History GK Quiz-57

History GK Quiz-57

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    61. Which of the undermentioned facts about Taj Mahal in not correct?

    (1) It is a magnificent mausoleum
    (2) It was built by Shah Jahan
    (3) It is situated outside Agra Fort
    (4) The names of artisans who built it are engraved on it?
    Answer:
    61. (4) The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra, India, built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal (also “the Taj”) is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Islamic, Indian and Persian architectural styles. Building began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, and employed thousands of artisans and craftsmen. The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under imperial supervision including Abd ul-Karim Ma’mur Khan, Makramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer.

    62. Where did Babar die?

    (1) Agra 
    (2) Kabul
    (3) Lahore 
    (4) Delhi
    Answer:
    62. (1) Baur died on December 26, 1530 at Agra. Though he wished to be buried in his favourite garden in Kabul, a city he had always loved, he was first buried in a mausoleum in the capital city of Agra. His remains were later moved to Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens) in Kabul, Afghanistan. The Persian inscription on his tomb there translates as “If there is a paradise on earth, it is this, it is this, it is this!

    63. Who wrote Akbarnama ?

    (1) Akbar 
    (2) Birbal
    (3) Abul Fazal 
    (4) Bhagavan Das
    Answer:
    63. (3) The Akbarnama, which literally means Book of Akbar, is the official chronicle of the reign of Akbar, the third Mughal Emperor, commissioned by Akbar himself, by his court historian and biographer, Abul Fazl who was one of the nine jewels in Akbar’s court. It includes vivid and detailed descriptions of his life and times. The first volume of Akbarnama deals with the birth of Akbar, the history of Timur’s family and the reigns of Babur and Humayun and the Suri sultans of Delhi. The second volume describes the detailed history of the reign of Akbar till 1602, and records the events during Akbar’s reign.

    64. Arrange the following in chronological order :

    a. Tughlaqs 
    b. Lodis
    c. Sayyids 
    d. Ilbari Turks
    e. Khiljis
    (1) a, b, c, d, e 
    (2) e, d, c, b, a
    (3) b, d, e, c, a 
    4) d, e, a, c, b
    Answer:
    64. (4) The Delhi Sultanate is a term used to cover five short-lived dynasties, Delhi based kingdoms or sultanates, mostly of Turkic and Pashtun (Afghan) origin in medieval India. The sultanates ruled from Delhi between 1206 and 1526, when the last was replaced by the Mughal dynasty. The five dynasties were the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90); the Khilji dynasty (1290– 1320); the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1414); the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51); and the Afghan Lodi dynasty (1451–1526). The Mamluk Dynasty or Slave Dynasty, directed into India by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, a Turkish general of Central Asian birth, was the first of five unrelated dynasties to rule India’s Delhi Sultanate from 1206 to 1290.

    65. The Lodi dynasty was founded by

    (1) Ibrahim Lodi
    (2) Sikandar Lodi
    (3) Bahlol Lodi
    (4) Khizr Khan
    Answer:
    65. (3) Lodi Dynasty was a Pashtun dynasty that was the last dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate. The dynasty founded by Bahlul Lodi ruled from 1451 to 1526. The last ruler of this dynasty, Ibrahim Lodi was defeated and killed by Babur in the first Battle of Panipat on April 20, 1526. 

    66. Who among the following was an illiterate?

    (1) Jahangir 
    (2) Shah Jahan
    (3) Akbar 
    (4) Aurangazeb
    Answer:
    66. (3) Akbar spent his childhood in the rough terrain of Afghanistan. His early years were spent learning how to hunt, fight and mature into a skillful warrior. He did not find time to read and write and was illiterate. But his illiteracy did not hamper his quest for knowledge and desire to know about new things. Akbar had a huge library and a vast collection of books and scriptures. His courtiers read out the books for him.

    67. The first Indian Hindi Scholar of the Mughal period was

    (1) Malik Muhammed Jayasi
    (2) Abdur Rahim
    (3) Mulla Wajhi
    (4) Chand Bardai
    Answer:
    67. (1) Malik Muhammad Jayasi was an Indian poet who wrote in the Avadhi dialect of Hindi. His most famous work is Padmavat (1540), a poem describing the story of the historic siege of Chittor by Alauddin Khilji in AD 1303, who attacked Chittor after hearing of the beauty of Queen Rani Padmini, the wife of King Rawal Ratan Singh. His other important works are Akhrawat and Akhiri Kalaam.

    68. The Upanishads were translated by Dara Shikoh in Persian under the title of

    (1) Mayma-ul-Bahrain
    (2) Sirr-i-Akbar
    (3) Al-Fihrist
    (4) Kitabul Bayan
    Answer:
    68. (2) Dara Shikoh, Emperor Shah Jahan’s son and brother of Aurangzeb, tranlsated the Upanishads into Persian, with the help of several pundits of Banaras. His translation of the Upanishads is appropriately called Sirr-i-Akbar, ‘The Greatest Secret.’ Before Sirr-i-Akbar he had written several other books, the most famous of which is Majma ul-Bahrain [‘The Mingling of Two Oceans’], an independent work devoted to discovering the affinities between Vedantic and Sufi perceptions of the Ultimate Truth.

    69. After the death of Rajaram in 1700 A.D., Marathas continued the war against the Mughals under his brave wife

    (1) Tarabai 
    (2) Lakshmibai
    (3) Ramabai 
    (4) Jijabai
    Answer:
    69. (1) Tarabai was skilled in cavalry movement, and made strategic movements herself during wars. She personally led the war and continued the insurgency against the Mughals. A truce was offered to the Mughals in such way that it was promptly rejected by the Mughal emperor, and Tarabai continued the Maratha resistance.

    70. Which Sikh Guru called himself the ‘Sachcha Badshah’?

    (1) Guru Gobind Singh
    (2) Guru Hargovind
    (3) Guru Tegh Bahadur
    (4) Guru Arjan Dev
    Answer:
    70. (3) Guru Tegh Bahadur became the 9th Guru of Sikhs on 20 March 1665, following in the footsteps of His Grand-Nephew, Guru Har Krishan Sahib. Tegh Bahadur was given the title Bahadur by his father Guru Hargobind (sixth Guru of the Sikhs) as he displayed such bravery with the sword in battle. Later upon return to Eastern Punjab settling down at Anandpur his followers began to refer to him as the “Sacha Badshah” (True King). He was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi.

    71. Coronation of Shivaji took place in

    (1) 1627 A.D. 
    (2) 1674 A.D.
    (3) 1680 A.D. 
    (4) 1670 A.D.
    Answer:
    71. (2) On 6th June 1674, Shivaji’s coronation ceremony was performed according to the shastras by Vishweshwar, also called Gaga Bhatta, of Varanasi, a master of the four Vedas, the six philosophies and all the Hindu scriptures after he had gone through the genealogy brought by Balaji Avji Prabhu, Shivaji’s secretary, which showed that the Bhonsles were a branch of the highly respected Sisodias of Mewar, the Kshatriyas of the purest Rajput clan.

    72. Identify the European power from whom Shivaji obtained cannons and ammunition :

    (1) The French
    (2) The Portuguese
    (3) The Dutch
    (4) The English
    Answer:
    72. (2) He used cannons and ammunition from the Portuguese to attack the English. In June 1661,
    Shivaji’s soldiers plundered Rajapur and captured several Englishmen. This was payback for the English aid to Bijapur. The following year, he captured a band of Englishmen in Surat for supplying ammunition to his enemies.

    73. The Muslim adventurer who destroyed the Nalanda University was

    (1) Alla-ud-din Khilji
    (2) Muhammad-bin-Tughlak
    (3) Muhammad-bin-Bhaktiyar
    (4) Muhammad-bin-Quasim
    Answer:
    73. (3) Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji was a Turkic military general of Qutb-ud-din Aybak. It is alleged by some writers that he was responsible for the destruction of Nalanda, which was an ancient Buddhist University in Bihar, India, nearby to the stronghold of Bihar. The main Persian source for this explains Khalji attacked the fortress unaware that it was a University.

    74. Painting reached its highest level of development during the reign of

    (1) Akbar 
    (2) Aurangzeb
    (3) Jahangir 
    (4) Shah Jahan
    Answer:
    74. (3) Mughal painting reached its zenith under Jahangir, a great connoisseur and outstanding patron of
    painting. As a young prince, Jahangir had founded his own atelier, under the supervision of master Aqa
    Riza. His artists developed a new, naturalistic style distinctive for ist subdued palette, psychologically
    expressive portraiture, and outstanding natural history painting.

    75. Who translated Ramayana into Persian ?

    (1) Abul Fazl 
    (2) Badauni
    (3) Abdul Latif 
    (4) Isar Das
    Answer:
    75. (2) Mullah Abd-ul-Qadir Bada’uni was an Indo-Persian historian and translator living during the Mughal period in India. Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar appointed him to the religious office in the royal courts in 1574 where he spent much of his career. He translated the Hindu works, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The most notable work of Bada’uni is Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh (Selection of Chronicles) or Tarikh-i-Bada’uni (Bada’uni’s History) which is a general History of the Muslims of India. 

    76. The Battle of Haldighati was fought between

    (1) Akbar and Rana Sangram Singh
    (2) Akbar and Medini Rai
    (3) Akbar and Rana Pratap Singh
    (4) Akbar and Uday Singh
    Answer:
    76. (3) The Battle of Haldighati was fought between the Mughal Empire and the forces of Mewar on June 21, 1576 at Haldighati. Remembered as the most important event in Rajput history, the battle of Haldighati was an “Indecisive Battle”. It was fought between Akbar (Ruler of Mughals) and Maharana Pratap Singh I (Ruler of Rajputs). It was a short-span battle that lasted for only 4 hours. Abdul Qadir Badayuni was present at the Battle of Haldighati.

    77. The famous Peacock Throne of Shah Jahan was taken away in 1739 by

    (1) Afghan invader Ahmed Shah Abdali
    (2) Persian invader Nadir Shah
    (3) Mongol invader Chengiz Khan
    (4) British East India Company
    Answer:
    77. (2) The Peacock Throne, called Takht-e Tavus in Persian, is the name originally given to a Mughal throne of India. Nader Shah invaded the Mughal Empire in 1738, and returned to Persia in 1739 with the original Peacock Throne as well as many other treasures, amounting to a very large reduction in Indian wealth, taken from the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah.

    78. The famous Bhakti Saint who belonged to the royal family of Mewar was

    (1) Chaitanya 
    (2) Andal
    (3) Meerabai 
    (4) Ramabai
    Answer:
    78. (3) Meerabai was an aristocratic Hindu mystical singer and devotee of Lord Krishna from Rajasthan and one of the most significant figures of the Sant tradition of the Vaishnava bhakti movement. Some 1,200– 1,300 prayerful songs or bhajans attributed to her are popular throughout India and have been published in several translations worldwide.

    79. What does Jahangir mean ?

    (1) National Monarch
    (2) The Grand Monarch
    (3) Conqueror of the world
    (4) Hero of hundred battles
    Answer:
    79. (3) Prince Salim was Akbar’s eldest son, who took the reign name Jahangir, which means “world grasper.” He explained in his memoir that there was a contemporary Ottoman emperor also named Salim, which made him decide to change his name.

    80. Humayun Nama was written by

    (1) Humayun
    (2) Akbar
    (3) Abul Fazl
    (4) Gulbadan Begum
    Answer:
    80. (4) Gulbadan Begum was a Perso-Turkic Princess, the daughter of Emperor Zahir ud-Din Mohammad Babur of India, who is most known as the author of Humayun Nama, the account of the life of her brother, Humayun. Akbar commissioned Gulbadan Begum to chronicle the story of her brother Humayun. She took the challenge and produced a document titled Ahwal Humayun Padshah Jamah Kardom Gulbadan Begum bint Babur Padshah amma Akbar Padshah. It came to be known as Humayun-nama.

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