History GK Quiz-34

History GK Quiz-34

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    241. At which place in Bengal was the East India Company given permission to trade and build a factory by the Mughals in 1651?

    (1) Calcutta 
    (2) Qasim Bazar
    (3) Singur 
    (4) Burdwan
    Answer:
    241. (2) The first factory in the interior of Bengal was established in 1651 at Hughli. This was followed by other factories at Patna and Qasim Bazar. The correct answer of this question should be Hughli, but since the option is not given, the correct answer will be Qasim Bazar. Calcutta was established by Job Charnock, in late 17th century.

    242. Who gave the slogan "Inquilab Zindabad" ?

    (1) Chandrashekhar Azad
    (2) Subhash Chandra Bose
    (3) Bhagat Singh
    (4) Iqbal
    Answer:
    242. (3) Inquilab Zindabad is an Urdu phrase which translates to “Long Live the Revolution!”It was a revolutionary chant during the British rule over India. It was popularized in the activities of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association by socialist revolutionaries such as Ashfaqulla Khan, Bhagat Singh and Chandrashekhar Azad, who used it to urge future generations to endorse and support the political party’s rebellious actions. Bhagat Singh’s call, Inquilab Zindabad! became the war-cry of the fight for freedom.

    243. The System of Dyarchy was introduced in India in

    (1) 1909 
    (2) 1935
    (3) 1919 
    (4) 1945
    Answer:
    243. (3) The Government of India Act 1919 provided a dual form of government (a “dyarchy”) for the major provinces. In each such province, control of some areas of government, the “transferred list”, were given to a Government of ministers answerable to the Provincial Council. The ‘transferred list’ included Agriculture, supervision of local government, Health and Education. The Provincial Councils were enlarged. At the same time, all other areas of government (the ‘reserved list’) remained under the control of the Viceroy. The ‘reserved list’ included Defence (the military), Foreign Affairs, and Communications. 

    244. The Editor of ‘Young India’ and ‘Harijan’ was

    (1) Nehru
    (2) Ambedkar
    (3) Mahatma Gandhi
    (4) Subash Chandra Bose
    Answer:
    244. (3) Indian Opinion, Young India, Harijan were famous weeklies of Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi, in a journalistic career spanning nearly four decades, edited six journals. Between 1933 and 1940, Harijan (English), Harijan Bandu (Gujarati) and Harijan Sevak (Hindi) became the Mahatma’s voice to the people of India. These newspapers found the Mahatma concentrating on social and economic problems.

    245. Who of the following attended all the Three Round Table Conferences ?

    (1) B.R. Ambedkar
    (2) M.M.Malavia
    (3) Vallabhbhai Patel
    (4) Gandhiji
    Answer:
    245. (1) Dr. Ambedkar attended all the three Round Table Conferences in London and each time, forcefully projected his views in the interest of the ‘untouchable’. He exhorted the downtrodden sections to raise their living standards and to acquire as much political power as possible. He was of the view that there was no future for untouchables in the Hindu religion and they should change their religion if need be. In 1935, he publicly proclaimed,” I was born a Hindu because I had no control over this but I shall not die a Hindu”.

    246. The call of "Back to the Vedas" was given by :

    (1) Swami Vivekananda
    (2) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
    (3) Aurobindo Ghosh
    (4) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
    Answer:
    246. (2) ‘Back to Vedas’ was Swami Dayanand Saraswati’s call when he established the Arya Samaj. By exhorting the nation to reject superstitious notions, his aim was to educate the nation to ‘Go back to the Vedas’. He wanted the people who followed Hinduism to go back to its roots and to follow the Vedic life, which he pointed out. By doing this, he felt that Hindus would be able to improve the depressive religious, social, political, and economic conditions prevailing in India in his times.

    247. Simon Commission was boycotted by the nationalist leaders of India because :

    (1) they felt that it was only an eyewash
    (2) all the members of the Commission were English
    (3) the members of the Commission were biased against India
    (4) it did not meet the demands of the Indians
    Answer:
    247. (2) Simon Commission was primarily boycotted because it had no Indian members. The Commission was a group of seven British Members of Parliament that had been dispatched to India in 1927 to study constitutional reform in India.

    248. Who among the following British persons admitted the Revolt of 1857 as a national revolt ?

    (1) Lord Dalhousie
    (2) Lord Canning
    (3) Lord Ellenborough
    (4) Disraeli
    Answer:
    248. (4) Benjamin Disraeli, the leader of the conservative party of England has called it a “National revolt.” “The motives of leadership of revolt, geographical extent of the sway of revolt, its loose organizational infrastructure and the fragile basis of national consciousness at that moment do not provide substance to the so-called characterization of sepoy mutiny as “National struggle.”

    249. The communal electorate was introduced for the first time in India in

    (1) 1919 
    (2) 1935
    (3) 1906 
    (4) 1909
    Answer:
    249. (4) The Government of India Act of 1909—also known as the Morley-Minto Reforms granted separate electorates and communal representation to Muslims. This was for the first time that, electorate for returning to the representatives to the councils was decided on the basis of class & community.

    250. The two states which had nonCongress Ministries in 1937 were

    (1) Bengal and Punjab
    (2) Punjab and NWFP
    (3) Madras and Central Provinces
    (4) Bihar and Uttar Pradesh
    Answer:
    250. (1) Provincial elections were held in British India in the winter of 1936-37 as mandated by the Government of India Act 1935. Elections were held in eleven provinces - Madras, Central Provinces, Bihar, Orissa, United Provinces, Bombay Presidency, Assam, NWFP, Bengal, Punjab and Sindh. The Indian National Congress emerged in power in all the provinces except for three - Bengal, Punjab, and Sindh. The AllIndia Muslim League failed to form the government in any province.

    251. Through which principle/device did Mahatma Gandhi strive to bridge economic inequalities?

    (1) Abolition of machinery
    (2) Establishment of village industries
    (3) Adoption of non-violence
    (4) Trusteeship theory
    Answer:
    251. (4) Trusteeship is a socio-economic philosophy that was propounded by Mahatma Gandhi. It provides a means by which the wealthy people would be the trustees of trusts that looked after the welfare of the people in general. This concept was condemned by socialists as being in favor of the landlords, feudal princes and the capitalists.

    252. Which one of the following was the first English ship that came to India ?

    (1) Elizabeth 
    (2) Bengal
    (3) Red Dragon 
    (4) Mayflower
    Answer:
    252. (3) Formed on 31 December, 1600, the East India Company’s first voyage departed on 13 February 1601. The flagship of the five-vessel fleet was the Scourge of Malice, purchased from the Earl of Cumberland for 3700 pounds. On a more peaceful mission, the East India Company renamed the vessel the Red Dragon. The other vessels in the fleet were the Hector (300 tons), Ascension (260 tons), Susan (240 tons) and the Gift, a small victualler.

    253. The All India Muslim League was founded by

    (1) Maulana Ahmed Ali
    (2) Mohammad Ali Jinnah
    (3) Agha Khan
    (4) Hakim Ajmal Khan
    Answer:
    253. (3) The All-India Muslim League was founded by the All India Muhammadan Educational Conference at Dhaka (now Bangladesh), in 1906. Aga Khan III was one of the founders and the first president of the AllIndia Muslim League, and served as President of the League of Nations from 1937-38. He was nominated to represent India to the League of Nations in 1932. He was instrumental in the creation of Pakistan.

    254. Gandhiji was influenced by the writings of

    (1) Karl Marx
    (2) Thomas Hobbes
    (3) Charles Darwin
    (4) Leo Tolstoy
    Answer:
    254. (4) After coming to South Africa, Gandhi started a study of a wide range of literature and Tolstoy’s works were among those which influenced him the most. He went through a time of religious ferment, engaging in wide-ranging religious discussions and reading eclectically among the religious texts that came his way. One of these texts was Tolstoy’s book on living an authentic Christian life. Gandhi commented: “Tolstoy’s The Kingdom of God is Within You overwhelmed me. It left an abiding impression on me. Before the independent thinking, profound morality, and the truthfulness of this book, all the books given me by Mr. Coates seemed to pale into insignificance.”

    255. The Governor-General who abolished the practice of Sati was

    (1) Dalhousie
    (2) Ripon
    (3) William Bentinck
    (4) Curzon
    Answer:
    255. (3) Lord William Bentinck was responsible for the abolition of Sati and Thugee. Both of these customs involved death. The only difference was that in case of Sati the death took place voluntarily and in the case of Thugee it was inflicted by the Thugs on others. By regulation of December 1829, Bentinck declared the practise of Sati as illegal and punishable as “culpable homicide”. There was no strong opposition from the orthodox sections of society but Bentinck had the courage of a reformer and he carried out the reform.

    256. In which year did Gandhiji start Satyagraha Movement ?

    (1) 1919 
    (2) 1927
    (3) 1934 
    (4) 1942
    Answer:
    256. (1) The first Satyagraha revolutions inspired by Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian Independence Movement occurred in Kheda district of Gujarat and the Champaran district of Bihar between the years of 1917 and 1919. Champaran Satyagraha was the first to be started but the word Satyagraha was used for the first time in Anti Rowlatt agitation.

    257. Where was the Royal Durbar held on November 1st, 1858 to issue the Queen’s proclamation?

    (1) Lucknow 
    (2) Cawnpore
    (3) Delhi 
    (4) Kanpur
    Answer:
    257. (*) On November 1, 1858, a grand Darbar was held at Allahabad. Lord Canning sent forth the royal proclamation which announced that the queen had assumed the government of India. This proclamation declared the future policy of the British Rule in India. The document was called “Magna Carta of the People of India” and was declared in eloquent words the principles of justice and religious toleration as the guiding policy of the queen’s rule. The document also granted amnesty to all except those who had directly taken part in the murder of British subjects. Peace was proclaimed throughout India on July 8, 1859. The armies of the East India Company ceased to exist and the forces in India were incorporated as an integral part of the British army.

    258. Who is called as the ‘Prophet of New India’ ?

    (1) Dayanand Saraswati
    (2) Sri Ramakrishna
    (3) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
    (4) Swami Vivekananda
    Answer:
    258. (2) Swami Vivekananda called Swami Ramkrishna as the “Prophet of New India’. Ramakrishna, born Gadadhar Chattopadhyay, was a famous mystic of 19thcentury India. His religious school of thought led to the formation of the Ramakrishna Mission by his chief disciple Swami Vivekananda.

    259. Who declared “Swaraj is my birth right and I shall have it”?

    (1) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
    (2) Bal Gangadhara Tilak
    (3) Lala Lajpat Rai
    (4) K.T. Telang
    Answer:
    259. (2) Bal Gangadhar Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of "Swaraj" (self-rule) and a strong radical in Indian consciousness. His famous quote, "Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!" is wellremembered in India even today. Known as the father of the Indian unrest, Tilak was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement.

    260. The Indian council Act of 1909 was popularly known as :

    (1) Parliament Act
    (2) Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms
    (3) Minto-Morely Reforms
    (4) The Judiciary Act
    Answer:
    260. (3) The Indian Councils Act 1909, commonly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms, was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that brought about a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in the governance of British India. It effectively allowed the election of Indians to the various legislative councils in India for the first time.

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