Indian Geography GK Quiz-21

Indian Geography GK Quiz-21

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: On which river has the Hirakud Dam been built ?

    (1) Mahanadi 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Cauvery 
    (4) Periyar
    Answer: (1) Mahanadi 
    Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in the state of Orissa in India. Built in 1957, the dam is one of the world’s longest earthen dam. Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km long. Hirakud Dam is the longest man-made dam in the world, about 26 km in length. It is one of the first major multipurpose river valley project started after India’s independence. The name of the dam is mostly mis-pronounced in North India as Hirakund which is actually Hirakud.

    Question: The highest multipurpose dam built on the river Ravi is–

    (1) Bhakra Nagal
    (2) Kahalgaon
    (3) Ranjit Sagar dam
    (4) Rihand dam
    Answer: (3) Ranjit Sagar dam
    The Ranjit Sagar Dam, also known as the Thein Dam, is part of a hydroelectric project constructed by the Government of Punjab on the Ravi River in the state of Punjab. The project is situated near Pathankot city in Pathankot District of the state of Punjab. The project is the largest hydroelectric dam in the state of Punjab. The dam is one of the highest earth-fill dams in India and has the largest diameter penstock pipes in the country. It is located upstream of the Madhopur Barrage at Madhopur. 

    Question: The longest river of Peninsular India is :

    (1) Narmada 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Mahanadi 
    (4) Cauvery
    Answer: (2) Godavari
    The Godavari is a river in the south-central India. It starts in the western state of Maharashtra and flows through the modern state of Andhra Pradesh before reaching the Bay of Bengal. It forms one of the largest river basins in India. With a length of 1465 km, it is the second longest river in India, second to The Ganges, and the longest in southern India. It originates near Trimbak in Nashik District of Maharashtra state and flows east across the Deccan Plateau into the Bay of Bengal near Yanam and Antarvedi in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh.

    Question: Match the Dams and the States in which they are situated :

    Dam
    (a) Tungabhadra
    (b) Lower Bhawani
    (c) Idukki
    (d) Nagarjuna Sagar
    State
    (1) Kerala
    (2) Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Tamil Nadu
    (4) Karnataka
    (a) (b) (c) (d)
    (1) (3) (2) (4) (1)
    (2) (2) (4) (3) (1)
    (3) (4) (3) (1) (2)
    (4) (1) (4) (2) (3)
    Answer: (3)
    The Tungabhadra dam is constructed across the Tungabhadra River, a tributary of the Krishna River. The dam is located near the town of Hospet in Karnataka. The Bhavanisagar Dam and Reservoir, also called Lower Bhavani Dam, is located on the Bhavani River between Mettupalayam and Sathyamangalam in Erode District, Tamil Nadu. The Idukki Dam, located in Kerala, India, is a 168.91 m tall arch dam. The dam stands between the two mountains - Kuravanmala and Kurathimala. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam at the time of its construction, which is built across Krishna River at Nagarjuna Sagar in Guntur district & Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh.

    Question: Which from the following rivers does NOT originate in Indian territory?

    (1) Godavari 
    (2) Jhelum
    (3) Ravi 
    (4) Ghaghara
    Answer: (4) Ghaghara
    Karnali or Ghaghara River is a perennial transboundary river originating on the Tibetan Plateau near Lake Mansarovar. It cuts through the Himalayas in Nepal and joins the Sarda River at Brahmaghat in India. Together they form the Ghaghra River, a major left bank tributary of the Ganges. With a length of 507 kilometres (315 mi) it is the largest river in Nepal.

    Question: Match the dams and the States in which they are situated :

    Dam
    A. Hirakud 
    B. Mettur
    C. Mahanadi 
    D. Almatti
    State
    1. Chhattisgarh 
    2. Orissa
    3. Karnataka 
    4. Tamil Nadu
    (A) (B) (C) (D)
    (1) 3 2 4 1
    (2) 2 4 1 3
    (3) 1 3 2 4
    (4) 4 1 3 2
    Answer: (2)
    Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in the state of Orissa in India. Built in 1957, the dam is one of the world’s longest earthen dam. The Mettur Dam is one of the largest dams in India built in 1934. It was constructed in a gorge, where the Kaveri River enters the plains. The dam is one of the oldest in India. It provides irrigation facilities to parts of Salem, the length of Erode, Namakkal, Karur, Tiruchirappali and Thanjavur district. Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in the state of Orissa in India. The Almatti Dam is a dam project on the Krishna River in North Karnataka, India which was completed in July 2005.

    Question: Which from the following rivers does not originate in Indian territory ?

    (1) Mahanadi 
    (2) Brahmaputra
    (3) Ravi 
    (4) Chenab
    Answer: (2) Brahmaputra
    The Brahmaputra, also called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra, is a transboundary river and one of the major rivers of Asia. With its origin from Talung Tso Lake in southwestern Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges (including the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon) and into Arunachal Pradesh (India) where it is known as Dihang or Siang. It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna (not to be mistaken with Yamuna of India). In the vast Ganges Delta it merges with the Padma, the main distributary of the Ganges, then the Meghna, before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

    Question: Match the dams and the rivers across which those have been constructed.

    Dam
    A. Ukai
    B. Rana Pratap Sagar
    C. Thein 
    D. Hiracud
    River
    1. Mahanadi 
    2. Ravi
    3. Chambal 
    4. Tapti
    (A) (B) (C) (D)
    (1) 4 3 2 1
    (2) 1 2 4 3
    (3) 2 1 3 4
    (4) 3 4 1 2
    Answer: (1)
    Ukai Dam, constructed across the Tapti River, is the largest reservoir in Gujarat. It is also known as Vallabh Sagar. The Rana Pratap Sagar Dam is a gravity masonry dam of 53.8 metres height built on the Chambal River at Rawatbhata in Rajasthan. The Ranjit Sagar Dam, also known as the Thein Dam, is part of a hydroelectric project constructed by the Government of Punjab on the Ravi River in the state of Punjab. Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in the state of Orissa in India. Built in 1957, the dam is one of the world’s longest earthen dam.

    Question: The largest irrigation canal in India is called the :

    (1) Yamuna Canal
    (2) Sirhind Canal
    (3) Indira Gandhi Canal
    (4) Upper Bari Doab Canal
    Answer: (3) Indira Gandhi Canal
    The Indira Gandhi Canal is one of the biggest canal projects in India. It starts from the Harike Barrage at Sultanpur, a few kilometers below the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in Punjab state. Irrigation facilities to the north-western region of Rajasthan, a part of the Thar Desert. It consists of the Rajasthan feeder canal (with the first 167 km in Punjab and Haryana and the remaining 37 km in Rajasthan) and 445 km of the Rajasthan main canal which is entirely within Rajasthan. This canal enters into Haryana from Punjab near Lohgarh village of Haryana, then running in western part of district Sirsa it enters into Rajasthan near Kharakhera village (Tehsil: Tibbi, district:-Hanumangarh) of Rajasthan. The IGNP traverses seven districts of Rajasthan: Barmer, Bikaner, Churu, Hanumangarh, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, and Sriganganagar.

    Question: Which of the following canals is located in West Bengal ?

    (1) Lower Ganga Canal
    (2) Sarada Canal
    (3) Eden Canal
    (4) Sirhind Canal
    Answer: (3) Eden Canal
    Durgapur Barrage is across the Damodar River at Durgapur in Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The Damodar River Valley Project on the Damodar River and its principal tributary, the Barakar River, is located in eastern India. The four main multipurpose dams located at Tilaiya, Konar, Maithon and Panchet were commissioned during 1953-1959. In addition, a single purpose reservoir on the main stream, the Damodar, at Tenughat was constructed later in 1974. In 1932, the Anderson weir was constructed at Randiha. As a result, irrigation facility has been available in the lower Damodar basin before the advent of dams by means of the diversion weir on the Damodar River and Eden canal. It is about 19 kilometres downstream of Durgapur Barrage.

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