Honours & Awards GK Questions Quiz-1

Honours & Awards GK Questions Quiz-1

Honours & Awards Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Honours & Awards for competitive examinations.

    1. The Rajiv Gandhi Sadhvawana Puraskar for the year 1997 was given to—

    (1) Dr. Nelson Mandela
    (2) Dr. Julies Nyrere
    (3) Mother Teresa
    (4) Lata Mangeshkar
    Answer:
    1. (*) Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award (English: Rajiv Gandhi National Communal Harmony Award) is an Indian award given for outstanding contribution towards promotion of communal harmony, national integration and peace. The award was instituted by All India Congress Committee of the Indian National Congress Party (INC), in 1992 to commemorate the lasting contribution made by the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, carries a citation and a cash award of Rs. five lakhs. It is given on August 20, the birth anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi, which is celebrated as Sadbhavna Diwas (Harmony Day). The 1996 winner of this award was Lata Mangeshkar, followed by Sunil Dutti in 1998; Kapila Vatsayan in 2000, etc. 
    Note:Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award (English: Rajiv Gandhi National Communal
    Harmony Award) is an Indian award given for outstanding contribution towards promotion of communal harmony, national integration and peace. The award was instituted by All India Congress
    Committee of the Indian National Congress Party (INC), in 1992 to commemorate the lasting contribution made by the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, carries a citation and a cash award of Rs. ten lakhs. It is given on 20 August, the birth anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi, which is celebrated
    as Sadbhavana Diwas (Harmony Day). In 2016 above award is presented to shubha mudgal (singer).

    2. Girish Karnad is :

    (1) A well known playwright and actor.
    (2) A recipient of Gnanpith Award
    (3) The President of the Film and Television Institute of Indian Society.
    (4) All the above.
    Answer:
    2. (4) Girish Raghunath Karnad is a contemporary writer, playwright, screenwriter, actor and movie director in Kannada language. His rise as a prominent playwright in 1960s, marked the coming of age of Modern Indian playwriting in Kannada, just as Badal Sarkar did in Bengali, Vijay Tendulkar in Marathi, and Mohan Rakesh in Hindi. He is a recipient of the 1998 Jnanpith Award, the highest literary honour conferred in India. He has served as Director of the Film and Television Institute of India (1974–1975) and Chairman of the Sangeet Natak Akademi, the National Academy of the Performing Arts (1988–93).

    3. Who amidst the following won the Nobel Prize in Science in two different disciplines?

    (1) Russell Hulse
    (2) David Lee
    (3) Madam Curie
    (4) Paul Boyer
    Answer:
    3. (3) Marie Curie was a Polish physicist and chemist, working mainly in France, who is famous for her
    pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences. She was also the first female professor at the University of Paris (La Sorbonne), and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in Paris’ Panthéon. She shared her 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and with physicist Henri Becquerel. She was the sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Her achievements included a theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes.

    4. Who amongst the following won the Nobel Prize at least twice?

    (1) Winston Churchill
    (2) Madame Curie
    (3) Octavio Paz
    (4) George Choupak
    Answer:
    4. (2) Madame Curie shared her 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and with
    physicist Henri Becquerel. She was the sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Her
    achievements included a theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes.

    5. Who is the latest ‘Bharat Ratna’ awardee among the following who had performed at the historic function at the Red Fort on the 15th August, 1947?

    (1) M.S. Subbalakshmi
    (2) Ustad Bismillah Khan
    (3) Pt. Ravishankar
    (4) Lata Mangeshkar
    Answer:
    5. (2) Ustad Bismillah Khan was an Indian shehnai maestro. He was the third classical musician to be
    awarded the Bharat Ratna (in 2001), the highest civilian honour in India and gained worldwide acclaim
    for playing the shehnai for more than eight decades. Khan had the rare honor of performing at Delhi’s Red Fort on the eve of India’s Independence in 1947. He also performed raga Kafi from the Red Fort on the eve of India’s first Republic Day ceremony, on January 26, 1950. His recital had become a cultural part of India’s Independence Day celebrations, telecast on Doordarshan every year on August 15.

    6. Who won the Jnanpith award for the year 2001 ?

    (1) Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya
    (2) Indira Goswami
    (3) Mahasweta Devi
    (4) M. T. Vasudevan Nair
    Answer:
    6. (*) The Jnanpith Award is a literary award in India. Along with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, it is one of the two most prestigious literary honours in the country. The award was instituted in 1961. Any Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour. It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of the The Times of India newspaper. Rajendra Shah won the Jnanpith — the Indian government’s most prestigious literary prize — for the year 2001. was a lyrical poet who wrote in Gujarati. Indira Goswami won this award in 2000.
    Note : The Jnanpith Award is an Indian literary award presented annually by the Bharatiya Jnanpith to an author for their “outstanding contribution towards literature”. Instituted in 1961, the award is bestowed only on Indian writers writing in Indian languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India and English. As of 2015, the cash prize has been revised to ?11 lakh (equivalent to ?12 lakh or US$18,000 in 2016). The most recent recipient of the award is Bengali poet and critic Shankha Ghosh who was awarded for the year 2016.

    7. Booker prize is given in the field of :

    (1) Medicine
    (2) Adventure
    (3) Fiction writing
    (4) Science
    Answer:
    7. (3) The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original full-length novel, written in the English language, by a citizen of the Commonwealth of Nations, Ireland, or Zimbabwe. It is one of the awards given in the field of fiction writing.
    Note : The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel, written in the English language and published in the UK.Paul Beatty was awarded the 2016 Booker Prize for his novel The Sellout, receiving 50,000 pounds ($61,000), and becoming the first American author to be awarded the prize.

    8. Who was the first Ramon Magsaysay Award winner from India?

    (1) C.D. Deshmukh
    (2) Jayaprakash Narayan
    (3) Dr. Verghese Kurien
    (4) Acharya Vinoba Bhave
    Answer:
    8. (4) The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annual award established to perpetuate former Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay’s example of integrity in government, courageous service to the people, and pragmatic idealism within a democratic society. The Ramon Magsaysay Award is often considered Asia’s Nobel Prize. The prize was established in April 1957 by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund based in New York City with the concurrence of the Philippine government. Sir Chintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh won this award in 1959, becoming the second recipient of this award after Jipson John of Taiwan in 1958. He was an Indian civil servant and the first Indian to be appointed as the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India in 1943 by the British Raj authorities. He subsequently served as the Finance Minister in the Union Cabinet (1950–1956).After resignation from Union Cabinet He worked as Chairman of U.G.C.(1956–1961). He served as ViceChancellor of University of sDelhi (1962–67). He was also President of I.S.I.(Indian Statistical Institute) from 1945 to 1964,Honorary Chirman of National Book Trust (1957–60).
    Note : The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annual award established to perpetuate former Philippine
    President Ramon Magsaysay’s example of integrity in governance, courageous service to the people, and pragmatic idealism within a democratic society. Human rights activist Bezwada Wilson and Carnatic musician Thodur Madabusi Krishna are winners of the Magsaysay Award from India in 2016.
    Acharya vinobha Bhave was the first Indian to receive Ramon Magsaysay award in 1958 for community leadership.

    9. Who amongst the following was awarded Nobel Prize for developing the technology used in integrated circuits used in PCs?

    (1) Robert F. Furchgott
    (2) Horst L. Stormer
    (3) Jack Kilby
    (4) John a. Pople
    Answer:
    9. (3) Jack St. Clair Kilby was an American electrical engineer who took part in the realization of the first integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments in 1958. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 2000. He worked on the problem in circuit design that was commonly called the “tyranny of numbers” and finally came to the conclusion that manufacturing the circuit components en masse in a single piece of semiconductor material could provide a solution. He showed that a piece of germanium with an oscilloscope attached, pressed a switch, and the oscilloscope showed a continuous sine wave, proving that his integrated circuit worked and thus solved the problem.

    10. Authors in English from which of the following countries are not eligible to be considered for the Booker Prize?

    (1) Britain
    (2) Commonwealth
    (3) Republic of Ireland
    (4) USA
    Answer:
    10. (4) The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original full-length novel, written in the English language, by a citizen of the Commonwealth of Nations, Ireland, or Zimbabwe.
    Note : Paul Beatty was awarded the 2016 Booker Prize for his novel The Sellout, receiving 50,000
    pounds ($61,000), and becoming the first American author to be awarded the prize.

    11. Which Indian film won the Golden Lion Award for the ‘Best Picture’ at the Venice Film Festival in 2001?

    (1) Lagan
    (2) Asoka
    (3) Monsson Wedding
    (4) Gadar
    Answer:
    11. (3) Monsoon Wedding is a 2001 film directed by Mira Nair and written by Sabrina Dhawan, which depicts romantic entanglements during a traditional Punjabi wedding in Delhi. Although it is set entirely in New Delhi, the film was an international co-production between companies in India, the United States, Italy, France, and Germany. The film won the Golden Lion award and received a Golden Globe Award nomination.

    12. Who was awarded the Nobel Prize for inventing the microchip?

    (1) Jack St. Clair Kilby
    (2) Eric Cornell
    (3) Carl Wieman
    (4) Wolfgang Ketterle
    Answer:
    12. (1) Electrical engineer, Jack Kilby invented the integrated circuit aka the microchip. By definition the intergrated circuit or microchip is a set of interconnected electronic components such as
    transistors and resistors, that are etched or imprinted on a onto a tiny chip of a semiconducting material,
    such as silicon or germanium. The microchip shrunk the size and cost of making electronics and impacted the future designs of all computers and other electronics. The first successful demonstration of the microchip was on September 12, 1958.

    13. Which of the following Nobel laureates was never an Indian ?

    (1) Mother Teresa
    (2) S. Chandrashekhar
    (3) V.S. Naipaul
    (4) H.G. Khurana
    Answer:
    13. (3) Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad “V. S.” Naipaul is a Trinidadian-British writer of Indo-Trinidadian heritage known for his novels focusing on the legacy of the British Empire’s colonialism. Naipaul was born in Chaguanas, Trinidad and Tobago, to parents of Indian descent. But, he was never an Indian citizen. Mother Teresa was originally an Yugoslav, but she became an Indian citizen in 1950.

    14. Who was the first Gyanpeeth Puraskar winner ?

    (1) Sumitra Nandan Pant
    (2) G. Shankar Kurup
    (3) K. Shivaram Karanth
    (4) Uma Shankar Joshi
    Answer:
    14. (2) G. Sankara Kurup better known as Mahakavi G (The Great Poet G), was the first winner of the Jnanpith Award, India’s highest literary award. He won the prize in 1965 for his collection of poems in Malayalam Odakkuzhal (The bamboo flute, 1950). With part of the prize money he established the literary award Odakkuzhal in 1968. He was also the recipient of the Soviet Land Nehru Award, in 1967, and the Padma Bhushan in 1968.
    Note : The first recipient of the award was the Malayalam writer G. Sankara Kurup who received the
    award in 1965 for his collection of poems, Odakkuzhal (The Bamboo Flute), published in 1950.
    In 1976, Bengali novelist Ashapoorna Devi became the first woman to win the award for novel Pratham
    Pratisruti (The First Promise). The most recent 52nd Jnanpith Award recipient of the award is Bengali poet and critic Shankha Ghosh who was awarded for the year 2016.

    15. Which ex-U.S. President has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize-2002 ?

    (1) John F. Kennedy
    (2) William Jefferson Clinton
    (3) Jimmy Carter
    (4) Franklin D. Rossevelt
    Answer:
    15. (3) James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr. is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the
    United States and was awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize, the only U.S. President to have received the Prize after leaving office. In 2002, President Carter received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work “to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development” through The Carter Center. Three sitting presidents, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson and Barack Obama, have received the prize.
    Note : The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature. It has been awarded annually (with some exceptions) to those who have “done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses” the recipient is selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, a five-member committee appointed by the Parliament of Norway. Since 1990, the prize is awarded on 10 December in Oslo City Hall each year. Most awards-International Committee of the Red Cross (3 times) In 2002 EX-American president JIMMY CARTER got Nobel peace prize and In 2009 American president Barak Obama got this prize. The 2016 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the President of Colombia Juan Manuel Santos ”for his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-yearlong civil war to an end.

    16. Who from the following is an awardee of both the Nobel Prize and the Bharat Ratna?

    (1) Mahatma Gandhi
    (2) Rabindranath Tagore
    (3) Mother Teresa
    (4) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
    Answer:
    16. (3) Mother Teresa of Calcutta was an Albanian-born Indian Roman Catholic nun. “By blood, I am Albanian. By citizenship, she was an Indian. She was the recipient of numerous honours including the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. Mother Teresa had first been recognised by the Indian government more than a
    third of a century earlier when she was awarded the Padma Shri in 1962 and the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1969. She continued to receive major Indian awards in
    subsequent years, including India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, in both 1972 and 1980.

    17. Who among the following is a famous Chief Election Commissioner of India who has been awarded Mag-saysay award ?

    (1) Sukumar Sen
    (2) M. S. Gill
    (3) J. M. Lingdoh
    (4) S. L. Sakdhar
    Answer:
    17. (3) James Michael Lyngdoh is an Indian civil servant and was Chief Election Commissioner of India from June 14, 2001 to February 7, 2004. He was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Government Service in 2003. Lyngdoh entered the IAS, when he was twenty-two. He quickly became known for probity and toughness and for favoring the underdog against politicians and the local rich. He remains active in public life after retirement. He is one of the members of India Rejuvenation Initiative an Indian anticorruption organization formed by a group of retired and serving bureaucrats.
    Note : Nasim Zaidi is the current Chief Election Commissioner and other two Election Commissioners are Achal Kumar Jyoti and Om Prakash Rawat. Dr.Nasim Zaidi took over as 20th Chief Election Commissioner.

    18. The Government of which State has instituted the ‘Tansen Samman’ ?

    (1) Uttar Pradesh
    (2) Madhya Pradesh
    (3) Gujarat
    (4) Maharashtra
    Answer:
    18. (2) The Tansen Samman is given by the government of Madhya Pradesh. This prestigious award was instituted in the year 1980-1981 and is given in the field of classical music. It carries Rs. 2 lakh in cash, citation, shawl and Shrifal.

    19. Who amongst the following facilitated the development of MRI as an important diagnostic tool and for that won a Nobel Prize?

    (1) Sydney Brenner
    (2) Paul C. Lauterbur
    (3) John E. Sulton
    (4) H. Robert Horvitz
    Answer:
    19. (2) Paul Christian Lauterbur (May 6, 1929 – March 27, 2007) was an American chemist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2003 with Peter Mansfield for his work which made the
    development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) possible. Lauterbur credits the idea of the MRI to a
    brainstorm one day at a suburban Pittsburgh Big Boy, with the MRI’s first model scribbled on a table napkin. The further research that led to the Nobel Prize was performed at Stony Brook University in the 1970s. Lauterbur is credited for the idea of introducing gradients in the magnetic field which allows for
    determining the origin of the radio waves emitted from the nuclei of the object of study. This spatial
    information allows two-dimensional pictures to be produced.

    20. Who has instituted the “Moorti devi Sahitya Puraskar” ?

    (1) Ministry of HRD, Central Government
    (2) Sahitya Academy
    (3) Bharatiya Jnanapeeth Trust
    (4) Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan
    Answer:
    20. (3) The Moortidevi Award is an annual literary award in India presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith
    organization for a work which emphasizes Indian philosophy and culture. The prize includes an amount
    of Rupees two Lakh, a plaque, a statue of Saraswati, and a shawl. In 2011, Gulab Kothari won this award.
    Note : The Moortidevi Award is an annual literary award in India presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith organization for a work which emphasizes Indian philosophy and culture. Eminent writer and journalist M P Veerendra Kumar has been chosen for the prestigious Moortidevi award for 2016 for his Malayalam travelogue Haimavatha Bhoomiyil which unravels ancient trails of Indian culture and literature.

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