Indian Geography GK Quiz-10

Indian Geography GK Quiz-10

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Which is the home of “Alphonso mango”?

    (1) Ratnagiri 
    (2) Benares
    (3) Malda 
    (4) Vijayawada
    Answer: (1) Ratnagiri 
    Alphonso is a mango cultivar that is considered as one of the best in terms of sweetness, richness and flavor It has considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in largest region of western India. The southern district of Ratnagiri and south northern parts of Sindhudurg in Maharashtra state, including regions around the Dapoli and Devgad Talukas, the southern districts of Valsad and Navsari in Gujarat state and particularly Alphonso mangoes from the Amalsad region (including villages such as Dhamadachha, Kacholi, and all villages of Gandevi) produce the finest quality of alphonso mangoes in India. Southern States in India are also major mango producing areas. From north to south, climatic changes occur which result in differences in the quality of the produce. In Gujarat and Maharashtra, the finest fruit comes from a patch of 20 km from the seashore.

    Question: Where is India’s most prized tea grown ?

    (1) Jorhat 
    (2) Darjeeling
    (3) Nilgiris 
    (4) Munnar
    Answer: (2) Darjeeling
    Darjeeling tea is a tea from the Darjeeling district in West Bengal, India. It is available as black, white or oolong. When properly brewed, it yields a thinbodied, light-colored infusion with a floral aroma. Unlike most Indian teas, Darjeeling is normally made from the small-leaved Chinese variety. After the enactment of Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection Act, 1999) in 2003, Darjeeling tea became the first Indian product to receive a GI tag, in 2004-05 through the Indian Patent Office.

    Question: Cultivation of wheat requires

    (1) moderate temperature and heavy rains
    (2) humid temperature and heavy rains
    (3) humid temperature and moderate rains
    (4) moderate temperature and moderate rains
    Answer: (4) moderate temperature and moderate rains
    Wheat requires moderate temperatures (maximum 20-23 degrees Celsius and minimum 4-5 degrees Celsius) during sowing season and light rains in January for growth. High temperature and no rains lead to improper growth of the crop, early ripening and damages formation of grain. It thrives best in well drained loamy soil. Wheat is grown extensively in USA, Canada, Argentina, Russia, Ukraine, Australia and India. In India it is grown in winter.

    Question: Kharif crops are sown

    (1) a the beginning of the South-West monsoon
    (2) at the end of the SouthWest monsoon
    (3) at the beginning of the North-East monsoon
    (4) at the end of North-East moonson
    Answer: (1) a the beginning of the South-West monsoon
    Kharif crops refer to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such crops are planted for autumn harvest and may also be called the summer or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the southwest monsoon season. In Pakistan the kharif season starts on April 16th and lasts until October 15th. In India the kharif season varies by crop and state, with kharif starting at the earliest in May and ending at the latest in January, but is popularly considered to start in June and to end in October. Examples include Millet, Paddy, etc.

    Question: The crops grown after the summer monsoon are called

    (1) Kharif 
    (2) Rabi
    (3) Annual 
    (4) Seasonal
    Answer: (2) Rabi
    Rabi crops refer to agricultural crops sown in winter and harvested in the summer season. The term is derived from the Arabic word for “spring”, which is used in the Indian Subcontinent. Rabbi season begins in autumn. The chief rabbi crops are wheat, barley, gram, pulses, linseed and mustard.

    Question: Which of the following statements is incorrect ?

    (1) Wheat is grown in Punjab
    (2) Tea is produced in Assam
    (3) Coffee is grown in Karnataka
    (4) Saffron is produced in HP
    Saffron, the most expensive spice in the world is derived from the dry stigmata of the plant Crocus Sativus. Saffron is a native of Southern Europe and cultivated in Mediterranean countries, particularly in Spain, Austria, France, Greece, England, Turkey, Iran. In India, it is cultivated in Jammu & Kashmir and in Himachal Pradesh. Coffee production in India is dom inated in the hill tracts of South Indian states, with the state of Karnataka accounting 53% followed by Kerala 28%. Assam is known for its tea cultivation. Punjab is one of the largest producers of wheat in India. All statements are correct.

    Question: Which of the following is the main spice producer ?

    (1) Deccan trap
    (2) Malabar coast
    (3) Coromandel coast
    (4) Sunderbans delta
    Answer: (2) Malabar coast
    The Malabar Coast is a long and narrow coastline on the south-western shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent. The ports of the Malabar Coast have participated in the Indian Ocean trade in spices, silk, and other goods for over two millennia. It is famous for Pepper, Cloves, Cardamom, Kokum (Garcinia cambogia), Cinchona, etc.

    Question: Operation Flood is related to

    (1) Flood control
    (2) Arrangement of drinking water
    (3) Milk production
    (4) None of these
    Answer: (3) Milk production
    Operation Flood in India, a project of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was the world’s biggest dairy development programme which made India, a milk-deficient nation, the largest milk producer in the world, surpassing the USA in 1998, with about 17 percent of global output in 2010–11, which in 30 years doubled the milk available per person, and which made dairy farming India’s largest selfsustainable rural employment generator. The Anand pattern experiment at Amul, a single, cooperative dairy, was the engine behind the success of the programme.

    Question: Which of the following has not been a component of the agricultural strategy that brought about the Green Revolution ?

    (1) Greater intensity of cropping
    (2) Guaranteed maximum prices
    (3) New agricultural technology
    (4) Package of inputs
    Answer: (2) Guaranteed maximum prices
    The Introduction of High-yielding varieties of seeds and the increased use of fertilizers and irrigation are known collectively as the Green Revolution, which provided the increase in production needed to make India self-sufficient in food grains, thus improving agriculture in India. Genetically modified high-yielding wheat was first introduced to India in 1963 by Dr. Norman Borlaug. A proper facility of irrigation water was also key feature of the agricultural strategy behind Green Revolution.

    Question: Monoculture is a typical characteristic of—

    (1) shifting cultivation
    (2) subsistence farming
    (3) specialised horticulture
    (4) commercial grain farming
    Answer: (4) commercial grain farming
    Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop or plant species over a wide area and for a large number of consecutive years. It is widely used in modern industrial agriculture and its implementation has allowed for large harvests from minimal labor. However, this ratio remains true only if the accounting for labor required is limited to the number of workers employed on the farm. If the indirect work of employees involved in producing chemicals and machinery are taken into account, the ratio of labor to output is higher.

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