Indian Geography GK Quiz-17

Indian Geography GK Quiz-17

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The Indian Rice Research Institute is located at

    (1) Kolkata 
    (2) Vardhman
    (3) Trivandrum 
    (4) Cuttack
    Answer: (4) Cuttack
    The Central Rice Research Institute is situated near Vidyadharpur village on the Cuttack-Paradeep Road, Orissa, India. It is one of the premier national research institutes under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

    Question: Which is the leading state in mulberry sericulture ?

    (1) West Bengal 
    (2) Karnataka
    (3) Kashmir 
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (2) Karnataka
    Indian sericulture contributes four types of silk Mulberry, Tassar, Eri & Muga to the World of silk fabrics. Mulberry silk accounts for 90% of the total silk production in the country. Karnataka leads in silk textile in India as it accounts for 55.65 per cent of the silk yarn production of the country.

    Question: Bulk of natural rubber in India is produced in

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Kerala
    (3) Karnataka
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (2) Kerala
    The areas in India on which the rubber is produced can be divided into Two zones – traditional and nontraditional. Traditional zone comprises of the southwest coastal regions of India i.e. Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu and districts of Kerala. In India, 92% rubber production is from Kerala. Kerala and Tamil Nadu share 86% of the growing area of natural rubber.

    Question: The ‘Green Revolution’ was mainly directed to increase the production of

    (1) cash crops 
    (2) pulses
    (3) foodgrains 
    (4) minor millets
    Answer: (3) foodgrains 
    The Green Revolution was a technology package comprising material components of improved high yielding varieties of two staple cereals (rice and wheat).

    Question: Name the crop-season in India that opens in May-June with major crops like rice and millets.

    (1) Rainy season
    (2) Rabi
    (3) Kharif
    (4) Winter season
    Answer: (1) Rainy season
    Kharif/Rainy/Monsoon crops are the crops grown in monsoon months from June to October/November. They require warm, wet weather at major period of crop growth, and also required short day length for flowering. Examples: Cotton, Rice, Jowar, bajara.

    Question: ‘Operation Flood’ refers to

    (1) increase in the production of milk
    (2) increase in the production of dairy products
    (3) controlling flood
    (4) increasing the production of agricultural crops
    Answer: (1) increase in the production of milk
    Operation Flood in India, a project of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was the world's biggest dairy development programme which made India, a milk-deficient nation, the largest milk producer in the world, surpassing the USA in 1998, with about 17 percent of global output in 2010–11.

    Question: High yielding plants can be produced by

    (1) Crop Rotation
    (2) Hybridisation
    (3) Inter-cropping
    (4) Mixed - cropping
    Answer: (2) Hybridisation
    In biology and specifically, genetics, the term hybrid has several meanings, all referring to the offspring of sexual reproduction. Plant species hybridize more readily than animal species, and the resulting hybrids are more often fertile hybrids and may reproduce. The cross-breeding of carefully chosen parent plants produces a combination of consistent traits that make hybrids better performers than either parent.

    Question: Maximum wheat producing State in India is

    (1) Punjab
    (2) Uttar Pradesh
    (3) Madhya Pradesh
    (4) Haryana
    Answer: (2) Uttar Pradesh
    Uttar Pradesh contributes 33.02 per cent; Punjab: 19.26 per cent; Haryana: 13.27 per cent; Madhya Pradesh: 9.67 per cent; and Rajasthan: 9.31 per cent are the first five leading producers of what in India.

    Question: What is India’s rank in the world in milk production ?

    (1) Fourth 
    (2) Third
    (3) Second 
    (4) First
    Answer: (4) First
    India continues to be the largest milk producing nation in the world with close to 17% of global production in 2010-11. The country's estimated milk production for 2010-11 is 121 million tones.

    Question: ‘Operation Flood’ is associated with–

    (1) milk production
    (2) wheat production
    (3) flood control
    (4) water harvesting
    Answer: (1) milk production
    Operation Flood in India, a project of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was the world's biggest dairy development programme which made India, a milk-deficient nation, the largest milk producer in the world.

    Question: Name the food crop which gives highest output in India.

    (1) Wheat 
    (2) Jowar
    (3) Maize 
    (4) Rice
    Answer: (1) Wheat 
    The Green Revolution benefited wheat the most. Though the area under rice is considerably larger than land under wheat, the latter has been marked by higher productivity due to the introduction of high yielding variety of seeds, well irrigated lands and substantial use of pesticides. The acreage yield has been higher in the case of wheat.

    Question: The crop which occupies maximum cultivated area in India is :

    (1) Rice 
    (2) Wheat
    (3) Gram 
    (4) Linseed
    Answer: (1) Rice 
    India has the biggest area under rice cultivation, as it is one of the principal food crops. India is also one of the world's largest producers of white rice, accounting for 20% of all world rice production.

    Question: How many agro-climatic zones are there in India as far as the official categorization of the Ministry of Agriculture is concerned ?

    (1) 123 
    (2) 126
    (3) 127 
    (4) 122
    Answer: (2) 126
    India has been divided into fifteen different agroclimatic zones by the Planning Commission of India, which are further divided into more homogeneous 72 sub-zones. However, under the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP), implemented with World Bank funding, the entire country was divided into 126 agro-climatic zones, each consisting of several districts. In each of the zones, a research station was established under a specific SAU to carry out applied and adaptive research relevant to the zone.

    Question: The most important element of weather affecting agriculture in India is:

    (1) Temperature 
    (2) Humidity
    (3) Wind 
    (4) Rainfall
    Answer: (4) Rainfall
    Though temperature and humidity are one of the key elements of weather crucial for a good harvest, agriculture in India is said to be the handmaid of monsoon. This is on account of the lack of irrigational facilities across the country. A good monsoonal year often means a bumper harvest.

    Question: Which of the following is not a Rabi crop in India ?

    (1) Wheat 
    (2) Barley
    (3) Rapeseed 
    (4) Jute
    Answer: (4) Jute
    Major Rabi crop is Wheat in India followed by Barley, Mustard ,Sesame and Peas. Millet, Jowar, Maize, Sugarcane, etc are Kharif crops.

    Question: Crop rotation helps to

    (1) lessen use of pesticides
    (2) eliminate parasites which have selective hosts
    (3) yield more crops
    (4) produce a greater choice of plant products
    Answer: (2) eliminate parasites which have selective hosts
    The growing of different kinds of crops on a piece of land in a preplanned succession is known as crop rotation. In the rotation of crops, leguminous crops like pulses, beans, peas, groundnut and Bengal gram are sown in-between the seasons of cereal crops like wheat, maize and pearl millet. The leguminous plants are grown alternately with non-leguminous plants to restore the fertility of the soil. So it brings about an increase in the production of food grains. Besides, rotation of crops helps in weed control and pest control. This is because weeds and pests are very choosy about the host crop plant,  which they attack. Whenthe crop is changed the cycle is broken. Hence, pesticide cost is reduced.

    Question: Which state is rich in jute?

    (1) West Bengal 
    (2) Tamil Nadu
    (3) Kerala 
    (4) Orissa
    Answer: (1) West Bengal 
    Jute is one of the most important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. Cultivation is dependent on the climate, season, and soil. Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges delta. This fertile geographic region is shared by both Bangladesh and India (West Bengal). West Bengal occupies foremost place both in respect of area (73.5%) and production (82.26%) of jute in the country. Here the crop is grown through-out the state except the hilly region of the north and the plateau area of the west.

    Question: Which state is called the ‘Rice Bowl’ of India?

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Tamil Nadu
    (3) Kerala
    (4) Karnataka
    Answer: (1) Andhra Pradesh
    Andhra Pradesh is historically called the "Rice Bowl of India". More than 77% of its crop is rice. Four important rivers of India, the Godavari, Krishna, Penna, and Thungabhadra flow through the state, providing irrigation.

    Question: Agricultural Commodities are graded with :

    (1) ISI 
    (2) Eco-products
    (3) AGMARK 
    (4) Green Product
    Answer: (3) AGMARK 
    AGMARK is a certification mark employed on agricultural products in India, assuring that they conform to a set of standards approved by the Directorate of Marketing and Inspection, an agency of the Government of India. The AGMARK is legally enforced in India by the Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act of 1937 (and ammended in 1986).

    Question: Crop sown soon after the onset of South-West monsoon in India is called :

    (1) Rabi 
    (2) Kharif
    (3) Rainfed 
    (4) Dry farming
    Answer: (2) Kharif
    Kharif crops refer to the planting, cultivation and harvesting of any domesticated plant sown in the rainy (monsoon) season on the Asian subcontinent. Such crops are planted for autumn harvest and may also be called the summer or monsoon crop in India and Pakistan. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the southwest monsoon season.

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