Indian Geography GK Quiz-13

Indian Geography GK Quiz-13

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: What should be the proportion of forest cover for India to maintain her ecological balance?

    (1) 11.1 percent
    (2) 22.2 percent
    (3) 33.3 percent
    (4) 44.4 percent
    Answer: (3) 33.3 percent
    The minimum area of forests to maintain a good ecological balance has been regarded to be 33%. India lags on this front. The Green India campaign has been announced by the Prime Minister for the afforestation of 6 million hectares. The current area under forests is 23%.

    Question: Which one of the following areas is noted for mangrove vegetation ?

    (1) Lava forest of Kalimpong.
    (2) Sajnekhali forest of South 24 Parganas.
    (3) Dandakaranya forest of Orissa
    (4) Carbet National Park of U.P.
    Answer: (2) Sajnekhali forest of South 24 Parganas.
    The Sajnekhali Bird Sanctuary is located in the Sunderbans Forests and is home to a wide variety of birds. The most popular among the birds are the Spotted Billed Pelican, Fish Eagle, Caspian Tern,
    Cotton Teal, Osprey Herring Gull, Purple Heron, Greenbacked Heron, Grey Heron, Egret, Grey Headed Fishing Eagle, Night Heron, Open Billed Stork, White Ibis, White Bellied Sea Eagle, Common Kingfisher, Brahmini Kite and Paradise Flycatcher.

    Question: Where is the Bandipur National Park?

    (1) Rajasthan
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Karnataka
    (4) Assam
    Answer: (3) Karnataka
    Bandipur National Park, established in 1973 as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger, is a national park located in the south Indian state of Karnataka. It was once a private hunting reserve for the Maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore. Bandipur is located in Gundlupet taluq of Chamarajanagar district. Together with the adjoining Nagarhole National Park, Mudumalai National Park and Wynad Wildlife Sanctuary, it is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve totaling 2,183 km2 making it the largest protected area in southern India.

    Question: Where is the Forest Research Institute located?

    (1) Dehradun 
    (2) Bhopal
    (3) Lucknow 
    (4) Delhi
    Answer: (1) Dehradun 
    The Forest Research Institute is an institute of the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education and is a premier institution in the field of forestry research in India. It is located at Dehradun in Uttarakhand, and is one of the oldest institutions of its kind. In 1991, it was declared a deemed university by the University Grants Commission. It was founded in 1878, as the British Imperial Forest School, by Dietrich Brandis. In 1906, it was re-established as the ‘Imperial Forest Research Institute’, under the British Imperial Forestry Service.

    Question: Which is the first national park established in India?

    (1) Velvadan National Park
    (2) Periyar National Park
    (3) Bandipur National Park
    (4) Corbett National Park
    Answer: (4) Corbett National Park
    Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India. The park—named for the hunter and conservationist Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment—was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park. Situated in Nainital district of Uttarakhand the park acts as a protected area for the endangered Bengal tiger of India, the secure survival of which is the main objective of Project Tiger, an Indian wildlife protection initiative.

    Question: The Sundarbans or the ‘Mangrove’ forests are found in

    (1) Kutch Peninsula
    (2) Western Ghats
    (3) Konkan Coast
    (4) Deltaic West Bengal
    Answer: (4) Deltaic West Bengal
    Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. The Sunderbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site covering parts of Bangladesh and India. This region is densely covered by mangrove forests, and is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger. The Sundarbans is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests. The mangrove-dominated Ganges Delta – the Sundarbans – is a complex ecosystem comprising one of the three largest single tracts of mangrove forests of the world. Situated mostly in Bangladesh, a small portion of it lies in India.

    Question: World’s maximum newsprint comes from–

    (1) Deciduous forest
    (2) Monsoon forest
    (3) Mangrove forest
    (4) Rainfed forest
    Answer: (1) Deciduous forest
    Newspapers are made from a type of paper called newsprint. Coniferous softwoods such as spruce, pine, and cedar provide long (average 3mm), strong fibres. Newsprint needs strength enough to withstand the demands of fast printing presses, the ability to accept high quality colour printing and enough opacity to prevent the printing showing through the pages. In most temperate coniferous forests, evergreen conifers predominate, while some are a mix of conifers and broadleaf evergreen trees and/or broadleaf deciduous trees. Temperate evergreen forests are common in the coastal areas of regions that have mild winters and heavy rainfall, or inland in drier climates or mountain areas

    Question: Which of the following is not correctly matched with regard to Project Tiger Reserves?

    (1) Sariska-Alwar
    (2) Valmiki-Hazaribagh
    (3) Pench-Garhwal
    (4) Nagarjunasagar-Sri Sailam
    Answer: (3) Pench-Garhwal
    The Pench Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh) is a 292.85 km2 Project Tiger tiger reserve located in the Seoni District and Chhindwara District of southern Madhya Pradesh in central India. The Reserve gets its name from the Pench River that flows, north to south, 74 km through the reserve. The Pench River bisects the Pench reserve into two nearly equal parts. The Reserve lies in the southern lower reaches of the Satpura Range of hills on the southern border of Madhya Pradesh.

    Question: Where in India can you normally spot the Siberian crane in winter ?

    (1) Sasangir Sanctuary
    (2) Ranthambore Sanctuary
    (3) Dachigam National Park
    (4) Keoladeo Ghana Sanctuary
    Answer: (4) Keoladeo Ghana Sanctuary
    The Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India is a famous avifauna sanctuary that plays host to thousands of birds especially during the winter season. Over 230 species of birds are known to have made the National Park their home. The Sanctuary is one of the richest bird areas in the world. It is known for nesting of its resident birds and visiting migratory birds including water birds. The rare Siberian cranes used to winter in this park but this central population of Siberian Cranes is now extinct.

    Question: Match the Biosphere Reserves with their States :

    Biosphere Reserve
    (A) Simlipal
    (B) Dehond Deband
    (C) Nokrek
    (D) Kanchenjunga
    State
    (1) Sikkim
    (2) Meghalaya
    (3) Arunachal Pradesh
    (4) Orissa
    Codes :
    A B C D
    (1) 1 3 4 2
    (2) 2 4 1 3
    (3) 3 1 2 4
    (4) 4 3 2 1
    Answer: (4)
    Simlipal National Park is a national park and an elephant reserve situated in the Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Orissa. Simlipal National Park derives its name from the abundance of Semul or red silk cotton trees that bloom vividly. Dehong Deband biosphere reserve is present in Arunachal Pradesh, Norkek biosphere reserve is present in Meghalaya and Kanchenjunga biosphere reserve is situated in Sikkim.

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