Honours & Awards GK Questions Quiz-2

Honours & Awards GK Questions Quiz-2

Honours & Awards Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Honours & Awards for competitive examinations.

    21. Who amongest the following got a Nobel Prize in recognition of his discoveries of how salts and water transported in and out of cells in the human body ?

    (1) Roderick MacKinnon
    (2) Kurt Wuethrich
    (3) John E. Sultan
    (4) H. Robert Horvitz
    Answer:
    21. (1) Roderick MacKinnon (born 19 February 1956) is a professor of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics at Rockefeller University who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Peter Agre in 2003 for his work on the structure and operation of ion channels. In 1989 he was appointed assistant professor at Harvard University where he studied the interaction of the potassium channel with a specific toxin derived from scorpion venom, acquainting himself with methods of protein purification and X-ray crystallography. In 1996 he moved to Rockefeller University as a professor and head of the Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysics where he started to work on the structure of the potassium channel. These channels are of particular importance to the nervous system and the heart and enable potassium ions to cross the cell membrane.

    22. Which amongst the following films has won the minimum number of Oscars ?

    (1) Ben Hur
    (2) Titanic
    (3) The Lord of the Ring : Return of the King
    (4) Jurassic Park
    Answer:
    22. (4) Ben-Hur is a 1959 American epic historical drama film set in ancient Rome, directed by William Wyler and starring Charlton Heston, Stephen Boyd, Jack Hawkins, Hugh Griffith and Haya Harareet. It won a record 11 Academy Awards, including Best Picture, an accomplishment that was not equalled until Titanic in 1997 and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King in 2003. Jurassic Park is a 1993 American science fiction thriller film directed by Steven Spielberg, and is based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. It won the Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Editing, and Best Visual Effects.

    23. Kalinga Prize is given in which of the following fields?

    (1) Arts
    (2) Medicine
    (3) Creative writing
    (4) Science
    Answer:
    23. (4) The Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science is an award given by UNESCO for exceptional skill in presenting scientific ideas to lay people. It was created in 1952, following a donation from Biju Patnaik, Founder President of the Kalinga Foundation Trust in India. The recipient of this annual award must have demonstrated — during a brilliant career as writer, editor, lecturer, film producer, radio/television programme director or presenter — talent in interpreting science and technology for the public. The recipient should have striven to emphasize the international importance of science and technology and the contribution they make to improving public welfare, enriching the cultural heritage of nations, and solving problems facing humanity. Many past prize winners have been scientists, while others have been trained in journalism or have been educators or writers.
    Note : The Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science is an award given by UNESCO for exceptional skill in presenting scientific ideas to lay people. It was created in 1952, following a donation from Biju Patnaik, Founder President of the Kalinga Foundation Trustin India. IN 2015 Diego Andrés Golombek of Argentina got this award.

    24. In which city is the presentation ceremony of Nobel Peace Prize held ?

    (1) Stockholm 
    (2) Oslo
    (3) Geneva 
    (4) The Hague
    Answer:
    24. (2) The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist,
    inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature. Since 1901, it has been awarded annually (with some exceptions) to those who have “done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses. The Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee presents the Nobel Peace Prize in the presence of the King of Norway on 10 December each year (the anniversary of Nobel’s death). The Peace Prize is the only Nobel Prize not presented in Stockholm. The Nobel laureate receives a diploma, a medal and a document confirming the prize amount. As of 2009, the prize was worth 10 million SEK (about
    US$1.4 million). Since 1990, the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony is held at Oslo City Hall.

    25. Who was the First Indian Nobel Prize winner ?

    (1) Sir C.V. Raman
    (2) Mother Teresa
    (3) S. Chandrashekar
    (4) Rabindra Nath Tagore
    Answer:
    25. (4) Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) was a poet, philosopher, educationist, artist and social activist. Hailing from an affluent land-owning family from Bengal, he received traditional education in India before traveling to England for further study. He abandoned his formal education and returned home, founding a school, Santiniketan, where children received an education in consonance with Tagore’s own ideas of communion with nature and emphasis on literature and the arts. In time, Tagore’s works, written originally in Bengali, were translated into English; the Gitanjali (“Tribute in verse”), a
    compendium of verses, named ‘Song Offerings’ in English was widely acclaimed for its literary genius.
    In 1913, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. He was the first person of non-Western heritage to be awarded a Nobel Prize.

    26. Who amidst the following eminent Indian journalists was conferred the Magsaysay Award ?

    (1) Frank Moraes
    (2) Kushwant Singh
    (3) Arun Shourie
    (4) Girilal Jain
    Answer:
    26. (3) Arun Shourie (born 2 November, 1941) is an Indian journalist, author and politician. He served as an economist with the World Bank (1968–72 and 1975– 77), a consultant to the Planning Commission, India, editor of the Indian Express and Times of India and a minister in the government of India (1998–2004). He was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1982.

    27. Who was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Award (a trophy, citation and Rs. 25 lakh) in 2004 ?

    (1) Lee Kuan Yew
    (2) Goh Chok Tong
    (3) Aung San Suu Kyi
    (4) Mahathir Mohamed
    Answer:
    27. (2) Goh Chok Tong (born 20 May, 1941) is a Singaporean politician. A member of the People’s Action Party (PAP), he became Singapore’s second Prime Minister on 28 November, 1990, succeeding Lee Kuan Yew, and served in the role until 12 August, 2004, when he stepped down and was succeeded by Lee Hsien Loong. He subsequently served as Senior Minister until May 2011, and as Chairman of  the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS). Goh Chok Tong was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 2004.
    Note : The Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding is an international award presented
    by the Government of India in honour of Jawaharlal Nehru. It is awarded to the people “for their outstanding contribution to the promotion of international understanding, goodwill and friendship among people of the world”. In 2009 Angela Merkel of Germany got this award.

    28. Who amidst the following won the Nobel Prize in Science in two different disciplines ?

    (1) Russell Hulse
    (2) David Lee
    (3) Madame Curie
    (4) Paul Boyer
    Answer:
    28. (3) To date, four people have won a Nobel Prize twice. Those include: Maria Sklodowska-Curie (1903 and 1911, for discovery of radioactivity (physics) and later for isolating pure radium (chemistry); John Bardeen (1956 and 1972, for invention of the transistor (physics) and for coming up with the theory of superconductivity (physics); Linus Pauling (1954 and 1962, for research into the chemical bond in terms of complex substances (chemistry) and for anti-nuclear activism (peace); and Frederick Sanger (1958 and 1980, for discovering the structure of the insulin molecule (chemistry) and inventing a method to determine base sequences in DNA (chemistry).

    29. What is the prize money given with Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna?

    (1) Rs. 1.50 lakh
    (2) Rs. 2 lakhs
    (3) Rs. 3 lakhs
    (4) Rs. 5 lakhs
    Answer:
    29. (4) The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (RGKR) is India’s highest honour given for achievement in sports. The words “Khel Ratna” literally mean “sports gem” in Hindi. The award is named after the late Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India. It carries a medal, a scroll of honour and a substantial cash component. Up to 2004–05, the cash component was Rs. 500,000/- (c.11,500 USD).
    Note : The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, is the highest sporting honour of the Republic of India. As of 2016, the award comprises a medallion, a certificate, and a cash prize of 7.5 lakh (in 2017).

    30. After whom is the Magsaysay Award named ?

    (1) A former President of Indonesia
    (2) A former King of Thailand
    (3) A former President of Philippines
    (4) A former Prime Minister of Australia
    Answer:
    30. (3) The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annual award established to perpetuate former Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay’s example of integrity in government, courageous service to the people, and pragmatic idealism within a democratic society. The Ramon Magsaysay Award is often considered Asia’s Nobel Prize. The prize was established in April 1957 by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund based in New York City with the concurrence of the Philippine government.

    31. Who was the awarded two ICC Awards-2004 for his achievements ?

    (1) Shane Warne
    (2) Rahul Dravid
    (3) Brian Lara
    (4) Andrew Flintoff
    Answer:
    31. (2) 2004 ICC Awards were held at Alexandra Palace, London on 7 September 2004. The 2004 ICC Awards were the inaugural episode and was aimed at recognizing the best individual and team performances of the previous year. Rahul Dravid picked up both the Test Player of the Year and the Player of the Year at the inaugural ICC awards ceremony at Alexandra Palace in London.
    Note : In 2016 Ravichandran Ashwin also got ICC award in two categories 1.Cricketer of the Year and
    2.Test Player of the Year.

    32. In which of the following fields Nobel Prize is not given ?

    (1) Physics
    (2) Mathematics
    (3) Chemistry
    (4) Medicine
    Answer:
    32. (2) The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist,
    inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature. Since 1901, it has been awarded annually (with some exceptions) to those who have “done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses. Nobel Prize is not given in Mathematics.

    33. Which industrialist has been honoured with Bharat Ratna ?

    (1) Ghanshyamdas Birla
    (2) JRD Tata
    (3) Dhirubhai Ambani
    (4) Sir Shriram
    Answer:
    33. (2) Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata (29 July, 1904 – 29 November, 1993) was a French-born Indian aviator and businessman who became India’s first licensed pilot. In 1954, he was awarded the French Legion of Honour and. JRD Tata received a number of awards. He received the Padma Vibhushan in 1957 on the eve of the silver jubilee of Air India. He also received the Guggenheim Medal for aviation in 1988. In 1992, because of his selfless humanitarian endeavors, JRD Tata was awarded India’s highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna.

    34. Which of the following international prizes/awards is given for outstanding contribution in the field of journalism ?

    (1) Booker Prize
    (2) Pulitzer Prize
    (3) Sakharov Prize
    (4) Sullivan Award
    Answer:
    34. (2) The Pulitzer Prize is a U.S. award for achievements in newspaper and online journalism, literature and musical composition. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of American (Hungarian-born) publisher Joseph Pulitzer, and is administered by Columbia University in New York City. Prizes are awarded yearly in twenty-one categories. In twenty of these, each winner receives a certificate and a US$10,000 cash award. The winner in the public service category of the journalism competition is awarded a gold medal.

    35. Who among the following former Chiefs of Army Staff had been awarded the ‘Mahavir Chakra’ twice ?

    (1) General K.M. Cariappa
    (2) General K.S. Thimmayya
    (3) General A.S. Vaidya
    (4) General S.H.F.J. Man-ekshaw
    Answer:
    35. (3) The Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) is the second highest military decoration in India and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air. It may be awarded posthumously. Literally Maha Veer means great warrior. General Arun Shridhar Vaidya was the 13th Chief of Army Staff (CoAS) of the Indian Army. he was awarded MahaVir Chakra twice.

    36. Biologist of Indian origin who received the Nobel Prize was

    (1) Raja Ramanna
    (2) C.V. Raman
    (3) Hargovind Khorana
    (4) Jagadish Chandra Bose
    Answer:
    36. (3) Har Gobind Khorana also known as Hargobind Khorana (January 9, 1922 – November 9, 2011) was a biochemist who shared the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for research that helped to show how the nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell, control the cell’s synthesis of proteins. Khorana and Nirenberg were also awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University in the same year.

    37. Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Prize for his contribution to

    (1) Monetary Economics
    (2) Welfare Economics
    (3) Econometrics
    (4) Development Economics
    Answer:
    37. (2) Amartya Sen, is an Indian Bengali economist who was awarded the 1998 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theory, and for his
    interest in the problems of society’s poorest members. Sen is best known for his work on the causes of
    famine, which led to the development of practical solutions for preventing or limiting the effects of real
    or perceived shortages of food. He helped to create the United Nations Human Development Index. In
    2012, he became the first non-American recipient of the National Humanities Medal.

    38. The Nobel Prize, 2005 for Literature has been awarded to

    (1) Robert J. Aumann and Thomas C. Schelling
    (2) Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock
    (3) Harold Pinter
    (4) Barry J. Marshall and J Robin Warren
    Answer:
    38. (3) Harold Pinter, was a Nobel Prize-winning English playwright, screenwriter, director and actor. One of the most influential modern British dramatists, his writing career spanned more than 50 years. His bestknown plays include The Birthday Party (1957), The Homecoming (1964), and Betrayal (1978), each of which he adapted to film. His screenplay adaptations of others’ works include The Servant (1963), The GoBetween (1970), The French Lieutenant’s Woman (1981), The Trial (1993), and Sleuth (2007). He also directed or acted in radio, stage, television, and film productions of his own and others’ works. Pinter received over 50 awards, prizes, and other honours, including the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2005.
    Note : “for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition” The Nobel
    Prize in Literature for2016 was awarded to Bob Dylan.

    39. Who won the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award for the year 2005?

    (1) Viswanathan Anand
    (2) Pankaj Advani
    (3) Yuvraj Singh
    (4) Narain Karthikeyan
    Answer:
    39. (2) Pankaj Arjan Advani is India’s leading billiards and snooker player. A winner of 8 World Titles in billiards and snooker, he is considered the best all-round billiards and snooker player India has produced. In 2005, he set a world record by becoming the first player to complete a grand double by winning both the point and time formats in the IBSF World Billiards Championship, Malta. In recognition of his achievements, the Government of India has bestowed several awards upon Advani—Arjuna Award in 2004, Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna in 2005 and Padma Shri in 2009.
    Note : Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award 2016 awarded to Olympic medalists P.V. Sindhu and Sakshi Malik; ace gymnast Dipa Karmakar, who lost a medal by a whisker, and shooter Jitu Rai. This is for the first time the nation’s highest sporting award has been conferred on four athletes.

    40. Who among the following was selected for Dadasaheb Phalke Award for 2005?

    (1) Aparna Sen
    (2) Govind Nihalani
    (3) M.S. Sathyu
    (4) Shyam Benegal
    Answer:
    40. (4) Shyam Benegal is an Indian director and screenwriter. With his first four feature films Ankur
    (1973), Nishant (1975), Manthan (1976) and Bhumika (1977) he created a new genre, which has now come to be called the “middle cinema” in India. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1976 and the Padma Bhushan in 1991. On 8 August, 2007, Benegal was awarded the highest award in Indian cinema for lifetime achievement, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2005.
    Note : The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India’s highest award in cinema. It is presented annually at
    the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals, an organization set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. The first recipient of the award was actress Devika
    Rani. The most recent (2016) recipient of the award is filmmaker Kasinathuni Viswanath who will be
    honoured at the 64th National Film Awards ceremony.

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