History GK Quiz-69

History GK Quiz-69

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    1. Who among the following from the first cabinet of independent India was responsible for mass religious conversion ?

    (1) Dr. S. P. Mukherjee
    (2) Dr. John Mathai
    (3) Sardar Baldev Singh
    (4) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
    Answer:
    1. (4) After publishing a series of books and articles arguing that Buddhism was the only way for the
    Untouchables to gain equality, Ambedkar publicly converted on October 14, 1956, at Deekshabhoomi,
    Nagpur. He took the three refuges and the Five Precepts from a Buddhist monk, Bhadant U Chandramani, in the traditional manner, and in his turn administered them to the 600,000 of his followers who were present. After receiving ordination, Ambedkar gave dhamma diksha to his followers. The ceremony included 22 vows given to all new converts after Three Jewels and Five Precepts. On 16 October, 1956, Ambedkar performed another mass religious conversion ceremony at Chanda.

    2. The Bandung Conference was a major milestone in the history of :

    (1) The Non-aligned movement
    (2) Indo-Chinese relationship
    (3) U.S.-Vietnam War
    (4) Creation of ASEAN
    Answer:
    2. (1) The first large-scale Asian–African or Afro–Asian Conference—also known as the Bandung Conference— was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia. The twentynine countries that participated at the Bandung Conference represented nearly one-fourth of the Earth’s land surface and a total population of 1.5 billion people. The conference’s stated aims were to promote Afro-Asian economic and cultural cooperation and to oppose colonialism or neocolonialism by either the United States or the Soviet Union in the Cold War, or any other imperialistic nations. The conference was an important step toward the crystallization of the Non-Aligned Movement.

    3. Where are the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier housed?

    (1) Velankanni, Chennai
    (2) Se Cathedral, Velha (Goa)
    (3) Basilica of Bom Jesus, Velha (Goa)
    (4) St. Xaviers Church, Mumbai
    Answer:
    3. (3) The Basilica of Bom Jesus or Borea Jezuchi Bajilika is located in Goa, India, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The basilica holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier, a very close friend of St. Ignatius Loyola with whom he founded the Society of Jesus, the (Jesuits). Francis Xavier died on Sancian Island while enroute to continental China on (December 2, 1552). The body of Francis Xavier was first taken to Malacca and two years later shipped back to Goa. It is said that the saint’s body was as fresh as the day it was buried. The remains of the saint still attract a huge number of devotees (Christian and non-Christian alike) from all over the world, especially during the public viewing of his body every ten years (last held in 2004).

    4. Who amidst the following great music composers was the ruler of a State ?

    (1) Tyagaraja
    (2) Shyama Shastri
    (3) Muthu Swami Dikshitar
    (4) Swati Thirunal
    Answer:
    4. (4) Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma was the Maharaja of the state of Travancore in the first half of the 19th century. Besides being an able ruler, he was a patron of music and a musician himself. He encouraged both broad systems of Indian music, Hindustani and Carnatic music, though he was essentially a connoisseur of the Carnatic music tradition. He is credited with composing over 400 compositions in Carnatic music as well as Hindustani music. Some of his favorite compositions are Padmanabha Pahi, Deva Deva, Sarasijanabha and Sree Ramana Vibho.

    5. Match the museum and its place :

    List I : (Museum)
    A. Ashutosh museum
    B. Prince of Wales museum
    C. Calico museum
    D. Raja Kelkar museum
    List II : (Place)
    1. Mumbai
    2. Ahmedabad
    3. Kolkata
    4. Pune
    (A) (B) (C) (D)
    (1) 2 3 4 1
    (2) 3 1 2 4
    (3) 4 2 1 3
    (4) 1 4 3 2
    Answer:
    5. (2) Ashutosh Museum of Indian Art is an art museum located in the main campus of University of Calcutta on College Street, Kolkata. Established in 1937, it is the first public museum in any University in India. The Prince of Wales Museum of Western India is the main museum in Mumbai which was founded in the early years of the 20th century by prominent citizens of Bombay, with the help of the government, to commemorate the visit of the then prince of Wales. The Calico Museum of Textiles is located in the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat in western India. The Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum is in Pune, Maharashtra, India. It contains the collection of Dr Dinkar G. Kelkar (1896–1990), dedicated to the memory of his only son, Raja, who died an untimely tragic death.

    6. Who was the architect of North and South Blocks of the Central Secretariat in Delhi ?

    (1) Sir Edward Lutyens
    (2) Herbert Bakers
    (3) Robert Tor Tussell
    (4) Antonin Raymond
    Answer:
    6. (1) Edwin Landseer Lutyens had originally intended the Kingsway (Rajpath ) to slope up to the Viceroy’s palace. However, Herbert Baker, his colleague, felt it necessary to level the space between the two secretariat buildings, thus creating the great central vista called the North & South Block. The two
    secretariat buildings are raised on a plinth so as to be level with the Rashtrapati Bhavan. The secretariat
    buildings are now the offices of the Government of India. The Home affairs & Finance ministries are in
    the North Block and the Prime Minister’s office, External Affairs Ministry and the Defence Ministry
    are in the South Block.

    7. Which amidst the following sites/monuments in India is NOT on the UNESCO’s list of World Cultural Heritages?

    (1) Ellora Caves
    (2) Kashi Viswanath Temple
    (3) Qutab Minar
    (4) Manas Wild-life Sanctuary
    Answer:
    7. (2) Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and is located in Varanasi, the Holiest existing Place of Hindus, where at least once in life a Hindu is expected to do pilgrimage, and if possible, also pour the remains (ashes) of cremated ancestors here on the River Ganges. It is in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The temple stands on the western bank of the holy river Ganges, and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, the holiest of Shiva temples.

    8. Correlate the UNSECO enlisted heritage sites/ monuments and their locations :

    Site/Monument
    (A) Cave paintings
    (B) Rock-cut shrines
    (C) Basilica of Bom Jesus
    (D) Sun temple
    Location
    1.Velha Goa 
    2. Konark
    3. Ajanta 
    4. Ellora
    A B C D
    (1) 1 2 2 4
    (2) 3 4 1 2
    (3) 2 3 4 1
    (4) 4 2 1 3
    Answer:
    8. (2) The Basilica of Bom Jesus or Borea Jezuchi Bajilika is located in Goa, India, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The basilica holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier. Konark Sun Temple is a 13th century Sun Temple, at Konark, in Orissa. It was constructed from oxidized and weathered ferruginous sandstone by King Narasimhadeva-I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty. Ellora also known as Ellooru, is an archaeological site, 29 km North-West of the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. Well known for its monumental caves, Ellora is a World Heritage Site. Ellora represents the epitome of Indian rock-cut architecture. The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India are 30 rock-cut cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to the 600 CE. The caves include paintings and sculptures considered to be masterpieces of Buddhist religious art (which depict the Jataka tales).

    9. Where was “tancho brocade” developed ?

    (1) Varanasi 
    (2) Dhaka
    (3) Surat 
    (4) Tanjavur
    Answer:
    9. (1) The following are considered to be the main characteristics of the brocade fabrics of Banaras:
    heavy gold work; compact weaving; figures have small details; metallic visual effects; pallus; jal and mina work. Banarasi brocade produced two sub-variants from its original structure namely: Katan and Tanchoi. Tanchoi has plain woven body with one color extra weft, one color weft and one color warp. Relative to the jamawar, it is lighter and softer. Tanchoi could be further classified into the following: Satan Tanchoi is the satin weave (four ends and eight picks or five ends and five picks satin) with the warp in one color and the weft in one or more colors.

    10. Who was the town-planner of Chandigarh ?

    (1) Edward Lutyens
    (2) Charles Correa
    (3) Le Corbusier
    (4) Christopher Wren
    Answer:
    10. (3) Of all the new town schemes in independent India, the Chandigarh project quickly assumed prime significance, because of the city’s strategic location as well as the personal interest of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. Commissioned by Nehru to reflect the new nation’s modern, progressive outlook, Chandigarh was designed by the French (born Swiss) architect and urban planner, Le Corbusier, in the 1950s. Le Corbusier was in fact the second architect of the city, after the initial master plan was prepared by the American architect-planner Albert Mayer (planner) who was working with the Polishborn architect Matthew Nowicki.

    11. The film Mangal Pandey released in August 2005 deals with

    (1) Jallianwala Bagh tragedy
    (2) Netaji Subash Bose’s fight against British occupation of India
    (3) the first war of Indian Independence in 1857
    (4) the partition of India and Pakistan
    Answer:
    11. (2) Mangal Pandey: The Rising (released in India on 12 August 2005) is an Indian movie based on the life of Mangal Pandey, an Indian soldier who is known for his role in the Indian Mutiny of 1857. It is directed by Ketan Mehta. Aamir Khan plays the lead role of Mangal Pandey who was a Sepoy whose actions helped spark the Indian rebellion of 1857. The rebellion is also known as “The First War of Indian Independence”, “The Sepoy Mutiny” or “The Sepoy Rebellion”.

    12. When is the Independence Day of Pakistan celebrated ?

    (1) 15 August 
    (2) 4 July
    (3) 16 August 
    (4) 14 August
    Answer:
    12. (4) The modern state of Pakistan was established on 14 August 1947 in the eastern and north western regions of British India, where there was a Muslim majority. It comprised the provinces of Balochistan, East Bengal, the North-West Frontier Province, West Punjab and Sindh. From 1947 to 1956, Pakistan was a dominion in the Commonwealth of Nations under two monarchs. In 1947, King George VI relinquished the title of Emperor of India and became King of Pakistan. He retained that title until his death on 6 February 1952, after which Queen Elizabeth II became Queen of Pakistan. She retained that title until Pakistan became an Islamic and Parliamentary republic in 1956.

    13. The first Defence Minister of India was

    (1) K. M. Cariappa
    (2) Gopalaswami Aiyangar
    (3) Baldev Singh
    (4) Sardar Patel
    Answer:
    13. (3) Baldev Singh was an Indian Sikh political leader who was an Indian independence movement leader and the first Defence Minister of India. Moreover, he represented the Punjabi Sikh community in the processes of negotiations that resulted in the independence of India, as well as the Partition of India
    in 1947. After independence, Baldev Singh was chosen to become as the first Minister of Defence, and served in this post during the first Kashmir war between India and Pakistan.


    14. The first woman to become a Chief Minister of any State in India was

    (1) Nandini Satpathy
    (2) Dr. J. Jayalalitha
    (3) Sucheta Kripalani
    (4) Ms. Mayawati
    Answer:
    14. (3) Sucheta Kriplani, born Sucheta Mazumdar, was an Indian freedom fighter and politician in Uttar
    Pradesh, India. She became the first woman to be elected Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1963. The
    highlight of her tenure was the firm handling of a state employees strike. The first-ever strike by the
    state employees which continued for 62 days took place during her regime. She relented only when the
    employees’ leaders agreed for compromise.

    15. First Indian Commander-in Chief was

    (1) Gen. K. S. Thimayya
    (2) Gen. K.M. Kariappa
    (3) S.H.F.J. Manekshaw
    (4) None of the above
    Answer:
    15. (2) Field Marshal Kodandera “Kipper” Madappa Cariappa was the first Indian Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army and led the Indian forces on the Western Front during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947. He is among only two Indian Army officers to hold the highest rank of Field Marshal (the other being Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw).

    16. Who gave the concept of ‘Total Revolution ?

    (1) Jayaprakash Narayan
    (2) Mahatma Gandhi
    (3) Karl Marx
    (4) Lenin
    Answer:
    16. (1) Jayaprakash Narayan was an Indian independence activist and political leader, remembered especially for leading the opposition to Indira Gandhi in the 1970s and for giving a call for peaceful ‘Total Revolution’. He called for Sampoorna Kranti on the 5th of June, 1975 - total revolution at a historic rally of students at Patna‘s Gandhi Maidan.

    17. How many spokes are there in the Dharma Chakra of the National Flag ?

    (1) 22 
    2) 24
    (3) 18 
    (4) 14
    Answer:
    17. (2) The National flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolor flag, of India saffron, white and India green; with the Ashok Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre. According to the Flag code of India, the Indian flag has a ratio of two by three (where the length of the flag is 1.5 times that of the width). All three stripes of the flag (India saffron), white and India green) should be equal in width and length. The size of the Ashoka Chakra was not specified in the Flag code, but the Ashoka Chakra must have twenty-four spokes that are evenly spaced.

    18. The methods of democratic socialism are

    (1) Revolution
    (2) General strike
    (3) Sabotage
    (4) Persuasion and propaganda
    Answer:
    18. (4) Democratic socialism is a political philosophy and social movement that rejects centralized, elitist or authoritarian means of transitioning from capitalism to socialism. Democratic socialism advocates for the immediate creation of decentralised economic democracy from the grassroots level, undertaken by and for the working class itself. The methods of democratic socialism as followed by Nehru are discussion, argument and persuasion.

    19. What is the name of the era on which the National Calendar of India is based?

    (1) Vikrama era
    (2) Kali era
    (3) Saka era
    (4) None of above
    Answer:
    19. (3) The Indian national calendar (sometimes called Saka calendar) is the official civil calendar in use in India. It is used, alongside the Gregorian calendar, by The Gazette of India, news broadcasts by All India Radio, and calendars and communications issued by the Government of India. The reformed calendar promulgated by the Indian government from 1957 is reckoned by this era. It is variously alleged to have been founded by King Kanishka.

    20. Who is the creator of the piece titled “Portrait of Francoise” ?

    (1) Leonardo da Vinci
    (2) Paul Cezanne
    (3) Pablo Picasso
    (4) H. Rembrandt
    Answer:
    20. (3) Portrait of Françoise is a famous painting by Pablo Picasso. In 1944, after the liberation of Paris, Picasso, then 63 years old, began a romantic relationship with a young art student named Françoise Gilot. She was 40 years younger than he was.

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