History GK Quiz-4

History GK Quiz-4

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    21. Who were the first kings to issue gold coins in India?

    (1) Mauryas 
    (2) Indo-Greeks
    (3) Guptas 
    (4) Kushans
    Answer:
    21. (2) The Indo-Greek kings were the first to issue gold coins in India and their coins were special in the sense that each king had his own distinctive coins by which he could be definitely identified. The names of at least thirty Bactrian kings are known with the help of numerous coins, and they help in the reconstruction of the history of the kings. The coins carry legends in Greek and also in Kharosthi and Brahmi.


    22. Where is Brihadeshwar Temple situated ?

    (1) Kanchi 
    (2) Madurai
    (3) Shri Shailan 
    (4) Tanjore
    Answer:
    22. (4) The Brihadeshwar Temple at Thanjavur (Tanjore) in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva and a brilliant example of the major heights achieved by Cholas in Tamil architecture. It is a tribute and a reflection of the power of its patron Raja Raja Chola I. It remains India’s largest temple and is one of the greatest glories of Indian architecture. The temple is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site “Great Living Chola Temples”.


    23. In Tamil literature the glorious books ‘Shilppadikaram and Manimekhalai’ are related to

    (1) Jainism 
    (2) Buddhism
    (3) Hindusim 
    (4) Christianity
    Answer:
    23. (2) Shilppadikaram is one of the five Great Epics according to later Tamil literary tradition, the others being Manimegalai, Civaka Cintamani, Valayapathi and Kundalakesi. The poet prince Ilango Adigal is credited with this work. He is reputed to be the brother of Senguttuvan from Chera dynasty. Ilango Adigal was a Buddhist monk and Silappadhikaram and Manimekalai are Buddhist epics. Manimekalai, a purely Buddhist work of the 3rd Sangam period in Tamil literature is the most supreme and famous among the Buddhist work done in Tamil. It is a work expounding the doctrines and propagating the values of Buddhism.It also talks about the Tamil Buddhists in the island. (Source: L. Basam Page No. 475)

    24. Who established Mahabalipuram?

    (1) Pallava 
    (2) Pandya
    (3) Chola 
    (4) Chalukya
    Answer:
    24. (1) Mahabalipuram, derived from ‘Mamallapuram’ is the prior and colloquial name of a town in
    Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, now officially called Mamallapuram. Mahabalipuram was a 7th century port city of the South Indian dynasty of the Pallavas near the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu. The name Mamallapuram is believed to have been given after the Pallava king Narasimhavarman I, who took on the epithet Maha-malla (great wrestler), as the favourite sport of the Pallavas was wrestling. It has various historic monuments built largely between the 7th and the 9th centuries, and has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


    25. The Saka era commencing from A.D. 78, was founded by

    (1) Kanishka
    (2) Asoka
    (3) Chandragupta
    (4) Vikramaditya
    Answer:
    25. (1) The date of Kanishka’s accession is disputed, ranging from 78 to 248. The generally accepted date of 78 is also the basis for an era presumably started by the Shakas and used in addition to the Gregorian calendar by the present-day Indian government.


    26. Ganhadra school of art came into existence in

    (1) Hinayana sect
    (2) Mahayana sect
    (3) Vaishnava sect
    (4) Shaiva sect
    Answer:
    26. (2) The Gandhara school of art is mainly related to Mahayana Buddhism which encouraged image worship. The Kushan kings, particularly Kanishka, encouraged the Gandhara artists. The Gandhara sculptures have been found in the ruins of Taxila and in various ancient sites in Afghanistan and in West Pakistan. They consist mostly of the images of the Buddha and relief sculptures presenting scenes from
    Buddhist texts. A number of Bodhisattva figures were carved out. A figure of Gandhara shows the first sermon in the deer park and the death of the Buddha. In all these figures there is a realistic treatment of the body although it is draped. In these sculptures there is a tendency to mould the human body in a realistic manner paying great attention to accuracy and physical details particularly in the presentation of muscles, moustaches, etc. Also the representation of the thick bold fold lines forms a distinct characteristic. Thus the Gandhara sculptures offer a striking contrast to what has been discovered elsewhere in India.


    27. Out of the following remains excavated in Indus Valley, which one indicates the commercial and economic development ?

    (1) The Pottery 
    (2) Seals
    (3) The boats 
    (4) The houses
    Answer:
    27. (2) The seals of the Indus Valley Civilization have been one of the major sources for information about the period. Apart from giving plethora of informations about the social and religious life of the period, they give insight into the economic activities. The economy of the Indus civilization was based on a highly organized agriculture, supplemented by an active commerce, probably connected to that of the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia. Trade amongst the civilizations is suggested by the finding of hundreds of small seals, supposedly produced by the Indus peoples, at the excavation sites of ancient Mesopotamian cities that were existent around the same time. Some of the seals mention the rulers of different countries.


    28. Who, according to the Buddhists, is believed to be the next incarnation of Gautam Buddha ?

    (1) Atreya 
    (2) Maitreya
    (3) Nagarjuna 
    (4) Kalki
    Answer:
    28. (2) Maitreya is foretold as a future Buddha of this world in Buddhist eschatology. In some Buddhist literature, such as the Amitabha Sutra and the Lotus Sutra, he or she is referred to as Ajita Bodhisattva.
    Maitreya is a bodhisattva who in the Buddhist tradition is to appear on Earth, achieve complete enlightenment, and teach the pure dharma. According to scriptures, Maitreya will be a successor of the historic Sakyamuni Buddha.


    29. Who among the following were contemporaries of Kanishka ?

    (1) Kamban, Banabhatta, Asvagosha
    (2) Nagarjuna, Asvagosha, Vasumitra
    (3) Asvagosha, Kalidasa, Banabhatta
    (4) Kalidasa, Kamban, Va-sumitra
    Answer:
    29. (2) The eminent Buddhist writers Nagarjuna, Asvaghosha, Parsva and Vasumitra flourished at the court of Kanishka. Nagarjuna was the great exponent of Mahayana doctrine and Asvaghosha, a multifaceted personality, was known as a poet, musician, scholar and zealous Buddhist monk. Charaka, the most celebrated authority on Ayurveda was the court physician of Kanishka and Mathara, a politician of rare merit, was his minister. Vasumitra presided over the fourth Buddhist Council.


    30. Which rulers built the Ellora temples?

    (1) Chalukya
    (2) Sunga
    (3) Rashtrakuta 
    (4) Pallava
    Answer:
    30. (3) These religious establishments could have received royal patronage from various dynasties, even though inscriptional evidences are lacking for most of them. The only definite inscriptional evidence is that of Rashtrakuta Dantidurga (c. 753-57 A.D.) The majority of the Brahmanical establishments and the remaining Buddhist ones can be attributed to the Rashtrakuta times which indicate the religious tolerance of the contemporary period. The Jaina caves definitely postdate the Rashtrakutas as indicated by the style of execution and fragmentary inscriptions. This region was under the control of Kalyani Chalukyas and Yadavas of Deogiri (Daulatabad) during this period.


    31. Who amongst the following also had the name ‘Devanama Piyadassi’?

    (1) Mauryan King Ashoka
    (2) Mauryan King Chandra-gupta Maurya
    (3) Gautam Buddha
    (4) Bhagwan Mahavira
    Answer:
    31. (1) The Edicts of Ashoka are a collection of 33 inscriptions on the Pillars of Ashoka, as well as boulders and cave walls, made by the Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan dynasty during his reign from 269 BCE to 231 BCE. These inscriptions are dispersed throughout the areas of modern-day Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan and represent the first tangible evidence of Buddhism. In these inscriptions, Ashoka refers to himself as “Beloved of the Gods” and “King Priya-darshi.” The identification of King Priya-darshi with Ashoka was confirmed by an inscription discovered in 1915 by C. Beadon at Maski, the village in Raichur district of Karnataka. Another minor rock edict is found at the village Gujarra in Datia district of Madhya Pradesh. This also shows the Name “Asoka” in addition to usual “Devanam Piyadasi”.


    32. The subject-matter of Ajanta Paintings pertains to

    (1) Jainism 
    (2) Buddhism
    (3) Vaishnavism 
    (4) Shaivism
    Answer:
    32. (2) The Ajanta Caves are the treasure house of delicate paintings that portray scenes from Jataka tales and from the life of Lord Buddha. Celebrated for its archaic wonder and laced with the series of carved artistry, Ajanta Cave paintings echo the quality of Indian creativity in perhaps the subtlest way. In the Ajanta wall-paintings, there is a profound modification from the art of early Buddhism. The Ajanta paintings stresses on religious romanticism with lyric quality, a reflection of the view that every aspect of life has an equal value in the spiritual sense and as an aspect of the divine.


    33. Which of the following Craftsmanship was not practised by the Aryans ?

    (1) Pottery 
    (2) Jewellery
    (3) Carpentry 
    (4) Blacksmith
    Answer:
    33. (4) Iron was a metal unknown to the Aryans during the early Vedic age. The advent of iron is generally associated with the late or post-Vedic ages. So blacksmith did not exist during this period.


    34. Mohammed-bin-Qasim conquered Sind in the year

    (1) 712 A.D. 
    (2) 812 A.D.
    (3) 912 A.D. 
    (4) 1012 A.D.
    Answer:
    34. (1) The Arab conquest of Sindh by Muhammad Bin Qasim in 712 AD gave the Muslims a firm foothold on the sub-continent. Qasim’s conquest of Sindh and Punjab laid the foundations of Islamic rule in the Indian subcontinent. The description of Hiuen Tsang, a Chinese historian, leaves no doubt that the social and economic restrictions inherent in the caste differentiations of Hindu society had however, gradually sapped the inner vitality of the social system and Sindh fell without much resistance before the Muslim armies.


    35. The words “Satyameva Jayate” in the State Emblem of India were taken from

    (1) Upanishads 
    (2) Sama Veda
    (3) Rig Veda 
    (4) Ramayana
    Answer:
    35. (1) “Satyameva Jayate” (Truth Alone Triumphs) is a mantra from the ancient Indian scripture Mundaka Upanishad. Upon independence of India, it was adopted as the national motto of India. It is inscribed in Devanagari script at the base of the national emblem. The emblem and words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ are inscribed on one side of all Indian currency. The emblem is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Asoka which was erected around 250 BC at Sarnath, near Varanasi in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.


    36. The earliest city discovered in India was

    (1) Harappa 
    (2) Punjab
    (3) Mohenjo Daro 
    (4) Sindh
    Answer:
    36. (1) The ruins of Harrappa were first described in 1842 by Charles Masson in his Narrative of Various Journeys in Balochistan, Afghanistan, and the Punjab where locals talked of an ancient city extending “thirteen cosses” (about 25 miles), but no archaeological interest would attach to this for nearly a century. In 1856, General Alexander Cunningham, later director general of the archeological survey of northern India, visited Harappa where the British engineers John and William Brunton were laying the East Indian Railway Company line connecting the cities of Karachi and Lahore. In 1872–75 Alexander Cunningham published the first Harappan seal (with an erroneous identification as Brahmi letters). It was half a century later, in 1912, that more Harappan seals were discovered by J. Fleet, prompting an excavation campaign under Sir John Hubert Marshall in 1921–22 and resulting in the discovery of the civilization at Harappa by Sir John Marshall, Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni and Madho Sarup Vats, and at Mohenjo-daro by Rakhal Das Banerjee, E. J. H. MacKay, and Sir John Marshall.


    37. The famous rock-cut temple of Kailasa is at

    (1) Ajanta
    (2) Badami
    (3) Mahabalipuram
    (4) Ellora
    Answer:
    37. (4) Kailashnath Temple is a famous temple, one of the 34 monasteries and temples, extending over more than 2 km, that were dug side by side in the wall of a high basalt cliff in the complex located at Ellora, Maharashtra, India. Of these 34 monasteries and temples, the Kailasa (cave 16) is a remarkable example of Dravidian architecture on account of its striking proportion; elaborate workmanship architectural content and sculptural ornamentation of rock-cut architecture. It is designed to recall Mount Kailash, the abode of Lord Shiva. It is a megalith carved out of one single rock. It was built in the 8th century by the Rashtrakuta king Krishna I.


    38. Epigraphy means

    (1) The study of coins
    (2) The study of inscriptions
    (3) The study of epics
    (4) The study of geography
    Answer:
    38. (2) Epigraphy is the study of inscriptions on rocks, pillars, temple walls, copper plates and other writing material. It is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers. It serves as primary documentary evidence to establish legal, socio-cultural, literary, archaeological, and historical antiquity on the basis of engravings.

    39. Which among the following has not been found in the excavation of Harappan sites ?

    (1) Drains and well
    (2) Fort
    (3) Reservoirs
    (4) Temple with Shikhar
    Answer:
    39. (4) Sikhara, a Sanskrit word translating literally to “mountain peak”, refers to the rising tower in the Hindu temple architecture of North India. Sikhara over the sanctum sanctorum where the presiding deity is enshrined is the most prominent and visible part of a Hindu temple of North India. Sikhara was a major feature of the medieval times.

    40. Which among the following ‘MATH’ is related with Buddhism?

    (1) Dakhma 
    (2) Chaitya
    (3) Khangah 
    (4) Angeri
    Answer:
    40. (2) A chaitya is a Buddhist or Jain shrine including a stupa. In modern texts on Indian architecture, the term chaitya-griha is often used to denote assembly or prayer hall that houses a stupa. Chaityas were
    probably constructed to hold large numbers of devotees and to provide shelter for them.

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