History GK Quiz-55

History GK Quiz-55

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    21. Shah Jahan built the Moti Masjid at

    (1) Delhi 
    (2) Jaipur
    (3) Agra 
    (4) Amarkot
    Answer:
    21. (3) The Moti Masjid in Agra was built by Shah Jahan. During the rule of Shah Jahan the Mughal emperor, numerous architectural wonders were built. Most famous of them is the Taj Mahal. Moti Masjid earned the epithet Pearl Mosque for it shined like a pearl. It is held that this mosque was constructed by Shah Jahan for his members of royal court. The Moti Masjid boasts of extensive white marble facing, a typical stylistic feature of architecture during the reign of Shah Jahan.

    22. Select the incorrectly matched pair of philosophers and their philosophies :

    (1) Sankaracharya Advaita
    (2) Ballabhacharya-Pure-Advaita
    (3) Chaitanya-Vishistha-Advaita
    (4) Charvak—Lokayat
    Answer:
    22. (3) Vishishtadvaita is a sub-school of the Vedanta (literally, end or the goal of Knowledge, Sanskrit) school of Hindu philosophy, the other major sub-schools of Vedanta being Advaita, Dvaita, and Achintya-BhedaAbheda. VishishtAdvaita (literally “Advaita with uniqueness/qualifications”) is a non-dualistic school of Vedanta philosophy. Ramanuja, the main proponent of Visishtadvaita philosophy contends that the Prasthana Traya (“The three courses”) i.e. Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, and Brahma Sutras are to be interpreted in way that shows this unity in diversity, for any other way would violate their consistency.

    23. Who got constructed ‘Grand Trunk Road’ ?

    (1) Akbar
    (2) Ashoka
    (3) Shershah Suri
    (4) Samudra Gupta
    Answer:
    23. (3) The Grand Trunk Road is one of South Asia’s oldest and longest major roads. For several centuries, it has linked the eastern and western regions of the Indian subcontinent, running from Chittagong, Bangladesh through to Howrah, West Bengal in India, across north India into Peshawar (in present day Pakistan), up to Kabul, Afghanistan. The modern road was built by Sher Shah Suri, who renovated and extended the ancient route in the 16th century

    24. What do you mean by Mughal Zagir ?

    (1) providing rent free land
    (2) zamindar’s property
    (3) giving officer a right to revenue
    (4) giving cash salary to Mansabdar
    Answer:
    24. (3) Zagir was a piece of land held by the mansabdar which was granted by the Sultan. Mansabdars were given control over an area of land, a ‘Zagir’ whose revenue was to be used for maintaining troops; if not given a ‘Zagir’ they were paid in cash through a complicated accounting system, with deductions for various things including ‘the rising of the moon’; it was a normal practice to pay for only eight or ten months in the year. The Mansabdars were allowed to keep five percent of the income of the ‘Zagir’ or five per cent of the salaries received. In Mughal period, zagir was the practice giving officer a right to revenue.

    25. Which among the following fort was known as the ‘Key of Deccan’?

    (1) Kalinjar 
    (2) Ajaygarh
    (3) Asirgarh 
    (4) Gulbarga
    Answer:
    25. (3) Asirgarh Qila is an Indian fortress (qila) situated in the Satpura Range, in Burhanpur District of Madhya Pradesh state. The fortress commands a pass through the Satpuras connecting the valleys of the Narmada and Tapti rivers, one of the most important routes from northern India to the Deccan in the southwest. It is known as the “key to the Deccan”.

    26. Select the correct order–

    (1) Nizamuddin Auliya, Kabir, Mirabai, Tulsidas
    (2) Mirabai, Kabir, Niza-muddin Auliya, Tulsidas
    (3) Kabir, Nizamuddin Auliya, Tulsidas, Mirabai
    (4) Tulsidas, Mirabai, Kabir, Nizamuddin Auliya
    Answer:
    26. (1) Nizamuddin Auliya (1238 – 3 April 1325), also known as Hazrat Nizamuddin, was a famous Sufi saint of the Chishti Order in the Indian Subcontinent. Kabir (1440–1518) was a mystic poet and sant of India, whose writings have greatly influenced the Bhakti movement. Meerabai (c. 1498 – c. 1547 AD) was an aristocratic Hindu mystical singer and devotee of Lord Krishna from Rajasthan and one of the most significant figures of the Sant tradition of the Vaishnava bhakti movement. Tulsidas (1497/1532–1623) was a Hindu poet-saint, reformer and philosopher renowned for his devotion for the god Rama.

    27. In Shivaji’s Council of Ministers the Prime Minister was called

    (1) Peshwa 
    (2) Sachiv
    (3) Mantri 
    (4) Samanta
    Answer:
    27. (1) A Peshwa was the titular equivalent of a modern Prime Minister. Emperor Shivaji created the Peshwa designation in order to more effectively delegate administrative duties during the growth of the Maratha Empire. The word Peshwa has roots in the Persian language meaning ‘foremost’. After the coronation of Shivaji in 1674, he appointed Moropant Trimbak Pingle as the first Peshwa.

    28. Muhammad-Bin-Tughlaq was proficient in

    (1) Art 
    (2) Music
    (3) Calligraphy 
    (4) Philosophy
    Answer:
    28. (4) Muhammad Tughluq was a scholar versed in logic, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy and physical sciences. He had knowledge of medicine and was skillful in dialectics. He was also a calligrapher. He was well versed with several languages like Persian, Arabic, Turkish and even Sanskrit.

    29. The battle that led to the foundation of Muslim power in India was

    (1) The first battle of Tarain
    (2) The second battle of Tarain
    (3) The first battle of Panipat
    (4) The second battle of Panipat
    Answer:
    29. (2) The Battles of Tarain, also known as the Battles of Taraori, were fought in 1191 and 1192 near the town of Tarain, near Thanesar in present-day Haryana, between the Muslim Ghurid army led by Sultan Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghauri and the Hindu Rajput army led by Prithviraj Chauhan. Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated in the Second Battle of Tarain which led the foundation of the Sultanate of Delhi. Delhi remained under Muslim rule for over six centuries till 1857.

    30. The most important Sufi shrine in India is at

    (1) Pandua
    (2) Bidar
    (3) Ajmer
    (4) Shahjahanabad
    Answer:
    30. (3) Ajmer is famous for the Dargah Sharif of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti which is situated at the foot of the Taragarh hill, and consists of several white marble buildings arranged around two courtyards, including a massive gate donated by the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Akbari Mosque, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. It contains the domed tomb of the saint. Akbar and his queen used to come here by foot on pilgrimage from Agra every year in observance of a vow when he prayed for a son.

    31. Which of the following is associated with Sufi saints ?

    (1) Tripitaka 
    (2) Dakhma
    (3) Khanqah 
    (4) Synagogue
    Answer:
    31. (3) A khanqah also known as a ribat is a building designed specifically for gatherings of a Sufi brotherhood, or tariqa, and is a place for spiritual retreat and character reformation. In the past, and to a lesser extent nowadays, they often served as hospices for Sufi travelers (salik) and Islamic students (talib). Khanqahs are very often found adjoined to dargahs (shrines of Sufi saints), mosques and madrasas (Islamic schools).

    32. Which of the following powers did not fight for the Tungabhadra Doab ?

    (1) Pallavas and Chalukyas
    (2) Cholas and later Chalukyas of Kalyana
    (3) Golconda and Ahmadnagar Sultanates
    (4) Vijayanagar and Bahmani kingdoms
    Answer:
    32. (3) The kingdoms of Golconda and Ahmednagar did not contend for the Tungabhadra Doab.

    33. Which of the following aspects is not common to both Bhakti movement and Sufi movement?

    (1) Personal love for God
    (2) Worship of idols
    (3) Mysticism
    (4) Visit to holy shrines
    Answer:
    33. (2) The Bhakti Movement stressed on the mystical union of the individual with God. The sufi movement laid great emphasis on love and devotion as the bond between God and the individual soul. The stress was on direct communion with God and forsaking dogmatic rituals.

    34. Ranthambhor was

    (1) a Mughal palace
    (2) a Rajput fort
    (3) capital of the Khaljis
    (4) a Buddhist pilgrimage centre
    Answer:
    34. (2) Ranthambore Fort is a formidable fort and has been a focal point of historical developments of Rajasthan. It is situated near Sawai Madhopur town in Rajasthan. This fort is known for the glory and valor of brave Hammir Dev of Chauhan dynasty. The fortress was captured by the kingdom of Mewar under Rana Hamir Singh (1326–1364) and Rana Kumbha (1433–1468). After the reign of Rana Kumbha’s successor Rana Udai Singh I (1468–1473) the fortress passed to the Hada Rajputs of Bundi. Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat captured the fortress from 1532 to 1535. The Mughal Emperor Akbar captured the fortress in 1559.

    35. ‘Lakh Baksh’ was a title given to the ruler

    (1) Iltutmish
    (2) Balban
    (3) Raziya
    (4) Qutub-ud-din Aibak
    Answer:
    35. (4) Sultan Qutb-ud-din Aibak also called “Lakh Baksh Sultan” (the donator of hundreds of thousands) was the first Muslim Emperor of India who ruled from his capital in Delhi where he built Qutb Minar and the Quwwat Al Islam mosque. He was of Turkic descent from central Asia, Turkic ruler, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave dynasty (also known as the Ghulam dynasty) of India. He ruled as an emperor for only four years, from 1206 to 1210 but because of his super efficient administration and farsighted vision, his name has become inseparable from the history of South Asia.

    36. Who is considered as the greatest of all the Vijayanagar rulers?

    (1) Krishnadeva Raya
    (2) Vira Narasimha
    (3) Sadasiva Raya
    (4) Rama Raya
    Answer:
    36. (1) Krishna Deva Raya was the greatest Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire who reigned from 1509–1529 CE. He was the third ruler of the Tuluva Dynasty. Emperor Krishna Deva Raya earned the titles Andhra Bhoja, Mooru Rayara Ganda (meaning King of three Kings) and Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana. Portuguese travelers Domingo Paes and Fernao Nuniz also visited the Vijayanagara Empire during his reign. Travelogues indicate that the king was not only an able administrator, but also an excellent general, leading from the front in battle and even attending to the wounded.

    37. Mughal presence in the Red Ford ceased with the fall of

    (1) Aurangzeb
    (2) Muhammad Shah
    (3) Shah Alam
    (4) Bahadur Shah ‘Zafar’
    Answer:
    37. (4) The Red Fort is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi (in present day Delhi, India) that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. It served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government.

    38. ‘Khalsa’ was founded by

    (1) Guru Gobind Singh
    (2) Guru Ramdas
    (3) Guru Nanak
    (4) Arjun Dev
    Answer:
    38. (1) Khalsa is the collective body of Singhs and Kaurs represented by the five beloved-ones and is the final temporal Guru/leader of the Sikhs. The Khalsa was inaugurated on March 30, 1699, by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. The leadership was passed on by Guru Gobind Singh to the Khalsa and bestowed the title “Guru Panth” or “Guru”. The Khalsa is also the nation of the Sikhs. The Khalsa is responsible for all executive, military and civil authority. The meaning of Khalsa translates to “Sovereign/ Free”. Another interpretation is that of being ‘Pure’. Guru Gobind Singh has declared the Khalsa as his true Guru and therefore as following described in the Sarbloh Granth the attributes of the Khalsa. 

    39. The Delhi General who successfully advanced up to Madurai was

    (1) Khizr Khan
    (2) Muhammad Ghori
    (3) Malik Kafur
    (4) Muhammad bin Tughlaq
    Answer:
    39. (3) Malik Kafur was a slave who became a head general in the army of Alauddin Khilji, ruler of the Delhi sultanate from 1296 to 1316 AD. Between 1309 and 1311, Malik Kafur led two campaigns in South India. The first was against Warangal and other against Dwar Samudra, Mabar and Madurai.

    40. Who was the greatest Bhakti poet of Maharasthra ?

    (1) Ramdas 
    (2) Tukaram
    (3) Namdeva 
    (4) Eknath
    Answer:
    40. (2) Saint Tukaram (1608–1645) was a prominent Varkari Sant (Saint) and spiritual poet during a Bhakti movement in India. Dilip Purushottam Chitre, a well known Marathi Scholar, identifies Tukaram as the first modern poet of Marathi. Chitre believes that Tukaram was the second saint after Sant Dnyaneshwar who denied caste hierarchy in Hindu religion and attacked rituals present in Hindu Dharma.

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