Indian Geography GK Quiz-15

Indian Geography GK Quiz-15

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Green Revolution was most successful in

    (1) Punjab and Tamil Nadu
    (2) Punjab, Haryana and UP
    (3) Haryana
    (4) UP and Maharashtra
    Answer: (2) Punjab, Haryana and UP
    In regional terms, only the states of Punjab and Haryana showed the best results of the Green Revolution. The eastern plains of the River Ganges in West Bengal also showed reasonably good results. But results were less impressive in other parts of India.

    Question: Blue Revolution is related to

    (1) fish production
    (2) milk production
    (3) oil production
    (4) food production
    Answer: (1) fish production
    Blue Revolution is the water equivalent of the green revolution and primarily refers to the management of water resources that can steer humanity to achieve drinking water and crop irrigation security.. In other contexts, it refers to aquaculture or fish farming. The term “blue revolution” refers to the remarkable emergence of aquaculture as an important and highly productive agricultural activity. Aquaculture refers to all forms of active culturing of aquatic animals and plants, occurring in marine, brackish, or fresh waters.

    Question: In which of the following grouping of States of India is rubber grown on a commercial scale ?

    (1) Maharashtra-GujaratMadhya Pradesh
    (2) Kerala –Tamil Nadu – Karnataka
    (3) Sikkim-Arunachal PradeshNagaland
    (4) Orissa-Madhya PradeshMaharashtra
    Answer: (2) Kerala –Tamil Nadu – Karnataka
    India is the fourth largest producer of natural rubber accounting for 6.5 per cent of the total world production. Kerala is the foremost producer of natural rubber accounting for 89.21 per cent of the total area and 91.68 per cent of the total production of rubber in the country. Kottayam, Kozhikode, Ernakulam and Kollam districts are the main producers. Tamil Nadu contributes 3.43 per cent of the total area and 3.39 per cent of the total production of rubber in the country. Here bulk of the production comes from the Nilgiris, Madurai, Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari and Salem districts. Karnataka is the third largest producer of natural rubber in the country (area 2.70%, production 2.16%). Here, Chikmagalur and Coorg districts are the main producers.

    Question: Green Revolution in India has so far been most successful in case of

    (1) sugarcane 
    (2) coarse grains
    (3) wheat 
    (4) rice
    Answer: (3) wheat 
    The novel technological development of the Green Revolution was the production of novel wheat cultivars. Agronomists bred cultivars of maize, wheat, and rice that are generally referred to as HYVs or “highyielding varieties”. In Indian context, wheat benefitted the most in such states as Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. There are also claims that the Green Revolution has decreased food security for a large number of people. One claim involves the shift of subsistence-oriented cropland to cropland oriented towards production of grain for export or animal feed. For example, the Green Revolution replaced much of the land used for pulses that fed Indian peasants for wheat, which did not make up a large portion of the peasant diet.

    Question: The largest irrigated area in India is occupied by

    (1) Sugarcane 
    (2) Rice
    (3) Cotton 
    (4) Wheat
    Answer: (2) Rice
    The total area under irrigated rice is about 22.00 million hectares, which accounts about 49.5 per cent of the total area under rice crop in the country. Rice is grown under irrigated conditions in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Sikkim, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat. In these states, rice is grown under irrigated conditions more than 50-90%.

    Question: In India, ‘Yellow revolution’ is associated with

    (1) production of paddy
    (2) production of oilseeds
    (3) production of tea
    (4) production of flower
    Answer: (2) production of oilseeds
    The growth, development and adoption of new varieties of oilseeds and complementary technologies nearly doubled oilseeds production from 12.6 mt in 1987-88 to 24.4 mt in 1996-97, catalyzed by the Technology Mission on Oilseeds, brought about the Yellow Revolution. The oilseeds production scenario in India has witnessed a dramatic turn. The country achieved a status of ‘self sufficient and net exporter’ during early nineties, rising from the ‘net importer’ state, with a mere annual production of nearly 11 million tonnes from the annual oilseed crops, uptil the year 1986,87. In a span of just a decade, an all time record oilseeds production of 25 million tonnes from annual oilseed crops was attained during 1996,97. This transformation has been termed as “The Yellow Revolution”.

    Question: Which of the following is considered a cash crop in India ?

    (1) Maize 
    (2) Gram
    (3) Onion 
    (4) Wheat
    Answer: (2) Gram
    The crops of India are divided into mainly two types: (a) Food crops (b) Cash crops. Rice, wheat, maize, millet, barley, mower are the examples of food grains. Jute, cotton, sugarcane, oil seeds and rubber are known as cash crops. A cash crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale for profit. It is typically purchased by parties separate from a farm. Other cash crops are cashew, cotton, tea, rubber, gram, sesame, maize and mustard.

    Question: In a slanting hilly Indian terrain experiencing more than 200 cms of annual rainfall, which one of the following crops can be cultivated best ?

    (1) Cotton 
    (2) Jute
    (3) Tobacco 
    (4) Tea
    Answer: (4) Tea
    Well distributed rainfall ranging around 2000 mm to 5000 mm is considered suitable for successful tea plantation. The monthly average maximum temperature ranging between 28°C and 32°C during April to September, with occasional rise upto 36° - 37° C is good for the plantation. Tea is planted in flat and slightly undulating land at elevation ranging from 20 to 250 m above sea level in major part of the plains of NE India. On hill slopes of Darjeeling and South India, it is planted upto a height of 2000 m above sea level. The state of Assam is the world’s largest teagrowing region. It experiences high precipitation; during the monsoon period, as much as 10 to 12 inches (250–300 mm) of rain per day.

    Question: Which of the following are not grown in the Kharif season ?

    (1) Bajra and rice
    (2) Maize and jowar
    (3) Barley and mustard
    (4) Jowar and rice
    Answer: (3) Barley and mustard
    Kharif crops refer to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such crops are planted for autumn harvest and may also be called the summer or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the southwest monsoon season. Common kharif crops are: millet; jowar; maize, green gram, sugarcane, pigeon pea, black gram, groundnut, sunflower, soyabean, rice, etc.

    Question: “Slash and Burn agriculture” is the name given to

    (1) method of potato cultivation
    (2) process of deforestation
    (3) mixed farming
    (4) shifting cultivation
    Answer: (4) shifting cultivation
    Slash-and-burn is an agricultural technique which involves cutting and burning of forests or woodlands to create fields. It is subsistence agriculture that typically uses little technology or other tools. It is typically part of shifting cultivation agriculture, and of transhumance livestock herding. In slash-and-burn agriculture, forest will typically be cut months before a dry season. The “slash” is permitted to dry, and then burned in the following dry season. The resulting ash fertilizes the soil, and the burned field is then planted at the beginning of the next rainy season with crop such as upland rice, maize, cassava, or other staple crop. Most of this work is typically done by hand, using machetes, axes, hoes, and other such basic tools.

    Question: Rotation of crops means

    (1) growing of different crops in succession to maintain soil fertility
    (2) some crops are grown again and again
    (3) two or more crops are grown simultaneously to increase productivity
    (4) None of the above
    Answer: (1) growing of different crops in succession to maintain soil fertility
    Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar/different types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons. Crop rotation confers various benefits to the soil. A traditional element of crop rotation is the replenishment of nitrogen through the use of green manure in sequence with cereals and other crops. Crop rotation also mitigates the build-up of pathogens and pests that often occurs when one species is continuously cropped, and can also improve soil structure and fertility by alternating deep-rooted and shallow-rooted plants. 

    Question: Which one of the following is not a plantation crop ?

    (1) Tea 
    (2) Coffee
    (3) Rubber 
    (4) Sugarcane
    Answer: (4) Sugarcane
    A plantation is a large artificially established forest, farm or estate, where crops are grown for sale, often in distant markets rather than for local on-site consumption. Plantation crops constitute a large group of crops. The major plantation crops include coconut, arecanut, oil palm, cashew, tea, coffee and rubber; the minor plantation crops include cocoa.

    Question: Jhum Cultivation is a method of cultivation which used to be practised in

    (1) Himachal Pradesh
    (2) Central Highland
    (3) Coastal Tamil Nadu
    (4) Nagaland
    Answer: (2) Central Highland
    Shifting cultivation is a form of agriculture in which the cultivated or cropped area is shifted regularly to allow soil properties to recover under conditions of natural successive stages of re-growth. In a shifting cultivation system, at any particular point in time a minority of ‘fields’ is in cultivation and a majority are in various stages of natural re-growth. Over time, fields are cultivated for a relatively short time, and allowed to recover, or are fallowed, for a relatively long time. Eventually a previously cultivated field will be cleared of the natural vegetation and planted in crops again. Fields in established and stable shifting cultivation systems are cultivated and fallowed cyclically. This type of farming is called jhumming in India. It has been practised in the forested regions of the Central highlands of India which comprise of three main plateaus — the Malwa Plateau in the west, the Deccan Plateau in the south (covering most of the Indian peninsula) and the Chhota Nagpur Plateau in the east.

    Question: With which crop has Green Revolution been associated ?

    (1) Rice 
    (2) Wheat
    (3) Pulses 
    (4) Sugarcane
    Answer: (2) Wheat
    India is one of the main wheat producing and consuming countries of the world. After the Green Revolution in the 1970’s and 1980’s the production of wheat has shown a huge increase. The major States that are involved in the cultivation of wheat are those located in the plains like Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana. They account for nearly 70 per cent of the total wheat produced (External website that opens in a new window) in the country.

    Question: Of the gross cropped area in India, the foodgrains occupy

    (1) more than 70%
    (2) 60% to 70%
    (3) 50% to 60%
    (4) less than 50%
    Answer: (1) more than 70%
    The largest portion of the natural resources of India, consists of land and by far the larger proportion of its inhabitants are engaged in the exploitation of land. In any scheme of planned economic development of the country, therefore, agricultural reorganisation and forms hold a position of basic importance. The gross cropped area is about 317 million acres. Food crops cover about 78 per cent. Of the cropped area, commercial crops provide raw, material for industries, account for 17 per cent.

    Question: Pick the odd one out based on crop season

    (1) Rice 
    (2) Wheat
    (3) Maize 
    (4) Cotton
    Answer: (2) Wheat
    Rabi ( Also called Rabbi ) and Kharif are the two agricultural crops related words that have come with the Mughals in the Indian subcontinent and are widely used ever-since. The Kharif crops is the autumn harvest; but better known as the monsoon crops in Indian sub continent. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains towards the end of May in the state of Kerala during the advent of south-west monsoon season. Bajra and Jowar, Paddy or Rice, Maize, Moong and other pulses, Groundnut. Cotton, etc are Kharif crops. The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the “winter crop”) in Indian subcontinent. Major Rabi crop is Wheat in India followed by Barley, Mustard, Sesame and Peas.

    Question: Which one of the following is not a HYV of wheat ?

    (1) Sonalika 
    (2) Ratna
    (3) Kalyan Sona
    (4) Girija
    Answer: (2) Ratna
    Ratna is a resistant variety of rice. This paddy variety takes about 130-135 days to grow. The main states growing this variety are Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Orissa, Terai region of UP, Punjab, Haryana and Tamil Nadu.

    Question: In Indian agriculture, the period from July to October November is called

    (1) Rabi season
    (2) Kharif season
    (3) Pre-kharif season
    (4) Slack season
    Answer: (2) Kharif season
    The Indian cropping season is classified into two main seasons-(i) Kharif and (ii) Rabi based on the monsoon. The kharif cropping season is from July –October during the south-west monsoon and the Rabi cropping season is from October-March (winter). The crops grown between March and June are summer crops. Pakistan and Bangladesh are two other countries that are using the term ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ to describe about their cropping patterns. The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/Bajra, finger millet/Ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. The Rabi crops include wheat, barley, oats (cereals), chickpea/gram (pulses), linseed, mustard (oilseeds) etc.

    Question: The term “Green Revolution” has been used to indicate higher production through

    (1) creation of grasslands
    (2) planting more trees
    (3) enhanced agricultural productivity per hectare
    (4) creation of gardens in urban areas
    Answer: (3) enhanced agricultural productivity per hectare
    The Introduction of High-yielding varieties of seeds and the increased use of fertilizers and irrigation are known collectively as the Green Revolution, which provided the increase in production needed to make India self-sufficient in food grains, thus improving agriculture in India. The methods adopted included the use of high yielding varieties (HYV) of seeds. Agricultural productivity may be defined as the total agricultural output per unit of cultivated area, per agricultural worker or per unit of input in monetary values. It was found that higher productivity was attained in areas in Green Revolution had been initiated and matured.

    Question: Which breed of the following buffalo breeds is found in the South-Western part of Gujarat?

    (1) Murrah 
    (2) Bhadwari
    (3) Surti 
    (4) Toda
    Answer: (3) Surti 
    The native tracts of Surti breed is Kaira and Baroda districts of Gujarat. The body is well shaped and medium sized. The barrel is wedge shaped. The head is long with prominent eyes. The horns are sickle shaped, moderately long and flat. The colour is black or brown the peculiarity of breed is two white collars one round the jaw and the other at the brisket. The average milk yield is around 1700kgs. The age at first calving is 40 to 50 months with an intercalving period of 400 – 500 days.

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