Indian Geography GK Quiz-29

Indian Geography GK Quiz-29

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: Which one of the following rivers flows between Vindhya-Satpura ranges ?

    (1) Chambal 
    (2) Ken
    (3) Godavari 
    (4) Narmada
    Answer: (4) Narmada
    The Vindhya Range constitutes the main dividing line between the geological regions of the Indo-Gangetic Plain and the Peninsula. This range lies north of the Narmada River which flows through a narrow gorge between Vindhya in the north and Satpuras in the south.

    Question: Which of the following water bodies is not a freshwater resource ?

    (1) Jaisamand 
    (2) Ganga river
    (3) Yamuna river 
    (4) Chilika lake
    Answer: (3) Yamuna river 
    Fresh water is a renewable resource. River Ganges, Yamuna River and Jaisamand Lake come under this category. However, Chilka Lake is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha.

    Question: Which river serves the largest cultivable area ?

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Saryu
    (3) Godavari 
    (4) Krishna
    Answer: (1) Ganga 
    The entire Ganga basin system effectively drains eight states.

    Question: The largest fresh water in India is

    (1) Dal Laka 
    (2) Bhimtal Laka
    (3) Wular Laka
    (4) Nainital Laka
    Answer: (3) Wular Laka
    Wular Lake, located in Bandipora district of Jammu and Kashmir, is often referred to as the largest freshwater lake in India. It measures more than 24 km across its basin. It is a natural lake that is a major part of the Jhelum River basin. It is one of the 23 Indian wetlands designated as a Ramsar site.

    Question: Which of the following river does not originate in Indian territory ?

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Mahanadi
    (3) Brahmaputra 
    (4) Satluj
    Answer: (3) Brahmaputra 
    The Brahmaputra also called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra, is a trans-boundary river. It originates in Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, from where it flows across southern Tibet to Arunachal Pradesh (India), where it is known as Dihang or Siang. It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna.

    Question: Which was the first hydel power project in India ?

    (1) Pallivasal in Kerala
    (2) Paikara in Tamil Nadu
    (3) Siva Samudram in Karnataka
    (4) Nizamnagar in Andhra Pradesh
    Answer: (3) Siva Samudram in Karnataka
    The 4.5 megawatt hydroelectric power station near Sivasamudram falls of the Cauvery in Karnataka was the first major power station in India. Owned by a few British companies, it was set up by General Electric of the US. It was commissioned in 1902. The first small hydro power plant, a 130 kilowatt plant, started functioning in 1897 at Darjeeling.

    Question: Rajasthan canal receives water from which of the following rivers ?

    (1) Yamuna 
    (2) Jhelum
    (3) Ravi 
    (4) Sutlej
    Answer: (4) Sutlej
    The Indira Gandhi Canal, earlier known as Rajasthan Canal, begins at the Harike Barrage—at the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in Punjab. One of the largest canal projects in India, it utilizes the surplus water from these rivers for irrigating vast areas in Rajasthan.

    Question: Who among the following are involved with Cauvery River dispute ?

    (1) The Central Government and Karnataka
    (2) The Central Government and Tamil Nadu
    (3) Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
    (4) Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puduchery
    Answer: (3) Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
    The sharing of waters of the Kaveri river has been the source of a serious conflict between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The genesis of this conflict rests in two agreements in 1892 and 1924 between the erstwhile Madras Presidency and Princely State of Mysore. Karnataka contends that it does not receive its due share of water from the river.

    Question: What is ‘Talcher’ important for?

    (1) Heavy water plant
    (2) Hydro–electricity generation
    (3) Cable industry
    (4) Atomic reactor
    Answer: (1) Heavy water plant
    Talcher, located in Angul district of Odisha, is famous for Heavy Water Plant. This plant is a Government of India organisation under the aegis of Ministry of Atomic Power & Energy. It is involved in production of organic solvents like TBP, D2EFHA, TAPO & TOPO etc. and other allied chemicals required as a part of the nuclear power programme of the country.

    Question: Where do Bhagirathi and Alakananda join Ganga ?

    (1) Gangotri 
    (3) Devprayag 
    Answer: (3) Devprayag 
    Alaknanda joins Bhagirathi at Devprayag to form the Ganges. Devprayag is a town and a nagar panchayat in Tehri Garhwal district in the state of Uttarakhand. It is one of the Panch Prayag (five confluences) of Alaknanda River. Traditionally, it is considered to be the place where sage Devasharma led his ascetic life, giving birth its present name, Devprayag.

    Question: Which of the following rivers originates from Trans Himalayas ?

    (1) Yamuna 
    (2) Sindu
    (3) Saraswathi 
    (4) Ganga
    Answer: (2) Sindu
    The Trans-Himalayan Rivers originate beyond the Great Himalayas. These are the Indus, the Sutlej and the Brahmaputra rivers. The Trans Himalayan Indus River rises near the Mansarovar Lake on the Tibetan plateau. It enters the Himalayas in southeastern Ladakh near its confluence with the River Gurtang at an elevation of 4,200 m.

    Question: Which of the following states in known as the traditional region for Tank Irrigation?

    (1) Assam 
    (3) Tamil Nadu 
    Answer: (3) Tamil Nadu 
    Given the seasonal and erratic nature of rainfall throughout the year, South India is known to known to use tank irrigation as time-tested technology for storing rainfall and runoff for a number of uses: crop irrigation, groundwater recharge, domestic use, cattle watering, etc. Tank irrigation currently accounts for more than 30 percent of all irrigated cropland in the state of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. There exist approximately 39,000 irrigation tanks of various sizes in Tamil Nadu alone.

    Question: Which state of India has made rain water harvesting compulsory for all houses ?

    (1) Haryana 
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Tamil Nadu 
    (4) Punjab
    Answer: (3) Tamil Nadu 
    Rainwater harvesting has been made compulsory for every building in Tamil Nadu to avoid ground water depletion. Since its implementation, Chennai saw a 50 percent rise in water level in five years and the water quality significantly improved. Rainwater harvesting is the accumulation and deposition of rainwater for reuse on-site, rather than allowing it to run off.

    Question: On which river is the Tehri dam built?

    (1) Alakananda 
    (2) Bhagirathi
    (3) Ganga 
    (4) Hooghly
    Answer: (2) Bhagirathi
    The Tehri Dam is a multi-purpose rock and earthfill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand. It is the tallest dam in India. It is the primary dam of the THDC India Ltd. and the Tehri hydroelectric complex.

    Question: Jog falls in Karnataka is located over which river?

    (1) Kaveri 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Saraswati 
    (4) Krishna
    Answer: (3) Saraswati 
    Jog Falls is created by the Sharavathi River dropping 253 m (830 ft), making it the second-highest plunge waterfall in India after the Nohkalikai Falls with a drop of 335 m (1100 ft) in Meghalaya. It is located near Sagara taluk, Shimoga district, Karnataka.

    Question: The Siachin Glacier’s melting waters are the main source of which of the following rivers :

    (1) Beas 
    (2) Sutlej
    (3) Shylok 
    (4) Nubra
    Answer: (4) Nubra
    The Nubra River is a tributary of the River Shyok that originates from the Rimo Glacier, one of the tongues of Siachen Glacier. It flows through the Nubra valley in the northern part of Ladakh and then joins the Indus River in Skardu, Pakistan.

    Question: Name the longest lake in India.

    (1) Pangong Lake
    (2) Pulicat Lake
    (3) Kolleru Lake
    (4) Vembanad Lake
    Answer: (4) Vembanad Lake
    Vembanad Lake of Kerala is the longest lake in India with a length of 95.6 km. Besides, with a surface area of 2033 km², it is the largest lake in Kerala and spans several districts of the state. The Nehru Trophy Boat Race is conducted in a portion of the lake.

    Question: Which of the following are alternative names for the river “Brahmaputra” ?

    (1) Yamuna, Yarlung Zangbo and Tsangpo
    (2) Yamuna, Megna and Tsangpo Yamuna
    (3) Jamuna, Siang, Yarlung Zangbo and Tsangpo
    (4) Jamuna, Siang, Yarlung Zangbo, Megna and Tsangpo
    Answer: (4) Jamuna, Siang, Yarlung Zangbo, Megna and Tsangpo
    The Brahmaputra goes by a number of names during its journey from the Angsi glacier in the Himalayas to the sea (Bay of Bengal). It begins as the Yarlung Tsangpo in southwestern Tibet and becomes the Dihang or Siangin China and Arunachal Pradesh.It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna. In the vast Ganges Delta, it merges with the Padma (name of the river Ganges in Bangladesh) and finally the Meghna. From here, it is known as Meghna before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

    Question: Which is largest peninsular river in India ?

    (1) Krishna 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Cauvery 
    (4) Mahanadi
    Answer: (2) Godavari
    In terms of length, catchment area and discharge, the Godavari river is the largest in peninsular India. It has a total length of 1465 km. It is also the second longest river in India after the Ganges and is, thus, also known as Dakshin ganga. It forms one of the largest river basins in the Indian subcontinent, with only the Ganges and Indus rivers having larger drainage basins.

    Question: If Hwang Ho is the sorrow of China which river is sorrow of Bihar?

    (1) Damodar river
    (2) Koshi River
    (3) Yamuna river
    (4) Ravi river
    Answer: (2) Koshi River
    Koshi River is known as the “Sorrow of Bihar”. It leads to annual floods that affect about 21,000 km2of fertile agricultural lands and impact heavily upon the state’s rural economy. During floods, the average discharge of Koshi increases to 18 times the average, inundating large areas in its spate.

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