Indian Geography GK Quiz-27

Indian Geography GK Quiz-27

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The first Hydroelectric Power Plant in India was set up at

    (1) Nizam Sagar
    (2) Shivasamudram
    (3) Ramagundam
    (4) Mettur
    Answer: (2) Shivasamudram
    Shivasamudram holds the distinction of being the site of India's first hydro-electric power station built in 1902. It was set up mainly to supply power to the Kolar goldmines 147 km away, making the 78 kv transmission line the longest in the world at the time. In fact, when the Mettur dam in Tamil Nadu was being constructed in the 1930's, the power was supplied from Shivasamudram.

    Question: The first multi-purpose project of independent India is

    (1) Bhakra-Nangal
    (2) Damodar
    (3) Hirakud
    (4) Nagarjunasagar
    Answer: (2) Damodar
    Damodar Valley Corporation came into existence on 7 July, 1948 as the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India. It emerged as a culmination of attempts made over a whole century to control the wild and erratic Damodar River. The river spans over an area of 25,000 km2 covering the states of Bihar (now Jharkhand) & West Bengal.

    Question: Which river is under dispute involving Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat?

    (1) Krishna 
    (2) Narmada
    (3) Koyna 
    (4) Tapti
    Answer: (2) Narmada
    Narmada River flows through the states of Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra, then along the border between Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra and the border between Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat and in Gujarat. These states have been at loggerhead over the sharing of waters of the river.

    Question: The ‘Pong Dam’ is constructed on the river

    (1) Ravi 
    (2) Tapti
    (3) Beas 
    (4) Don
    Answer: (3) Beas 
    The Pong Dam, also known as the Beas Dam, is an earth-fill embankment dam on the Beas River just upstream of Talwara in the state of Himachal Pradesh. he purpose of the dam is water storage for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. At the time of its completion, the Pong Dam was the tallest of its type in India.

    Question: Which is the world’s longest entirely lined irrigation canal?

    (1) Indira Gandhi Canal
    (2) Nangal Hydel Channel
    (3) Tungabhadra Left Bank Canal
    (4) Sardar Sarovar Project
    Answer: (4) Sardar Sarovar Project
    The Sardar Sarovar Irrigation Canal is the largest lined canal in the world. It covers four major states - Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan. With 40000 cusecs capacity at the head regulator, and 532 km. length, the Narmada Main Canal would be the largest irrigation canal in the world.

    Question: The Chukha Power Project was built by India in

    (1) Nepal 
    (2) Bhutan
    (3) Myanmar 
    (4) Bangladesh
    Answer: (2) Bhutan
    Chhukha Hydropower Project was Bhutan’s first mega power project. Commissioned in 1986, this 336 MW project was funded by the Government of India which provided a 60 percent grants and 40 percent loan at 5 percent per annum repayable in 15 years in equated annual installments.

    Question: This delta is the largest in the world

    (1) Ganga-Brahmaputra delta
    (2) Kaveri delta
    (3) Krishna delta
    (4) Godavari delta
    Answer: (1) Ganga-Brahmaputra delta
    The Ganges Delta (also known as the Ganges– Brahmaputra Delta, or the Sunderbans Delta) is a
    river delta in the South Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal,
    India. It is the world's largest delta, and empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is also one of the most fertile
    regions in the world, thus earning the nickname The Green Delta. The delta stretches from the Hooghly
    River on the west to the Meghna River on the east. 

    Question: From origin to the delta, the Brahmaputra traverses

    (1) Tibet, China and Myanmar (Burma)
    (2) Bhutan, Nepal and India
    (3) China, India and Bangladesh
    (4) India, Bangladesh and Myanmar (Burma)
    Answer: (3) China, India and Bangladesh
    The Brahmaputra River is a trans-boundary river. With its origin in the Angsi Glacier, located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Burang County of China's Tibet Autonomous Region as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges and into Arunachal Pradesh. It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna. In the vast Ganges Delta it merges with the Padma, the main distributary of the Ganges, then the Meghna, before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

    Question: What name does Brahmaputra take as is discharges into the Bay of Bengal ?

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Jamuna
    (3) Padma 
    (4) Meghna
    Answer: (4) Meghna
    The Padma is the name used in Bangladesh for a major trans-boundary river, known in India as the main distributary of the Ganges, the river system that originated in the western Himalayas. The Padma enters Bangladesh from India near Chapai Nababganj. It meets the Jamuna near Aricha and retains its name, but finally meets with the Meghna near Chandpur and adopts the name 'Meghna' before flowing into the Bay of Bengal.

    Question: Which is the river on which Indira Sagar Dam is planned to be constructed ?

    (1) Mahanadi 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Krishna 
    (4) Brahmaputra
    Answer:
    Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam with a height of 124 meters, built across Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is certainly the pride of India-considered the largest man-made lake in the world.

    Question: The highest dam in India, Bhakra is built on

    (1) Vyas river
    (2) Jhelum river
    (3) Sutlej river
    (4) Ghaghara river
    Answer: (3) Sutlej river
    Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Sutlej River, and is near the border between Punjab and Himachal Pradesh in northern India. It is India's second tallest dam at 225.55 m high next to the 261m Tehri Dam. In terms of storage of water, it withholds the second largest reservoir in India, the first being Indira Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh.

    Question: The ‘sorrow of Bihar’ is

    (1) Damodar 
    (2) Kosi
    (3) Son 
    (4) Gandak
    Answer: (2) Kosi
    Kosi is known as the "sorrow of Bihar", as it has caused widespread human suffering in the past due to flooding and very frequent changes in course, when it flows from Nepal to Bihar. Over the last 250 years, the Kosi River has shifted its course over 120 km from east to west. Its unstable nature has been attributed to the heavy silt it carries during the monsoon season and flooding in India has extreme effects.

    Question: The town which is situated at the confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda is

    (1) Rudra Prayag
    (2) Deo Prayag
    (3) Vishnu Prayag
    (4) Karna Prayag
    Answer: (2) Deo Prayag
    The Alaknanda rises at the confluence and feet of the Satopanth and Bhagirath Kharak glaciers in Uttarakhand near the border with Tibet. The headwaters of the Bhagirathi are formed at Gaumukh, at the foot of the Gangotri glacier and Khatling glaciers in the Garhwal Himalaya. These two sacred rivers join to form the Ganges (Ganga) in Devprayag.

    Question: An important river of the Indian desert is

    (1) Luni 
    (2) Narmada
    (3) Krishna 
    (4) Beas
    Answer: (1) Luni 
    The Luni is a river of western Rajasthan state, India. It originates in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range, near Ajmer and ends in the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, after travelling a distance of 530 km. It is first known as Sagarmati, then after passing Govindgarh, it meets its tributary Sarsuti, which originates from Pushkar Lake, and from then on it gets its name Luni.

    Question: The Nagarjunasagar dam is constructed on the river ?

    (1) Krishna 
    (2) Chambal
    (3) Kosi 
    (4) Sutlej
    Answer: (1) Krishna 
    Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world's largest masonry dam at the time of its construction, which is built across Krishna River at Nagarjuna Sagar in Guntur district & Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh. It was the earliest in the series of large infrastructure projects initiated for the Green Revolution in India; it also is one of the earliest multi-purpose irrigation and hydro-electric projects in India.

    Question: Which one of the following rivers forms an estuary ?

    (1) Narmada 
    (2) Kaveri
    (3) Krishna 
    (4) Mahanadi
    Answer: (1) Narmada 
    Narmada forms an estuary in the Gulf of Khambat. There are several islands in the estuary of the
    Narmada of which Aliabet is the largest. 

    Question: Sivasamudra is an island formed by the river

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Krishna 
    (4) Cauvery
    Answer: (4) Cauvery
    Shivanasamudra is a small town in the Mandya District of the state of Karnataka, India. It is situated on the banks of the river Kaveri, which forms here the boundary to the Chamarajanagar District, and is the location of one of the first Hydro-electric Power stations in Asia, which was set up in the year 1902.

    Question: Nasik is situated on the bank of the river :

    (1) Mahanadi 
    (2) Tapti
    (3) Krishna 
    (4) Godavari
    Answer: (4) Godavari
    Nasik, also known as the Wine Capital of India, or as India’s Napa Valley, is located in Maharashtra in the Western Ghats, on the western edge of the Deccan peninsula on the banks of the Godavari.

    Question: Srinagar is located on the bank of the river

    (1) Indus 
    (2) Jhelum
    (3) Chenab 
    (4) Ravi
    Answer: (1) Indus 
    Srinagar is situated in the Kashmir Valley and lies on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the Indus. The city is famous for its gardens, lakes and houseboats.

    Question: The river which is used for inland waterways in India is ___.

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Cauveri
    (3) Mahi 
    (4) Luni
    Answer: (1) Ganga 
    India has about 14,500 km of navigable waterways, which consists of the Ganges–Bhagirathi–Hooghly rivers, the Brahmaputra, the Barak river, the rivers in Goa, the backwaters in Kerala, inland waters in Mumbai and the deltaic regions of the Godavari - Krishna rivers. National Waterway-1: Allahabad–Haldia stretch of the Ganges–Bhagirathi–Hooghly river of total length 1620 km was declared as National Waterway- 1 (NW-1) in the year 1986.

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