Indian Geography GK Quiz-22

Indian Geography GK Quiz-22

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Where is Tala Hydroelectric project, which is expected to generate 1020 MW power, located ?

    (1) Arunachal Pradesh
    (2) Bhutan
    (3) Nepal
    (4) Himachal Pradesh
    Answer: (2) Bhutan
    Tala Hydroelectricity project is the biggest hydroelectric joint project between India and Bhutan so far, generating 4865 GWh/yr. Tala is located in Chukha Dzongkhag in western Bhutan, a small constitutional monarchy in the Himalayas. It is located on the Wangchhu River and, and is at a height of 860 metres. Tala is located in Chukha Dzongkhag in western Bhutan, a small kingdom in the Himalayas. The run-of-the-river project is being managed by Tala Hydroelectric Project Authority (THPA). It is located on the Wangchu River and, at 860m, is the region’s largest high-head project. Commissioning of the plant was planned for June 2005, but because of geological problems this was delayed until March 2007.

    Question: Which of the following pairs is wrongly matched ?

    (1) Koyana Project - Maharashtra
    (2) Sharavathy Project - Karnataka
    (3) Balimela Project - Orissa
    (4) Sabarigiri Project - Gujarat
    Answer: (4) Sabarigiri Project - Gujarat
    The Sabaraigiri project is located in 48 kms from Pathanamthitta district, through tea estates and thick forest is the famous Hydro Electric Project called Sabaraigiri. This is constructed across the many  mountains rivers and the water collected in reservoir passed through huge tunnels to a main reservoir at place Anamudi and from through large pipes to the Muziyoor power house.

    Question: Sardar Sarovar dam is being built on the river

    (1) Tapti 
    (2) Mahi
    (3) Chambal 
    (4) Narmada
    Answer: (4) Narmada
    The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam on the Narmada River near Navagam, Gujarat, India. It is the largest dam and part of the Narmada Valley Project, a large hydraulic engineering project involving the construction of a series of large irrigation and hydroelectric multi-purpose dams on the Narmada River. The project took form in 1979 as part of a development scheme to increase irrigation and produce hydroelectricity. It is the 30th largest dams planned on river Narmada, Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) is the largest structure to be built.

    Question: In which part of India, canal irrigation system is the most common ?

    (1) Tamil Nadu
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Sikkim
    (4) Uttar Pradesh
    Answer: (4) Uttar Pradesh
    Canal is the second largest source of irriga-tion providing water to 29.24 percent of the net area under irrigation. The country has one of the world’s largest canal systems stretching over more than one lakh kilometres. Canal irrigation is widely practiced in the Sutlej-Ganga plain. Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar and Rajasthan have a number of such canals. In the Peninsular region canals are mostly found in the lower valleys and deltas of large rivers. Over 63 per cent of the total canal irrigated area of the country lies in Uttar Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Haryana. Canals also feed a sizeable part of the irrigated area in Bihar, Orissa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal.

    Question: Tehri Dam receives water from which of the following rivers ?

    (1) Alaknanda 
    (2) Bhagirathi
    (3) Gandak 
    (4) Ghaghra
    Answer: (2) Bhagirathi
    The Tehri Dam is a multi-purpose rock and earthfill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand, India. It is the primary dam of the THDC India Ltd. and the Tehri hydroelectric complex. The Tehri Dam has been the object of protests by environmental organizations and local people of the region. In addition to the human rights concerns, the project has spurred concerns about the environmental consequences of locating a large dam in the fragile ecosystem of the Himalayan foothills.

    Question: Which state is irrigated by Ganga canal ?

    (1) Uttar Pradesh 
    (2) Bihar
    (3) West Bengal 
    (4) Rajasthan
    Answer: (1) Uttar Pradesh 
    The Ganges or Ganga Canal is a canal system that irrigates the Doab region between the Ganges River and the Yamuna River in India. The canal system irrigates nearly 9,000 km² of fertile agricultural land in ten districts of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Today the canal is the source of agricultural prosperity in much of these states, and the irrigation departments of these states actively maintain the canal against a fee system charged from users.

    Question: What is the longest irrigation canal in India called ?

    (1) Yamuna Canal
    (2) Sirhand Canal
    (3) Indira Gandhi Canal
    (4) Upper Bari Doab Canal
    Answer: (3) Indira Gandhi Canal
    The Indira Gandhi Canal is one of the biggest canal projects in India. It starts from the Harike Barrage at Sultanpur, a few kilometers below the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in Punjab state. It consists of the Rajasthan feeder canal (with the first 167 km in Punjab and Haryana and the remaining 37 km in Rajasthan) and 445 km of the Rajasthan main canal which is entirely within Rajasthan. This canal enters into Haryana from Punjab near Lohgarh village of Haryana, then running in western part of district Sirsa it enters into Rajasthan near Kharakhera village of Rajasthan. The IGNP traverses seven districts of Rajasthan: Barmer, Bikaner, Churu, Hanumangarh, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, and Sriganganagar.

    Question: Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched ?

    (1) Tulbul Project – Himachal Pradesh
    (2) Srisailam Project – Tamil Nadu
    (3) Papanasam Project – Karnataka
    (4) Ukai Project – Gujarat
    Answer: (4) Ukai Project – Gujarat
    Ukai Dam, constructed across the Tapti River, is the largest reservoir in Gujarat. It is also known as Vallabh Sagar. Constructed in 1971, the dam is meant for irrigation, power generation and flood control. Having a catchment area of about 62,255 km2 and a water spread of about 52,000 hectare, its capacity is almost same as that of the Bhakra Nangal Dam. The site is located 94 km from Surat.

    Question: Of which major river system is the Sutlej a part ?

    (1) Indus 
    (2) Ganga
    (3) Brahmaputra 
    (4) Yamuna
    Answer: (1) Indus 
    The Sutlej River, is the longest of the five rivers that flow through the historic crossroad region of Punjab in northern India and Pakistan. The Sutlej is sometimes known as the Red River. It is the easternmost tributary of the Indus River. Its source is from Lowangko Co, Tibet near Lake Rakshastal in Tibet, China, near Mount Kailas, and it flows generally west and southwest entering India through the Shipki La pass in Himachal Pradesh. In Pakistan, it waters the ancient and historical former Bahawalpur state. The region to its south and east is arid, and is known as Cholistan a part of Bahawalpur Division.

    Question: Which State has the largest proportion of its net irrigation area under well irrigation ?

    (1) Haryana 
    (2) Bihar
    (3) Gujarat 
    (4) West Bengal
    Answer: (3) Gujarat 
    Gujarat has the largest proportion of its net irrigated area under well irrigation. Uttar Pradesh has
    the largest area under irrigation in terms of total acreage.

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