History GK Quiz-56

History GK Quiz-56

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    41. The foreign traveller who visited India during the Mughal period and who left us an expert’s description of the Peacock Throne, was

    (1) Geronimo Verroneo
    (2) ‘Omrah’ Danishmand Khan
    (3) Travernier
    (4) Austin of Bordeaux
    Answer:
    41. (3) Tavernier gives a detailed and vivid description of the “Peacock Throne” in his book Le Six Voyages de J. B. Tavernier- The Six Voyages of J. B. Tavernier. It was during Tavernier’s sixth voyage to India, which he undertook between 1663 and 1668, he had the privilege of visiting the court of the great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, at Jahanabad, at the invitation of the Emperor himself. The main purpose of Tavernier’s invitation to the Emperor’s court, was for the Emperor to inspect whatever jewels Tavernier had brought from the west, with a view of purchasing them. The description of the throne appears in Chapter VIII of Volume II of his book, which concerns about preparations for the Emperor’s annual birthday festival, during which he is solemnly weighed every year, and also about the splendor of his thrones and the magnificence of his court. Tavernier’s account of the Peacock Throne is the most comprehensive account of the throne available to modern historians.

    42. The dead body of Babar by his own choice lies buried in

    (1) Agra 
    (2) Farghana
    (3) Samarqand
    (4) Kabul
    Answer:
    42. (4) Babur died at the age of 47 in 1531. Though he wished to be buried in his favourite garden in Kabul, a city he had always loved, he was first buried in a mausoleum in the capital city of Agra. His remains were later moved to Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens) in Kabul, Afghanistan.

    43. Goa was captured by the Portuguese in the year—

    (1) 1508 
    (2) 1608
    (3) 1510 
    (4) 1610
    Answer:
    43. (3) The Portuguese State of India was established in 1505 as a viceroyalty of the Kingdom of Portugal, six years after the discovery of a sea route between Portugal and India, to serve as the plenipotentiary governing body of a string of Portuguese fortresses and colonies overseas. In the year 1509, Alfonso de Albuquerque was appointed the second governor of the Portuguese possessions in the East. In 1510, Alfonso de Albuquerque defeated the Bijapur sultans with the help of Timayya, on behalf of the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire, leading to the establishment of a permanent settlement in Velha Goa (or Old Goa).

    44. Who was the Guru of Shivaji ?

    (1) Namdev 
    (2) Ramdas
    (3) Eknath 
    (4) Tukaram
    Answer:
    44. (2) Samarth Ramdas was a prominent Marathi saint and religious poet in the Hindu tradition in Maharashtra, India. Samarth Ramdas was a devotee of Lord Hanuman and Lord Rama. His birth name was Narayan Suryajipant Kulkarni Thosar. Ramdas was the political strategist and spiritual guru of Shivaji. It is said that Shivaji Maharaj requested Shri Ramdas swami to move his residence to a fort named Parali & establish his permanent monastery there. The fort was subsequently renamed Sajjangad - Fort of the sacred.

    45. Amir Khusrau was a musician and

    (1) Sufi saint
    (2) Persian and Hindi writer, and scholar
    (3) historian
    (4) All of the above
    Answer:
    45. (4) Amir Khusrau was an Indian musician, scholar and poet. He was an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent. A Sufi mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi, Amir Khusrow was not only a notable poet but also a prolific and seminal musician. He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in Hindavi. He is regarded as the “father of qawwali” (the devotional music of the Sufis in the Indian subcontinent). He is also credited with enriching Hindustani classical music by introducing Persian and Arabic elements in it, and was the originator of the khayal and tarana styles of music. The invention of the tabla is also traditionally attributed to him.

    46. A new coin called the ‘Rupia’ was issued for the first time by

    (1) Ala-ud-din Khilji
    (2) Mohammed Shah Tughluq
    (3) Sher Shah Suri
    (4) Akbar
    Answer:
    46. (3) The system of tri-metalism which came to characterize Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. While the term rupya had previously been used as a generic term for any silver coin, during his rule the term rupiya came to be used as the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee. Rupee is today used as the national currency in Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Mauritius, Maldives, Seychelles among other countries. Gold coins called the Mohur weighing 169 grains and copper coins called Dam were also minted by his government.

    47. The world famous ‘Peacock Throne’ was kept in which of the following Mughal buildings ?

    (1) Diwan-r-Khasa-Fatehpur Sikri
    (2) New Agra Fort
    (3) The Rang Mahal of the Red Fort at Delhi
    (4) The Diwan–i–Am of the Red Fort at Delhi
    Answer:
    47. (*) In the Diwan-i-Aam or the Hall of Public Audiences of the Red Fort in Delhi, the emperor, seated in a canopied alcove, would hear complaints and pleas of the commoners through a jharokha (balcony). In the Diwan-i-Khas or the Hall of Private Audiences the Emperor held private meetings with courtiers and state guests. At the centre of the chamber, the famous Peacock Throne throne was placed over a marble pedestal. The throne was looted in 1739 by Nadir Shah. The original peacock throne was housed inside the Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audience) of Agra Fort form where it was shifted to Delhi.

    48. Which was the birth place of Guru Nanak ?

    (1) Gurdaspur 
    (2) Amritsar
    (3) Lahore 
    (4) Talwandi
    Answer:
    48. (4) Guru Nanak was the founder of the religion of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. Guru
    Nanak was born on 15 April 1469, now celebrated as Prakash Divas of Guru Nanak Dev, into a Hindu Khatri family in the village of Rai Bhoi di Talwandi, now called Nankana Sahib, near Lahore, Pakistan. Today, his birthplace is marked by Gurdwara Janam Asthan.

    49. The famous Kohinoor diamond was produced from one of the mines in

    (1) Orissa 
    (2) Chhota Nagpur
    (3) Bijapur 
    (4) Golconda
    Answer:
    49. (4) The Koh-i-Noor, meaning “Mountain of Light” in Persian language, also spelled Koh-i-noor, Kuh-e Nur or Koh-i-Nur, is a 105.6 metric carats diamond, weighing 21.6 grammes in the most recent cut state, and once the largest known diamond. The Koh-i Nur is believed by some to have originated in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India together with its double, the Darya-ye Noor (the “Sea of Light”). The diamond came from the Kollur mines, near the village Kollur in the present-day Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh in India.

    50. Which of the following was not ordered by Alauddin Khalji to control black-marketing and hoarding ?

    (1) Land revenue should be collected in kind
    (2) Cultivators should sell the harvested crops on the field only
    (3) Merchants should sell all commodities in the open
    (4) More privileges should be given to Khuts and Muqaddams
    Answer:
    50. (4) In order to accomplish his price control measure, Alauddin promulgated the following seven ordinances according to the Tarikh-i-Firuzhshai: (1) all food prices were to be fixed; (ii) a high ranking official was to ensure that no tampering was done; (iii) large storages of grain was established in Delhi; (iv) grain trade and transport were controlled by the government; (v) peasants and traders were prohibited from hoarding grains; (vi) the collection of revenue was to be made in kind and the government procurement of grain was to be done in the field to eliminate the private storage of grain; and (vii) a daily status report on market prices had to be submitted to the Sultan.

    51. The medieval city of Vijayanagar is now known as

    (1) Chandragiri 
    (2) Halebidu
    (3) Hampi 
    (4) Kondavidu
    Answer:
    51. (3) Vijayanagara is in Bellary District, northern Karnataka. It is the name of the now-ruined capital city that surrounds modern-day Hampi, of the historic Vijayanagara empire which extended over the southern part of India. The name translates as ‘City of Victory’, from vijaya (victory) and nagara (city). As the prosperous capital of the largest and most powerful kingdom of its time in all of India, Vijayanagara attracted people from all around the world.

    52. Which one of the following Mughal buildings is said to possess the unique feature of breing exactly equal in length and beadth?

    (1) Agra Fort
    (2) Red Fort
    (3) Taj Mahal
    (4) Buland Darwaza
    Answer:
    52. (3) The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is the central focus of the entire complex of the Taj Mahal. The marble dome that surmounts the tomb is the most spectacular feature. Its height of around 35 metres is about the same as the length of the base, and is accentuated as it sits on a cylindrical “drum” which is roughly 7 metres high.

    53. Who of the following was sent as an ambassador to the royal court of Jahangir by James 1, the then king of England?

    (1) John Hawkins
    (2) William Todd
    (3) Sir Thomas Roe
    (4) Sir Walter Raleigh
    Answer:
    53. (1) The King of England sent envoys, John Hawkins in 1608 and Thomas Roe in 1615, to the Mughal court of Jahangir. In 1609, Emperor Jehangir issued farman permitting the English to establish a factory at Surat.

    54. The Khilji Sultans of Delhi were

    (1) Mongols 
    (2) Afghans
    (3) Turks 
    (4) A Jat tribe
    Answer:
    54. (3) The Khilji dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Turkic Khalaj origin. The Khiljis ruled large parts of South Asia between 1290 and 1320. They were the second dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate of India. Led by their ruler, Ala-ud-din Khilji, they are noted for having repeatedly defended India against the Mongol invasions of India.

    55. The rulers of Vijayanagar promoted

    (1) Hindi, Marathi and Sanskrit
    (2) Malayalam, Tamil and Sanskrit
    (3) Tamil, Telugu and Sanskrit
    (4) Telugu, Urdu and Sanskrit
    Answer:
    55. (3) Telugu culture reached its zenith during the Vijayanagara rule under Sri Krishnadevaraya. The
    rulers patronized Kannada, Telugu and Sanskrit and Tamil scholars who wrote in the Jain, Virashaiva and Vaishnava traditions.The Vijayanagar period was the golden age of Telugu literature. Sanskrit literature was given patronage by the Vijayanagar kings. The early kings of the Sangama dynasty patronized the Sringeri saints while the Saluva and Tuluva kings patronised the Madhva saints of Udupi. Krishnadevaraya also patronised Tamil poet Harihara who wrote Irusamaya vilakkam (an exposition on saivism and Vaishnavism).

    56. The original name of Tansen, the most famous musician at the court of Akbar was

    (1) Lal Kalwant
    (2) Banda Bahadur
    (3) Ramatanu Pande
    (4) Markandey Pande
    Answer:
    56. (3) Mia Tansen (born as Ramtanu Pandey) was a prominent Hindustani classical music composer and musician. He was an extraordinarily gifted vocalist, known for a large number of compositions, and also an instrumentalist who popularized and improved the plucked rabab (of Central Asian origin). He was among the Navaratnas (nine jewels) at the court of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Akbar gave him the title Miyan (an honorific, meaning learned man).

    57. The Qutub Minar was completed by the famous ruler

    (1) Qutub-ud-din Aibak
    (2) Iltutmish
    (3) Firoz Shah Tughlaq
    (4) Alauddin Khilji
    Answer:
    57. (2) The construction of Qutb Minar was begun by Qutub-ud-din Aibak in 1192 and was completed by Iltutmish. The soaring conical tower is an exquisite example of Indo-Islamic Afghan architecture. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi.

    58. Which of the following are incorrectly paired ?

    (1) Krishnadeva Raya — Amukta Malyada
    (2) Harshavardhana — Nagananda
    (3) Kalidasa — Ritusamhara
    (4) Visakhadatta — Kiratarjuniyam
    Answer:
    58. (4) Visakhadatta is the author of the play (drama) Mudra Rakshasa that narrates the ascent of the king Chandragupta Maurya to power in Northern India. Mudrarakshasa is dated variously from the late 4th century to the 8th century

    59. Ibn Batuta visited India during the reign of

    (1) Iltutmish
    (2) Ala-ud-din Khalji
    (3) Muhammad bin Tughluq
    (4) Balban
    Answer:
    59. (3) Ibn Battuta, the famous Moroccan traveler, visited India during the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq. Muhammad bin Tughluq was renowned as the wealthiest man in the Muslim World at that time. He patronized various scholars, sufis, qadis, viziers and other functionaries in order to consolidate his rule. On the strength of his years of study in Mecca, Ibn Batuta was appointed a qazi, or judge, by the sultan. He found it difficult to enforce Islamic laws beyond the sultan’s court in Delhi, due to lack of Islamic appeal in India.

    60. Match the following :

    I
    (a) Tughlaqabad Fort 
    (b) Red Fort 
    (at Delhi) Jahan
    (c) Hauz Khas 
    (d) The City of Siri
     II
    (1) Alauddin Khilji
    (2) Shah
    (3) Firoz Shah Tughlaq
    (4) Ghiyasud-din-Tughlaq
    a b c d
    (1) 1 2 3 4
    (2) 4 2 3 1
    (3) 4 3 2 1
    (4) 3 1 4 2
    Answer:
    60. (*) Tughlakabad Fort is a ruined fort in Delhi, built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the founder of Tughlaq dynasty, of the Delhi Sultanate of India in 1321. The Red Fort is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan. The fort was the palace for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan’s new capital, Shahjahanabad, the seventh city in the Delhi site. Hauz Khas is named after an ancient water reservoir by the same name. The large water tank or reservoir was first built by Alauddin Khilji (1296–1316) to supply water to the inhabitants of Siri Fort. Siri Fort, in the city of New Delhi, was built during the rule of Ala-ud-Din Khilji of the Delhi Sultanate to defend the city from the onslaught of the Mongols. It was the second of the seven cities of medieval Delhi built around 1303.

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