Indian Geography GK Quiz-23

Indian Geography GK Quiz-23

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Which one of the following hydroelectric projects does not belong to Tamil Nadu ?

    (1) Idukki 
    (2) Aliyar
    (3) Periyar 
    (4) Kundah
    Answer: (1) Idukki 
    The Idukki Hydroelectric Project is the biggest hydroelectric Project in Kerala (India). It comprises of three dams at Idukki, Cheruthony and Kulamavu and related systems. The power house at Moolamattom is the longest underground power station in India and the pressure shaft is the largest in the country. The Idukki dam is one of the highest dams in the world and the first arch dam in India. Cheruthony is the largest and highest gravity dam in Kerala.

    Question: Where is Nathpa Jhakri Power Project located ?

    (1) Uttarakhand
    (2) Arunachal Pradesh
    (3) Himachal Pradesh
    (4) Andhra Pradesh
    Answer: (3) Himachal Pradesh
    The Nathpa Jhakri Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Sutlej River in Himachal Pradesh, India. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power production and it supplies a 1,500 MW underground power station with water. Construction on the project began in 1993 and it was complete in 2004. It is owned by SJVN Ltd.

    Question: The confluence of the rivers Alaknanda and Bhagirathi is known as

    (1) Rudraprayag 
    (2) Devaprayag
    (3) Haridwar 
    (4) Kedarnath
    Answer: (2) Devaprayag
    Devprayag is a town and a nagar panchayat in Tehri Garhwal district in the state of Uttarakhand,
    India, and is one of the Panch Prayag of Alaknanda River where Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers meet
    and take the name Ganga or Ganges River. The Alaknanda rises at the confluence and feet of the Satopanth and Bhagirath Kharak glaciers in Uttarakhand near the border with Tibet. The headwaters of the Bhagirathi are formed at Gaumukh, at the foot of the Gangotri glacier and Khatling glaciers in the Garhwal Himalaya. These two sacred rivers join to form the Ganges (Ganga) in Devprayag.

    Question: The river also known as Tsangpo in Tibet is

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Brahmaputra
    (3) Indus 
    (4) Teesta
    Answer: (2) Brahmaputra
    Yarlung Tsangpo is a watercourse that originates at Tamlung Tso lake in western Tibet, southeast of Mount Kailash and Lake Mansarovar. It later forms the South Tibet Valley and Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, before passing through the state of Arunachal Pradesh, India, where it is known as the Dihang. Downstream from Arunachal Pradesh the river becomes wider and at this point is called the Brahmaputra River. From Assam (India) the river enters Bangladesh at Ramnabazar.

    Question: Which dam of India is the highest?

    (1) Mettur 
    (2) Rihand
    (3) Thein 
    (4) Bhakra
    Answer: (4) Bhakra
    Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Sutlej River, and is near the border between Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam, located at a gorge near the (now submerged) upstream Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh, is India’s second tallest at 225.55 m high next to the 261m Tehri Dam. In terms of storage of water, it withholds the second largest reservoir in India, the first being Indira Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh with capacity of 12.22 billion cu. m.

    Question: In India, the irrigation of agricultural land is carried out maximum by

    (1) Canals 
    (2) Wells
    (3) Tubewells 
    (4) Tanks
    Answer: (2) Wells
    Canal is the second largest source of irriga-tion providing water to 29.24 percent of the net area under irrigation. The country has one of the world’s largest canal systems stretching over more than one lakh kilometres. Well Irrigation is a principal method of irrigation used in India. Underground water is tapped for drinking purposes and at the same time it is also tapped for irrigating the cultivated land. For implementation of this procedure, a hole is dug in the ground for providing perennial supply of soft water. Well irrigation is definitely more popular in those regions where ground water is in plenty and where there are very few canals.

    Question: Which of the following rivers makes an estuary?

    (1) Cauvery 
    (2) Krishna
    (3) Narmada 
    (4) Ganga
    Answer: (3) Narmada 
    Most of the west flowing rivers of Indian peninsula do not form delta. They form estuary. Narmada is one of them. It is so because rocky terrain of the Western Ghats does not allow the rivers to spread out much, and there is not sufficient plain stretch of land between the Arabian sea and Western Ghats for Narmada to slowdown and bifurcate into distributaries. Narmada forms an estuary of 21 km at the Gulf of hambat. The river is presently partially navigable in the estuary reach around Bharuch but the river has never been a transport artery.

    Question: Which river of India is called Vridha Ganga ?

    (1) Krishna 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Kaveri 
    (4) Narmada
    Answer: (2) Godavari
    The Godavari (Vridha Ganga or Dakshina Ganga) is the largest river system of the peninsular India and rises near Nasik in Maharashtra. Godavari is considered the Dhakshin (Southern) Ganga and Draksharama Dhakshin Kasi.

    Question: Which one of the following rivers of Peninsular India does not join Arabian Sea ?

    (1) Periyar 
    (2) Cauvery
    (3) Narmada 
    (4) Tapti
    Answer: (2) Cauvery
    The Kaveri, also spelled Cauvery in English, is a large Indian river. The origin of the river is traditionally placed at Talakaveri, Kodagu in the Western Ghats in Karnataka, flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan plateau through the southeastern lowlands, emptying into the Bay of Bengal through two principal mouths. Rising in southwestern Karnataka, it flows southeast some 800 km to enter the Bay of Bengal.

    Question: The Loktak Lake on which a hydroelectric project was constructed is situated in the State of

    (1) Madhya Pradesh
    (2) Manipur
    (3) Meghalaya
    (4) Himachal Pradesh
    Answer: (2) Manipur
    Loktak Lake, the largest freshwater lake in northeast India, also called the only Floating lake in the world due to the floating phumdis on it, is located near Moirang in Manipur state. The Keibul Lamjao National Park, which is the last natural refuge of the endangered sangai or Manipur brow-antlered deer, one of three subspecies of Eld’s Deer, covering an area of 40 km2, is situated in the southeastern shores of this lake and is the largest of all the phumdis in the lake. It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply.

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