History GK Quiz-35

History GK Quiz-35

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    261. Federal form of Government at the centre was introduced in India under :

    (1) Government of India Act of 1919
    (2) Indian Councils Act of 1909
    (3) Government of India Act of 1935
    (4) Indian Independence Act of 1947
    261. (3) The Government of India Act 1935 made provision for the establishment of a "Federation of India", to be made up of both British India and some or all of the "princely states." The parts of the Act intended to establish the Federation of India never came into operation, due to opposition from rulers of the princely states.

    262. ‘Royal Asiatic Society’ was founded by

    (1) Sir William Jones
    (2) Sir John Marshall
    (3) R. D. Banerjee
    (4) Sir William Bentick
    262. (1) The Asiatic Society was founded by Sir William Jones on January 15, 1784 in a meeting presided over by Sir Robert Chambers, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court at the Fort William in Calcutta, then capital of the British Raj, to enhance and further the cause of Oriental research. In 1832 the name was changed to "The Asiatic Society of Bengal" and again in 1936 it was renamed as "The Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal."

    263. The Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) fought in the Second World War against–

    (1) Germany 
    (2) Japan
    (3) Italy 
    (4) Great Britain
    263. (4) Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II. The aim of the army was to secure Indian independence with Japanese assistance.

    264. Indian Universities Act, 1904 was passed during the governorship of

    (1) Lord Lytton
    (2) Lord Curzon
    (3) Lord Ripon
    (4) Lord Hardinge-I
    264. (2) Lord Curzon was the first person to appoint a commission on University education. On January 27, 1902, the Indian University Commission was appointed under the Chairmanship of Sir Thomas
    Ralley to enquire into the conditions of the Universities established in British India, and to consider and report upon the proposals for improving their constitution and working. The Indian Universities Act of 1904, passed on March, 21 was formulated on the basis of the recommendations of the Indian University Commission of 1902.

    265. The hero of the Kakori ‘Dacoity’ case was

    (1) Ramprasad Bismil
    (2) Bhagat Singh
    (3) Batukeshwar Datta
    (4) Barkatulla
    265. (1) In the Kakori Rail Dacoity which took place on August 9, 1925, Ramprasad Bismil along with his nine revolutionary followers looted the British government's money from the guard's carriage. The incident jolted the government and they issued arrest warrants against the participants and other leaders of the Hindusthan Republican Association. Ramprasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri and Roshan Singh were sentenced to death by the British. 

    266. The person responsible for introducing the conception of Dyarchy in the1919 Act was

    (1) Montague
    (2) Tez Bahadur Sapru
    (3) Lionel Curtis
    (4) Chelmsford
    266. (1) Dyarchy was introduced as a constitutional reform by Edwin Samuel Montagu (secretary of state for India, 1917–22) and Lord Chelmsford (viceroy of India, 1916–21). It marked the first introduction of the democratic principle into the executive branch of the British administration of India. Though much-criticized, it signified a breakthrough in British Indian government and was the forerunner of India’s full provincial autonomy (1935) and independence (1947).

    267. Tricolour was adopted as the National Flag in—

    (1) Lahore Congress
    (2) Belgaum Congress
    (3) Allahabad Congress
    (4) Haripura Congress
    267. (1) Jawaharlal Nehru became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress at its annual session in Lahore on 29 December, 1929. At that session, the Indian National Congress adopted the attainment of Poorna Swaraj as the immediate objective of India and the tricolor was unfurled on the banks of Ravi River. A consensus on the tricolour flag was reached at the AICC meet at Karachi in 1931. The flag was interpreted as saffron for courage, white for truth and peace, and green for faith and prosperity.

    268. Who presided over the first Session of the Indian National Congress?

    (1) A.O. Hume
    (2) W.C. Bannerjee
    (3) Surendranth Bannerjee
    (4) Badruddin Tyabji
    268. (2) Womesh Chandra Banerjee was an Indian barrister and was the first president of Indian National Congress in 1885. He was the first Indian to contest the election for British House of Commons. However he lost the election.

    269. When was the Dandi March undertaken?

    (1) 31st December, 1929
    (2) 12th March, 1930
    (3) 5th April, 1930
    (4) 5th May, 1930
    269. (2) On March 12, 1930, Gandhi and 78 satyagrahis many of them were scheduled castes, set out on foot for the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat, over 390 kilometres (from their starting point at Sabarmati Ashram. Salt March was also called the White Flowing river because all the people were joining the procession wearing white khadi.

    270. Who was the first propounder of the Doctrine of Passive Resistance?

    (1) B.G. Tilak
    (2) Aurobindo Ghosh
    (3) Lajpat Rai
    (4) G. K. Gokhale
    270. (2) Sri Aurobindo wrote The Doctrine of Passive Resistance as a series of articles first appearing in the Indian daily Bande Mataram under the general title of New Thought from April 11 to April 23, 1907. It was here that the doctrine was enunciated and explained. It was brought out in 1948 in book form and named The Doctrine of Passive Resistance.

    271. Who was the Congress President during 1940-46?

    (1) Jawaharlal Nehru
    (2) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
    (3) Maulana Azad
    (4) Rajendra Prasad
    271. (3) Abul Kalam Azad served as Congress President from 1940 to 1945, during which the Quit India rebellion was launched and Azad was imprisoned with the entire Congress leadership for three years. Azad became the most prominent Muslim opponent of the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan and served in the interim national government. Following India's independence, he became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government. He was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna in 1992.

    272. What are the Morley-Minto Reforms of 1909 known for?

    (1) Separate Electorates
    (2) Provincial Dyarchy
    (3) Provincial Autonomy
    (4) Federalism
    272. (1) Separate electorates were given statutory recognition in the Indian Councils Act of 1909. Muslims were accorded not only the right to elect their representatives by separate electorates, but also the right to vote in general constituencies. In addition, they were also given weightage in representation.

    273. What was meant by the Secretary of State for India during the British rule?

    (1) An official who worked as the Secretary to the Viceroy of India
    (2) A Secretary level official appointed in each Presidency of India
    (3) A British minister given full control over the Government of India
    (4) A senior officer appointed by the Viceroy to look into the internal administration in India
    273. (3) The Secretary of State for India was the British Cabinet minister responsible for the government of India, Burma and Aden, and the political head of the India Office. The post was created in 1858 when the East India Company's rule in India ended and British India was brought under the direct administration of the government in London, beginning a period often called the British Raj. Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby, was the first Secretary of State for India.

    274. ‘Lucknow Pact’ was a deal between

    (1) Indians and the British about legislative seats
    (2) Hindus and Muslims regarding seat sharing in legislatures
    (3) Depressed castes and Brahmins about job reservations
    (4) Hindus and Sikhs about job reservations
    274. (2) The Lucknow Pact was an agreement made by the Indian National Congress headed by Maratha leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the All-India Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah which was adopted by the Congress at its Lucknow session on December 29 and by the league on December 31, 1916. The meeting at Lucknow marked the reunion of the moderate and radical wings of the Congress. The pact dealt both with the structure of the government of India and with the relation of the Hindu and Muslim communities.

    275. The joint session of the Congress and Muslim League was held in 1916 at—

    (1) Delhi 
    (2) Kanpur
    (3) Lucknow 
    (4) Madras
    275. (3) The joint session of the Indian National Congress headed by Maratha leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the All-India Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah was held in Lucknow in 1916.

    276. Who, among the following, founded the ‘All India Depressed Classes Federation’ in 1920?

    (1) M.K. Gandhi
    (2) Jyotiba Phule
    (3) G.K. Gokhale
    (4) B.R. Ambedkar
    276. (4) The Conference of the Depressed Classes at Nagpur on August 8, 1930 presided over by Dr. Ambedkar, passed the resolution to have separate electorates for the depressed classes. This conference
    formed All India Depressed Classes Federation.

    277. The first Trading Centre which was established by the British was

    (1) Kolkata 
    (2) Surat
    (3) Chennai 
    (4) Mumbai
    277. (2) The British East India Company opened their first trading center at Surat, Gujarat in 1612. This was as per the deed of right Mughal Emperor Jehangir granted to them. In 1640, they opened their second center in Madras (now Chennai). In 1687, they shifted their main trading center from Surat to Bombay, the city that they leased out from the British King in 1668.

    278. When and which Governor-General decided to make English the medium of instruction in India?

    (1) 1805-Lord Wellesley
    (2) 1845-Lord Hardinge
    (3)1835-Lord William Bentick
    (4) 1850-Lord Dalhousie
    278. (3) The English Education Act 1835 was a legislative Act of the Council of India in 1835 giving effect to a decision in 1835 by William Bentinck, the then Governor-General of British India to reallocate funds the East India Company was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India. Now, they were to support establishments teaching a Western curriculum with English as the language of instruction. Together with other measures promoting English as the language of administration and of the higher law courts (replacing Persian), this led eventually to English becoming one of the languages of India.

    279. Who among the following, is acknowledged as the pioneer of Local Self-Government in India?

    (1) Rippon 
    (2) Mayo
    (3) Lytton 
    (4) Curzon
    279. (1) The real benchmarking of the government policy on decentralization in India is attributed to Lord Ripon who, in his famous resolution on local self-government on May 18, 1882, recognized the twin considerations of local government: (i) administrative efficiency and (ii) political education. The Ripon Resolution, which focused on towns, provided for local bodies consisting of a large majority of elected non-official members and presided over by a non-official chairperson.

    280. Who among the following is popularly known as ‘Periyar’?

    (1) C.V. Raman Pillai
    (2) C.N. Mudaliar
    (3) E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker
    (4) L. Ramkrishna Pillai
    280. (3) E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker was a businessman, politician, Indian independence and social activist, who started the Self-Respect Movement or the Dravidian Movement and proposed the creation of an independent state called Dravida Nadu, comprising the states of South India. He was also the founder of the sociocultural organization, Dravidar Kazhagam. He was affectionately called by his followers as Periyar meaning 'respected one' or 'elder' in Tamil.

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