Indian Geography GK Quiz-20

Indian Geography GK Quiz-20

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The largest irrigation canal in India is called the :

    (1) Yamuna canal
    (2) Sirhand canal
    (3) Indira Gandhi canal
    (4) Upper Bari Doab canal
    Answer: (3) Indira Gandhi canal
    The Indira Gandhi Canal is the largest canal project in India. It starts from the Harike Barrage at Sultanpur, a few kilometers below the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in Punjab state. it provides irrigation facilities to the north-western region of Rajasthan, a part of the Thar Desert. It consists of the Rajasthan feeder canal (with the first 167 km in Punjab and Haryana and the remaining 37 km in Rajasthan) and 445 km of the Rajasthan main canal which is entirely within Rajasthan. This canal enters into Haryana from Punjab near Lohgarh village of Haryana, then running in western part of district Sirsa it enters into Rajasthan near Kharakhera village.

    Question: Which of the following rivers makes an estuary?

    (1) Krishna 
    (2) Mahanadi
    (3) Godavari 
    (4) Narmada
    Answer: (4) Narmada
    An estuary is a body of water formed where freshwater from rivers and streams flows into the ocean, mixing with the seawater. Estuaries and the lands surrounding them are places of transition from land to sea, and from freshwater to saltwater. Although influenced by the tides, estuaries are protected from the full force of ocean waves, winds, and storms by the reefs, barrier islands, or fingers of land, mud, or sand that surround them. Most of the west flowing rivers of India do not form delta, they form estuary. The Narmada makes an estuary with Gulf of Khambat near Bharuch.

    Question: Asia’s first underground Hydel Project is located in which of the following States in India?

    (1) Jammu & Kashmir
    (2) Himachal Pradesh
    (3) Arunachal Pradesh
    (4) Uttar Pradesh
    Answer: (2) Himachal Pradesh
    The 1,500-MW Nathpa-Jhakri hydel project, one of Asia’s first mega project having an underground power station commissioned in 2003, is an hydel project in Himachal Pradesh. It supplies power to nine states, including Rajasthan, UP, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh. Bulit on Sutlej River, the project is being executed by Sutlej Jal Nigam (formerly Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation). The 1500 MW hydro electric power project is situated in Kinnaur district, Himachal Pradesh.

    Question: Which of the following is a river flowing from Central India and joining Yamuna/ Ganga?

    (1) Ghagra 
    (2) Gomti
    (3) Kosi 
    (4) Betwa
    Answer: (4) Betwa
    The Betwa is a river in Northern India, and a tributary of the Yamuna. Also known as the Vetravati, the Betwa rises in the Vindhya Range just north of Hoshangabad in Madhya Pradesh and flows northeast through Madhya Pradesh and flow through Orchha to Uttar Pradesh. Nearly one-half of its course, which is not navigable, runs over the Malwa Plateau before it breaks into the upland. A tributary of the Yamuna River, the confluence of the Betwa and the Yamuna Rivers takes place in the Hamirpur town in Uttar Pradesh, in the vicinity of Orchha.

    Question: Girna Project is situated in

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Orissa
    (4) Chhattisgarh
    Answer: (2) Maharashtra
    Nandgaon is a city and a municipal council in Nashik district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.There are two important dams in Nandgaon taluka. One is Girana Dam under major project and another is Nagyasakya under medium project. 

    Question: Arrange the following rivers from South to North.

    (a) Cauvery 
    (b) Krishna
    (c) Godavari 
    (d) Mahanadi
    (1) (a), (c), (b), (d)
    (2) (c), (d), (a), (b)
    (3) (b), (d), (c), (a)
    (4) (a), (b), (c), (d)
    Answer: (4)
    In the Deccan region, most of the major river systems flowing generally in east direction fall into Bay of Bengal. The major east flowing rivers are Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Mahanadi, etc. Narmada and Tapti are major West flowing rivers. The Godavari in the southern Peninsula has the second largest river basin covering 10 per cent of the area of India. Next to it is the Krishna basin in the region, while the Mahanadi has the third largest basin. The basin of the Narmada in the uplands of the Deccan, flowing to the Arabian Sea, and of the Kaveri in the south, falling into the Bay of Bengal are about the same size, though with different character and shape.

    Question: Farakka Barrage was commissioned to

    (1) save Kolkata port
    (2) link North and South Bengal
    (3) supply drinking water to Kolkata
    (4) divert water to Bangla-desh
    Answer: (1) save Kolkata port
    Farakka Barrage is a barrage across the Ganges River, located in the Indian state of West Bengal,
    roughly 16.5 kilometres from the border with Bangladesh near Chapai Nawabganj District. Construction was started in 1961 and completed in 1975. The barrage was built to divert up to 44,000 cu ft/s (1,200 m3/s) of water from the Ganges River into the Hooghly River during the dry season, from January to June, in order to flush out the accumulating silt which in the 1950s and 1960s was a problem at the Port of Kolkata (Calcutta) on the Hooghly River.

    Question: Match the dams and the rivers across which those have been constructed.

    Dam 
    (a) Gandhi Sagar 
    (b) Jayakwadi 
    (c) Nagarjuna 
    (d) Tehri 
    River
    1. Bhagirathi
    2. Krishna
    3.Godavari
    4. Chambal
    (a) (b) (c) (d)
    (1) 4 3 2 1
    (2) 3 1 4 2
    (3) 2 4 3 1
    (4) 4 2 1 3
    Answer: (1)
    The Gandhi Sagar Dam is one of the four dams built on India’s Chambal River. The dam is located in the Mandsaur district of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The Jaikawadi project is one of the largest irrigation projects in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a multipurpose project. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam at the time of its construction, which is built across Krishna River at Nagarjuna Sagar in Guntur district & Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh. The Tehri Dam is a multi-purpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand, India. It is the primary dam of the THDC India Ltd. and the Tehri hydroelectric complex.

    Question: Match the dams and the rivers across which these have been constructed :

    Dam 
    a. Farakka 
    b. Tehri 
    c. Thein 
    d. Nagarjuna 
    River
    1. Krishna
    2. Ravi
    3. Ganga
    4. Bhagirathi
    a b c d
    (1) 1 2 3 4
    (2) 2 3 1 4
    (3) 3 4 2 1
    (4) 4 1 2 3
    Answer: (3)
    Farakka Barrage is a barrage across the Ganges River, located in the Indian state of West Bengal,
    roughly 16.5 kilometres from the border with Bangladesh near Chapai Nawabganj District. The Tehri Dam is a multi-purpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand. The Ranjit Sagar Dam, also known as the Thein Dam, is part of a hydroelectric project constructed by the Government of Punjab on the Ravi River in the state of Punjab. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam at the time of its construction, which is built across Krishna River at Nagarjuna Sagar in Guntur district & Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh.

    Question: River Damodar is called ‘Sorrow of Bengal’ because it

    (1) gets flooded often causing havoc
    (2) causes maximum soil erosion
    (3) forms number of dangerous waterfalls
    (4) is not a perennial river
    Answer: (1) gets flooded often causing havoc
    Damodar River is a river flowing across the Indian states of Jharkhand and West Bengal. Rich in mineral resources, the valley is home to large scale mining and industrial activity. Earlier known as the “River of Sorrows” because of its ravaging floods in the plains of West Bengal, the Damodar and its tributaries have somewhat been tamed with the construction of several dams.

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