social status as is enjoyed by her British
    subjects.” With this demand, it can be said that the campaign for a free India was formally launched.

    203. Who was the founder-editor of the famous newspaper ‘Kesari’ during the National Struggle ?

    (1) Mahatma Gandhi
    (2) Jawaharlal Nehru
    (3) Lokmanya Tilak
    (4) Muhammad Iqbal
    Answer:
    203. (3) Kesari is a newspaper founded in 1881 by Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a prominent leader of the Indian Independence movement. Tilak used to run his two newspapers, the Kesari, in Marathi and Maratha in English from Kesari Wada.

    204. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists :

    List - I
    a. Sarojini Naidu
    b. M.A. Jinnah
    c. Tej Bahadur Sapru
    d. V.D. Savarkar
    List - II
    1. Muslim League
    2. Indian National Congress
    2. Hindu Mahasabha
    4. Liberal Party
    Code :
    a b c d
    (1) 2 1 4 3
    (2) 2 1 3 4
    (3) 2 4 1 3
    (4) 4 1 3 2
    Answer:
    204. (1) By 1940, under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the All-India Muslim League for the first time, demanded the establishment of a Muslim state (Pakistan), despite the opposition of the Indian National Congress. Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha was founded in 1915, as an alternative for Hindus who were not attracted to the secular Indian National Congress and sought to oppose the Muslim separatism of the Muslim League under the leadership of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. The Liberal Party of India was a political organization espousing liberal, pro-British points of view in the politics of India under the British Raj. Its most prominent leaders were Tej Bahadur Sapru, V. S. Srinivasa Sastri and M. R. Jayakar. Sarojini Naidu was the second Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the Governor of Uttar Pradesh state.

    205. Who was the only Indian to be elected as President of the United Nations General Assembly ?

    (1) Vijayalakshmi Pandit
    (2) V.K. Krishna Menon
    (3) Jawaharlal Nehru
    (4) Rajeshwar Dayal
    Answer:
    205. (1) Vijaya Lakshmi Nehru Pandit was an Indian diplomat and politician, the sister of Jawaharlal Nehru. Between 1946 and 1968 she headed the Indian delegation to the United Nations. In 1953, she became the first woman President of the United Nations General Assembly.

    206. What was the reason for Gandhiji’s support to decentralisation of power ?

    (1) Decentralisation ensures more participation of the people into democracy
    (2) India had decentralisation of power in the past
    (3) Decentralisation was essential for the economic development of the country
    (4) Decentralisation can prevent communalism
    Answer:
    206. (3) Gandhi’s greatest contribution to the social thought of this century is perhaps his insistence on decentralization of the means of production (i.e. say economic power). According to him, large-scale industrialism is at the base of the centralization of political power in few hands. It is in the very nature of largescale industries to centralize economic power in the hands of a few individuals. Under capitalism this power comes to be concentrated in the hands of individual capitalists and under socialism it is arrogated by managers, technocrats and bureaucrats.

    207. Which of the following, according to Mahatma Gandhi, is the strongest force in the world?

    (1) Non-violence of the brave
    (2) Non-violence of the weak
    (3) Non-violence of the coward
    (4) Non-violence of the downtrodden
    Answer:
    207. (1) According to Gandhi, Non violence is not passive. It is active, creative, provocative and challenging. Gandhi described non-violence as “A force more powerful than all the weapons of world combined.” “Non violence is the greatest and most active force in the world.” Gandhi wrote, “It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of humanity. When we tap into the spirit of non-violence, it becomes contagious and can topple empires.” According to Gandhi one should be brave and not a coward. He should present his views, suggestions and thoughts without being violent. One should fight a war with the weapons of truth and non violence.

    208. Who among the following were members of the Swaraj Party?

    (a) Motilal Nehru
    (b) Sardar Patel
    (c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
    (1) a and b 
    (2) a only
    (3) b and c 
    (4) a, b and c
    Answer:
    208. (2) In December 1922, Chittaranjan Das, Narasimha Chintaman Kelkar and Motilal Nehru formed the Congress-Khilafat Swarajaya Party with Das as the president and Nehru as one of the secretaries. Other prominent leaders included Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and Subhas Chandra Bose of Bengal, Vithalbhai Patel and other Congress leaders who were becoming dissatisfied with the Congress.

    209. Where are the traces of Portuguese culture found in India?

    (1) Goa 
    (2) Calicut
    (3) Cannanore 
    (4) Cochin
    Answer:
    209. (1) Goa is a former Portuguese colony, the Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India existed for about 450 years until it was annexed by India in 1961. In 1510, the Portuguese defeated the ruling Bijapur kings with the help of a local ally, Timayya, leading to the establishment of a permanent settlement in Velha Goa (or Old Goa). In 1843 the capital was moved to Panjim from Velha Goa. By the mid-18th century the area under occupation had expanded to most of Goa’s present day state limits. Simultaneously the Portuguese lost other possessions in India until their borders stabilized and formed the Estado da India Portuguesa, of which Goa was the largest territory.

    210. The British introduced the railways in India in order to

    (1) promote heavy industries in India
    (2) facilitate British commerce and administrative control
    (3) move foodstuff in case of famine
    (4) enable Indians to move freely within the country
    Answer:
    210. (2) The history of rail transport in India began in the mid-nineteenth century. In 1849, there was not a single kilometer of railway line in India. By 1929, there were 66,000 km of railway lines serving most of the districts in the country. At that point of time, the railways represented a capital value of some British Sterling Pounds 687 million. The primary purpose for the introduction of railways was to serve the colonial interests in a better way. Besides, the Revolt of 1857 had shown how vulnerable and fragile the roots of British rule could be. So Railways were introduced to organize administration in a better way and facilitate British commercial interests in India.

    211. According to Dadabhai Naoroji ‘Swaraj’ meant

    (1) Complete independence
    (2) Self government
    (3) Economic independence
    (4) Political independence
    Answer:
    211. (2) Dadabhai Naoroji in his Presidential address at the National Congress in Calcutta said,” We must have Swaraj on the lines granted to Canada and Australia, which is our sole aim.” For him Swaraj meant administration of affairs in a country by her own people on their own strength in accordance with the welfare of the people without even nominal suzerainty.

    212. Which religious reformer of Western India was known as ‘Lokhitwadi’ ?

    (1) Gopal Hari Deshmukh
    (2) R.G. Bhandarkar
    (3) Mahadev Govind Ranade
    (4) B.G. Tilak
    Answer:
    212. (1) Gopal Hari Deshmukh was a social reformer from Maharashtra, India. At age 25, Deshmukh started writing articles aimed at social reform in Maharashtra in the weekly Prabhakar under the pen name Lokhitawadi. In the first two years, he penned 108 articles on social reform. That group of articles has come to be known in Marathi literature as Lokhitawadinchi Shatapatre.

    213. Who was the first Governor– General of Bengal?

    (1) Robert Clive
    (2) Warren Hastings
    (3) William Bentinck
    (4) Cornwallis
    Answer:
    213. (2) Warren Hastings was appointed the first Governor-General of Bengal in 1773. He was the first Governor-General of India, from 1773 to 1785. He was famously accused of corruption in an impeachment in 1787, but was acquitted in 1795. He was made a Privy Councillor in 1814.

    214. Which scripture was called his ‘mother’ by Gandhiji ?

    (1) Ramayana
    (2) The New Testament
    (3) Bhagwat Gita
    (4) The Holy Quran
    Answer:
    214. (3) Gandhi called the Gita his ‘mother,’ and his ‘spiritual reference book.’ It has seemed contradictory to many that a scripture that affirms the duty to kill is the basis for nonviolence. Gandhi explained that the story is not meant to be taken literally. Its meaning is that in order to reach self actualization, we must “kill” what is most dear to us; i.e., shed our personal attachments.

    215. The Quit India Movement was launched in 1942 in the month of

    (1) January 
    (2) March
    (3) August 
    (4) December
    Answer:
    215. (3) The Quit India Movement, or the August Movement (August Kranti) was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi’s call for immediate independence.

    216. Match the following :

    Column-I
    (A) Keshab Sen
    (B) Dayanand Saraswati
    (C) Atmaram Pandurang
    (D) Syed Ahmad Khan
    Column-II
    1. Prarthana Samaj
    2. Brahmo Samaj
    3. Aligarh Movement
    4. Arya Samaj
    A B C D
    (1) 4 1 3 2
    (2) 1 4 2 3
    (3) 2 4 1 3
    (4) 3 2 4 1
    Answer:
    216. (3) Keshub Chunder Sen founded his own breakaway “Brahmo Samaj of India” in 1866. Dayananda Saraswati was an important Hindu religious scholar, reformer, and founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement. Prarthna Samaj was founded by Dr. Atmaram Pandurang in 1867 with an aim to make people believe in one God and worship only one God. Aligarh Movement was the movement led by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, to educate the Muslims of the South Asia after the defeat of the rebels in the Indian rebellion of 1857.

    217. Who was the first English President of the Indian National Congress ?

    (1) George Yule
    (2) William Wedderburn
    (3) A.O. Hume
    (4) Henry Cotton
    Answer:
    217. (1) George Yule was a Scottish merchant in England and India who served as the fourth President of the Indian National Congress in 1888, the first non-Indian to hold that office. He was founder of George Yule & Co. of London, and headed Andrew Yule & Co., of Calcutta. He served as Sheriff of Calcutta and as President of the Indian Chamber of Commerce.

    218. Which one of the following personalities is known as ‘Grand Old Man of India’ ?

    (1) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
    (2) Dadabhai Naoroji
    (3) Motilal Nehru
    (4) Lala Lajpat Rai
    Answer:
    218. (2) Dadabhai Naoroji, of Bombay Parsee origin, is the “Grand Old Man of India” and the “Father of Indian Nationalism” who worked with perseverance and unshakeable faith towards the goal of Swaraj was the first Indian to claim self-government for his people. Dadabhai Naoroji was also the first Indian to show that India was being drained of its wealth under the British rule and thus was fast succumbing to poverty. He played a key role in founding the Indian National Congress in 1885 and was associated with the organisation till his death.

    219. The pledge for “Poorna Swaraj” was taken at the Congress Session of

    (1) Calcutta 
    (2) Lahore
    (3) Allahabad 
    (4) Madras
    Answer:
    219. (2) In December 1929, the Congress held its annual session at Lahore. Jawaharlal Nehru was the president at this session. In this session, the Congress declared ‘Purna Swaraj’ or Complete Independence as its ultimate goal. It asked all Congressmen and nationalists not to participate in elections to the legislatures and to resign from the legislatures. It was decided that 26 January would be henceforth observed as the Independence Day every year. To achieve the aim of complete independence, the Congress decided to launch another mass movement – the Civil Disobedience Movement.

    220. Who was the founder of the ‘Servants of India Society’ ?

    (1) G.K. Gokhale
    (2) M.G. Ranade
    (3) B.G. Tilak
    (4) Bipin Chandra Pal
    Answer:
    220. (1) The Servants of India Society was formed in Pune, Maharashtra, on June 12, 1905 by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who left the Deccan Education Society to form this association. Along with him were a small group of educated Indians, as Natesh Appaji Dravid, Gopal Krishna Deodhar and Anant Patwardhan who wanted to promote social and human development and overthrow the British rule in India. The Society organized many campaigns to promote education, sanitation, health care and fight the social evils of untouchability and discrimination, alcoholism, poverty, oppression of women and domestic abuse.

    यह भी देखे:









































    Post a Comment

    0 Comments