Indian Geography GK Quiz-14

Indian Geography GK Quiz-14

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I : Bird Sanctuary National Park
    A. Bandipur National Park
    B. Gir National Park
    C. Manas Sanctuary
    D. Rohla National Park
    List-II : Located in
    1. Gujarat
    2. Assam
    3. Himachal Pradesh
    4. Karnataka
    A B C D
    (1) 4 3 2 1
    (2) 1 2 4 3
    (3) 4 1 2 3
    (4) 2 1 3 4
    Answer: (3)
    Bandipur National Park, established in 1973 as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger, is a national park located in the south Indian state of Karnataka. The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is a forest and wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat. Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a Wildlife Sanctuary, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve in Assam. Rohla National Park in Kulu, Himachal Pradesh, is known for snow leopards.

    Question: The famous ‘Gir’ forests are located in

    (1) Mysore 
    (2) Kashmir
    (3) Gujarat 
    (4) Kerala
    Answer: (3) Gujarat 
    Gir Forest National Park or Sasan Gir is a forest and wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat. It is the sole home of the pure Asiatic Lions (Panthera leo persica) and is considered to be one of the most important protected areas in Asia due to its supported species. The ecosystem of Gir, with its diverse flora and fauna, is protected as a result of the efforts of the government forest department, wildlife activists and NGOs. The forest area of Gir and its lions were declared as “protected” in the early 1900s by the then Nawab of the princely state of Junagadh.

    Question: In terms of area, which one of the following Indian States has the largest coverage of forests ?

    (1) Arunachal Pradesh
    (2) Chhattisgarh
    (3) Madhya Pradesh
    (4) Orissa
    Answer: (3) Madhya Pradesh
    The forest cover includes all lands which have a tree canopy density of more than ten percent when projected vertically on the horizontal ground, with a minimum areal extent of one hectare. Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest area in the country. Forest area of the state constitutes 31 per cent of the total area of the state. The forest area in the state constitutes about 12.44 per cent of the total forest area of India.

    Question: Mudumalai Wild-life Sanctuary is located in the State of

    (1) Kerala
    (2) Karnataka
    (3) Tamil Nadu
    (4) Andhra Paradesh
    Answer: (3) Tamil Nadu
    The Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, now also declared a Tiger Reserve, lies on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills (Blue Mountains), in Nilgiri District, about 150 km (93 mi) north-west of Coimbatore in the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu, on the interstate boundaries with Karnataka and Kerala states in South India. Mudumalai, which means ‘first hills’, is one of the first wildlife sanctuaries established in India.

    Question: In India, rain forests are found in

    (1) Central India
    (2) Eastern Ghat
    (3) N.E. Himalayas and Western Ghats
    (4) N.W. Himalayas and Eastern Ghats
    Answer: (3) N.E. Himalayas and Western Ghats
    The main areas of tropical forest are found in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands; the Western Ghats, which fringe the Arabian Sea coastline of peninsular India; and the greater Assam region in the north-east along the Eastern Himalayas. Small remnants of rain forest are found in Orissa state. Tropical rainforests are located in a band around the equator (Zero degrees latitude) in the area between the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° North latitude) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° South latitude).This 3,000 mile (4800 kilometres) wide band is known as the ‘tropics’.

    Question: Silent Valley of Kerala

    (1) is the only evergreen forest in India
    (2) contains costly timber trees
    (3) is a good picnic spot
    (4) contains rare species of plants and animals
    Answer: (4) contains rare species of plants and animals
    Silent Valley National Park, is located in the Nilgiri Hills, Palakkad District in Kerala. The park is one of the last undisturbed tracts of South Western Ghats montane rain forests and tropical moist evergreen forest in India. Plans for a hydroelectric project that threatened the parks high diversity of wildlife stimulated an environmentalist Social Movement in the 1970s called Save Silent Valley which resulted in cancellation of the project and creation of the park in 1980.

    Question: The only sanctuary where Kashmir stag is found is

    (1) Kanha 
    (2) Dachigam
    (3) Gir 
    (4) Mudumalai
    Answer: (2) Dachigam
    Dachigam National Park is located 22 kilometers from Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir. Dachigam National park is located among the high mountains of the mighty western Himalayas. The main animal species that Dachigam is most famous for is the Hangul, or the Kashmir Stag which is listed as critically endangered by IUCN as population is counted 160 mature individuals in 2008 census. This deer lives in groups of two to 18 individuals in dense riverine forests, high valleys, and mountains of the Kashmir valley and northern Chamba in Himachal Pradesh. In Kashmir, it’s found in Dachigam National Park at elevations of 3,035 meters.

    Question: Kaziranga National Park is famous for

    (1) Rhinoceros 
    (2) Tiger
    (3) Lion 
    (4) Crocodile
    Answer: (1) Rhinoceros 
    Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. A World Heritage Site, the park hosts two-thirds of the world’s Great One-horned Rhinoceroses. Kaziranga boasts the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006. The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.

    Question: The ‘Chipko Movement’ is related to

    (1) Wildlife preservation
    (2) Forest conservation
    (3) Scientific agriculture
    (4) Deforestation
    Answer: (2) Forest conservation
    The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan is a movement that practised the Gandhian methods of satyagraha and non-violent resistance, through the act of hugging trees to protect them from being felled. The modern Chipko movement started in the early 1970s in the Garhwal Himalayas of Uttarakhand, then in Uttar Pradesh with growing awareness towards rapid deforestation. The Chipko movement though primarily a livelihood movement rather than a forest conservation movement went on to become a rallying point for many future environmentalists, environmental protests and movements the world over and created a precedent for non-violent protest.

    Question: The Gir Forest is noted for its

    (1) Lion sanctuary
    (2) Deer Park
    (3) Tiger sanctuary
    (4) Crocodile Park
    Answer: (1) Lion sanctuary
    The Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary s the sole home of the pure Asiatic Lions (Panthera leo persica) and is considered to be one of the most important protected areas in Asia due to its supported species. The April 2010 census recorded the lion-count in Gir at 411, an increase of 52 compared to 2005. The lion breeding programme covering the park and surrounding area has bred about 180 lions in captivity since its inception.

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