Indian Geography GK Quiz-2

Indian Geography GK Quiz-2

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Which of the following cities liesto the western-most longitude ?

    (1) Jaipur 
    (2) Nagpur
    (3) Bhopal 
    (4) Hyderabad
    Answer: (1) Jaipur 
    Jaipur is the headquarters of Jaipur district which is situated in the eastern part of Rajasthan. It is located at 26°92'N 75° 82' E. It has an average elevation of 431 metres (1417 ft). The major rivers passing through the Jaipur district are Banas and Banganga.

    Question: Which one of the following river flows through a rift valley ?

    (1) Godavari 
    (2) Narmada
    (3) Krishna 
    (4) Mahanadi
    Answer: (2) Narmada
    Narmada is the only river in India that flows in a rift valley, flowing west between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges. The Tapti River and Mahi River also flow through rift valleys, but between different ranges. One theory is that the area in which the fossils are located, i.e., the Narmada Valley near Mandla, was actually a deep inundation of the sea into peninsular India till the Post- Cambrian Tertiary age, about 40 million years ago. This means that Narmada was a very short river which terminated in the inland sea above Mandla, and that the recession of the sea caused geological disturbances, which created the present rift valley through which the Narmada River and Tapti River flow in their present journey to the Arabian Sea.

    Question: Duncan Passage is located between

    (1) South and Little Andaman
    (2) North and South Andaman
    (3) North and Middle Andaman
    (4) Andaman and Nicobar
    Answer: (1) South and Little Andaman
    Duncan Passage is a strait in the Indian Ocean. It is about 48 km (30 mi) wide; it separates Rutland Island (part of Great Andaman) to the north and Little Andaman to the south. West of Duncan Passage is the Bay of Bengal; east is the Andaman Sea. Several small islands and islets lie along the passage.

    Question: India lies in the ................ hemisphere.

    (1) northern and eastern
    (2) southern and eastern
    (3) northern and western
    (4) northern and southern
    Answer: (1) northern and eastern
    India lies to the north of the equator, geographically located at 28° 36.8' N and 77° 12.5' E in the
    northern hemisphere of the globe. India takes its standard time from the meridian of 82° 30' E, which
    is 5 ½ hours ahead of Greenwich Mean time (0 (zero) longitude).

    Question: Which of the following mountain ranges in India are the oldest?

    (1) Himalayas 
    (2) Vindhyas
    (3) Aravalli 
    (4) Sahyadri
    Answer: (3) Aravalli 
    The Aravali Range (Aravali) literally meaning ‘line of peaks’, is a range of mountains in western India and eastern Pakistan running approximately 800 km from northwest to southwest across Indian states of Rajasthan, Haryana, and Gujarat and Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Sindh. The Aravali range are the oldest fold mountains in India. The Aravali Range is the eroded stub of a range of ancient folded mountains. The range rose in a Precambrian event called the Aravali-Delhi orogeny. The range joins two of the ancient segments that make up the Indian craton, the Marwar segment to the northwest of the range, and the Bundelkhand segment to the southeast.

    Question: Which foreign country is closest to Andaman Islands ?

    (1) Sri Lanka 
    (2) Myanmar
    (3) Indonesia 
    (4) Pakistan
    Answer: (2) Myanmar
    The Andaman Islands are a group of Indian Ocean archipelagic islands in the Bay of Bengal, between the Indian peninsula to the west and Burma to the north and east. Most of the islands are part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Union Territory of India, while a small number in the north of the archipelago belong to Burma. The Andaman Archipelago is an oceanic continuation of the Burmese Arakan Yoma range in the North and of the Indonesian Archipelago in the South. It has 325 islands which cover an area of 6,408 km2 (2,474 sq mi), with the Andaman Sea to the east between the islands and the coast of Burma. The nearest landmass in the north is Myanmar.

    Question: 82 12 ° E longitude is geographically significant to India because

    (1) it determines the Indian standard time
    (2) it has a bearing on the tropical climate of India
    (3) it divides India into eastern and western zones
    (4) it enables determining local time in eastern India
    Answer: (1) it determines the Indian standard time
    Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India and Sri Lanka, with a time offset of UTC+05:30. India does not observe Daylight Saving Time (DST) or other seasonal adjustments. In military and aviation time IST is designated E* (“EchoStar”). Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 82.5° E longitude, from a clock tower in Mirzapur (25.15°N 82.58°E) (near Allahabad in the state of Uttar Pradesh) which is nearly on the corresponding longitude reference line.

    Question: Which of the following uplands is not a part of the Telangana Plateau ?

    (1) Aravalli
    (2) Western Ghat
    (3) Eastern Ghat
    (4) Satpura
    Answer: (1) Aravalli
    Telangana plateau is a plateau in western Andhra Pradesh, comprising the northeastern part of the Deccan plateau. The Aravali Range literally meaning ‘line of peaks’, is a range of mountains in western India and eastern Pakistan running approximately 800 km from northwest to southwest across Indian states of Rajasthan, Haryana, and Gujarat and Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Sindh. The Aravali Range is the eroded stub of a range of ancient folded mountains. The range rose in a Precambrian event called the Aravali-Delhi orogen. The range joins two of the ancient segments that make up the Indian craton, the Marwar segment to the northwest of the range, and the Bundelkhand segment to the southeast.

    Question: Where are the Saltora Ranges located ?

    (1) Ladakh
    (2) Along the Vindhyas
    (3) Part of the Karakoram Ranges
    (4) Part of the Western Ghats
    Answer: (3) Part of the Karakoram Ranges
    Siachen is a glacier 76-km in length with a width of 2 km to 8 km, between two ranges - Karakoram in the east and Saltora in the west. Starting from point NJ9842 in the South, the glacier runs in a north western direction flanking several towns in POK close to the Saltora range, and in a north eastern direction it extends up to the Karakoram pass, thus forming more or less a triangular shape.

    Question: Which one of the following is not a part along the western coast of India ?

    (1) Nhava Sheva 
    (2) Marmagao
    (3) Tuticorin 
    (4) Kochi
    Answer: (3) Tuticorin 
    Thoothukudi, also known as Tuticorin, is a port city and a Municipal Corporation in Thoothukudi district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Thoothukudi is the headquarters of Thoothukudi District. Thoothukudi is also known as “Pearl City”. Thoothukudi is in South India, on the Gulf of Mannar, about 590 kilometres southwest of Chennai.

    Question: Which of the following processes is responsible for producing the sand dunes in western Rajasthan?

    (1) Wind erosion
    (2) Erosion by water
    (3) Wind deposition
    (4) Mechanical weathering
    Answer: (3) Wind deposition
    In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built either by wind or water flow. Dunes occur in
    different forms and sizes, formed by interaction with the flow of air or water. Most kinds of dunes are
    longer on the windward side where the sand is pushed up the dune and have a shorter “slip face” in
    the lee of the wind. The origin of sand dunes is very complex, but there are three essential prerequisites:
    (1) An abundant supply of loose sand in a region generally devoid of vegetation (such as an ancient
    lake bed or river delta); (2) a wind energy source sufficient to move the sand grains; and (3) a topography whereby the sand particles lose their momentum and settle out.

    Question: Which part of the Himalayas has the maximum stretch from east to West ?

    (1) Kumaun Himalayas
    (2) Assam Himalayas
    (3) Punjab Himalayas
    (4) Nepal Himalayas
    Answer: (4) Nepal Himalayas
    Nepal Himalayas has the maximum stretch from east to west. Along the north of Nepal runs the Great Himalayan Range, the highest mountain range in the Himalayan system. This range has an average altitude of about 4,570 m (about 15,000 ft) and remains perpetually snow-covered. On this range rise some of the loftiest mountain peaks in the world — Mount Everest, Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Dhaulagiri, Manaslu, and Annapurna. Further south runs a complex system of intermediate ranges at an altitude of 8,000-14,000 ft. Prominent ranges in this mountain system include the Mahabharata and Churia ranges. High mountain ranges are interspersed with broad inhabited river valleys. The third and southernmost region is the Terai, a swampy terrain which is the northern extension of the Indian plains.

    Question: The standard time of a country differs from the GMT in multiples of—

    (1) Two hours 
    (2) One hour
    (3) Half hour 
    (4) Four minutes
    Answer: (3) Half hour 
    zero (0) degree Longitude is the mean longitude and the time adjusted according to this longitudinal time. The earth rotates from West to East. So every 15 o we go easy wards, local time is advanced by 1 hour. If we go west wards, local time is retarded by 1 hour. Each country has set their local time multiple of half an hour (1/2 hour). India’s local standard time is (+5.5 h). Means 5.5 h ahead of G.M.T.

    Question: The standard time of India is

    (1) 5 1 2 hours ahead of GMT
    (2) 4 1 2 hours behind of GMT
    (3) 4 hours ahead of GMT
    (4) 5 1 2 hours behind of GMT
    Answer: (1) 5 1 2 hours ahead of GMT
    Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India and Sri Lanka, with a time offset of UTC+05:30. It is 5 hours 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. India does not operate DaylightSaving Time.

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