History GK Quiz-7

History GK Quiz-7

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    81. Which metal was first used by the Vedic people ?

    (1) Silver 
    (2) Gold
    (3) Iron 
    (4) Copper
    Answer:
    81. (4) The Rig Veda mentions such artisans as the carpenter, the chariot-maker, the weaver, the leather
    worker, the potter, etc. This indicates that they practiced all these crafts. The term, ayas used for copper
    or bronze shows that metal working was known. Gold was known as ‘hiranya’.


    82. Arabs were defeated in 738 A.D. by

    (1) Pratiharas 
    (2) Rashtrakutas
    (3) Palas 
    (4) Chalukyas
    Answer:
    82. (4) The Battle of Rajasthan is a battle (or series of battles) where the Hindu alliance defeated the Arab invaders in 738 CE and removed the Arab invaders and pillagers from the area east of the Indus River and protected whole India. The main Indian kings who contributed to the victory over the Arabs were the north Indian ruler Nagabhata of the Pratihara Dynasty and the south Indian Emperor Vikramaditya- II of the Chalukya dynasty in the 8th century.

    83. In Mauryan dynasty Kalinga war took place in the year—

    (1) 260 BC 
    (2) 261 BC
    (3) 126 BC 
    (4) 232 BC
    Answer:
    83. (2) In the Mauryan dynasty, Kalinga war took place in the year 261 BC. The Kalinga war fought between the Mourya Empire under Ashoka the Great and the state of Kalinga (Odisha). It was fought in 262-261 BC. The Kalinga war is one of the major and bloodiest battles in the history of India.


    84. The caves and rock-cut temples at Ellora are

    (1) Hindu and Buddhist
    (2) Buddhist and Jain
    (3) Hindu and Jain
    (4) Hindu, Buddhist and Jain
    Answer:
    84. (4) Ellora represents the epitome of Indian rock-cut architecture. The 34 “caves” – actually structures excavated out of the vertical face of the Charanandri hills. Buddhist, Hindu and Jain rock-cut temples and viharas and mathas were built between the 5th century and 10th century. The 12 Buddhist (caves 1– 12), 17 Hindu (caves 13–29) and 5 Jain (caves 30) 34) caves, built in proximity, demonstrate the religious harmony prevalent during this period of Indian history.


    85. The Seven Pagodas of Mahabalipuram are a witness to the art patronised by the

    (1) Pallavas 
    (2) Pandyas
    (3) Cholas 
    (4) Cheras
    Answer:
    85. (1) “Seven Pagodas” has served as a nickname for the south Indian city of Mahabalipuram, also called Mamallapuram, since the first European explorers reached it. The phrase “Seven Pagodas” refers to a myth that has circulated in India, Europe, and other parts of the world for over eleven centuries. Mahabalipuram’s Shore Temple, built in the 8th century CE under the reign of Pallava king Narasimhavarman II, stands at the shore of the Bay of Bengal. Legend has it that six other temples once stood with it.

    86. Name the clan Buddha belonged to

    (1) Gnathrika
     (2) Maurya
    (3) Sakya 
    (4) Kuru
    Answer:
    86. (3) Shakya was an ancient tribe (janapada) of the Indian Subcontinent in the 1st millennium BCE. In Buddhist texts the Shakyas, the inhabitants of Shakya janapada, are mentioned as a Kshatriya clan of Gotama gotra. The most famous Shakya was Gautama Buddha, a member of the ruling Gautama clan of
    Lumbini, who is also known as Shakyamuni Buddha, “sage of the Shakyas”, due to his association with this ancient kingdom. The Puranas mention Shakya as a king of Ikshvaku dynasty.


    87. Who was the author of the Kadambari, a great romantic play ?

    (1) Banabhatta
    (2) Harshavardhana
    (3) Baskaravardhana
    (4) Bindusara
    Answer:
    87. (1) Kadambari is a romantic novel in Sanskrit. It was substantially composed by Banabhatta in the first half of the 7th century, who did not survive to see it through completion. The novel was completed by Banabhatta’s son Bhushanabhatta, according to the plan laid out by his late father. It is conventionally divided into Purvabhaga (earlier part) written by Banabhatta, and Uttarabhaga (latter part) by Bhushanabhatta.


    88. During which Gupta King’s reign did the Chinese traveller Fa-hien visit India ?

    (1) Chandra Gupta I
    (2) Samudra Gupta
    (3) Chandra Gupta II
    (4) Kumara Gupta
    Answer:
    88. (3) Chandragupta II The Great (was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta empire in northern India. His rule spanned c. 380–413/415 CE, during which the Gupta Empire achieved its zenith, art, architecture, and sculpture flourished, and the cultural development of ancient India reached its climax. Fa Haien was the first of three great Chinese pilgrims who visited India from the fifth to the seventh centuries CE, in search of knowledge, manuscripts and relics. Faxian arrived during the reign of Chandragupta II and gave a general description of North India at that time. Among the other things, he reported about the absence of capital punishment, the lack of a polltax and land tax. Most citizens did not consume onions, garlic, meat, and wine.


    89. St. Thomas is said to have come to India to propagate Christianity during the reign of the

    (1) Cheras 
    (2) Parthians
    (3) Pandyas 
    (4) Cholas
    Answer:
    89. (2) St. Thomas is traditionally believed to have sailed to India in 52AD to spread the Christian faith among the Jews, the Jewish diaspora present in Kerala at the time. He is supposed to have landed at the ancient port of Muziris near Kodungalloor. He then went to Palayoor (near present-day Guruvayoor), which was a Hindu priestly community at that time. He left Palayoor in AD 52 for the southern part of what is now Kerala State, where he established the Ezharappallikal, or “Seven and Half Churches”. Thomas landed in Cranganoor (Kodungallur, Muziris) and took part in the wedding of Cheraman Perumal and proceeded to the courts of Gondophorus in North India. Gundaphorus was indeed a historical figure and he belonged to the Parthian Dynasty from Takshasila (Taxila).


    90. The people of the Indus Valley Civilization usually built their houses of

    (1) Pucca bricks
    (2) Stone
    (3) Wood
    (4) All of the above
    Answer:
    90. (1) The Indus Valley Civilization, marked by its remarkable level of urbanization despite being a Bronze Age culture, is noted for its cities built of brick, roadside drainage system, and multistoried houses. Houses were one or two stories high, made of baked brick, with flat roofs, and were just about identical. Each was built around a courtyard, with windows overlooking the courtyard. The outside walls had no windows. Each home had its own private drinking well and its own private bathroom.

    91. Who started the Saka Era and when ?

    (1) Kadphises in 58 BC
    (2) Rudradaman I in AD 78
    (3) Vikramaditya in 58 BC
    (4) Kanishka in AD 78
    Answer:
    91. (4) Most of what is known about Kanishka derives from Chinese sources, particularly Buddhist writings. When Kanishka came to the throne is uncertain. His accession has been estimated as occurring between his reign is believed to have lasted 23 years. The year 78 marks the beginning of the Saka era, a system of dating that Kanishka might have initiated.


    92. In which state was the Nalanda University located in India?

    (1) Bengal 
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Orissa 
    (4) Uttar Pradesh
    Answer:
    92. (2) Nalanda was an ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, India. It was a Buddhist center of learning from the fifth or sixth century CE to 1197 CE. Nalanda flourished between the reign of the Chakraditya (whose identity is uncertain and who might have been either Kumara Gupta I or Kumara Gupta II) and 1197 CE, supported by patronage from the Hindu Gupta rulers as well as Buddhist emperors like Harsha and later emperors from the Pala Empire.


    93. Which event brought about a profound change in Ashoka’s administrative policy?

    (1) The third Buddhist Council
    (2) The Kalinga War
    (3) His embracing of Buddhism
    (4) His sending of missionary to Ceylon
    Answer:
    93. (2) Kalinga War was the only major war Ashoka fought after his accession to throne. It is one of the major and bloodiest battles in the history of India. Kalinga put up a stiff resistance, but they were no match for Ashoka’s brutal strength. The bloodshed of this war is said to have prompted Ashoka to adopt Buddhism.

    94. The monk who influenced Ashoka to embrace Buddhism was

    (1) Vishnu Gupta
    (2) Upagupta
    (3) Brahma Gupta
    (4) Brihadratha
    Answer:
    94. (2) Upagupta was a Buddhist monk. According to some stories in the Sanskrit Avadana he was the spiritual teacher of Asoka the great Mauryan emperor. Upagupta’s teacher was Sanavasi who was a disciple of Ananda, the Buddha’s attendant. Due to the absence of his name in Theravada literature it is assumed that Upagupta was a Sarvadin monk.


    95. Harshvardhana was defeated by

    (1) Prabhakaravardhana
    (2) Pulakesin II
    (3) Narasimhasvarma Pallava
    (4) Sasanka
    Answer:
    95. (2) In 630 BC, Harshavardhana faced defeat at the hands of Pulakesin II, the Chalukya King of Vatapi, in Northern Karnataka. The defeat resulted in a truce between the two kings, with Harsha accepting River Narmada as the southern boundary for his kingdom. 


    96. Which of the following statements about the Guptas is NOT true ?

    (1) They ruled mainly over parts of north and central India
    (2) Kingship was hereditary and the throne always went to the eldest son
    (3) The judicial system was far more developed than in earlier times
    (4) Land taxes increased and taxes on trade and commerce decreased
    Answer:
    96. (2) Kingship was hereditary. Though succession to the throne was generally decided by law of primogeniture, that is, the eldest son succeeding his father, there were many exceptions to this rule. Sometimes kings were even elected by nobles and councillors. As head of the government, the King was overseer of all administrative activities of his realm. He was the supreme judge, and he usually led his army to the battlefields.

    97. Which of the following was NOT composed by Harshavadhana?

    (1) Harshacharita
    (2) Ratnavali
    (3) Priyadarshika
    (4) Nagananda
    Answer:
    97. (1) The Harshacharita, is the biography of Indian Emperor Harsha by Banabhatta, also known as Bana, who was a Sanskrit writer of 7th century in India. He was the ‘Asthana Kavi’, meaning ‘Court Poet’, of King Harsha.


    98. Which of the following is not one of the animals carved on the Sarnath Pillar ?

    (1) Humped Bull 
    (2)Deer
    (3) Elephant 
    (4) Horse
    Answer:
    98. (2) Ashoka built the Sarnath pillar to commemorate the site of the first preaching of Lord Buddha, where he taught the Dharma to five monks. The Lion Capital of Ashoka comprises four lions, standing back to back, mounted on a cylindrical abacus. The abacus features the sculptures of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull, and a lion, separated by intervening 24-spoked Dharma wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. The four animals in the Sarnath capital are believed to symbolize different phases in Lord Buddha’s life. The Elephant is a representation of Queen Maya’s conception of Buddha when she saw a white elephant entering her womb in dream. The Bull represents desire during the life of the Buddha as a prince. The Horse symbolizes Buddha’s departure from palatial life while the Lion represents the attainment of Nirvana by Lord Buddha.


    99. The ‘Kannauj assembly’ organised by Harsha was held in honour of

    (1) Fa-Hien
    (2) Itsing
    (3) Hieun-Tsang
    (4) Megasthenes
    Answer:
    99. (3) The convocation of an assembly at Kannauj was one of the most significant events of the reign of Harsha. The purpose of this assembly was to simplify the doctrines of Mahayanism. This assembly was convened in 643 A.D. It was attended by kings of eighteen countries, 3000 Brahmanas and Jains, 3000 Buddhist monks of Mahayana and Hinayana sects and 1000 Buddhist monks of Nalanda Vihara. The famous Chinese traveler, Hiuen Tsang was also present and presided the assembly.


    100. The first metal used by man was

    (1) Aluminium 
    (2) Copper
    (3) Iron 
    (4) Silver
    Answer:
    100. (2) The first two metals to be used widely were gold and copper. The use of copper in antiquity is of more significance than gold as the first tools, implements and weapons were made from copper. From 4,000 to 6,000 BC was the Chalcolithic period which was when copper came into common use. By 3600 BC the first copper smelted artifacts were found in the Nile valley and copper rings, bracelets, chisels were found. By 3000 BC weapons, tools etc. were widely found. Tools and weapons of utilitarian value were now within society, however, only kings and royalty had such tools; it would take another 500 years before they reached the peasants.

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