Indian Geography GK Quiz-18

Indian Geography GK Quiz-18

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: In India, maximum area under jute is found in

    (1) Assam 
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Orissa 
    (4) West Bengal
    Answer: (4) West Bengal
    West Bengal occupies foremost place both in respect of area (73.5%) and production (82.26%) of jute in the country. Here the crop is grown through- out the state except the hilly region of the north and the plateau area of the west.

    Question: ‘Yellow Revolution’ is associated with the production of :

    (1) Poultry 
    (2) Gold
    (3) Sunflower 
    (4) Oil seeds
    Answer: (4) Oil seeds
    Yellow Revolution pertains to oilseeds. The growth, development and adoption of new varieties of oilseeds and complementary technologies nearly doubled oilseeds production from 12.6 mt in 1987-88 to 24.4 mt in 1996-97, catalyzed by the Technology Mission on Oilseeds, brought about the Yellow Revolution. The oilseeds production scenario in India has witnessed a dramatic turn

    Question: Jhumming is shifting agriculture practised in

    (1) North-eastern India
    (2) South-western India
    (3) South-eastern India
    (4) Northern India
    Answer: (1) North-eastern India
    The traditional slash-and-burn cultivation in hilly areas of northeast India is known as jhum cultivation. It is often considered responsible for causing soil erosion, triggering landslide, flash floods and thereby degrading the primary land resource. The productivity is also reported to be very low.

    Question: ‘Mixed Farming’ means

    (1) Sowing of both cash and food crops
    (2) Sowing of two or more crops in the same field.
    (3) Sowing of two or more plants in alternate years.
    (4) Rearing of cattle and agriculture.
    Answer: (4) Rearing of cattle and agriculture.
    Mixed farming is the combining of two independent agricultural enterprises on the same farm. A typical case of mixed farming is the combination of crop enterprise with dairy farming or in more general terms, crop cultivation with livestock farming. Mixed farming may be treated as a special case of diversified farming.

    Question: Dry farming in India is extensively practised in

    (1) Kanara Plains
    (2) Deccan Plateau
    (3) Coromandal Plains
    (4) Ganga Plains
    Answer: (2) Deccan Plateau
    Dry Areas receive an annual rainfall of 750 mm or less and there is no irrigation facility for raising crops. Most of the rivers of the Deccan Plateau are seasonal and the rainfall received from retreating monsoon winds is also moderate. So Dry Farming in India is extensively practiced in Deccan Plateau.

    Question: Terrace farming is done

    (1) on the slope of hills
    (2) in dry regions
    (3) on rooftops
    (4) on mountain tops
    Answer: (1) on the slope of hills
    In agriculture, a terrace is a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming. Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease erosion and surface runoff, and are effective for growing crops requiring much water, such as rice.

    Question: Social forestry is

    (1) growing different types of plants together on private land
    (2) management of forest by cooperative societies
    (3) growing one type of plant in government owned land
    (4) growing and management of useful plants on government owned land
    Answer: (4) growing and management of useful plants on government owned land
    Social forestry means the management and protection of forests and afforestation on barren lands with the purpose of helping in the environmental, social and rural development. Under social forestry, trees are planted in village common land, Government wasteland and Panchayat land. Through the social forestry scheme, the government has involved community participation, as part of a drive towards afforestation, and rehabilitating the degraded forest and common lands.

    Question: Madhya Pradesh is the largest producer of

    (1) Cotton 
    (2) Oil-seeds
    (3) Pulses 
    (4) Maize
    Answer: (3) Pulses 
    Madhya Pradesh is the largest producer of pulses in the country. About 25% of pulses, 15% of Peas and 40% of Grams are grown in the state.

    Question: A crop grown in zaid season is

    (1) Watermelon 
    (2) Soyabean
    (3) Maize 
    (4) Jute
    Answer: (1) Watermelon 
    In Indian sub-continent, the crops grown on irrigated lands which do not have to wait for monsoons, in the short duration between Rabi and Kharif crop season, mainly from March to June, are called Zaid crops. Examples: water melon, musk melon, gourds and cucumber.

    Question: Bailing, mustering and shearing are some activities connected with

    (1) Rearing of Lama
    (2) Cotton cultivation
    (3) Sheep rearing
    (4) Poultry farming
    Answer: (3) Sheep rearing
    The three terms are related to sheep rearing. Shearing: act of cutting wool; Bailing up: to corner the sheep physically; and Mustering: the round up of livestock for inspection or other purposes.

    Question: Which of the following is not a characteristic of Indian agriculture ?

    (1) Multiplicity of crops
    (2) Predominance of large farms
    (3) Overdependence on nature
    (4) Low level of productivity
    Answer: (2) Predominance of large farms
    Predominance of large farms is not a characteristic of Indian agriculture.

    Question: The spice -garden of India is :

    (1) Himachal Pradesh
    (2) Karnataka
    (3) Kerala
    (4) Assam
    Answer: (3) Kerala
    Kerala is referred to as the spice-garden of India.

    Question: The Kharif crops are harvested in :

    (1) October — November
    (2) May — June
    (3) March — April
    (4) June — July
    Answer: (1) October — November
    The principal kharif crops are : jowar, maize, cotton, groundnut, jute, tobacco, sugarcane, bajra,
    pulses, green vegetables, gourd, lady’s finger etc. These are mainly summer season’s crops. These require much water and long hot season. The Kharif crops are harvested in October-November.

    Question: India is the largest producer and consumer of

    (1) Paddy 
    (2) Tea
    (3) Coffee 
    (4) Sugar
    Answer: (2) Tea
    India is the largest produces and consumer of tea in the world and accounts for 28 percent of world production and 15 percent of the world trade.

    Question: Which State called the ‘Rice-Bowl’ of India ?

    (1) Kerala
    (2) Karnataka
    (3) Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (3) Andhra Pradesh
    Andhra Pradesh is called the ‘Rice Bowl of India’.

    Question: Endosulfan spray on cashew crop resulted in the pollution to the tune of tragedy in :

    (1) Kerala
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Karnataka
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (1) Kerala
    Kasargod, a northern district of Kerala, has recently been ill-famous for Endosulfan spray on cashew crop. The spray of this banned chemical was reported to have led congenital abnormalities, mental retardness and cancer in the local population.

    Question: Which Indian State is not known to produce tea ?

    (1) Assam 
    (2) Kerala
    (3) West Bengal 
    (4) Chhattisgarh
    Answer: (4) Chhattisgarh
    The tea producing areas of India are: Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. The Largest state with area under Tea Plantations in India is Assam, followed by West Bengal and Tamil Nadu.

    Question: At the time of independence, predominantly India practised

    (1) Subsistence agriculture
    (2) Mixed farming
    (3) Plantation agriculture
    (4) Shifting agriculture
    Answer: (1) Subsistence agriculture
    At the time of independence, Indian farmers practised subsistence agriculture, only producing enough to feed themselves. Since India’s independence, food and cash crop supply has greatly improved with the initiation of the Green Revolution in the 1960s.

    Question: Which State is the largest producer of pulses in India ?

    (1) Bihar
    (2) Rajasthan
    (3) Madhya Pradesh
    (4) Maharashtra
    Answer: (3) Madhya Pradesh
    The top producer of pulses in India is the state of Madhya Pradesh. It contributes about 24% of the overall pulses production of the nation.

    Question: Which Indian State is the leading cotton producer ?

    (1) Gujarat
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Madhya Pradesh
    Answer: (1) Gujarat
    Gujarat is the leading cotton growing state while Maharashtra devotes the largest area to cotton cultivation in the country. With an estimated 4 million farms, India has the largest area devoted to cotton production in the world.

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