History GK Quiz-8

History GK Quiz-8

History Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on History for competitive examinations.

    101. Satvahanas minted their coins predominantly in

    (1) Lead 
    (2) Silver
    (3) Gold 
    (4) Copper
    Answer:
    101. (1) The Satavahana kings mostly used lead as the material for their coins. Most of their coins are in that metal. Silver coins are very rare. Next to lead they used an alloy of silver and copper, called “potin”. Many copper coins are also available. Although the Satavahana coins are devoid of any beauty or artistic merit, they constitute a valuable source-material for the dynastic history of the Satavahanas.

    102. The headquarters of the Ghadar Party was at

    (1) Karachi 
    (2) Moscow
    (3) Berlin 
    (4) San Francisco
    Answer:
    102. (4) The Ghadar Party, initially the Pacific Coast Hindustan Association, was formed in 1913 in the United States under the leadership of Har Dayal, with Sohan Singh Bhakna as its president. The members of the party were Indian immigrants, largely from Punjab. Many of its members were students at University of California at Berkeley including Dayal, Tarak Nath Das, Maulavi Barkatullah, Kartar Singh Sarabha and V.G. Pingle. The party quickly gained support from Indian expatriates, especially in the United States, Canada and Asia. The party was built around the weekly paper The Ghadar, which carried the caption on the masthead: Angrezi Raj Ka Dushman (an enemy of the British rule). The first issue of The Ghadar was published from San Francisco on November 1, 1913.

    103. Where did Lord Budha breathe his last ?

    (1) Bodh Gaye 
    (2) Sarnath
    (3) Kushinagar 
    (4) Varanasi
    Answer:
    103. (3) At the time of the Buddha, Kushinagar was the capital of the Mallas, and the scene of the Buddha’s death. The Buddha died of old age, when he was eighty years old. The death was triggered by his body reaction to a dish of wild mushroom.

    104. Fa-hien visited India during the reign of

    (1) Chandragupta II
    (2) Samudragupta
    (3) Ramagupta
    (4) Kumaragupta
    Answer:
    104. (1) Chandra Gupta II was the third, and most significant of the Gupta kings. During his reign the famous Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hsien visited India and wrote a detailed account of his kingdom. The celebrated Chinese pilgrim was struck with admiration by the famous royal palace and the houses for dispensing charity and medicine at Pataliputra. He speaks highly of the system of government in the Madhya-desa and the benevolence of the people, especially the moneyed classes.

    105. Mention the place where Buddha attained enlightenment.

    (1) Sarnath 
    (2) Bodh Gaya
    (3) Kapilavastu 
    (4)Rajgriha
    Answer:
    105. (2) Bodh Gaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is famous for being the place where Gautama Buddha is said to have obtained Enlightenment (Bodhimandala). According to Buddhist traditions, circa 500 BC Prince Gautama Siddhartha, wandering as an ascetic, reached the sylvan banks of Falgu River, near the city of Gaya. There he sat in meditation under a bodhi tree (Ficus religiosa). After three days and three nights of meditation, Siddharta claimed to have attained enlightenment and insight, and the answers that he had sought.

    106. The Greek ambassador sent to Chandragupta Maurya's Court was :

    (1) Kautilya
    (2) Seleucus Nicator
    (3) Megasthenes
    (4) Justin
    Answer:
    106. (3) Megasthenes was a Greek ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period, author of the work Indica. He was born in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) and became an ambassador of Seleucus I of the Seleucid dynasty possibly to Chandragupta Maurya in Pataliputra. Megasthenes’ Indica is the first wellknown Western account of India and he is regarded as one of the founders of the study of Indian history in the West. He is also the first foreigner Ambassador to be mentioned in the Indian history.

    107. Hiuen Tsang visited India during the reign of

    (1) Chandragupta I
    (2) Chandragupta II
    (3) Harshavardhana
    (4) Rudradaman
    Answer:
    107. (3) It was during Harsha’s reign that Hiuen Tsang came to India. He has given a vivid description of the social, economic and religious conditions, under the rule of Harsha spoke highly of the king.

    108. Which one of the following was the last Buddhist text produced In India ?

    (1) Divya Vandana,
    (2) Dohakosa
    (3) Vajrachedika
    (4) Vamsathapakasini
    Answer:
    108. (4) Vamsathapakasini is among the last Buddhist texts produced in India. It gives us information about the origin of the Mauryas.

    109. Arthasastra was written by

    (1) Dhanananda 
    (2) Kautilya
    (3) Bimbisara 
    (4)Pushyamitra
    Answer:
    109. (2) The Arthasastra is an ancient Indian treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy which identifies its author by the names ‘Kautilya’ and ‘Vishnaugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. 350–283 BC), who was a scholar at Takshashila and the teacher and guardian of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of Mauryan Empire. Because of its harsh political pragmatism, the Arthasastra has often been compared to Machiavelli’s The Prince.

    110. Worship of Mother Goddess was associated with

    (1) Aryan Civilization
    (2) Mediterranean Civilization
    (3) Indus Valley Civilization
    (4) Later Vedic Civilization
    Answer:
    110. (3) In view of the large number of figurines found in the Indus valley, some scholars believe that the Harappan people worshipped a Mother goddess symbolizing fertility, a common practice among rural Hindus even today.

    111. Alexander and Porus fought a battle at

    (1) Hydaspes 
    (2) Jhelum
    (3) Panipat 
    (4) Tarain
    Answer:
    111. (1) The Battle of the Hydaspes River was fought by Alexander the Great in 326 BC against King Porus of the Hindu Paurava kingdom on the banks of the Hydaspes River (Jhelum River) in the Punjab near Bhera in what is now modern-day Pakistan. The battle resulted in a complete Macedonian victory and the annexation of the Punjab, which lay beyond the confines of the defeated Persian Empire, into the Alexandrian Empire. The battle is historically significant for opening up India for Greek political (Seleucid Empire, Indo-Greeks) and cultural influence (Greco-Buddhist art) which was to continue for many centuries.

    112. Identify the Buddhist Literature from the following :

    (1) Tripitakas 
    (2) Upanishads
    (3) Angas 
    (4) Aranyakas
    Answer:
    112. (1) Tripitaka is a traditional term used by various Buddhist sects to describe their various canons of
    scriptures. As the name suggests, a Tripitaka traditionally contains three “baskets” of teachings: a Sutra
    Pitaka, a Vinaya Pitaka and an Abhidharma Pitaka. Tripitaka is the three main categories of texts that
    make up the Buddhist canon.

    113. Seleucus Nicator was defeated by

    (1) Asoka
    (2) Chandragupta Maurya
    (3) Bindu Sara
    (4) Brihadratha
    Answer:
    113. (2) Seleucus I Nicator was a leading officer of Alexander the Great’s League of Corinth and one of the Diadochi. In the Wars of the Diadochi that took place after Alexander’s death, Seleucus established the Seleucid dynasty and the Seleucid Empire. He was defeated by the emperor of India, Chandragupta Maurya and accepted a matrimony alliance for 500 elephants after ceding the territories considered as part of India.

    114. The striking feature of the Indus Valley Civilization was

    (1) Urban Civilization
    (2) Agrarian Civilization
    (3) Mesolithic Civilization
    (4) Paleolithic Civilization
    Answer:
    114. (1) The most characteristic feature of the Harappan Civilization was its urbanization. The cities show evidence of an advanced sense of planning and organization. The town was extremely well planned. The street ran straight and at right angles to each other following the grid system. The rectangular town planning was unique to the Harappans and was not known in Mesopotamia or Egypt. The streets were very wide and the houses built of burnt bricks lined both sides of the street. In Egypt and Mesopotamia dried or baked bricks were used.

    115. After Alexander’s death the Eastern part of his empire came under

    (1) Seleucus Nicator
    (2) Menander
    (3) Rudradaman
    (4) Kanishka
    Answer:
    115. (1) Seleucus I was a leading officer of Alexander the Great’s League of Corinth and one of the Diadochi. In the Wars of the Diadochi that took place after Alexander’s death, Seleucus established the Seleucid dynasty and the Seleucid Empire. His kingdom would be one of the last holdouts of Alexander’s former empire to Roman rule. They were only outlived by the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt by roughly 34 years.

    116. The early Buddhist scriptures were composed in :

    (1) Prakrit texts
    (2) Pali texts
    (3) Sanskrit texts
    (4) Pictographical texts
    Answer:
    116. (2) Pali is the language in which the texts of the Theravada school of Buddhism are preserved. The Pali texts are the oldest collection of Buddhist scriptures preserved in the language in which they were written down.

    117. In Mohanjadaro, the largest building is :

    (1) the great bath
    (2) a granary
    (3) the Pillared Hall
    (4) a two storeyed house
    Answer:
    117. (2) The Great Granary of Harappa was the largest building of the Indus Valley Civilization. It was about 45 meters long and 15 meters wide. It was meant to store food grains. It had lines of circular brick platforms for pounding grain. There were barrack like quarters for workmen. The granary also had smaller halls and corridors. It was used to store surplus food grains. There were two rows of granaries. Each row had six granaries. A similar granary has been found in Mohanjodaro. All the granaries were built close to the river bank so that grains could be easily transported with the help of boats.

    118. The caste system of India was created for :

    (1) immobility of labour
    (2) recognition of the dignity of labour
    (3) economic uplift
    (4) occupational division of labour
    Answer:
    118. (4) The caste system is a system of division of labour and power in human society. It is a system of social stratification, and a basis for affirmative action. Historically, it defined communities into thousands of endogamous hereditary groups called Jatis. The Jatis were grouped by the Brahmanical texts under the four well-known caste categories (the varnas): viz Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras.

    119. Gautama Buddha was born at

    (1) Kusinagar 
    (2) Sarnath
    (3) Bodh Gaya 
    (4) Lumbini
    Answer:
    119. (4) Lumbini is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi district of Nepal. It is the place where Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama, who as the Buddha Gautama founded the Buddhist tradition. The Buddha lived between roughly 563 and 483 BC.

    120. Who was the mother of Mahavira?

    (1) Yasoda 
    (2) Anojja
    (3) Chetaka 
    (4) Devanandi
    Answer:
    120. (*) Trishala was the Mother of Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, and wife of the Jain monarch, Siddartha of Kundgraam. She finds mention in the classical Jain Agamas, the Kalpa sutra, written by Acharya Bhadrabahu (433 - 357 BC), which is primarily a biography of the Tirthankaras.

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