Indian Geography GK Quiz-3

Indian Geography GK Quiz-3

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: The Indian Sub-continent was originally a part of

    (1) Jurassic-land
    (2) Angara-land
    (3) Arya-varta
    (4) Gondwana-land
    Answer: (4) Gondwana-land
    The Indian subcontinent is a southerly region of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southward into the Indian Ocean. In paleogeography, Gondwana, originally Gondwanaland was the southernmost of two supercontinents that were part of the Pangaea supercontinent. It existed from approximately 510 to 180 million years ago. Gondwana included most of the landmasses in today’s Southern Hemisphere, including Antarctica, South America, Africa, Madagascar and the Australian continent, as well as the Arabian Peninsula and he Indian subcontinent, which have now moved entirely into the Northern Hemisphere.

    Question: Naga, Khasi and Garo hills are located in

    (1) Purvanchal Ranges
    (2) Karakoram Ranges
    (3) Zaskar Ranges
    (4) Himalaya Ranges
    Answer: (1) Purvanchal Ranges
    The Purvanchal Range is an eastward extension of the Himalayas in the north-eastern region of India. It comprises the Patkai hills, the Manipur hills, Bairal range, the Mizo hills and the Naga Hills. It is a densely forested area, mainly composed of strong sandstones. The peaks in the Purvanchal mountain range are not rugged or high. The ideal route to this mountain range is offered by the Pangsau Pass.

    Question: Which one of the following mountain ranges lies in India?

    (1) Arakan Yoma
    (2) Sulainian
    (3) Salt Range 
    (4) Pir Panjal
    Answer: (4) Pir Panjal
    The Pir Panjal Range is a group of mountains that lie in the Inner Himalayan region, running from east southeast to west northwest across the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh and the disputed territories comprising Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistan-administered Azad Kashmir, where the average elevation varies from 1,400 m to 4,100 m. The Himalayas show a gradual elevation towards the Dhauldhar and Pir Panjal ranges. Pir Panjal is the largest range of the lower Himalayas. Near the bank of the Sutlej River, it dissociates itself from the Himalayas and forms a divide between the rivers Beas and Ravi on one side and the Chenab on the other.

    Question: Which one among the following is the highest peak ?

    (1) Kamet 
    (2) Kun Lun
    (3) Nanga Parbat 
    (4) Nanda Devi
    Answer: (4) Nanda Devi
    Nanda Devi, at 7817m, is the highest peak of India, if we discount Kanchenjunga (8598m), which is partially in Nepal. Till 18th century it was the highest peak known to mankind. The Nanda Devi National Park around Nanda Devi along with the Valley of Flowers are inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

    Question: Nathu La, a place where IndiaChina border trade has been resumed after 44 years, is located on the Indian border in

    (1) Sikkim
    (2) Arunachal Pradesh
    (3) Himachal Pradesh
    (4) Jammu and Kashmir
    Answer: (1) Sikkim
    Nathu La is a mountain pass in the Himalayas. It connects the Indian state of Sikkim with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region. The pass, at 4,310 m above mean sea level, forms a part of an offshoot of the ancient Silk Road. On the Indian side, the pass is 54 km east of Gangtok, the capital of Indian state of Sikkim on JN Marg and only citizens of India can visit the pass, that too after obtaining a permit in Gangtok. Nathu La is one of the three open trading border posts between China and India; the other two are Shipkila in Himachal Pradesh and Lipulekh (or Lipulech) in Uttarakhand

    Question: The only ape of India found in hill forests of Assam and Nagaland is

    (1) Orangutan 
    (2) Gibbon
    (3) Chimpanzee 
    (4) Gorilla
    Answer: (2) Gibbon
    The Hoolock Gibbon, the only ape species in India, is found in Assam, Arunachla Pradesh and Bhutan only. The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary, formerly known as the Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary or Hollongapar Reserve Forest, is an isolated protected area of evergreen forest located in Assam, India. The sanctuary was officially constituted and renamed in 1997. On 30 July 1997, in notification, the sanctuary was constituted under the civil district of Jorhat and named it the “Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary” after the only apes found in India: the hoolock gibbons (genus Hoolock). It is the only sanctuary in India named after a gibbon due to its distinction for containing the densest gibbon populations in Assam.

    Question: In terms of area, India is the _____ largest country of the world.

    (1) second 
    (2) fourth
    (3) sixth 
    (4) seventh
    Answer: (4) seventh
    India is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,166,414 square kilometres. India measures 3,214 km from north to south and 2,933 km from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km and a coastline of 7,517 km.

    Question: The approximate length of the coastline of India is

    (1) 5,500 km 
    (2) 6,000 km
    (3) 6,500 km 
    (4) 7,000 km
    Answer: (4) 7,000 km
    India has a land frontier of 15,200 km and a coastline of 7,517 km. Length of Coastline of Indian mainland is 6100 km. Coastline of Indian mainland is surrounded by Arabian Sea in the west, Bay of Bengal in the east, and Indian Ocean in the south.

    Question: India has a coastline of 

    (1) 5500 kms 
    (2) 6500 kms
    (3) 7500 kms 
    (4) 8400 kms
    Answer: (3) 7500 kms 
    Length of coastline of India including the coastlines of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and Lakshadweep Islands in the Arabian Sea is 7517 km. Length of Coastline of Indian mainland is 6100 km. Coastline of Indian mainland is surrounded by Arabian Sea in the west, Bay of Bengal in the east, and Indian Ocean in the south. The long coast line of India is dotted with several major ports such as Kandla, Mumbai, Navasheva, Mangalore, Cochin, Chennai, Tuticorin, Vishakhapatnam, and Paradip.

    Question: Baltora glacier is located in

    (1) Karakoram ranges
    (2) Pamir plateau
    (3) Shivalik
    (4) Alps
    Answer: (1) Karakoram ranges
    The Baltoro Glacier, at 62 kilometers long is one of the longest glaciers outside the polar regions. It is located in Baltistan, in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan, and runs through part of the Karakoram mountain range. The Baltoro Muztagh lies to the north and east of the glacier, while the Masherbrum Mountains lie to the south. At 8,611 m, K2 is the highest mountain in the region, and three others within 20 km top 8,000 m. The glacier gives rise to the Shigar River, which is a tributary of the Indus River.

    Question: Which of the following cities/ towns lies to the northern-most latitude ?

    (1) Patna 
    (2) Allahabad
    (3) Pachmarhi 
    (4) Ahmedabad
    Answer: (1) Patna 
    Patna is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar and the most populous city in Bihar. It is situated at latitudes of 25.6155° N, 85.1355° E.

    Question: Which of the following will never get the vertical rays of the sun ?

    (1) Mumbai
    (2) Chennai
    (3) Thiruvanthapuram
    (4) Srinagar
    Answer: (4) Srinagar
    All latitudes from 22.5 degrees North to 22.5 degrees South of the equator receive vertical or direct rays twice every year as the tilted earth circles the sun. Tropic of Cancer is the determining line for finding out whether a city in India will get vertical rays of the Sun or not. Since Srinagar lies to the north of the Tropic of Cancer, it never gets the vertical rays of the Sun.

    Question: The Andaman group and Nicobar group of islands are separated from each other by

    (1) Ten Degree Channel
    (2) Great Channel
    (3) Bay of Bengal
    (4) Andaman Sea
    Answer: (1) Ten Degree Channel
    The Ten Degree Channel is a channel that separates the Andaman Islands from the Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal. The two sets of islands together form the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Channel is approximately 150 km wide, running essentially along an east-west orientation. It is so named as it lies on the 10-degree line of latitude, north of the equator.

    Question: The Southern tip of India is

    (1) Cape Comorin (Kanyakumari)
    (2) Point Calimere
    (3) Indira Point in Nicobar Islands
    (4) Kovalam in Thiruvananthapuram
    Answer: (3) Indira Point in Nicobar Islands
    Indira Point is the southernmost point of the Nicobar island lot located on the Great Nicobar Island. It was formerly known by various names including Pygmalion Point, Parsons Point, etc. The Indira Point Lighthouse was established in the year 1972 and since then it is working as a towering feature and as an important landmark for the ships coming from Malacca.

    Question: In which state is the Maikala range situated ?

    (1) Uttar Pradesh
    (2) Rajasthan
    (3) Bihar
    (4) Chhatisgarh
    Answer: (4) Chhatisgarh
    The Maikal Hills are range of hills in the state of Chhattisgarh India. The Maikal Hills are an eastern part of the Satpuras in Kawardha District of Chattisgarh, overlooking the scenic town of Kawardha. They have an altitude ranging from 340 m to 941 m above sea level. This densely forested and thinly populated range gives rise to several streams and rivers including the tributaries of Narmada and Wainganga rivers. The hills are inhabited by two tribal peoples, the Baigas and the Gonds.

    Question: The latitude passing through the northern most part of India is

    (1) 35° N 
    (2) 36° N
    (3) 37° N 
    (4) 38° N
    Answer: (1) 35° N 
    The northern most part of India is Siachen Glacier near Karakoram Pass. India claims the entire
    state of Jammu and Kashmir on the basis of Instrument of Accession signed in 1947, which inter alia
    includes Gilgit, Baltistan, and Kanjut. Gilgit, Baltistan, and Kanjut are presently under the control of Pakistan. 

    Question: Nallamala hills are located in the state of

    (1) Orissa
    (2) Meghalaya
    (3) Andhra Pradesh
    (4) Gujarat
    Answer: (3) Andhra Pradesh
    The Nallamalas are a section of the Eastern Ghats which stretch primarily over Kurnool, Mahabubnagar, Guntur, Prakasam and Kadapa districts of the state of Andhra Pradesh. They run in a nearly northsouth alignment, parallel to the Coromandel Coast for close to 430 km between the rivers, Krishna and Pennar. Its northern boundaries are marked by the flat Palnadu basin while in the south it merges with the Tirupati hills. An extremely old system, the hills have been extensively weathered and eroded over the years.

    Question: The coastal tract of Andhara Pradesh and Tamil Nadu is called

    (1) Konkan 
    (2) Coromandel
    (3) East Coast 
    (4) Malabar Coast
    Answer: (2) Coromandel
    The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian Subcontinent between Cape Comorin and False Divi Point. It may also include the southeastern coast of the island of
    Sri Lanka. The eastern coastal strip is known as the Coramandel Coast (or Payan Ghat in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu). It varies in width from 100 to 130 km, and extends from the delta of the Godavari to Kanyakumari.

    Question: The highest Indian water fall is

    (1) Gokak
    (2) Gersoppa
    (3) Shivasamudram
    (4) Yenna
    Answer: (2) Gersoppa
    Jog Fall located at southern state of Karnataka is India’s highest waterfall. Created by the Sharavathi River falling from a height of 253 meters (829 ft) is the highest plunge waterfall in India and the 7th deepest in the world. Located in Shimoga District of Karnataka state, It is also called by alternative names of Gerusoppe falls, Gersoppa Falls and Jogada Gundi. The falls are in four distinct cascades called as, Raja, Rani, Roarer and Rocket. However, The Kunchikal falls is the highest waterfalls in India and second highest in Asia. The tallest waterfall of India with a height of 1,493 ft is located near Agumbe in Shimoga district of Karnataka. Agumbe valley is among the places in India that receive very heavy rainfall and it has the only permanent rain forest research station in India. The India’s biggest waterfall is formed by the Varahi river and lies in the Western Ghats. The Ghats is well
    famous for its Giant Indian squirrel, Indian bullfrog and other unique birds, rare reptiles and bizarre wild animals.

    Question: Which Indian State has the largest coastline ?

    (1) Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Maharashtra
    (3) Orissa
    (4) Tamil Nadu
    Answer: (1) Andhra Pradesh
    Andhra Pradesh has the second-longest coastline of 972 km among the states of India, the longest coastline being that of Gujarat (1600 km). This long coastline provides a nesting ground for sea turtles, the backwaters, such as those of Pulicat, are feeding grounds for flamingos and Grey Pelicans among several hundred other species of birds, and the estuaries of the Godavari and Krishna rivers support mangrove vegetation and habitats for several faunal species.

    Question: Indian Standard Time relates to

    (1) 75.5° E longitude
    (2) 82.5° E longitude
    (3) 90.5° E longitude
    (4) 0° longitude
    Answer: (2) 82.5° E longitude
    Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 82.5° E longitude, from a clock tower in Mirzapur (25.15°N 82.58°E) (near Allahabad in the state of Uttar Pradesh) which is nearly on the corresponding longitude reference line.

    Question: The length of India’s coastline is about

    (1) 4900 kms 
    (2) 5700 kms
    (3) 7500 kms 
    (4) 8300 kms
    Answer: (3) 7500 kms 
    Length of coastline of India including the coastlines of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and Lakshadweep Islands in the Arabian Sea is 7517 km. Length of Coastline of Indian mainland is 6100 km.

    Question: Which one of the following is the second highest peak of the world ?

    (1) Dhaulagiri 
    (2) Kanchenjunga
    (3) K2 
    (4) Nanda Devi
    Answer: (3) K2 
    K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest. With a peak elevation of 8,611 m, K2 is part of the Karakoram Range, and is located on the border between Baltistan, in the Gilgit– Baltistan, in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan, and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. K2 is known as the Savage Mountain due to the difficulty of ascent and the second-highest fatality rate among the “eight thousanders” for those who climb it.

    Question: Where in India can ‘Mushroom’ rock be found ?

    (1) Eastern Ghats
    (2) Western Ghats
    (3) Thar Desert
    (4) Satpura Range
    Answer: (3) Thar Desert
    A mushroom rock, also called rock pedestal or a pedestal rock, is a naturally occurring rock whose shape, as its name implies, strikingly resembles a mushroom. Usually found in desert areas, these rocks are formed over thousands of years when wind erosion of an isolated rocky outcrop progresses at a different rate at its bottom to that at its top. Such rocks are found in Thar Desert of India.

    Question: Badland topography is characteristic

    (1) Chambal valley
    (2) Coastal area
    (3) Sundarban delta
    (4) Gulf of Kachchh
    Answer: (1) Chambal valley
    Badlands are area of severe erosion, usually found in semiarid climates and characterized by countless gullies, steep ridges, and sparse vegetation. Badland topography is formed on poorly cemented sediments that have few deep-rooted plants because short, heavy showers sweep away surface soil and small plants. Depressions gradually deepen into gullies. Badland topography is a characteristic feature of the Chambal valley, whereas Kankar has extensively developed in the older alluvium.

    Question: Indian desert is called

    (1) Gobi 
    (2) Sahara
    (3) Thar 
    (4) Atacama
    Answer: (3) Thar 
    The Thar Desert also known as the Great Indian Desert is a large, arid region in the northwestern
    part of the Indian subcontinent and forms a natural boundary running along the border between India
    and Pakistan. It is the world’s 18th largest subtropical desert. Thar Desert extends from the Sutlej River, surrounded by the Aravali Ranges on the east, on the south by the salt marsh known as the Great Rann of Kutch (parts of which are sometimes included in the Thar), and on the west by the Indus River.

    Question: ‘Loktak’ is a

    (1) Valley 
    (2) Lake
    (3) River 
    (4) Mountain Range
    Answer: (2) Lake
    Loktak Lake, the largest freshwater lake in northeast India, also called the only Floating lake in the world due to the floating phumdis on it, is located near Moirang in Manipur state.

    Question: Which one of the following state has the longest coastline ?

    (1) Maharashtra
    (2) Tamil Nadu
    (3) Gujarat
    (4) Andhra Pradesh
    Answer: (3) Gujarat
    Gujarat is spread across an area of 196077 sq. km. With a coastline stretching over 1290 kilometers along the Arabian Sea, Gujarat has the longest coastline among Indian states.

    Question: The pass located in Himachal Pradesh is

    (1) Shipkila 
    (2) Zojila
    (3) Nathula 
    (4) Jelepla
    Answer: (1) Shipkila 
    Shipki La is a mountain pass and border post on the India-China border. The river Sutlej enters India through this pass. It is located in Kinnaur district in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India, and Tibet Autonomous Region in People’s Republic of China. The pass is India’s third border post for trade with China after Nathu La in Sikkim, and Lipulekh in Uttarakhand. The pass is close to town of Khab.

    Question: Majuli, the largest river island in the world, lies in the state of

    (1) Arunachal Pradesh
    (2) Assam 
    (3) Tripura
    (4) Mizoram
    Answer: (2) Assam 
    Majuli is a large river island in the Brahmaputra river, in Assam. It is the largest river island in the world. The island is formed by the Brahmaputra River in the south and the Kherkutia Xuti, an anabranch of the Brahmaputra, joined by the Subansiri River in the north. Majuli island is accessible by ferries from the City of Jorhat. The island is about 200 kilometres east from the state’s largest city —Guwahati. The island was formed due to course changes by the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries, mainly the Lohit. Majuli is also the abode of the Assamese neoVaishnavite culture.

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