Indian Geography GK Quiz-28

Indian Geography GK Quiz-28

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Match the following :

    Rivers
    a. Gomti
    b. Brahmaputra
    c. Godavari
    d. Kaveri
    Towns
    1. Guwahati
    2. Rajahmundry
    3. Tiruchirapalli
    4. Lucknow
    a b c d
    (1) 3 4 2 1
    (2) 2 1 3 4
    (3) 4 1 2 3
    (4) 4 2 1 3
    Answer: (3)
    Guwahati: between the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river and the foothills of the Shillong
    plateau; Rajahmundry: on banks of the River Godavari; Tiruchirapalli: situated at the head of the Kaveri Delta; and Lucknow: on the northwestern shore of Gomti river, which flows through it.

    Question: The river on which the reservoir for Indira Gandhi Canal has been built is

    (1) Sutlej 
    (2) Ravi
    (3) Luni 
    (4) Jhelum
    Answer: (1) Sutlej 
    The Indira Gandhi Canal starts from the Harike Barrage at Sultanpur, a few kilometers below the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in Punjab state. The reservoir for the canal is built on the Sutlej River.

    Question: Consider the following pairs: Tributary Main River

    a. Chambal : Narmada
    b. Sone : Yamuna
    c. Manas : Brahmaputra
    Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
    (1) a, b and c 
    (2) a and b only
    (3) b and c only 
    (4) c only
    Answer: (3)
    The Manas River is a trans-boundary river in the Himalayan foothills between southern Bhutan and India. It is met by three other major streams before it again debouches into India in western Assam. The total length of the river is 376 kilometres, flows through Bhutan for 272 kilometres and then through Assam for 104 kilometres before it joins the mighty Brahmaputra River at Jogighopa.

    Question: Match the following :

    Dams 
    a. Hirakud 
    b. Pong Dam 
    c. Tehri Dam 
    d. Thein Dam 
    Rivers
    l. Beas
    2. Bhagirathi
    3. Ravi
    4. Mahanadi
    a b c d
    (1) 4 3 1 2
    (2) 4 2 3 1
    (3) 4 3 2 1
    (4) 1 2 4 3
    Answer:
    The correct answer should be: a-4; b-1; c-2; and d- 3. Hirakud Dam: built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in Odisha; Pong Dam: also known as the Beas Dam, is an earth-fill embankment dam on the Beas River just upstream of Talwara in the state of Himachal Pradesh; Tehri Dam: a multi-purpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand; and Thein Dam: part of a hydroelectric project constructed by the Government of Punjab on the Ravi River.

    Question: The longest dam in India is

    (1) Bhakra Dam
    (2) Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
    (3) Hirakud Dam
    (4) Kosi Dam
    Answer: (3) Hirakud Dam
    Hirakud Dam is not only India's, but one of the world's largest & longest dams. This dam is built
    across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India. Built in 1956,
    the dam is the world's largest earthen dam.

    Question: Cauvery water sharing is a dispute between

    (1) Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh
    (3) Tamil Nadu and Karnataka
    (4) Karnataka and Maharashtra
    Answer: (3) Tamil Nadu and Karnataka
    The sharing of waters of the river Kaveri has been the source of a serious conflict between the Indian states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The genesis of this conflict rests in two controversial agreements— one signed in 1892 and another in 1924—between the erstwhile Madras Presidency and Princely State of Mysore. The 802 km Kaveri River has 32,000 sq km basin area in Karnataka and 44,000 sq km basin area in Tamil Nadu.

    Question: Which place is located on the water divide between the Indus and the Ganges river systems ?

    (1) Varanasi 
    (2) Caya
    (3) Ambala 
    (4) Allahabad
    Answer: (3) Ambala 
    Ambala is located on the water divide between the Indus and the Ganges river systems.

    Question: Which of the following rivers is not the tributary of Ganga ?

    (1) Indrawati 
    (2) Son
    (3) Gomati 
    (4) Yamuna
    Answer: (1) Indrawati 
    Indravati is a tributary of the Godavari River, located in central India.

    Question: Which one of the following rivers in India has been declared as the National River ?

    (1) Godavari 
    (2) Krishna
    (3) Ganga 
    (4) Narmada
    Answer: (3) Ganga 
    The Ganges is the longest river of India and is the second greatest river in the world by water discharge. In November 2008, it was declared a “National River”.

    Question: The world’s highest rail bridge being constructed in the State of J & K will be on which of the following rivers ?

    (1) Jhelum 
    (2) Chenab
    (3) Indus 
    (4) Ravi
    Answer: (2) Chenab
    The Chenab Bridge is an arch bridge under construction iSn India. It spans the Chenab River between Bakkal and Kauri, in Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir.

    Question: Which river flows between the Satpuras and the Vindhyas ?

    (1) Godavari 
    (2) Gandak
    (3) Tapti 
    (4) Narmada
    Answer: (4) Narmada
    Narmada river rises near Amarkantak plateau. Its length is about 1,312 km.

    Question: The Idukki hydroelectric plant is on river

    (1) Godavari 
    (2) Krishna
    (3) Periyar 
    (4) Tungabhadra
    Answer: (3) Periyar 
    The Idukki hydroelectric plant is on the river Periyar in Kerala.

    Question: The River in India known as the open sewer is

    (1) the Ganga 
    (2) the Yamuna
    (3) the Narmada 
    (4) the Godavari
    Answer:
    The rivers Ganga and Yamuna are known as the open sewer.

    Question: Which one of the following is the origin of the Brahmaputra river?

    (1) Milam
    (2) Gangotri
    (3) Yamunotri
    (4) Chemayungdung
    Answer: (4) Chemayungdung
    The Brahmaputra, one of the largest rivers of the world, has its origin in the Chemayungdung glacier of the Kailash range near the Mansarovar lake.

    Question: Salal is the hydro power project in:

    (1) Haryana
    (2) Jammu and Kashmir
    (3) Himachal Pradesh
    (4) Punjab
    Answer: (2) Jammu and Kashmir
    Salal Hydroelectric Power Station is constructed on river Chenab in the state of Jammu & Kashmir. The project was conceived in 1920. The project is located near Reasi about 100 km from Jammu.

    Question: The river known as Padma in Bangladesh is

    (1) Jamuna 
    (2) Ganga
    (3) Teesta 
    (4) Brahmaputra
    Answer: (2) Ganga
    The Padma is the name used in Bangladesh for a major trans-boundary river, known in India as the main distributary of the Ganges, the river system that originated in the western Himalayas. The Padma enters Bangladesh from India near Chapai Nababganj.

    Question: In ‘annular’ pattern, rivers flow

    (1) from West to East
    (2) from North to South
    (3) like a ring
    (4) in transverse direction
    Answer: (3) like a ring
    Annular pattern refers to a ring-shaped drainage system. Over circular underground rock structures such as batholiths, the drainage network may develop into a series of concentric rings.

    Question: Which river in India flows in a rift-valley?

    (1) Cauvery 
    (2) Tapti
    (3) Narmada 
    (4) Krishna
    Answer: (3) Narmada 
    Narmada is the only river in India that flows in a rift valley, flowing west between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges. The Tapti River and Mahi River also flow through rift valleys, but between different ranges.

    Question: The longest river of peninsular India is

    (1) Krishna 
    (2) Kaveri
    (3) Narmada 
    (4) Godavari
    Answer: (4) Godavari
    The Godavari (1450 km) is the longest river of peninsular India, followed by Krishna (about 1300 km). It has the second largest river basin in India after the Ganges. It is often referred to as the Vridha (Old) Ganga or the Dakshina (South) Ganga.

    Question: The highest drainage basin associated with the peninsular river in India is

    (1) Mahanadi 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Krishna 
    (4) Narmada
    Answer: (3) Krishna 
    The Godavari originates in the Western Ghats Trimbakeshwar, in the Nashik Subdivision or District of Maharashtra at a height of 920 m. The Krishna River rises in the Western Ghats, at an elevation of about 1337 m just north of Mahabaleshwar. The headwaters of the Mahanadi River are situated at an elevation of 442 meters over sea surface. The source of the Narmada is located at Amarkantak on the Amarkantak hill (1,057 m), in the Anuppur District zone of the Shahdol of eastern Madhya Pradesh.

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