Indian Geography GK Quiz-24

Indian Geography GK Quiz-24

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The river which is not West-flowing towards the Arabian Sea is

    (1) Narmada 
    (2) Tapi
    (3) Periyar 
    (4) Kaveri
    Answer: (4) Kaveri
    The Kaveri, also spelled Cauvery in English, is a large Indian river. The origin of the river is traditionally placed at Talakaveri, Kodagu in the Western Ghats in Karnataka, flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan plateau through the southeastern lowlands, emptying into the Bay of Bengal through two principal mouths.

    Question: Tehri Dam is being constructed on river

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Brahmaputra
    (3) Bhagirathi 
    (4) Yamuna
    Answer: (3) Bhagirathi 
    The Tehri Dam is a multi-purpose rock and earthfill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand, India. It is the primary dam of the THDC India Ltd. and the Tehri hydroelectric complex. Tehri Dam withholds a reservoir for irrigation, municipal water supply and the generation of 1,000 MW of hydroelectricity. The Tehri Dam has been the object of protests by environmental organizations and local people of the region.

    Question: Which one of the following states does not form part of Narmada River basin?

    (1) Madhya Pradesh
    (2) Rajasthan
    (3) Gujarat
    (4) Maharashtra
    Answer: (2) Rajasthan
    The Narmada basin, hemmed between Vindhya and Satpura ranges, extends over an area of 98,796 km2 and lies between east longitudes 72 degrees 32' to 81 degrees 45' and north latitudes 21 degrees 20' to 23 degrees 45' lying on the northern extremity of the Deccan Plateau. The basin covers large areas in the states of Madhya Pradesh (86%), Gujarat (14%) and a comparatively smaller area (2%) in Maharashtra.

    Question: According to a report in the science journal ‘Nature Geoscience’ twenty four out of thirty-three deltas in the world are sinking and thus shrinking. The Indian delta in the ‘Greater Peril’ category is

    (1) Brahmani 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Mahanadi 
    (4) Krishna
    Answer: (4) Krishna
    The study found that some of the Indian deltas — Brahmani delta in Orissa, and Godavari and Mahanadi in Andhra Pradesh — are at a greater risk as the rate of sediment Aggradation (raising the level of the delta through sediment deposition) no longer exceeds relative sea-level rise. While there are no Indian deltas in the peril category (where the Aggradation and compaction of the delta sediments overwhelms the rate of sea-level rise), the Krishna delta in Andhra Pradesh falls in the last category of greater peril. In the case of the greater peril category, the deltas have virtually no sediment deposition (Aggradation) and/or have very high accelerated compaction of sediments. Here the relative see-level rise is about 3 mm per year. The maximum relative sea-level rise of 13-150 mm per year is seen in the Chao Phraya delta in Thailand.

    Question: On the tributary of which river has Rihand Dam been constructed ?

    (1) Chambal 
    (2) Yamuna
    (3) Sone 
    (4) Periyar
    Answer: (3) Sone 
    Rihand Dam is a concrete gravity dam located at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is on the border of Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh. It is on the Rihand River which is the tributary of the Son River. The Rihand River flows through the Indian states of Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh. The Rihand rises from Matiranga hills, in the region south west of the Mainpat plateau, which is about 2,100 meters above mean sea level. The river flows north roughly through the central part of Surguja district for 160 kilometres. The Rihand and its tributaries form a fertile plain in the central part of the district stretching from around Ambikapur to Lakhanpur and Pratappur. Thereafter, it flows north into Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh via Singrauli district of Madhya Pradesh, where it is called Rhed and finally joins the Son.

    Question: Shivasamudram Falls is found in the course of river

    (1) Krishna 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Cauvery 
    (4) Mahanadi
    Answer: (3) Cauvery 
    Shivanasamudra Falls is on the Kaveri River after the river has wound its way through the rocks and ravines of the Deccan Plateau and drops off to form waterfalls. The island town of Shivanasamudra divides the river into twin waterfalls. This creates the fourth largest island in the rivers course. Asia’s second hydro-electric power station after Sidrapong is located at the waterfall and is still functional. This station was commissioned by the Diwan of Mysore, Sir K. Seshadri Iyer.

    Question: Rihand Dam Project provides irrigation to

    (1) Gujarat and Maharashtra
    (2) Orissa and West Bengal
    (3) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar
    (4) Kerala and Karnataka
    Answer: (3) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar
    Rihand dam is the largest multi-purpose project of Uttar Pradesh. The water collected in the Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar reservoir is diverted to the Son canal which irrigates about 2.5 lakh hectares of the agricultural land in Champaran, Darbhanga and Muzaffarpur districts of Bihar. 

    Question: Which is the longest irrigation canal in India ?

    (1) Sirhind Canal
    (2) Yamuna Canal
    (3) Indira Gandhi Canal
    (4) East Kosi Canal
    Answer: (3) Indira Gandhi Canal
    The Indira Gandhi Canal is the world’s longest irrigation canal. It starts from the Harike Barrage at Sultanpur, a few kilometers below the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in Punjab state. It provides irrigation facilities to the north-western region of Rajasthan, a part of the Thar Desert. It consists of the Rajasthan feeder canal (with the first 167 km in Punjab and Haryana and the remaining 37 km in Rajasthan) and 445 km of the Rajasthan main canal which is entirely within Rajasthan. This canal enters into Haryana from Punjab near Lohgarh village of Haryana,then running in western part of district Sirsa it enters into Rajasthan near Kharakhera village of Rajasthan. The IGNP traverses seven districts of Rajasthan: Barmer, Bikaner, Churu, Hanumangarh, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, and Sriganganagar.

    Question: River Indus originates from :

    (1) Hindukush range
    (2) Himalayan range
    (3) Karakoram range
    (4) Kailash range
    Answer: (4) Kailash range
    Indus is a major river which flows through Pakistan. It also has courses through western Tibet (in China) and Northern India. Originating in the Tibetan plateau in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar, the river runs a course through the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit, Baltistan and flows through Pakistan in a southerly direction along the entire length of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi in Sindh. The traditional source of the river is the Senge Khabab or ‘Lion’s Mouth’, a perennial spring, not far from the sacred Mount Kailash, and is marked by a long low line of Tibetan chortens.

    Question: Which one of the following rivers of India does not make a delta ?

    (1) Ganges 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Mahanadi 
    (4) Tapti
    Answer: (4) Tapti
    Most of the west flowing rivers do not form delta. They form estuary. Examples are Narmada and Tapti.

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