Indian Geography GK Quiz-16

Indian Geography GK Quiz-16

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: There was a substantial increase in foodgrains production specially wheat production, during the period after

    (1) 1954 
    (2) 1964
    (3) 1965 
    (4) 1966
    Answer: (4) 1966
    he introduction of high-yielding varieties of Indian seeds after 1965 and the increased use of fertilizers and irrigation are known collectively as the Indian Green Revolution, which provided the increase in production needed to make India self-sufficient in food grains. The programme was started with the help of the United States-based Rockefeller Foundation and was based on high-yielding varieties of wheat, rice, and other grains that had been developed in Mexico and in the Philippines. The major benefits of the Green Revolution in India were experienced mainly in northern and northwestern India between 1965 and the early 1980s; the programme resulted in a substantial increase in the production of food grains, mainly wheat and rice. Food-grain yields continued to increase throughout the 1980s. 

    Question: Find out the mismatched pair.

    (1) Tea–Assam
    (2) Groundnut– Bihar
    (3) Coconut –Kerala
    (4) Sugarcane – Uttar Pradesh
    Answer: (2) Groundnut– Bihar
    Groundnut is mostly grown as a kharif crop, and contributes to around 45 percent of the total oilseed production in the country. Groundnut is a popular crop of South India. Four Peninsular states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Gujarat together contribute over 80 per cent of the area and production of groundnut in the country.

    Question: Match the following and select the correct answer from the codes given below :

    Crops Producing state
    (a) Tea (1) Himachal Pradesh
    (b) Sugarcane (2) Assam
    (c) Groundnut (3) Uttar Pradesh
    (d) Apple (4) Gujarat
    (1) a-2, b-4, c-1, d-3
    (2) a-2, b-3, c-4, d-l
    (3) a-3, b-2, c-1, d-4
    (4) a-4, b-3, c-1, d-2
    Answer: (2)
    Tea has traditionally been the domain of Assam and West Bengal. Sugarcane is mainly grown in Uttar Pradesh. Groundnut comes from Gujarat. Apple is grown in Himachal Pradesh.

    Question: ‘Brown Revolution’ is

    (1) growth of fodder industry
    (2) growth of sea products
    (3) growth of milk and milk products
    (4) growth of food processing and soft drinks industries in India
    Answer: (4) growth of food processing and soft drinks industries in India
    Brown revolution is normally related to real estate and housing industry. However, in agriculture, this revolution is linked to cocoa.

    Question: Mechanization of Indian agriculture on a considerable scale is not possible due to –

    (1) small holdings
    (2) lack of tractors
    (3) poverty of the peasants
    (4) indifference of the people
    Answer: (1) small holdings
    Agricultural mechanization helps in increasing production, productivity and profitability in agriculture by achieving timeliness in farm operations, bringing precision in metering and placement of inputs, reducing available input losses, increasing utilization efficiency of costly inputs (seed, chemical, fertilizer, irrigation, water etc.), reducing unit cost of produce, enhancing profitability and competitiveness in the cost of operation. Mechanization of Indian agriculture on a considerable scale is not possible due to small size of plots. This has been mainly on account of fragmentation of land.

    Question: Golden Revolution refers to –

    (1) Sericulture 
    (2) Horticulture
    (3) Apiculture 
    (4) Viticulture
    Answer: (2) Horticulture
    India is at the brink of a Golden Revolution in Horticulture. India ranks first in the total production of coconut and areca nutand is the largest producer, processor, consumer and exporter of cashew nut in the world. It is estimated that all the horticulture crops put together covernearly 11.6 million hectares area with an annual production of 149million MT. Though these crops occupy hardly 7% of the cropped area they contribute over 18% to the gross agricultural output in the country.

    Question: Green Revolution was started in

    (1) 1960 
    (2) 1970
    (3) 1980 
    (4) 1990
    Answer: (1) 1960 
    Green Revolution was started in 1960. Hybrid highyielding wheat was first introduced to India in 1963 by Dr. Norman Borlaug. Borlaug has been hailed as the Father of the Green Revolution. The methods adopted included the use of high yielding varieties (HYV) of seeds.

    Question: Which of the following is not a cause of low productivity in Indian agriculture ?

    (1) Co-operative farming
    (2) Inadequate inputs availability
    (3) Sub-division and fragmentation of land holdings
    (4) Poor finance and marketing facilities.
    Answer: (1) Co-operative farming
    Productivity is actually a function of efficiency and effectiveness. These two are essential for a productive industry. The agricultural sector in India has low productivity because of Traditional farming methods; Lack of adequate machinery; Lack of finances for farmers; Lack of good quality seeds and fertilizers and ownership of land. Besides, the increasing pressure of population on land is an important demographic factor responsible for low yield in agriculture. Shortage of finance, marketing and storage facilities are also responsible for agricultural backwardness in India. The co-operatives and other institutional agencies have not been able to eliminate the village money- lenders. Storage facilities for farmers are not still available to preserve their agricultural product for a better price.

    Question: Which of the following is called “brown paper” ?

    (1) Jute 
    (2) Cotton
    (3) Rubber 
    (4) Tea
    Answer: (1) Jute 
    This rich textured brown paper is made from mulberry tissue with bits of jute or manila hemp scattered throughout the sheet.

    Question: The culture of silkworms is known as

    (1) Apiculture 
    (2) Horticulture
    (3) Pisciculture 
    (4) Sericulture
    Answer: (4) Sericulture
    Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori is the most widely used and intensively studied. Today, China and India are the two main silk producers, together manufacturing more than 60% of the world production.

    Question: Crop rotation is being adopted

    (1) to increase the productivity of the land
    (2) to increase the crop yield 
    (3) to increase the soil water
    (4) to increase the crop resistance to pests.
    Answer: (1) to increase the productivity of the land
    Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons for various benefits such as to avoid the buildup of pathogens and pests that often occurs when one species is continuously cropped. Crop rotation also seeks to balance the fertility demands of various crops to avoid excessive depletion of soil nutrients. A traditional element of crop rotation is the replenishment of nitrogen through the use of green manure in sequence with cereals and other crops.

    Question: Which of the following statements about Kharif and Rabi is not correct?

    (1) Kharif season begins with the onset of monsoon season and harvested in late Spring
    (2) Kharif season begins with the onset of monsoon season and harvested in Autumn
    (3) Rabi season begins in Autumn after the rains and harvested in late Spring.
    (4) Important Kharif crops are rice, millets, jute, maize and cotton; important Rabi crops are wheat, gram, barley and linseed
    Answer: (1) Kharif season begins with the onset of monsoon season and harvested in late Spring
    Kharif crops refer to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such crops are planted for autumn harvest and may also be called the summer or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan.

    Question: The state which produces the largest quantity of wheat is

    (1) Haryana 
    (2) Rajasthan
    (3) U.P. 
    (4) Punjab
    Answer: (3) U.P. 
    The major wheat producing states in India are placed in the northern part of the country. About 86 per cent of the India's wheat production comes from 5 states of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh while three northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana together supply about 72 per cent of the country's wheat output.

    Question: How can a dairy farmer reduce fodder consumption by his cattle and also increase milk production?

    (1) By increasing the supply of feed concentrate
    (2) By stall feeding
    (3) By allowing the cattle to graze in the fields
    (4) By administering hormones
    Answer: (3) By allowing the cattle to graze in the fields
    Like dry fodder is used to fill the empty space in the stomach of cattle, green fodder can also achieve the same result. Fat and SNF is directly related to how much protein is provided in the diet, as the protein converts to milk. Green fodder can nicely substitute dry fodder and at the same time keeping the cattle satisfied.

    Question: The State which occupies the first place in India in the production of Tobacco is

    (1) Tamil Nadu
    (2) West Bengal
    (3) Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Maharashtra
    Answer: (3) Andhra Pradesh
    Even though the cultivation of Tobacco is spread all over the country, commercial cultivation of Tobacco is concentrated in States like Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Bihar, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. India's Tobacco Board is headquartered in Guntur in the state of Andhra Pradesh. 

    Question: Which food crop in India is sown in October-November and reaped in April?

    (1) Coconut 
    (2) Coffee
    (3) Rice 
    (4) Wheat
    Answer: (4) Wheat
    Rabi crops refer to agricultural crops sown in winter and harvested in the summer season. The chief rabbi crops are wheat, barley, gram, pulses, linseed and mustard.

    Question: The package technology which brought about Green Revolution comprised manily of

    (1) man-power, mechanical cultivators and electricity
    (2) changes in crop pattern, industrialisation and chemical fertilizers
    (3) irrigations, bio-chemical fertilizers and high-yield varieties of seeds
    (4) electricity, irrigation and introduction of dry farming
    Answer: (3) irrigations, bio-chemical fertilizers and high-yield varieties of seeds
    Using seeds with superior genetics was the scientific aspect of the Green Revolution. The Green Revolution was a technology package comprising material components of improved high yielding varieties of two staple cereals (rice and wheat), irrigation or controlled water supply and improved moisture utilization, fertilizers, and pesticides, and associated management skills.

    Question: India is the largest producer of

    (1) cotton 
    (2) rice
    (3) mica 
    (4) tea
    Answer: (3) mica 
    India produces approximate 90 % of the world`s mica. It is an indispensable component of the electrical industry. India accounts for 60 % of mica embarking in international trade.

    Question: Fibre crops are

    (1) jute, sugarcane, linseed and rice
    (2) cotton, maize, tobacco and banana
    (3) cotton, hemp, jute and mesta
    (4) hemp, cotton, maize and saffron
    Answer: (3) cotton, hemp, jute and mesta
    Fiber crops are field crops grown for their fibers, which are traditionally used to make paper, cloth, or rope. Plants, such as cotton, flax, hemp, jute, and sisal are cultivated for their content or yield of fibrous material.

    Question: The most commonly consumed staple cereal in India is

    (1) rice 
    (2) wheat
    (3) bajra 
    (4) maize
    Answer: (1) rice 
    In India, rice as a cereal grain is the most widely consumed staple food. 90% of the world’s rice is produced in Asia, with 50% in China and India. Most rice is consumed in the country where it is produced, so global trade in rice is relatively small compared to production.

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