History GK Quiz-72

History GK Quiz-72

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    1. When did China start the Civil Services Examinations ?

    (1) 6 A.D 
    (2) 1905
    (3) 1920 
    (4) 1949
    Answer:
    1. (1) One of the oldest examples of a civil service based on meritocracy is the Imperial bureaucracy of China, which can be traced as far back as the Qin Dynasty (221–207 BC). During the Han Dynasty (202 BC–220 AD) the xiaolian system of recommendation by superiors for appointments to office was established. The civil service recruitment method and educational system employed from the Han dynasty (206 B.C.– A.D. 220) was abolished by the Ch’ing dowager empress Tz’u Hsi in 1905 under pressure from leading Chinese intellectuals. The Sui dynasty (581–618) adopted this Han system and applied it in a much more systematic way as a method of official recruitment.

    2. Who was the first Calipha

    (1) Sulaiman, the Great
    (2) Abu Bakr
    (3) Iman Hussain
    (4) Constantine
    Answer:
    2. (2) Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632–634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad’s death. As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad, since the religious function and authority of prophethood ended with Muhammad’s death according to Islam. He was called Al-Siddiq (The
    Truthful).


    3. In which country is Karabla, the holy city of Shia Muslims located ?

    (1) Iran 
    (2) Iraq
    (3) Jordan 
    (4) Syria
    Answer:
    3. (2) Karbala is a city in Iraq, southwest of Baghdad. The city, best known as the location of the Battle of Karbala (680), is amongst the holiest cities for Shia Muslims after Mecca and Medina. It is home to the Imam Hussein Shrine. Karbala is famous as the site of the martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali (Imam Hussein), and commemorations are held by millions of Shias annually to remember it. Karbala is considered sacred by all Shias.


    4. The city of “Tashkent” is located in

    (1) Uzbekistan 
    (2) Kazakhstan
    (3) Russia 
    (4) Kyrgystan
    Answer:
    4. (1) Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan and of the Tashkent Province. This historic city is associated
    with the Tashkent Declaration of 10 January, 1966 which was a peace agreement between India and
    Pakistan after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. The Soviets, represented by Premier Alexei Kosygin
    moderated between Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan. The Tashkent conference, under UN, American and Russian pressure, compelled Pakistan and India to restore their national boundary and the 1949 ceasefire line in Kashmir. This eventually led to dissatisfaction and protests against the Ayub Khan leadership.


    5. Independence movement of Vietnam was headed by

    (1) Ngo Dinh Diem
    (2) Zhou Enlai
    (3) Pol Pot
    (4) Ho Chi Minh
    Answer:
    5. (4) Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese Communist dictator who was prime minister (1945–1955) and president (1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War. He led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at battle of Dien Bien Phu.

    6. Which one country is still governed by a monarch ?

    (1) Afghanistan
    (2) Iran
    (3) Iraq
    (4) Saudi Arabia
    Answer:
    6. (4) Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an absolute monarchy, although, according to the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia adopted by royal decree in 1992, the king must comply with Sharia (that is, Islamic law) and the Quran. The Quran and the Sunnah (the traditions of Muhammad) are declared to be the country’s constitution, but no written modern constitution has ever been written for Saudi Arabia, and Saudi Arabia remains the only Arab Nation where no national elections have ever taken place, since its creation. No political parties or national elections are permitted.


    7. Japan’s Parliament is known as

    (1) Diet 
    (2) Dail
    (3) Yuan 
    (4) Shora
    Answer:
    7. (1) The Diet is Japan’s bicameral legislature. It is composed of a lower house, called the House of
    Representatives, and an upper house, called the House of Councillors. Both houses of the Diet are directly elected under a parallel voting system. In addition to passing laws, the Diet is formally responsible for selecting the Prime Minister. The Diet was first convened as the Imperial Diet in 1889 as a result of adopting the Meiji constitution. The Diet took its current form in 1947 upon the adoption of the postwar constitution and is considered by the Constitution to be the highest organ of state power.


    8. The currency of Thailand is

    (1) Bhat 
    (2) Rupiah
    (3) Yuan 
    (4) Yen
    Answer:
    8. (1) Baht is the currency of Thailand. It is subdivided into 100 satang. The issuance of currency is the
    responsibility of the Bank of Thailand.



    9. 1911 Revolution of China resulted in

    (1) Establishment of a Republic
    (2) Reudalism
    (3) Democracy
    (4) Increased problems of people
    Answer:
    9. (1) The Xinhai Revolution, also known as the Revolution of 1911 or the Chinese Revolution,
    overthrew China's last imperial dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, and established the Republic of China. The
    revolution was named Xinhai because it occurred in 1911, the year of the Xinhai stem-branch in the
    sexagenary cycle of the Chinese calendar. January 1, 1912, was set as the first day of the First Year of the Republic of China.


    10. East Timor, in Indonesian Archipelago, was the former colony of

    (1) Dutch 
    (2) English
    (3) French 
    (4) Portuguese
    Answer:
    10. (4) East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonization of the country. In late 1975, East Timor declared its independence, but later that year was invaded and occupied by Indonesia and was declared Indonesia's 27th province the following year. In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory and East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the 21st century on May 20, 2002.


    11. The world’s oldest continuously inhabited city is

    (1) Jerusalem 
    (2) Baghdad
    (3) Istanbul 
    (4) Damascus
    Answer:
    11. (4) Damascus is often claimed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, and evidence exists of a settlement in the wider Barada basin dating back to 9000 BC. However, within the area of Damascus, there is no evidence for large-scale settlement until the 2nd millennium BC. It has been continuously inhabited since the Chalcolithic period.


    12. Zend-Avesta is the sacred book of the

    (1) Parsees 
    (2) Jains
    (3) Jews 
    (4) Buddhists
    Answer:
    12. (1) The Avesta is the primary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, and is composed in the Avestan language. The word Zend literally meaning "interpretation", refers to late Middle Persian language paraphrases of and commentaries on the individual Avestan books: they could be compared with the Jewish Targums.


    13. In which country the Head of the State gets his office by the law of hereditary succession?

    (1) China 
    (2) Sri Lanka
    (3) France 
    (4) Japan
    Answer:
    13. (4) The Emperor of Japan— defined in the Constitution is "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people" (Article 1) and generally recognized throughout the world as the Japanese head of state — is a ceremonial figurehead with no independent discretionary powers related to the governance of
    Japan. The post is hereditary and is monarchical.

    14. The Wailing wall is situated in

    (1) Berlin 
    (2) Beijing
    (3) Jerusalem 
    (4) Tel Aviv
    Answer:
    14. (3) The Western Wall (Wailing Wall) is the holiest shrine of the Jewish world which is located in Jerusalem. The Western Wall is part of the retaining wall supporting the temple mount built by Herod in 20 B.C. After the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 A.D., Jews were not allowed to come to Jerusalem until the Byzantine period, when they could visit once a year on the anniversary of the destruction of the Temple and weep over the ruins of the Holy Temple. Because of this, the wall became known as the “Wailing Wall.”


    15. Which of the following is not a religion developed in ancient time (i.e. In B.C.) ?

    (1) Shintoism 
    (2) Zorostrianism
    (3) Islam 
    (4) Taoism
    Answer:
    15. (3) Most religious historians view Islam as having been founded in 622 CE by Muhammad the Prophet (peace be upon him). He lived from about 570 to 632 CE). The religion started in Mecca, when the angel Jibril read the first revelation to Muhammad.

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