Indian Geography GK Quiz-30

Indian Geography GK Quiz-30

Indian Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Indian Geography for competitive examinations.

    Question: In North-East India, ______ is known to be the largest freshwater lake.

    (1) Dal Lake
    (2) Chilika Lake
    (3) Loktak Lake
    (4) Tsomoriri Lake
    Answer: (3) Loktak Lake
    Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India. It is located near Moirang in Manipur. It is famous for the phumdis (heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matter at various stages of decomposition) floating over it.

    Question: What is Damodar Valley Corporation ?

    (1) Statutory body
    (2) Municipal Corporation looking after Damodar Valley
    (3) A private enterprise located in Bihar
    (4) A non government organisation
    Answer: (1) Statutory body
    Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), having its headquarters at Kolkata, is a statutory body created under the Damodar Valley Corporation Act, 1948. It operates several power stations in the Damodar River area of West Bengal and Jharkhand. The corporation operates both thermal power stations and hydel power stations under the Union Ministry of Power.

    Question: The longest river of peninsular India is

    (1) Narmada 
    (2) Godavari
    (3) Mahanadi 
    (4) Cauvery
    Answer: (2) Godavari
    The Godavari is the longest river of peninsular India with a length of 1465 km. It is also the second longest river in India after the Ganges. It is due to its vast length, catchment area and discharge, it has been dubbed as the ‘Dakshina Ganga’. It drains the states of s Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Karnataka.

    Question: Tsangpo is the other name in Tibet for

    (1) Kosi
    (2) Gandak
    (3) Brahmaputra
    (4) Ganga
    Answer: (3) Brahmaputra
    The Brahmaputra River is known by several names in the four countries (China, India, Bhutan and Bangladesh) that it flows through. With its origin in the Angsi glacier, located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Burang County of Tibet, the upper stream of Brahmaputra in Tibet is called Yarlung Tsangpo.

    Question: The largest irrigation canal in India is ________

    (1) Yamuna canal
    (2) Indira Gandhi canal
    (3) Sirhand canal
    (4) Upper Bari Doab canal
    Answer: (2) Indira Gandhi canal
    The Indira Gandhi Canal is the largest irrigation project India. It starts from the Harike Barrage at Firozpur, below the confluence of the Satluj and Beas rivers in the Indian state of Punjab and terminates in irrigation facilities in the Thar Desert in Rajasthan. It runs through Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. 

    Question: Which of the following is the largest irrigation plant in India?

    (1) Buckingham Canal
    (2) Indira Gandhi Canal
    (3) Upper Ganges Canal
    (4) Tajewala Canal
    Answer: (2) Indira Gandhi Canal
    The Indira Gandhi Canal is the longest canal in India and the largest irrigation project in the world. It starts from the Harike Barrage at Firozpur, a few kilometers below the confluence of the Sutlej and Beas rivers in the Indian state of Punjab and terminates in irrigation facilities in the Thar Desert in the north west of Rajasthan. It was previously known as the Rajasthan Canal.

    Question: The sideways erosion which widens the river valley called?

    (1) Lateral Corrosion
    (2) Vertical Corrosion
    (3) Side Corrosion
    (4) Mean Corrosion
    Answer: (1) Lateral Corrosion
    Sideways form of erosion is called lateral erosion. In lateral erosion, the river erodes away at its banks and widens the river channel. Together, vertical and lateral erosion create the distinctive V-shaped valley that is found in rivers in their upper course. As the river gets closer to the sea, there is more lateral erosion than vertical erosion and the V flattens out into a much wider shape.

    Question: Which of the following groups of rivers have their source of origin in Tibet?

    (1) Brahmaputra, Indus & Sutlej
    (2) Ganga, Sutlej & Yamuna
    (3) Brahmaputra, Ganga & Sutlej
    (4) Chenab, Ravi & Sutlej
    Answer: (1) Brahmaputra, Indus & Sutlej
    Brahmaputra, Indus & Sutlej have their source of origins in Tibet. The Brahmaputra originates in the Angsi glacier, located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Burang County of Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River. The Indus originates in the western part of Tibet in the vicinity of Mount Kailash and Lake Manasarovar. The source of the Sutlej is near Lake Rakshastal in Tibet.

    Question: Punjab has a large number of inundation canals drawing water from

    (1) Jhelum river
    (2) Chenab river
    (3) Beas river
    (4) Sutlej river
    Answer: (4) Sutlej river
    Punjab has large number of the Sutlej inundation canals, which are taken out from the rivers without any regulating system like weirs etc. at their head. Such canals provide irrigation mainly in the rainy season when the river is in flood and there is excess water. Some of such inundation canals are Sirhind, Bhakra, etc.

    Question: What is Dakshin Gangotri ?

    (1) River valley in Andhra Pradesh
    (2) Unmanned station located in Antarctica
    (3) Second source of River Ganga
    (4) Island in the Indian Ocean
    Answer: (2) Unmanned station located in Antarctica
    Dakshin Gangotri was the first scientific base station of India situated in Antarctica, part of the Indian Antarctic Program. Established during the third Indian expedition to Antarctica in 1983–84, it was an unmanned station, set up using indigenous Indian equipment, powered by Solar energy. The station was entirely computerized to record all data that was researched.

    Question: The region which is a water divide between the Ganga and Indus river systems is

    (1) Haridwar
    (2) Namchobarva
    (3) Alakananda
    (4) Ambala
    Answer: (4) Ambala
    Any elevated area, such as a mountain or upland, that separates two drainage basins is known as water divide; for example, the water divide between the Indus and the Ganga river systems. Ambala is located on this water divide.Similarly, the Western Ghats form the main water divide in Peninsular India.

    Question: Which of the following was not a purpose for building Farakka Barrage?

    (1) Checking water flowing into Bangladesh
    (2) Checking silting of Kolkata Port
    (3) Preventing erosion of Kolkata Port
    (4) Facilitating navigation in Ganga river
    Answer: (4) Facilitating navigation in Ganga river
    The Farakka Barrage was created by India in 1975 to divert water from the Ganges River to the Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system. It was designed to check water flow to Bangladesh by diverting water from Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin. Besides, it aimed to serve the need of preservation and maintenance of the Kolkata Port by improving the regime and navigability of the Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system. It aimed to flush out the sediment deposition from the Kolkata harbour and thus prevent erosion of Kolkata port.

    Question: Which river in the Southern Peninsula has the second largest river basin in India?

    (1) Godavari 
    (2) Krishna
    (3) Cauvery 
    (4) Mahanadi
    Answer: (1) Godavari 
    After the Ganga river basin, the Godavari River Basin has the second largest river basin with a drainage area of 312,812 km2. In terms of length, catchment area and discharge, the Godavari river is the largest in peninsular India and had been dubbed as the ‘Dakshina Ganga’ - the South Ganges river.

    Question: Name the longest lake in India?

    (1) Pangong lake
    (2) Pulicat Lake
    (3) Kolleru Lake
    (4) Vembanad Lake
    Answer: (4) Vembanad Lake
    Vembanad is the longest lake in India, and the largest lake in the state of Kerala. Spanning several districts in the state of Kerala, it is known as Punnamada Lake in Kuttanad, Kochi Lake in Kochi. The Vembanad wetland system covers an area of over 2033.02 km² thereby making it the largest wetland system in India.

    Question: Ganga is a result of confluence of rivers Bhagirathi and Alakananda at which place ?

    (1) Dev Prayag
    (2) Karan Prayag
    (3) Gangotri
    (4) Rudra Prayag
    Answer: (1) Dev Prayag
    It is at Dev Prayag in Tehri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand that Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers meet and take the name Ganga or Ganges River. It is one of the Panch Prayag (five confluences) of Alaknanda River. The Alaknanda rises at the feet of the Satopanth and Bhagirath Kharak glaciers in Uttarakhand. The headwaters of the Bhagirathi are formed at Gaumukh, at the foot of the Gangotri glacier and Khatling glaciers in the Garhwal Himalaya.

    Question: Which river basin is shared by more than 10 States of India ?

    (1) Indus
    (2) Brahmaputra
    (3) Ganges 
    (4) Damodar
    Answer: (3) Ganges 
    The Ganga is the largest and the most important river of India. The 2,525 kilometres long river carries off the drainage of a vast basin area 861,404 kilometres covering 26.2 percent area of India’s total geographical area. The watershed of the river Ganga is spread over ten States of India, namely Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi.

    Question: Which river does not form a delta?

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Brahmputra
    (3) Godavari 
    (4) Tapi
    Answer: (4) Tapi
    West-flowing rivers in India such as Narmada and Tapti do not form deltas. They flow through fault region created by the mountains Vindhya and Satpura which is rocky and devoid of any alluvial material. Thus they don’t carry much sediments to form deltas.

    Question: The only perennial river in Peninsular India is _____ .

    (1) Godavari 
    (2) Kaveri
    (3) Krishna 
    (4) Bhima
    Answer: (2) Kaveri
    Kaveri is the only perennial river in peninsular India. Though not snow fed like the rivers of north India, Kaveri receives rain water almost all through the year, mainly due to occurrence of reverse Monsoon in Tamil Nadu, in which monsoon brings significant amount of rains even during its retreat from the Indian subcontinent.

    Question: Bhakra Nangal Project is constructed across which river?

    (1) Ganga 
    (2) Sutlej
    (3) Cauvery 
    (4) Brahmaputra
    Answer: (2) Sutlej
    Bhakra Nangal Projectis a concrete gravity dam the Satluj River in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh. It is a joint venture of the Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan states designed to harness the precious water of the Satluj for the benefit of the concerned states.

    Question: Ahmedabad is situated along the bank of

    (1) Sabarmati river
    (2) Narmada river
    (3) Banas river
    (4) Luni river
    Answer: (1) Sabarmati river
    Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the Sabarmati River in north-central Gujarat. The river flows through the middle of the city and divides it into two physically distinct eastern and western regions. The river originates in the Aravalli Range of Udaipur District of Rajasthan.

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