History GK Quiz-78

History GK Quiz-78

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    1. From which country did the USA purchase Alaska to make it the 50th federating State ?

    (1) Canada 
    (2) Britain
    (3) Russia 
    (4) France
    Answer:
    1. (3) Alaska is the largest state in the United States by area. Alaska was purchased from Russia on March 30, 1867, for $7.2 million. The land went through several administrative changes before becoming an organized (or incorporated) territory on May 11, 1912, and the 49th state of the U.S. on January 3, 1959. The name “Alaska” was already introduced in the Russian colonial period, when it was used only for the peninsula and is derived from the Aleut ‘alaxsxaq,’ meaning “the mainland” or, more literally, “the object towards which the action of the sea is directed”

    2. The American Civil War saw the end of

    (1) Slavery 
    (2) Landlordism
    (3) Monarchy 
    (4) Apartheid
    Answer:
    2. (1) The American Civil War (1861–1865), in the United States often referred to as simply the Civil War and sometimes called the “War Between the States”, was a civil war fought over the secession of the Confederate States. Eleven southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America (“the Confederacy”); the other 25 states supported the federal government (“the Union”). After four years of warfare, mostly within the Southern states, the Confederacy surrendered and slavery was abolished everywhere in the nation.

    3. In U.S.A. the President is elected by

    (1) The Senate
    (2) Universal Adult Franchise
    (3) The House of Representatives
    (4) The Congress
    Answer:
    3. (2) The U.S. president is indirectly elected by the people through the Electoral College to a four-year
    term, and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers, the other being the Vice President of the
    United States. A number of electors, collectively known as the Electoral College, officially select the president. On Election Day, voters in each of the states and the District of Columbia cast ballots for these electors. Each state is allocated a number of electors, equal to the size of its delegation in both Houses of Congress combined. Generally, the ticket that wins the most votes in a state wins all of that state’s electoral votes and thus has its slate of electors chosen to vote in the Electoral College. The election is held in accordance to the system of universal adult franchise.

    4. The declaration that Democracy is a Government ‘of the people, by the people; for the people’ was made by

    (1) George Washington
    (2) Winston Churchill
    (3) Abraham Lincoln
    (4) Theodore Roosevelt
    Answer:
    4. (3) The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, considered one of the
    most well known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War, on the afternoon of November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg. Abraham Lincoln’s carefully crafted address, secondary to other presentations that day, came to be regarded as one of the greatest speeches in American history. Beginning with the now-iconic phrase “Four score and seven years ago,” referring to the Declaration of Independence during the American Revolution in 1776, Lincoln examined the founding principles of the United States in the context of the Civil War, and memorialized the sacrifices of those who gave their lives at Gettysburg and extolled virtues for the listeners (and the nation) to ensure the survival
    of America’s representative democracy, that the “government of the people, by the people, for the
    people, shall not perish from the earth.” 

    5. Pearl Harbour, where the American Pacific Fleet was stationed, was attacked by Japanese in

    (1) 1935 
    (2) 1939
    (3) 1941 
    (4) 1944
    Answer:
    5. (3) The attack on Pearl was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Nether-lands, and the United States.


    6. Who was the Chief Architect of the World Trade Centre. ’New York?

    (1) Le Corbusier
    (2) Minoru Yamasaki
    (3) Edwin Lutyens
    (4) Charles Correa
    Answer:
    6. (2) Minoru Yamasaki was an American architect, best known for his design of the Twin Towers of the World Trade Centre, buildings 1 and 2. Yamasaki was one of the most prominent architects of the 20th century.


    7. That all appointments made by the President and all treaties signed by him must be ratified by the Senate in U.S.A. indicates

    (1) theory of separation of powers
    (2) theory of checks and balances
    (3) due process of law
    (4) rule of law
    Answer:
    7. (2) Separation of powers is a political doctrine originating in the writings of Montesquieu in The Spirit of the Laws where he urged for a constitutional government with three separate branches of
    government. Each of the three branches would have defined powers to check the powers of the other
    branches. This philosophy heavily influenced the writing of the United States Constitution, according
    to which the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches of the United States government are kept
    distinct in order to prevent abuse of power. This United States form of separation of powers is
    associated with a system of checks and balances.

    8. Pearl Harbour, an American Naval and Airforce base was attacked by

    (1) Germany 
    (2) Japan
    (3) France 
    (4) England
    Answer:
    8. (2) The attack on Pearl was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan).

    9. Who was the American leader who led a non-violent movement to obtain full civil rights for American Negroes ?

    (1) Abraham Lincoln
    (2) John F. Kennedy
    (3) Martin Luther King
    (4) George Washington
    Answer:
    9. (3) Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience.

    10. Who discovered America ?

    (1) Vasco-da Gama
    (2) Columbus
    (3) Captain Cook
    (4) Amundsen
    Answer:
    10. (2) Christopher Columbus completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World. Though Columbus was not the first European explorer to reach the Americas (having been preceded by the Norse expedition led by Leif Ericson in the 11th century), Columbus's voyages led to the first lasting European contact with the Americas.

    11. Which one of the following U.S. President visited China in 1972 for strengthening diplomatic ties?

    (1) Richard Nixon
    (2) George Bush (Senior)
    (3) D Eisenhower
    (4) J.F.Kennedy
    Answer:
    11. (1) On February 21, 1972, President Richard M. Nixon arrived in China, becoming the first U.S. president to do so since China was established in 1949. This was an important event because the U.S. was seeking to improve relations with a Communist country during the Cold War.

    12. The Declaration of American Independence was based on the theory of

    (1) Civil Rights
    (2)Moral Rights
    (3) Legal Rights
    (4)Natural Rights
    Answer:
    12. (4) The declaration contained 3 sections: a general statement of natural rights theory and the purpose of government, a list of grievances against the British King, and the declaration of independence from England. These rights are found in eternal “Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God.”

    13. Slash and burn agriculture is known as ‘Milpa’ in

    (1) Venezuela
    (2) Brazil
    (3) Central Africa
    (4) Mexico and Central America
    Answer:
    13. (4) Milpa is a crop-growing system used throughout Mesoamerica (the region of central-southeastern Mexico and northern Central America where the most important pre-Hispanic civilizations flourished). Based on the ancient agricultural methods of Maya, Zapotec and other Mesoamerican peoples, milpa agriculture produces maize (corn), beans, and squash, along with other crops suitable to the local conditions.

    14. Two - Party System is found in

    (1) Russia 
    (2) U.S.A.
    (3) India 
    (4) France
    Answer:
    14. (2) A two-party system is a system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government. For example, in the United States, , the two party system describes an arrangement in which nearly all elected officials only belong to one of the two major parties.

    15. Which U.S. President announced the “New Deal” for economic recovery in the aftermath of the Great Depression?

    (1) Abraham Lincoln
    (2) Benjamin Franklin
    (3) Roosevelt
    (4) J.F. Kennedy
    Answer:
    15. (3) The New Deal was a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later. They included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term (1933–37) of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.


    16. Which of the following is a wonder of the ancient world?

    (1) The statue of Jupiter at Olympia
    (2) The Colosseum of Rome
    (3) The Leaning Tower of Pisa
    (4) The Mosque at St. Sophia (Constantinople)
    Answer:
    16. (1) The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World refers to remarkable constructions of classical antiquity listed by various authors in guidebooks popular among the ancient Hellenic tourists, particularly in the 1st and 2nd centuries BC. The Statue of Zeus (Jupiter) at Olympia was a giant seated figure made by the Greek sculptor Phidias in circa 422-430 BC at the sanctuary of Olympia, Greece and erected in the Temple of Zeus there. It was regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World until its eventual loss and destruction during the fifth century AD.

    17. Which of the following is a name of US Parliament?

    (1) Diet
    (2) Senate
    (3) Congress
    (4) House of Commons
    Answer:
    17. (3) The United States Congress is the Parliament of the United States. It is bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress meets in the Capital in Washington, D.C.

    18. Which one of the following countries was first to establish a modern democracy ?

    (1) France 
    (2) England
    (3) America 
    (4) India
    Answer:
    18. (3) The Constitution of the United States of America, adopted in 1788, provides the world’s first formal blueprint for a modern democracy. It provided for an elected government and protected civil rights and liberties for some. It led to representative democracy that is considered as an essential ingredient of any democracy. The achievement of white male suffrage in the early 19th century has earned the United States the title of “world’s first democracy”. It marked the first time that a large proportion of a national population could elect its representatives.

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